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Sauah Saundkks Smith. 

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Sarah Saunders Smith. 




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Entered aocordfaiff to act of Confess in the year 1897. 
by Sarah Saunders Smith, in the office of the Librarian of 
Congress at Washington,. D. C. 

FF3 8 4 r.:8 

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Saunders, Gbneology and Lineal Descendants, 



. 159 




. 165 




. 199 




. 211 




. 251 






. 881 




. 849 




. 354 

^HATTOCK, &C., &C., ...... 

. 77 

First Church, Salem— Its Covenant, 


St. Peter's Church (Its Founders,) . . . . 


The Witchcraft Craze (Its Victims), 


Organization of Provincial Congress, (Delegates) 

. 218 

Battle of Lexington (List of killed). 


Salisbury (Its Founders), . . . . . 

. 270 

Map of Salem, 



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1714 Connecticut Ave., 
WashinfTton, D. C. 
June 1897. 

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"The Puritans, were men whose mindn had derived a peculiar ciiaracter from 
the daily eontemplation of superior bein^rs and eternal interests. Not cont^int with 
acknowledjtrinf? in general terms an ever ruling; Providence, they habitually ascribed 
every event to the will of the Great Beinfr. for whose power nothing was too vast, 
for whose ins|M3ction nothing w^as too minute. To know him. to serve him. to en- 
joy him, was with them the great end of existanee. They rejected with c<mtempt 
the erronious homage which other sect^ substituted for the pure worship of the 
soul. . . The Puritan was made up of two different men.— the one all self-abase- 
ment, penitent, gratitude, passion; the other proud, calm, inflexible, and sagacious." 

LoKD Macau LEY. 

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In offering this book to the public, the author wishes, through this 
medium, to express her most grateful acknowledgements to the many 
friends who have most cordially assisted her in this research. The idea was 
first germinated through the penisal of many old and musty papers, deeds, 
wills, commissions and records, most carefully preserved by the heirs of 
the trustees of the different lines mentioned, hence the combination of fam- 
ilies, in their different lineal lines ; each so interwoven with the other, and 
each one the record of the lineal ancestry of the first. The records of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, of the Court, State, and the Church have fur- 
nished the connecting links, and the faithful research of the good Vicar of 
Downton Parish, England, completes the history. To him the auther owes 
so much, that she takes the liberty to give here a portion of his kind letters, 
that those most interested may share her gratitude and acknowledgements. 

Dec. 21, 1896. ) 

Downton Vicarage, Salisbury, f 

My Dear Madam:— 

At length I am able to give you some answer to your enquiry respect- 
ing the records of the Sanders family at *' Weeke." in this parish. I was 
away from home at the time, but 1 have now had time to investigate the 
registers. It is a very laborious matter to extract from these old books, 
and this one is the oldest we have, beginning 1602. I have given you all 
the entries of Sanders in the book from 1602 to 1656. You will see that 
there must have been several families of Saunders or Sanders, but those 
that seem obviously connected with yours I have marked with red ink. 
John, born 1613, may have been the one who came out to America in 

John Saunders of Weeke married Alice, who died in 1609. He was 
married again to another Ales in 1610, (see record.) a son, John, being born 

The description John Saunders of Weeke no doubt indicates that he 
was a man of position. Weeke, or Wick, as it is now called, is a hamlet 
in this parish. There were his c)ld farm houses, substantial and of import- 
ance, one now having been pulled down to give place to a larger house. I 
can give you no more information, but you might apply to the Registrar 

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8 Preface. 

at Somerset House for the probate of wills of that date ; and there are 
offices, such as the Herald's office in London, which would tell you if the 
Saunders family bore as crest an elephant's or a boar's head. 

I remain yours faithfully, 

A. D. Hill. 

June 3, 1897. \ 

downton vicakage. salisbury. j 
Dear Madam: — 

Pray pardon my delay in answering your letter asking for some photo- 
graphs. I now send you two of the church, and one showing you the front 
of the Wick (Weeke) farm house. * * It may interest you to know that 
the two arches in the church picture nearest to you are 700 years old ; the 
next two up to the pulpit, and the chancel arches are over 600 years old. 
In the external view of the church the porch and south side were somewhat 
newly repaired and modernized last century, and the present pinacles of 
the tower date from the same time. With the photographs I send a copy 
of the parish magazine, which may interest you. 

Yours faithfully, 

A. D. Hill. 

(Note.— In copying from the original reconls the author ha.«* endeavored to most 
carefully follow the original spelling.) 

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Rough Dragon, 15 July, 1897. 

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The name Saunders is of German extraction and generally 
derived from Robert, Lord of Insprunk in Germany, who was 
second brother of Randolph, Lord of Habspnrge, wMio became 
Emperor, whose successors became the Arch Dukes of Austria, 
Princes and Kings, of many countries, as our ancient and au- 
thentic annals give an account; transcripts of which have been 
carefully transmitted and preserved lineally to descendants. 
The first of this name of Saunders came to England about the 
year 1170, deriving his pedigree from Robert, Lord of Ins- 
prunk, who begat Oharles, who begat Charles junior, who begat 
David, who begat Robert, who begat Euda, who begat Saunders 
by Annulla, daughter of Hebe, tlien Prince of Denmark; the 
said Saunders was the first of his family surnamed Saunders, 
who begat Ilarlowen Saunders, who came into England in or 
about the year 1170, A. D., and married Marianna, daughter 
of Sir Edward Marsh, who was lineally derived from the 
Saxon race; and the line continues as follows: By the eldest 
son, viz: Sir Harlowen, Sir Robert, Sir Charles, Sir Edward, 
Sir Robert, Sir Richard, Edward, Robert, Ilarlowen, Robert, 
Charles, Robert, Harlowen, Richard, Es(j., Robert, Esq., Rich, 
ard, Esq., Robert, Esq., who served in the army under Oliver 
Cromwell in all his wars. It is presumed that John and 
William and Richard, Esq., were brothers at Downton Parish 
at this time; John of Weeke, William of Plaitford, and Sir 
Richard of Ilampworth. From a copy of the earliest book, 
now in existance of that Parish dated 1602, we have approved 
births, marriages and deaths of this family, and from Hoar's 
history of Wiltshire, we gleam the sad disruption of the 
family ; in the persecution of Sir Richard Saunders, as also of 

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10 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

the Coles family at Barford, in the dis-allowing of their arms, 
and confiscation of their property. That these families were 
prominent during the reign of Cromwell, and incurred tlie 
enmity of the Crown, is apparent from their emigration to 
America in so large and influential a body. 

The above line of the family of Saunders, bears as tlieir 
paternal coat armor : 

Argent a chevron between three elephants: Erased Sable; 
Ropes between two plates and for his crest, on a helmet befit- 
ting his degree, " An Elephant's Head," issuing out of a 
crown mural. Argent charged with an Agress, mouth Gules, 
double argent. Motto, Genitura Secrodere Mundo. 

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Saunders. 11 


Robert Sandys (Sanders) of St. Briers, in Cumberland, 1339. 
Reign of Henry IV. father of John Sandys, of Furnace Falls, 
in Lancastshire, whose son and heir 

William Sandys was father of 

William of Hawkeshead who married 

Maboarbt, daughter and heir of William Rawson, 

William Sandys father of 

George Sandys, citizen of London, who married 

Margaret, daughter of John Dixon, father of 

Edwyn Sandys an eminent divine in the time of 

£lizabeth ; and in succession 1559. lie was 

Bishop of Worcester 1560 

Bishop of London 1567 and later Bishop of Winchester, 

Arch Bishop of York. 

Dr. Sandys was educated at Cambridge, was vice chancellor 
of the university at the decease of Edward VI, when by order 
of the Duke of Northumberland he preached against Queen 
Mary; for this he was thrown into prison, but subsequently 
was pardoned. He died in 1588. 

His Grace married Cecelia, daughter of Thomas Wilford, 
Esq., of Cranbrook, Kent. 

Sir Edwin, second son of Dr. Sandys, received honor of 
knighthood from King James first, was a leading man in parli- 
nientary affairs; well versed in business, an excellent patriot in 
defense of which speaking to boldly he was thrown into prison 
January 16, 1612 until July 18, when he was liberated. He 
was treasurer of the undertakers for the western plantations 
(New England) which he effectually advanced. He was 
obhged to flee the country in 1628. While in Paris, 1629, he 
wrote "European Speculation." He left £1500 to the Uni- 

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12 Founders of Massach^isetUi Bay Colony, 

versity of Oxford, aud died in 1029. He was buried in the 
church of Northbourne. 

Sir Edwin Sandys married Margaret, daughter of John 
Eveleigh of Devonshii-e ; among his children were 


^Edwin — lieir, 

^Richard, who purchased Dovvnhall and who was like his 
brother, a Colonel in the Parlimentary Army. 

Richard married Hester, daughter of Edwin Archer, second 
son of Anthony Archer, Esq., of Bourne. 

Sir Edwin Sandys, the heir, received a mortal wound at the 
battle of Worcester 1(142. 

Sir Richard Sandys, who married Mary, daughter of Sir 
Henry Heyman Baronet, was killed by a fouling piece acci- 
dentally by his son, while passing over a bridge in 16C1). 

Sir Richaki) Sandys, Es([., of Northbourne Court, who was 
baronet 15 Dec. lOvS^, married first Miss Ward, daughter and 
heir of Prebandary Ward of Salisbury, and secondly 
Mary, daughter and co-heir of Sir Francis Rolle Knt, of Bee- 
ton, in County of Devonshire. His daughter, Aupe, married 
Charles Pycott, Esq of St. Marty us. 

Prisoilla married Henry Sanders, of Dovvnhall, and she 
conveyed to him the estate of Northbourne Court, which 
passed to their son and heir, Richard Sanders. Esq., of North- 
bourne Court, whose grand daughter became eventually co-co- 
heirs of the lino, namely : 

Catherine Sanders, wife of Capt. John Chessbyre, R. N. 

Alieca Arabella Sanders became wife of Francis, the son 
of Sir James Cockburne, baronet of Langton. 

Arthur and Henry', sons of Sir Edwin, settled in the New 
England colonies. Arthur received a grant the 23d of the 10th 
month, 1738, at the general town meeting at Salem, Mass. 

Henry Sanders, son of Sir Edwin, came to the Colony in 
1633 from Reading Berks, received grant of land at Boxford, 
Mass., in 1051, of 200 acres. He came to the Colony 1633 
with Sybill his wife — had son Sdi/iucl^ born at Rowley 20-4- 
1039, From the family records of the Bible of Arch Bishop 

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Saunders. 13 

Sanders (Saunders) at Salisbury, England, we find that George 
Sanders, brotlier of Henry, was born day-March at 6 o'clock 
in tlie morning 1677. He was secretary of the Virginia Colo- 
ny. He died in England at the home of his neice, the widow 
of Governor Wyatt. The God fathers of George Sanders 
were George Earle of Cumbermand and William Lord Ever. 
His God mother was Catherine Countess of Huntington. He 
died at the age of 66 years. In the registrary of Rexley Abbey 
is the entry Georgius Sandys, Pactorum Anglorum, 7 Stilo 
Anglic Anno Dom 1643. — {Burk^a heraldry), 

"In the hundred of Dun worth Edward I. in the 22nd year 
granted to the Abbys a free warrant to the manor and demeans 
at Dunhead. On the surrender of the possessions of the 
Abbess of Shaftsbury. Esq., by Elizabath Souch or Touch, the 
last Abbess, King Henry VIII in the 36 year of his Reign, 
granted to Sir Thomas Arundel and Henry Sanders, his 
Lordship. The manor of Dunhead, alias Dunhead Mary and 
Andrew, with the advowsens of the churches there, and all his 
wood and lands called Firth, containing 26 acres in Dunhead. 
St. Andrews, and St. Marys Charleton and Combe, in the com- 
mon called Fernc. Land to hold to the said Thomas Arundel 
and Henry Sanders, and to their heirs use, etc. — {Hoards His- 
tory WUizy 

"In the Pedigree of Duncomb of Barford, afterward Lord 
Feversham of Kent, and Baron of Downton County of TTiZte, 
we find Thomas second son of Thomas born August 7, 1531, 
married to Isabel, daughter of Sir Thou)as Saunders of Amer- 
sham, County Bucks." 

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14 Founders of Massachvsetts Bay Colony, 

The Pedigree of Duncombe, Ai«terwakd Lord Feversham 
OY Kent, and Baron of Downtown, County Wiltz. 

Thomas Duncomb, County of Bucks, August 7, 1531, married 
Joane, will dated 20 September, 1538. He had two children. 

William, his son, married first, Mary, daughter and heir of 
Ilicliard Keynes, third son of Sir John Reynes. She died 1576. 

Second wife was Alice, daughter of Whilton of Oxfordshire. 

Thomas, second son by wife Mary, married Isabel, daughter 
of Thomas Saunders of Amersham, County Bucks. 

William, son by second wife, Alice, married Ellen, daughter 
of William Saunders of Peltesgrave, County Beds. 

TiroMAS, son of Thomas and Isabel, baptized 1582, married 
second Anne, daughter of Robert Buber of Kensworth, County 

William Duncombe, second son and lieir of Tiiomas and 
Isabel, married Elizabeth, daughter of William Childsof Ches- 
ham, County Burks. 

Mary, daughter of William Duncome and Elizabeth, married 
Thomas Brown, Esq., of London. He was Receiver General 
of tlie Excise and took the name of Duncombe. 

Their daughter, Mary Duncombe, married John Cambell, 
Duke of Argyle and Greenwich. 

Their son, Thomas Duncombe, married Lady Diana Howard, 
daughter of Henry 4th, Earl of Carlisle, K. G. This Thomas 
succeeded to Barford on the death of Anthony, Lord Fever- 
sham, in 1763. He died November 25, 1779. Barford was 
the home of the Coles family, who emigrated to America with 
John Sanders. 

Their daughter, Anne Duncombe, heiress of Barford, Weeke 
and Ilampworth, married Robert Shafto of Whitworth, County 
Durham, and of Barford, Weeke and Ilampworth, County 
Wiltz. He was member of Parliament from County of Durham 
and for Downton, County Wiltz. 

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Saunders, 15 

Robert Eden Ddncombe Shafto of Harford and Hampwortli, 
County Wiltz, member of Parlaiment for the city of Durham, 
1804, married Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Eden of Wind- 
leston, County Durham, Bart. Durliam, 1804. 

Their son and heir, Robert Duncombe Shafto, born 1806. 

2. John Duncombe Shafto, born 1807. 

3. Thomas Duncombe Sha^^o, born 1811. 

4. Frederick William Duncombe Shafto, born 1812. 
6. Slingsby Duncombe Shafto, born 1814. 

" In direct line of William Duncombe, (son of Thomas Dun- 
combe and second wife Alice,) who married Ellen, daughter of 
William Saunders of Peltesgrave, County Beds, we have : 

Anthony Duncombe, Member of Parliament for New Salem 
and Downton. He was created Lord Feversham, Baron of 
Downton, by patent dated June 13, 1747 ; died June 18, 1763. 
He married the Hon. Margaret Verney, daughter of George, 
Lord Willoughby de Broke, and died 9 October, 1755, aged 59. 

Anthony Duncombe, Member of Parliament for Hey den. 
County York, died April 14, 1708 ; married Jane, eldest 
daughter of Hon. Fred Cornwallis, first son of Fred, Lord Corn- 
wallis, of Eye. Hamptworth, an extensive portion of the tith- 
ing of Downton, formerly in the family of Sir Richard Sand 
ers, was devised with Barford to Antony, Lord Feversham." 
These possessions to-day are a part of the great estates belong- 
ing to the Earl of Radnor, who is a descendant of Jacob, Earl 
of Radnor, who married the Hon. Anne Duncombe, youngest 
daughter and heir to Anthony, Lord Feversham. 

The Parish oe Downton, County of Wiltz, England. 

The name of this parish appears to be derived from the Saxon 
dune,(down wards,) a town, describing its situation in the valley 
of the Avon, immediately below the ridge of high land which 
overhangs to eastern extremity. Camden, in his account of 
Wiltshire, names this place Duneton or Donketon, and it is so 

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16 Founder fi of Maf<f^(ic1iusetU Bay Colony, 

wrongly spelt occasionally. In Domesday Book it is written 
Dunton, and the same word occurs in the thirty-one years of 
Henry VIIL The proper spellinsj of the word in 1600 was 
Downton. In tracing the history of the manor of Downton 
we may ascend without difficulty by the aid of authentic docu- 
ments from the present day to the conquest, and ascertain that 
it has been held by the Bisliopsof Winchester, or lessees under 
them, from that period. To ascertain the original extent of 
the episcopal possessions here would be impossible, but the 
present irregular form of the hundred and its portions, scattered 
like fragments over intervening districts, may in some instances 
indicate the wide range of territory which the profuse munifi- 
cence of the Saxon princes, in the zeal of recent conversion, 
attached to this foundation. That Downton was a station of 
importance at an early period of our history is certain. Near 
the western bounds of this country (Hants) runs the gentle 
stream of the Avon, which, as soon as it enters into Hampshire, 
meets with the ford of Cerdick, formerly called Cerdiches ford, 
afterward Cerdeford, and by contraction Chardford, from Cer- 
dick, meaning a valient Saxon. (Camden's Brittannia by Gib- 
son ; ed. 1695, p. 114:.) Adjoining this portion of the Parish 
toward the New Forest, lie the Franchises of Hem pt worth, 
Barford, and on the western side of the river, Weeke, a tract 
attached to the see of Winchester. 

Ilemptworth was in possession of Sir Richard Saunders, son 
and heir to Sir Edwin. He also became owner of Downhall, 
in this parish. He married Hester, daughter of Edwin Archer, 
Esq., of Bourne. He was a colonel in the parliamentary army. 
His arms were disallowed 1623. Barford at one time was in 
the family of Coles, whose daughter, Alice, married John 
Saunders of Weeke, but was purchased by Sir Charles Dun- 
combe in 1690 of John Chaplin, Esq., and at the death of Sir 
Charles, passed by will to Anthony Duncombe, Esqr., who in 
1747 was created Lord Feversham and baron of Downton. He 
lived at Barford with considerable splendor, and in the exer- 
cise of great hospitality, . and was a distinguished member of 
the circles of wit and fashion of his time." — (Hoare.) 

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SaundevH. J 7 

In 1727 Anthony Dnncombe represented Downton in par- 
liament until he was raised to the Peerage. 

" Weeke " simply signified a place of residence and comprised 
a tract of many acres. This tract, or a portion of it, was in 
possession of the family of John Sanders, and through the mar- 
riage of Thomas, second soii of Thomas Dnncombe, to Isabel, 
daughter of Thomas Saunders of Amersham, Bucks County, 
and the marriage of William Dnncombe, son of Tliomas Dnn- 
combe by second wife, to Ellen Saunders, daughter of William 
Saunders of Peltesgrave, County Beds, became in possession of 
the family of Dnncombe, of whom Anthony, Lord Feversham, 
was a descendant. In the last century it was purchased of the 
trustees of this estate by Jacob, Earl of Radnor, and is now the 
property of the present earl. " Weeke " formerly possessed a 
chapel subordinate to the mother church, but no part of it re- 
mains now. 

Thus we find the family of Sanders, Saunders, one of im- 
portance and position in the Parish of Downton, County of 
Wiltz, in old England in the years 1500 — 1600. John Saunders, 
the ancestor of this genealogy, came to New England 1620, 
returned to England 1623. Revisited the colony 1630-1633- 
1636. He remained in New England as a place of residence, 
though often visiting the mother country, until his death, in 
1670, at 98 years of age. His will, probated 10-2-1670, men- 
tions himself as " I, John Sanders of Weeke, in ye parish of 
Downton, in ye county of Wiltz, in Old England." 

His will was sealed with the crest of the Saunders arms, the 
impress of which is still visible, vis: an elephant's head, side view. 

Four miles from Northampton, on the turnpike road to 
Leicester, through Wilford, is the Priory of St. Andrews, which 
was acceeded to Sir Thomas Arundel and Sir Henry Sanders. 
The principal laud-holders in 1533 were : — 


John de Monseacuto. 

Prior Hospital St. John Jesus. 

Laurence Saunders. 

Principal Landholder or Tenant in Caivete 

Donn Robert Dryer Capt. February 20 1533— 

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18 Founders of Massachusetts Bwy Colony, 

Thus we find at the Priory of St. Andrews Rev. Laurence 
Saunders one of the principal Land owners and tenants in 
right of (probably) his ancestor Henry Sanders. 

The descendants of Capt. Robert Dryer sought refuge in the 
new world, at the time that a large family of Saunders also 
eniigrated. It does not seem amiss to place here a short sketch 
of what perhaps may have been the original cause of the imi- 
gration of so large and influential a family to America. 

In searching for facts concerning the history of the Saunders 
family in England, the life and martyrdom of Laurence Saun- 
ders has impresvsed me with the fact that he was most closely 
connected with the family of the Bishop of York. Fox in his 
history of English Martyrs describes him, "as of St. Andrew 
Priory, where his mother, a widow of gentle blood had posses- 
sions." From this history we quote the following: 

"Laurence Saunders came of a family, influential, and of 
gentle blood. lie was born about the year 1515, was one of a 
large family, receiving a most liberal education. He was first 
sent to Eaton, and from there, according to the rules of the 
foundation, he was sent to King's college at Cambridge, where 
he studied very hard for three years, making great progress in 
the different branches of learning, then taught in the schools. 
At the end ot three years he fancied he would like a commer- 
cial life ; and his mother, then a widow, was prevailed upon to 
place him with a friend of hers. Sir William Chester a rich 
merchant of London, and who was afterwards sheriflp of that 
city. Commercial life in London was not to his taste after all; 
he became so weary of it and his despondency was so noticable, 
that Sir William became very solicitous for his health ; and soon 
learning the cause, kindly gave him his liberty and he returned 
to his mother. 

He soon returned to Cambridge again and so devoted him- 
self to scriptural studies, that in the beginning of King Ed- 
wards reign, when the true religion began to be countenanced, 
he entered his orders, and preached with great success. He 
was first appointed at Frothesingham and afterwards became a 
preacher at Litchfield. He was much loved and respected, not 

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Saunders, 19 

only for his sweetness of temper and knowledge of his profes- 
sion but also for his eloquent manner of addressing his hearers, 
and the honesty he displayed in his sincerity of thought. 

His next call was at Alhallows in Broad street, London 
King Edward died, and Mary becoming Queen issued a procla. 
mation, "commanding all subjects to attend mass." 

Many pious ministers refused to obey, and none were more 
pronounced than Rev. Lawrence Saunders. Soon however, his 
subornation became marked, and he was privately advised to 
flee; this he would not do During a conversation with Sir 
John Mordant, privy counciller to Queen Mary he was asked 
"where he w^as going," hia reply was, "to Broad street to in- 
struct my people" and when being advised not to preach, his 
reply was "how then shall I be accountable to God?" 

The following Sunday he preached to his people upon the 
errors of Popery. He exhoited them to hold themselves stead- 
fast in the truth. His discourse was eloquent and impassioned, 
but he felt his doom though the morning passed without 
arrest ; but in the afternoon an officer apprehended him and 
Sir John Mordant gave evidence against him. This was in the 
second year of the reign of Queen Mary, A. D., 1555. He 
was examined by the Bishop, and exhorted to retract his asser- 
tions, but he w^as firm, arid steadfast in his belief, and was re- 
manded to prison after a short examination, being told that he 
was a mad man without reason. 

He remained in prison a year and three months; during this 
time he wrote many letters to devine persons, who later 
suffered martyrdom like himself. To his wife he wrote, "that 
she must not consider him any more longer as her husband in 
this world, but that he hoped to spend an eternity with her in 
Heaven. That the blessing of everlasting covenant could only 
be insured to believers in consequence of the death of Christ, 
and that the firm persuasion of the resurrectio?i of our Redeemer 
was the means contrived by infinate wisdom in order to bring 
us to a state of happiness." 

He was confined in Marshalsea prison. No one was allowed 
to converse with him, though his wife was permitted to enter 

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20 Founders of Mdssach'usetts Bay Colony. 

the prison, and his child Samuel snffered to be placed in his 
arms. Mr. Saunders rejoiced at seeing his child, and said to 
the by-8tanders, ''what man fearing God would not lose his life 
sooner than have it said, that the mother of such a child was a 

He was again given an examination, but had fortitude to de- 
clare himself against Popery, for which offence he was ex-com- 
municated. Later he was given to some officers, with orders 
to convey liim to Coventry to be burned at the stake. Upon 
their arrival at Coventry, a poor shoemaker said, "oh my good 
master, may God strengthen you." Good shoemaker, replied 
the Rev. Mr. Saunders, "I beg you will pray for me for I am 
in a very weak condition, but I hope my Gracious God will 
give me strength." 

In speaking of his people he says, "and although I am not 
so among them, as I have been to preach to them out of a 
pulpit, yet doth God now preach unto them by me, by this my 
imprisonment, and captivity, which now I suffer among them 
for Christ's sake, bidding them to beware of the Romish Auti 
Christian religion, and Kingdom requiring and charging them 
to abide in the truth of Christ, which is shortly to be sealed 
with the blood of their pastor." 

Be not careful my good wife, writes he, "cast your care 
upon the Lord, and commend unto him, in repentant prayer^ 
as I do, our Samuel.'''' 

" Fare you well, all in Christ, in hope to be joined with you 
in joy everlasting. This hope is put up in my bosom. Amen. 
Amen. Amen." 

The next day, 8th of February, 1555, he was led to the place 
of execution, falling by the wayside however — as he was so ex- 

He was led to the place of execution barefooted and allowed 
but an old gown and a shirt. When brought to the stake, his 
last words were, " Welcome, the cross of Christ, welcome ever- 
lasting life." Thus suffered one of the many martyrs of Queen 
Anne's reign ; among whom were Taylor, Farrer, Marsh, Lat- 
imer, Cranner, Hooper, Rogei-s and Bradford. Descendants of 

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Saunders, 21 

which, bound together by one bond of sympatliy and Cliristly 
love, were the first to seek peace and comfort in the Puritan 

Descendants of these martyrs were the fonnders of the 
Plymouth Colony, having previously fled to Holland as a tem- 
porary refuge from persecution. 

Samuel Saunders, son of Laurence Saunders, the martyr, may 
have been ancestor to the many members of the Saunders 
family who sought refuge in the colonies in the early part of 
this 16th century. 

From the Colonial Records, also from deeds and wills, we 
find the family of Sanders who came to America were from 
Wiltshire County, England, as also were many of the orgari- 
izers of the Plymouth Colony. 

Sir Ferdinando Gorges, one of the original promoters of the 
colony, was from Castle Langford, Wiltshire. 

There were fifteen distinct parishes of Wiltshire. 

I have previously mentioned that the Priory of St. Andrews 
was granted to Sir Thomas Arundell and Sir Henry Sanders in 
the thirty-six years of the reign of Henry VIH. In Maryland, 
one of the counties on the Che«?apeake shore was settled by 
Arundell and is still named Ann Arundel County. 

1620 — In the Virginia records is noted the arrival of Ilev. 
David Sanders, in charge of Capt. Samuel Mathews' colony of 
one hundred at Hoggs Head. Henry Sariders was one of that 
company, travelling in the country. He did not remain, as in 
the Colonial Records at London is recorded the return of 
" Capt. Henry Sanders at Southampton, 1623." 

The early ministers, appointed by the home government, 
were men of influence, birth and education. They were to act 
in the capacity of advisers, magistrates, and judges ; and their 
influence was felt to a great degree both in the colony and 
abroad, as many of the organizers of the plantations did not 
accompany them, and the prosperity and success of the enter- 
prise depended greatly upon the good government and advice 
of the ministry. I find no note of the return to England of 
Rev. David Sanders of Virginia, and it is supposed that he is 

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22 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

the ancestor of the branch ot the Sanders family wbo are 
descendants in Virginia to-day. 

The name of Sanders, or Saunders, is most conflicting, as in 
the early records the clerks and correspondents abreviated the 
word. In our earliest records of grants it is frequently spelt 
Sandys, or Sanders. 

During the organization of the Plymouth Colony we find 
Sir Edwin Sandys, Bishop of York and afterward Lord Mayor 
of London. His ancestral estates were at Wiltshire County. 
Many records of his family are to be found at Salisbury, the 
county town. We quote from history and these records the 
short account of George Sanders, brother of Sir Edwin. 

George Sanders was born 1577. After passing some time 
at Oxford in 1610 he travelled over Europe to Turkey ; visited 
Palestine and Egypt. He published his travels at Oxford 1615, 
and they received great attention. The first poetical produc- 
tion in Angel's American Legislature, was published by him, 
while acting in capacity of Secretary of the Virginia Colony 
and in the midst of the confusion which followed the massacre 
of 1622. 

Sir Francis Wyatt of Allington Castle, Boxley Abbey in 
1618, married Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir Samuel San. 
dys {Sanders) of Ombersley, Worcester — 

(Was Sir Samuel the same Samuel whom Laurence Sanders 
blessed in Marshalsea prison? the dates and circumstances cor- 

In 1621 Sir Francis Wyatt received the appointment of 
Governor to the Virginia Colony, and departed in the ''George 
in 1621" for that Colony, with his young wife, Margaret Saun- 
ders, and her uncle Oeorge Sandys (Sanders), as his secretary, 
(so written and spelt.) 

At this time came also the colony of Capt. Samuel Mathews, 
accompanied by Rev. David Sanders, as overseer. This latter 
colony arrived at James City, Virginia, in the " Bonaventure." 
In a few months after the massacre of 1622 George Sandys 
(Sanders), was sent to England by the colony to look after their 
interests, but in disregard to their wishes he introduced into 

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Saunders, 23 

the house of commons a bill, asking a restoration of the old 
London company and all the privileges of the original charter. 

This was obnoxious to the colonies, and they entered a pro- 
test; but when the protest had been received, the King was in 
Yorkshire, and the civil war had begun in England. We find 
that he did not return to the colony nor very much advance 
their interests. 

He, died as before mentioned, at the home of his niece, 
Margaret, wife of Governor Wyatt, in 1643. 

After the charter of Virginia had been dissolved by James 
first, Sir James Wyatt continued governor. He returned to 
England, where he died, and was buried at Boxley Abbey, 
August 24, 1643. " His wife, daughter of Sir Samuel Sandys 
(Saunders), who passed some time in Virginia, was a gentle 
woman of much tact and cheerfulness and willing to accept the 
hardships of a new settlement." — {History of Virginia,.) 

She died at Boxley Abbey, May 27, 1644. 

Hoar's History of Wiltshire. 
Colonial Records at London. 
History of Virginia. 
Private papers of Sir Francis Sandys. 

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24 Found ei'8 of MaBsachuseiU Bay Cohyiiy. 


Tlie success of the Virginia settlement about the year 1616, 
embracing the influence of many men of rank and talent in the 
kingdom, including such as Lord Cavendish, Sir Edwin Sanders, 
Sir Edmund Sackville, and the Earl of Southampton, was in- 
ducive in promoting the proposition of issuing other patents ; 
and a company was formed at this time to include many of the 
refugees at Holland, and such as were concealed in other parts 
of England. Religious persecution was still in force, and it 
was difficult to raise funds for an independent settlement. 

Permit to form a lottery for the disposal of shares of propri- 
etorship of grants was formed and Sir Edwin Sandys (Sanders 
— Saunders) was appointed trcjisurer and together with Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges were the authorized agents for the sale of 
the same, having headquarters at Salisbury, in Wiltzshire 
County, England. (Salisbury was the comity town of Wiltz- 
shire and not far from Southampton.) 

In this undertaking they were assisted by a very worthy and 
wealthy merchant of London, Thomas Weston, who was largely 
engaged in tlie fisheries on the Nova Scotia coast. 

In 1617, November 12, Sir Edwin Sandys writes to Mr. Rob- 
inson and Mr. Brewster at Leyden, saying : — 

"Your agents have carried themselves with that discretion 
as is both to their own credit and theirs from whom they came ; 
and the seven articles subscribed with your names have given 
the gentlemen of the council of Virginia that satisfaction which 
has carried them on to a resolution to forward your desire, in 
the best sort that may be for your own and the public good." 

1620 — Se])tember 17, (is recorded,) after long attendance, the 
Leyden agents ol)tained a patent granted and confirmed under 
the Virginia company's seal, but the patent being taken out in 

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Saunders. 25 

the name of Mr. John Vierno, a religious gentleman belonging 
to the counties of Lincoln, who intended to go, but providence 
ordered otherwise. However, the patent being carried by one 
of their messengers to Leyden for the people to consider, with 
several proposals for their transmigration, made by Mr. Thomas 
Weston oi London, merchant, and other friends and merchants^ 
as should either go or adventure with them ; they are requested 
to prepare with speed for the voyage. Mr. Weston coming to 
Leyden, the people agree with him on articles both for shipping 
and money to assist in their transportation. They send Mr. 
Carver and Mr. Cushman to England to receive the money and 
provide for the voyage, Mr. Carver at Southampton, Mr. Cush- 
man at London. Those who are to go sell their estaUiS^ put 
their money in the com,mon stocky to he disposed, of by their 
managers^ for making general provisions. 

A ship of sixty berth, and purchase say seventy tons, is 
bought in Holland, both to help transport them, and to stay in 
the country. (See Sir Edwin Sandys papers). 

1620, May 15, "Mr. Robinson writes and complains of 
Mr. Westons neglect in not getting shipping in England. Mr. 
Weston has purchased one ship at Holland." 

1620, June 10. "He has secured a Pilot, Mr, (Jlark, wlio 
went last year to Virginia." 

1620, August 13. "The two ships sail, but put back as one 
is leaky." 

1620, August 15. "The larger ship sails, having taking a 
good many passengers from the leaky ship." 

1620, November 1). "At break of day they reach Cape 

1620, November 9. "The ship found harbor in a small bay 
near Cape Cod, and called the place Plymouth.'*^ 

Thus came to New England the " Mayflower," through the 
mistfiken reckonings of their i)ilot, this Colony designed by Sir 
Edwin Sandys for Virginia. 

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26 Founders of Mdssachiisetts Bay Colony, 


Under tlie above date, the colonial records of the riymouth 
colony note: '*Came unto our harbor two ships of Mr. Wes- 
tons. The Charity^ 100 tons ; the Swan^ 30 tons ; with letters 
of April loth, and fifty or sixty men, sent at his own charge^ 
under Capt. John Sanders overseer, to settle a plantation in the 
Massachusetts hay, for which he has procured apatent^ 

"They sailed the last of April, the Charity, the bigger ship 
leaves them, having many passengers for Virginia." 

Note the record: "Two ships sent by Mr. Weston for 
which he has procured a patent." This little colony arrives as 
a private enterprise. 

Mr. Weston, assisted probably by the influence of the coloni- 
zation fraternity. Sir Edwin Sandys and Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges, procures a patent. He risks the united Capital, upon 
a venture of the future success of the colony, and places Capt. 
John Sanders, possibly a brother of George Sanders and 
nephew of Sir Samuel Sanders, as overseer of the enterprise; 
and because it wsis s^ private enterprise, and not inspired by the 
bond of mutual benefit lottery affairs of the first colony at Ply- 
mouth, there was a prejudice against it, which has its origin in 
these earliest records, and which has been enlarged upon by 
Prince and Hubbard, until one can hardly recognize the malice 
and disparagement of this unfortunate venture, as coming from 
the Puritanical records of 1022, even though in their jealous 
proprietorship, they felt that the mistaken spot of their oion 
patent, needed a protection against intruders. 

Again the Plymouth records say : By Mr. Weston's ship 
comes a letter from Mr. John Pierce, in whose name the 
Plymo^ith patent is taken." 

1622 — September. Plymouth records : "Mr. Weston's largest 

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Saunders. 27 

ship sails for England, leaving what was supposed sufficient for 
this colony." 

1622, November, is recorded : " Shortly after harvest, Mr. 
Weston's people at the Massachusetts, having by disorder much 
wasted their provisions, begin to perceive a want approaching, 
and hearing we bad bought commodities and designed to trade 
for corn, they write to the Governor to join with us, offer their 
small ship for the service, and pray to let them have some of 
our commodities, which the GovQVwor condescends to, (note the 
animosity,) designing to go round Cape Cod to the southward, 
where store of corn may be obtained ; but we are often crossed 
in our purposes." 

The Plymouth Colony for various reasons are deterred, but 
Governor Bradford writes : '* They got twenty-six or twenty- 
eight hogshead of corn and bread in all, for both plantations." 
This was at the end of harvest.) Note the remark " having 
by disorder wasted their provisions." 

This Plymouth Colony had at this time not more than three- 
quarters of an hundred souls, having lost more than a third of 
their number the first winter, and deaths following constantly ; 
we find they were, in fact, scarely larger than the Weymouth 
Colony, just arrived. 

Having Ixjcn in the country two seasons, they had had time 
to house themselves, raise crops and store their fish and corn, 
and yet they, with all their thrift, economy and experience, 
were obliged to often make shift, as they expressed it, for sub- 
stiince. IIow then could they have supposed that a new colony 
of fifty to sixty men, with no housing except such as they could 
rudely construct in a few weeks, with scant provisions at the 
most, have been in a better condition than they themselves were 
as regards their substance. 

The animosity of their sentiments is most apparent. 

In March, 1623 — previous to the appeal from Capt. Sanders 
for assistance, is the following record in the Plymouth records: 

1624, March b. '*The captain, having refreshed himself, 
takes a schallop and goes to Maromet for the corn the Govern, 
or has hov^ght,^^ 

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28 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

1623, March 4. The records read, " An Indian comes in 
from Capt Jolin Sanders, the overseer of the Weston colony, 
with a letter showing the great wants they had fallen into, 
having spent all their bread and corn ; would have borrowed a 
hogshead of the natives, bnt they would lend none. He de- 
sired advice^ whether he might take it by force to support his 
men, till he returned from Wenliam, where is a plantation of 
Sir Ferditiando Gorges whither he is going to buy hreadP 

We note here the decision of John Sanders to see his friend 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges for relief, and the consideration he 
shows towards his neighbor, the Indian, and the manner of ex- 
pressing his wish for assistance ; his deference to the judg- 
ment to the older colony. 

It was mid-winter; his men were starving, the provisions 
had been insufficient. The colony settled at Weymouth in the 
fall of the year. There was no i)r()tection for winter, but such 
as they could rudely construct. The appeal had not been made 
to the Plymouth colony until March, five njonths ifter the de- 
parture of the Charity, and yet Prince and Hubbard, and the 
early colonial records, themselves, show how unwilling assist- 
ance was given, excej)t at the last, and then only upon assur- 
ance of their departure for England again. 

From the colonial records of March we note, "but the Gov- 
ernor^ with others^ despatched the viessenger with letters to 
dissuade him by all means from such a violence, exhorting him 
(Capt. Sanders) to make shift as we, who have so little left 
mnst do." 

(Very good advice for the protection of the Plymouth colony, but to ntatT- 
ing men, gimf ndcirr with tut snhntdnee besides, was scarcely a stimulus to 
good behavior.) 

TuE Records — *'upon receiving our letters^ Mr. Sanders 
alters his purpose, and comes first to Plymouth, when notwith- 
standing our necessities, we spare him corn." 

(Not until personal appeal, was scant necessity offered him.) 

Records — " Next day ccmies one of Weston's men with a sad 
tale of suffering want, and near dead with cold and hunger- 

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Saunders. 29 

One in getting shell fish was so weak that he stuck upright in 
the TTLud^ and wa^ found dead in the placed'* 

(Not until a last resort was appeal made for help) 

Records. — " The next day Capt. Standish arrives at Wey- 
mouth; is threatened by the savages, rumors of an attack upon 
the helpless colony having been made." 

Records. — " Standish, watching his opportunity, falls upon 
the Indians, killing many, but releases the Indian women, and 
would not take even their beans and goats nor suffer the least 
discourtesy to be offered them." 

" Upon this they resolve to break up the colony." 

" The men are sick, disheartened and turbulent, and have 
many conferences." 

" They desire Captain Sanders to let them have corn and they 
would go with him in their small ship (the Swan, thirty tons,) 
to Winhiggin, where they may hear from Mr. Weston, or may 
have some supply from him, seeing the time of year is come 
for the fishing ships to be there ; or otherwise would work 
with the fishermen for their living or get passage to England." 

Records. — " So they ship what they have, what corn Captain 
Standish has he gives them, scarcely keeping enough to last 
him home, (about two or three hours time.) He sees them 
under sail well out of the harbor, not taking of them the worth 
of a penny, (to the regret of the narrator, it would seem.) With 
some few who desire it he returns to Plymouth, bringing the 
head of Vetuwamet, an Indian, which he sets up in the fort." 

And yet at this date, March 6. we read, " The Captain, having 
refreshed himself, takes a schallop and goes to Wacomet for 
the corn the Governor has bought." 

Records. — " Shortly after Mr. Weston's people went to the 
eastward he comes there himself, with some fishermen, under 
another name, and disguised as a blacksmith, when he heard of 
the ruin of his plantation." (Mr. Weston had come to their 
relief; his ship was cavst ashore at Ipswich.) " He took a schal- 
lop with a man or two, and comes over to see how things are ; 
but in a storm is cast away in the bottom of the bay, between 

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30 FoundeTH of MaHbdchusetts Bay Colony, 

Pascataquak and Merrimack river, and hardly escaped with his 
life. Afterwards he falls into the hands of the Indians, who 
pillage hha of all he saved from the ship^ and stripped him of 
all his clothes to his shirt ; at length he gets to Pascataquak, 
borrows a suit of clothes, and finds means to come to Plymouth." 

(It can scarcely be wondered that the gentleman presented a 
false name, when he finds his plantation ruined, his men adrift 
in a starving condition, and himself disguised in the raiments 
of a blacksfnith.) 

1623 — April recorded: "Thus this plantation is broken up 
in a year, and this is the end of those who^ bei?ig ahle bodied 
men^ had boasted of their strength^ in comparison of the people 
at Plymouth wfw had many women and children^ and weak 
ones with themP 

One very early historian Siiys : " It was the judgement of 
God for their conceit in thinking they could successfully con- 
duct ^private enterprise^ 

The records following express no anxiety for the safety of 
tihe shipj and its half starved burden, who at the most treacher- 
ous time of the year, departed with scarcely food sufticient for 
a few days, to cross the ocean ; no prayers were apparently 
uttered fbr their safe' delivery, from envy, hatred and malice, 
nor from lightning, and tempest, nor from plague, pestilence, 
and famine, or from Muldun (Unith; fnit Gud in hifr nhnigljty 
benevolence, had pity iipnri tht^ir iiiJinultiei^; atid they found 
delivereuce and a eafu harbor, though after weeks of BtDftn 
and tempest and suffen'ngH, havirjg fallen in with another ship* 
who assisted them as I'iiras it was po&iiible in tht^ir cxtieiniry, 

Saunders, 31 

1623, May 23 — Colonial Records at London. 

"Captain Sanders and company arrived at Southampton," 
and thns ended the disaster of tlie Weymouth plantation. 

Mr. Weston and Sir Ferdinando Gorges were not discouraged 
however; in September of the same year, 1623, •' Capt. Robert 
Gorges, son of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, with Mr. Merrill, an 
Episcopal minister, and sundry passengers and families arrive 
in Massachusetts bay and begin a plantation. "They pitch 
upon the same place Mr. Weston's people had forsaken." He 
had a commission from the council for New England to be 
their lieutenant governor or general governor of the country." 

1624 Record. — " Toward the spring after Capt. Gorges and 
Mr. Weston had been at Plymouth, Mr. Weston comes again 
and then sails for Virginia." 

Record. — " Capt. Gorges not finding the state of things to 
ansioer his quality^ with some who depended upon him, re- 
turns to England. Some of his people go to Virginia, some 
few remain, who are helped with supplies from henoeJ^ 

This last record speaks for itself, and shows an animosity 
towards Gorges, and a declaration almost that supplies could 
not have been obtained from them. Rev. Mr. Merrill had a 
hard time, remaining with this Plymouth settlement ; he was 
considered in the light of a spy ; his religion, declared Episco- 
palian, was contrary to their principles; he was arrested and 
confined by the Governor, but later leaving the colony, returned 
to England the following year. 

One more record, and I will close this sketch of the first two 
settlements in Massachusetts Bay. 

1624, March. — " Mr. Winslow, our agent, comes over in the 
ship Charity, and brings a pretty good supply of clothing * * 
* *. 7'he ship comes a fishing^ a thing fatal to this planta- 

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32 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Hon. He also brings a bull and three heifers, the first cattle 
in the land ; but there is a sad account of a strong faction 
among the adventures against us^ and especially against the 
coming of Mr. Robinson and the rest at Leyden." (This is the 
first mention of the Colony of Weymouth. They are called 

" By Mr. Winslow we have several letters from the Governor 
dated December 19, 1623, whereof he w'rites with great concern 
about the killing of the savage conspirators at the Massachu- 
setts. He says : ' Oh, how happy a thing had it been that you 
had converted some before you had killed any.^ " 

Thus it would seem that there was some reason for prejudice 
toward the Plymouth Colony, since the failure of the two sister 
plantations, the unfortunate reception of the liev. Mr. Merrill, 
and the scant welcome of the second visit of the " Charity " in 
the records. 

"77<^ ship comes a fishing^ a thing fatal to this plantation. ^^ 

When we read the records of the new colonies as inscribed 
at London, and notice the intimate connection of the Gorges 
and Sanders families one is assured that in a very near way the 
interests of John Sanders — (Saunders,) the ancestor of many 
branches of the family now in America, must have been ad- 
vanced by more than personal favor. From deeds and his will, 
well preserved in the Probate Records of Massachusetts, we find 
that he describes himself as coming from Weeke in ye pariah 
of Downton, in ye County of Wiltz, England. This will was 
'sealed with the crest of the Saunders arms, and I can but con- 
clude that John Sanders had a lineal right to that crest, or he 
would not have assumed the use of it upon so sacred a docu- 
ment as a will, and at a time in the sixteenth century when 
goldsmiths were unknown in America. 

In the English Record of Heraldry w^e notice : *' Edward 
Marsh quarters his arms with his family, those of Nethersol 
and Sanders ; the former in right of marriage of his ancestor, 
Thomas Marsh of Brandred, with Anna, daughter of John 
Nethersol, Esq., and the latter in right of marriage, 1637, of 

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Saunders. 33 

•another ancestor, John Marsh, Esq., with Anna, daughter and 
heir of *Henry Sanders of Canterbury. In the Marsh arms we 
find Sanders arms, the same domestic boar, as in Sir Edwin 
Sanders, Edward Marsh, Esq., Snare Manor, and Ivy Manor, 
Connty Kent."— (5wrAd.) 

In this last record we note that in 1637 John Marsh, Esq., 
married Anna, daughter of Sir Henry Sanders, and united the 
arms of the two families. In our Colonial Records we find that 
at Salem, Mass., in 1637, John Marshy Esq^ with wife, Anna 
(Sanders^) received under " Grant No. 260, a tract of twenty 
acres, to be laid out by the town." 

1640-30-1. "John Marsh, Esq., receives thirty acres more 
of meadow land." 

1655-10-Nov. "It is ordered that John Marsh and John 
Kitchen are chosen searchers and sealers of leather for the year 

Elizabeth Kitchen, sister of said John Kitchen, became wife 
of William Sanders, who came to the colony 1637, and later 
was one of the founders of North Carolina. 

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34 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 



DowNTON Parish Reoibtbr, Wiltz County, England. 

BuRiELs' Earliest Book of Records, 1602. 

1009. Ales Saunders, the wife of John Saunders of 
Weeke, 29 December. 


1610. John Saunders and Ales Coles were married the 
fourth day of February. 


1613. John, «6W of 3 ohxi Saunders of Weeke, baptized 26 

1614. Elizabeth, daughter <?^John Saunders. 

1615. Sarah, daughter ^/* John Saunders. 
1617. Joseph, son <?/*John Saunders. 
1622. Moses, son (j^ John Saunders. 

" Weeke," or Wick as it is now called, signified a place of 
residence in the parish of Downton, Wiltshire, England. It 
consisted of two large old houses, substantial and of import- 
ance, one having been pulled down to give place to a larger 
house. The ground and belongings to the Hamlet of Weeks 
consisted of 1184 acres. This track was in possession of the 
family of Sanders and through the marriage of Thomas Dun- 
combe to Isabel, daughter of Thomas Saunders, and the mar- 
riage of William Duncombe to Ellen Saunders it became by 
purchase and inheritance a portion of the estate of the family 
of Duncombe, of whom Lord Feversham was a descendant. In 
the last century it was purchased by Jacob, Earl of Radnor, a 
descendant by marriage of Anthony Duncombe. 

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Saunders. 35 


John Saunders of "Weeke," the ancestor of the Saunders 
branch of this genealogy, seems to have been undaunted by his 
failure of 1623, to establish the Weymouth colony. During 
the following five or six years, he made several voyages to the 
Virginia settlement, generally it seemed in command of his 
ship and supposedly in the interest of the home government. 

It is not until 27 July, 1635, that we note John^ Saunders 
returns to the New England colony, and then it is as passenger 
in the Mercliant, " Hope," Hugh Weston commander. He 
came probably this time to see his son John^ Saunders (who 
came with Eudicott's colony in 1628-9 and Irad remained in the 
settlement) and also to establish new enterprises as follows : 

During the years 1635 to 1638, there were so many of the 
name of Sanders, who came to the new settlement, their ad- 
vent so united, their means so liberal, and their ability so 
acknowledged, that one can but infer that they were members 
of one family and were forced to emigrate from some unusual 
family trouble; this family trouble I conceive to have been the 
failure of the Virginia company, of which Sir Edwin Sanders 
was treasurer; and of his banishment from England. At this 
time Sir Richard Sanders of Downton was also deprived of his 
estates, and many unfortunate failures had occurred from these 
foreign investments. 

I will briefly note the different branches of the Sanders 
family who sought the new world at this time, and then con- 
tinue the history of John^ Sanders, the lineal ancestor of this 

First came to New England — 

1623 — JoHN^ Sanders of Weeke, in charge of Weymouth 

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36 Founders of Massdchusetts Bay Colony. 

1628-9 — JoHN^ Sanders, in ship " Margaret." 

1635 — John Sanders of Weeke, in merchant "Hope," 
Hngh Weston, master. 

1635 — Edward Sanders arrived at Boston in ship " Safety " 
with daughter, Jane, wife of Thomas Parker of Horley, Essex, 
born 1614. Thomas Parker was a descendant of the celebrated 
divine, Mathew Parker, who was Queen Elizabeth's first 
Protestant bishop, consecrated 1560. (At a little later date, 
April 19, 1562, we notice that " Sanders and about twenty-two 
others were consecrated bishops, Kitchen, however, refusing to 
take oath." (See Pierce and Styppe, English Ecclesiastical 

Edward Sanders, father of Jane Parker, is described as com- 
ing from Charlewood, commoner Surry, England, a widower. 

Edward Sanders was appointed by Gov. Winthrop as mem- 
ber of an important colony about to found a plantation at 
Charlestown, South Carolina. Ancestors of this line were 
scattered through Kentucky and Tennessee and Mississippi. 
Of this family there are many college graduates. One govern- 
or (of the Mississippi colony,) Ralph Sanders of Kentucky, a 
distinguished lawyer and literary man, is of this line. Also 
Daniel, a lawyer and writer of great reputation. 

1635. Arthur Sandys or Sanders, said by early historians to 
have been the son of Sir Edwin, came to Marblehead, and en- 
gaged in the fisheries. 

1638-23-10 he was granted by the general high courts 20 
acres to plant in. At this time Marblehead was a part of 
Salem, Mass. 

1635. At Boston is recorded Elizabeth Sanders, who came 
as the wife of Ilenry W^lcott, magistrate of England. He 
was second son of Sir John Walcott of Tollard, County of 
Sommerset. He inherited Golden Manor, Tollard, at the de- 
cease of his brother Christopher. He bore the arms, common 
to his family from Sir John de Walcott. Tempo Richard H. 
At the time of his advent to Massachusetts (^olony, a grant had 
been obtained for a settlement in Connecticut. Magistrate 
Henry Wftlcott was selected as one of the proprietors. 

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Saunders. 37 

Magistrate Ilenij Wfilcott, born 1578, died May 30, 1655, 
and Elizabeth Saunders were married in 1607 and had the fol- 
lowing children born in England. Anna, Henry Jr., George, 
Christopher, Mary and Simon. Mrs. Elizabeth Saunders Wal- 
cott survived her husband. His son, Honorable Koger Wal- 
cott, became governor of Connecticut. — {Samuel WalcotLs 
ineiiioirs^ 1881). 

At Tollard, Royal Hundred of Chalk, Wiltzshire, England, 
we find at the registrary under date 1077 that George Sanders 
and John Everny were church wardens. — {Hoare^s HiHtory of 

1636. John^ Sanders returns to New England, and in con- 
junction with William Sanders, William Wentworth, William 
English, John Clifford and others received the grant and 
founded the colony of Hampton, Mass. 

1637. Henry Sanders, said to have been a brother of 
Arthur Sandei*s, was in Salem and liowley, and afterwards at 
Boxford, where together with John^ Sanders they received a 
grant of 200 acres. Henry Sanders came with wife Sybill, had 
born to him at Kv>wley, 1639-*l-20, Samuel, son of Henry and 
Sybill— 1642-1-24, Mercy, daughter of Henry aiid Sybil). 
Rowley was then a part of Salem, Mass. 1636 John^ Sanders 
was made freeman. 

In 1638. Jolm^ Sanders is supposed to have been sent to 
England on important business for the colony. He returned 
in the ''Confidence" with daughter Sarah Sanders, (not as 
some historians have said, as wife). 

Sara Sanders became the wife of Major Robert Pike April 
3, 1641, of Salisbury, Mass. He was a member of the General 
High Court, 1648, and for many years following. He became 
lieutenant, captain, major in command of one of the Essex 
regiments. He was assistant in 1682, w^as one of the Council 
of Safety in the overthrow of Andros, 1689, and also a member 
of the council in the William and Mary Charter, 1691. His 
rapid advance to power and popularity was most marked, and 
by many he has been styled the *' Oomwell of America." 
Sarah Sanders, wife of Robert Pike, I place as neice to Eliza- 

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38 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

beth, wife of Ileury Walcott of Connecticut. Robert Pike was 
son of John Pike, wlio came in the *' James " from Langford, 
Wiltz County, Enghind, (a descendant of the Archbishop of 
Litchlield,) and was brother to Israel Pike, who became the 
wife of Henry Trew. A lineal descendant of Henry Trew j 

(Nancy Trew,) married, in 1835, Philip Henry Saunders of i 

Salem, Mass., who was a lineal descendant of John * Sanders, ^ 

and they were the parents of the author of this history. I 

1G35, April 6, we note from the records of the Planter, Nico ^^ 

Tracie, Mr. bound thither. /^u>« ^ 

Martin Saunders, age 40. a y^ f^^ Ju& J^^ ^ ^^^^^M.*^ ^ 

Rachel Saunders, age 40. ^a*^ '^ '; f^ \ 

Lea Saunders, age 10. ) \/^T I 

— JuDiTir Saunders, age 8. > Three children. i^ ^'^ hj^ 
Martin Saunders, age 4. ) ^/^ J 

Maria Fuller, age \1. \ • **^ 

Richard Smith, age 14. > Three servants. ^ 

Richard Ridley, age 10. ) fi^t^ 


Martin Sanders with his family arrived in Boston 1635, 
moved to Mount Walliston, now Qnincy. 29 Sept., 1639, with 
several others, they founded the first church at Mount Wallis- 
ton. He was made freeman May 13, 1640. He died August 
4, 1658, having two sons and two daughters. 

In 1638 Christopher Sanders, who with wife, Mary Clark, 
daughter of Daniel Clark, former Governor of Barbados, assisted 
in settlement of Windsor, Connecticut. 

During many years following he was actively engaged in 
these settlements, and expended much morjey in the defence of 
his grants. He died in Boston September 1, 1708, a very 
wealthy man. His will, which covers three full pages of fools- 
cap, written in his own fine handwriting, is the most interest- 
ing document I Iiave read. It is full of religious faith and 
pathos, and in every thought and consideration marks the gen- 
tleman most conclusively. After providing for the future of 
his wife, giving bequests to his servant, he leaves, at his wife's 
death, the whole of his estate, both real and personal, consist- 


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Saundej's, 39 

iiig of lands, housings, moneys and plate, to liis son Daniel, 
reserving £100 as a legacy to his nephew, Joshua Lamb, son of 
Capt. Joshua Lamb of Roxbury, but in case of his son Daniel 
should not return home, nor any certain advice of his being in 
the land of the living be received, then he gives and bequeaths 
unto his grandson, Joshua l^amb, son of Capt. Joshua Lamb of 
Roxbury, Gentleman, and Susanna, his wife, his daughter, all 
the remainder of his estate, both real and personal." 

Witness, James Wood, 

Edward Weaver, Sen. 

He appointed his respected friend, Samuel Lynde, Es(j., and 
loving wife executoi-s. 

I nominate and request my beloved friend, Mr. Robert 
Howard of Boston, Merchant, to be overseer. 
February, 1708. 

(Signed with a seal with an impress of the crest 
of the Saunders Coat of Arms.) (The Elephant's 

CnRisTOPHER Sanders. 

1638. Daniel Sanders arrives at Cambridge. He died 

1688. Also came Tobias Sanders, one of the King's life guards, 
and brother of Christopher. He came to Boston, but 16^3 
settled at Newport, R. I. 

1639. He married Mary, daughter of Joseph Clark, who was 
a neice of Deputy Governor John Clark of that state. 

1639. Robert Sanders arrived at Boston, is a magistrate 
and executes wills. From 1639 to 1642 he is a member of the 
General High Court, was afterward one of the proprietors of 
Rye, N. H., then a part of the settlement of Hampton, where 
were previously John^ and William Sanders. 

1640. George Sanders comes to Boston, establishes him- 
self as a merchant, trading largely with the Barbados, having 
his uncle, Stephen Spicer, as agent at Barbados. Descendants 
settled in North Carolina. 

1656. We have Joseph Sanders, supposed to have l}een 
son of John at Dover, N. H. He was killed by the Indians in 


40 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Col/yny. 

the great massacre, June 27-8, 1689. Thus we find in Ameri- 
ca during its earliest settlements 

Margaret Saunders, daughter of Sir Samuel and wife of 
Governor Sir Francis Wyatt of Virginia. 

George Sanders, her uncle, secretary of Virginia Colony. 

Rev. David Sanders in Virginia. 

Capt. John^ Sanders of Weeke, Wiltz County, England, in 
New England. 

JoHN^ Sanders, of Weeke, in New England. 

Arthur Sandys, or Sanders, in New England. 

Henry Sandys, or Sanders, in New England. 

William Sanders, Down ton Parish, in New England. 

Elizabeth Sanders Walcoit in New England. 

Jane Sanders Parkkr in New England. 

Edward Sanders in New England. 

Sarah Sanders Pike in New England. 

Tobias Sanders in New England. 

Christopher Sanders in New England. 

Capt. Charles Sanders ,who in 1649 applied to General 
Court for certificate of the destruction of his ship. 

Alice Sanders, wife of Thomas Eastman, in New England. 

Daniel Sanders in New England. 

Martin Sanders in New England. 

Robert Sanders in New England. 

Joseph Sanders in New England. 

A large representative of settlers of the same name and each 
prominent in their individual location. Their advent was fo 
united, their means so liberal and their ability so acknowledged 
that we can but conclude they were members of one family 
and were forced to emigrate from some unusual family trouble. 
The probable cause of emigration 1 have before mentioned. 

I will now follow the brief history of John'-^ Sanders, who 
came to Salem with Endicott's Colony, and then continue the 
life of John^ Sanders, which was a long and prominent one. 

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Saunders. 41 


DowNTON Parish, Register Weeks, County op Wiltz, England. 


IfiO-i. Richard, son of Sohn Sanders. 

1603. Ellen, daughter of William Saunders. 
1605. Richard, son (?/* William Saunders. 

*1606. Dorotha, daughter of John Sanders of Weeke. 
August 17. 

1611. Ellinor, daughter of William Sanders. 
*1613. John, son (j/" John Saunders of Weeke, 26 March. 

*1614. Elizabeth, daughter of 3o\\\i Saunders. 

*1615. Sarah, daughter of John Sanders. 

*1617. Joseph, son ^ John Sanders. 

1622. Moses, son of John Saunders. 


1604. Ellen, daughter of William Sanders, April 10. 
*1609. Ales Saunders, t^;//<? ^ John Saunders of Weeke, 

29 December. 

1621. Alice Sanders, wife of Richard Sanders, 21 April. 

1626. Richard Saunders, 27 September. 

1628. Elinor Saunders, wife of William Saunders, 2 

1644. Elizabeth, daughter of William Sanders of Plait- 
ford, 21 June. 

1646. William Saunders, February 13. 
*1610. John Saunders of Weeke and Alice Coles were 
married 4th February. 

1634. Thomas Eastman and Alice Saunders were married 
21 October. 

1636. Richard Saunders and Elizabeth Michell, 1st No- 

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42 Founders of MasBachuaetU Bay Colony. 


JoHN^ Sanders, son of John Sanders of Weeke, baptized 
March 23, 1613, in tiie Parish of Downton, County of Wiltz, 
England, came to New Salem, in New England, in the "Mar- 
garet" from Plymouth, Hugh Weston, master, in company 
with John Endicott and his colony, June 28, 1628-9. He is 
recorded as a lad about eighteen, but we perceive by the above 
record that he was scarcely sixteen at that time. From the 
parish records we perceive that he had two sisters, Elizabeth 
and Sarah, who a few^ years later came to the colony, and re- 
spectively became the wives of Henry Walcott and Robert 

JoHN=^ Sanders was son of John Sanders of Weeke, by Jiis 
second wife. Ales Coles, married February 4, 1610. 

John^ Sanders came to the colony under the protection of 
Robert Coles, probably his uncle, and received a grant of 40 
acres adjoining Mr. Coles. Mr. Robert Coles was one of the 
w'ealthiest investors in the colony at that time. 

John^ Sanders united with the first church in Salem, 1629. 

1636. John*^ Sanders was made freeman, and granted 40 
acres freeman's land, grant No. 2385. 

"The freeman of Plymouth were an aristocratic class. They 
were empowered to choose a Governor, Deputy Governor and 
eighteen assistants. The freeman could administer oaths of 
supremacy and allegience. It is worthy of note that the Gov. 
erning body thus constituted was at once a legislative body and 
a judicial body, like the English county court, which served as 
its model. This government at this time, was virtually a re- 
public. — {FisWa Civil Gov.) 

About 1636, John^ Sanders, was married to Priscilla Graf- 
ton, daughter of Capt. Joseph Grafton, and wife Mary; a 

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Saunders. 43 

family much respected and often mentioned in our earliest 

The grant of land to John* Sanders is the present location of 
the south side of Washington Square in Salem, Mass., adjacent 
to the common, extending along the Main street (Essex street) 
beyond the Pickman house and East India Marine society to 
the foot of Liberty street, at ye point of the burying ground. 
A portion of this land remained in the family for many 

Upon the knoll side of the lot, facing the common, but what 
was then the Public pasture land or training ground, John^ 
Sanders built his house. 

The house must have been a substantial one and well fenced 
in, for at a general town meeting held the fourth day of the 
second month, 1040, it was ordered "that all fences as well 
general as particular about the town shall be continued sutBci- 
entile made and maintained all the years as well in winter as in 
summer. And if any person be defective in their fences, they 
are to pay two shillings for every day it is poised they are de- 
fective, twelve pense thereof to be given to the surveyor that 
finds it out, and gives notice of it to the p'tie so defective, and 
twelve pence to the town. And furtiier the said p'tie shall be 
lyable to pay all damages besides, that shall be don by any 
cattle or swine by reason of that defect." 

164:0. Same day John * Sanders was appointed surveyor. 
Voted, "at a general court town meeting, held the day afore- 
said in the field where Mr. Williams' house is, Mr. Kenniston 
and Mr. John ^ Sanders are appointed overseers, to survey the 
fences in that field." He had been already appointed freeman 
at this time, and the monthly meeting of the seven selectmen, 
together with the Freemen's meeting at tlie General Court 
every two weeks, seems to have been all that was necessary for 
the self government of this little settlement. 

1639-1640. John ^ Sanders served as a member of the grand 
jury at the Court. 

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44: Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

The following orders are well worthy of notice. 

" Tliat worthy gentleman, Mr. Endicott, coming over for 
Government of the Massachusetts, visits the people of Merry 
Mound, causes the May Pole to he castdown^ rebukes them for 
their profanities, admonishes them to look there he better walk- 
ing, and the name is changed to Mound Dagon." 

1642-3-2. " Ordered that there shall noe more trees be 
felled by any man within the lymits of Salem unless it be in 
men's appirtyes, upon the payne or penalty of 20s for everie 
such tree felled by any one man, whether inhabitant or stranger, 
and that this order be p'sently published and notice given to 
such as sete them, or worke, provided that this order extend 
not to any that shall fell any timber for his own building or 
fencing or building of ships here with the lymits of our towne, 
without spitial lycence from a magistrate." 

Ordered, " That two be appointed every Lord's day to walke 
forth in the time of God's worshippe, to take notice of such as 
either lye about the meeting house, without attending to the 
word or ordinance, or that lye at home or in the fields, without 
giving good account thereof, and ask or take the names of such 
persons and to present them to the magistrate, whereby they 
may be accordinglie preceded against." 

The life of John '^ Sanders in this little colony was very 
short, but for a young man of his age he certainly received 
recognition from the colony of his ability and integrity, having 
been appointed juryman, surveyor and freeman to the General 
Court. He died 1643, 10m., leaving wife, Priscilla Grafton, 
and one son, John 3, baptized in the first church 1640 — Im. 9d. 

The will of John 2 Sanders, dated Oct. 12, 1643. Probated at Salem 
Court house, 10m., 1643. 

*' S.vGAMORE, Jan. 21st. 
John Sanders, inhabitant of town of Salem. 

I do leave unto me son, John Sanders, my ten aker lot, with me house 
now built, on the commons side front knoll over against, solon he comes to 
the on e twenty-five or at the death of his mother, with the aker and pas. 
ture of meadow bound alonging it, and I do make my father, Joseph Graf- 
ton and Goodman Haixiie to admr. this my will and deed, the 12 of Oc. 

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Saunders. 45 

12 October. I of sed boon oaks in county wit Nathaniel Porter, Ex. 
also that the sod John Sanders left Gerge Kamell all the rest of the 
estate to his wife. 

The last will and testament of John Sanders received. (Kudoi-sed.) 

Court 2^, 10m.. 1643. 

This will is one of the earliest filed at the Court of Ileeords. 

John^ Sanders, dying at the early age of thirty years, could 
scarcely be called a promoter of the colony, though his church 
records and his freeman's duties honorably performed for the 
few years he lived in the colony, denote him a young man much 
resfxjcted both in church and state. 

Priscilla Grafton, the widow of John- Sanders, was married 
1(554, February 20, to John Gardner of Salem, Mass., having 
but one child by her deceased husband. 

John Gardner and his brother Richard had been in the 
colony previous to Johu^ Sanders death, having received grant 
of land, 10 acres each, in 1632-9-29. John Gardner became 
rather an important man at this time, being Surveyor and 
Deputy to General Court, called Senator. Priscilla Sanders 
Gardner survived her second husband and was married later in 
life to Deacon William Goodhue. 

We are obliged to return in our narrative to the year 1036- 
8 when John^ Sanders, having lost his second wife, is sent to 
England. lie returns to the colony with daughter Sarah, who 
soon after married Robert Pike, as before mentioned. During 
the year 1639 John^ Sanders takes unto himself a third wife^ 
Hester, whom he possibly married at Salisbury in England. 
He was then about 60 years old. Historians state that he 
married Hester RoU or Rolfe from Melchit Park, Wiltzshire. 
Hester Rolle was possibly kinswoman to Sir Francis Roll 
Knight, whose daughter Mary had previously married Sir 
Richard Sanders of Northbourne. 

Sir Richard Sanders of Northborne was son of Sir Richard, 
who married Hester^ daughter of Edwin Archer, second son of 
Anthony Archer, Esq., of Bourne. — {En(jltslt Heraldry.) 

Samuel Archer^ supposed also to havel)een a kinsnian, came 
to the colony in 1636 with John^ Sanders, was made freeman 
Dec. 26, 1636, and received grant of land of forty acres. 

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40 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

From our Colonial Records at Custom lloiiso, Southampton, 
England, 163S, we find that " John Rolle or Rolfe (as some 
historians write it) was aged 50, husbandman, from Melchit 
Park, Wihzshire,and with wife Ann and daughter Hester, wife 
of John^ Sanders, and Thomas Whittier, servant, (so recorded, 
but whom in liis will he designates as kinsman) took passage 
for the Colonies/' 

Mr. Somsby in General History, Vol. 5, thinks the name was 
Uolf. Mr. Drake in General History XIV, p. 325, thinks the 
name Roafe. As near as one can judge by the writing it is 
Rolfe. In the Salisbury records it seems spelt Rolfe. 

At St. Stephen's church, Iletfordshire, England, against the 
south wall, is inscribed a tablet in memory of John Rolfe, Esq., 
official of the archdeanery of St. Albans, commissary of the 
archdeanery of Huntington, and one of the masters of chan- 
cery, died aged ()5, Oct., 1630. — {Zieber's Heraldry^ 

John Rolfe, our American ancestor, is supposed to be son of 
the above. 

At any rate John Roll or Rolfe was an important man both 
at the home office in England, as also in the colony. 

John Rolfe, together wuth his brother Henry, who also came 
to the colony about this time, w-ere among the original propri- 
etors of Salisbury and Newbury. Hannah Roll or Rolfe, 
daughter of Henry of Newbury, was wife of the first Richard 
Coles. Robert Coles, the first emigrant, was one of the richest 
men in the colony. John Roll or Rolfe remained in Salisbury 
but a few years, however, and at his death willed, his home- 
stead to John* Sanders, which he, in conjunction with his wife, 
Hester, deeded to his brothcr-in-law\ Richard Coles, as attorney. 
The disaster of the Weymouth Colony did not deter either 
(Gorges or Sanders from their interest of speculation and en- 
terprises in the new colony. It was supposed that John^ San- 
ders was sent to England in 1638 to ol)tain a patent for the 
foundation of another colony ; that this was accomplished was 
proven by the following records: — 

ir)38. *' John Sanders, together with Simeon Bradstreet, Dan- 
iel Dennison, Christopher Bailey, Samuel Winsley and Samuel 

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Saunders, 47 

Dudley, were granted a plantation lo l)e (mlled Merrimack, 
afterwards chafiged to Salisbury. 

Of the proprietors of this township, we have first: Simeon 
Bradstreet, Esq., son of a minister in Lincolnshire, born at 
Horbling, March, 1603; his father was son of a Suffolk gentle- 
man of fine estates, and was one of the first fellows of Emanuel 
college. Simeon liroadstreet was married to Ann, sister of 
John Winthrop, Governor of the colony." 

Secondly. We have Samuel Dudley, son of the Deputy 
Governor of the colony, who was born at Northampton, 1574. 
lie was the only son of Roger Dudley, who married a gentle 
lady of large estates of the house of Dudley. 

Samuel Dudley was married to Mary, daughter of Governor 

Daniel Dennison was third in proprietorship and was Major 
General of the colony. 

Christopher Ball, the fourth man associated with John^ San- 
ders in his enterprise, was son of Robert Ball, whose father 
was Rector of Newton Toney, Wiltzshire, England, in 1594 - 
1617. At this same time Fortunatus Sanders — Saunders suc- 
ceeded him at the Rectory. — (Private letters from George 
Phillip, present Rector of Newton Toney, Wiltz). 

Christopher Ball had been in Salem for a few years previous 
to the organization of this new plantation. He was a civil 
engineer, built several bridges, and a wharf at Batts point, 
opposite Derby Wharf. 

We perceive by the social standing of these gentlemen that 
John^ Sanders was recognized as an influential leader among 

This grant of Merrimack or Salisbury, as it was afterwards 
called, covered an extent of 75 miles; bounded by the Atlantic 
ocean on the east, it included what is now Amesbury, Seabrook, 
Newton, Southampton, Kensington, East Kingston, and part 
of Ilarverhill. Extending from the Atlantic ocean to the 
Merrimack and Hampton river. 

This was a royal grant, and a royal sub-division for each of 
the proprietors. 

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48 Founder f( of MaMnachn setts Bay Colony. 

1640-4-2. John' Sanders was appointed surveyor to make 
rates, to settle disputes and to lay out highways. He built a 
house and occupied the different important positions of public 
trust in the town, but at this time George Gorges, brother of 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges, had commenced a plantation at Wells, 
Maine, and offered such inducements to John' Sanders that we 
find in 1643-4 he makes an exchange of part of his property 
at Salisbury, including his house, with Ezekiel Knights of 
Wells, taking the latter's house and lands at Wells, where he 
removed in charge of the Gorges Colony. This deed from 
Ezekiel Knights was signed by wife, Ann. Rev. John Wheel- 
wright was a witness. Ezekiel Knights had previously received 
grants of land at Salem, Mass. After remaining a short time 
at Salisbury he returned to Salem, Mass. 

Before permanently removing to Wells, 1644, 30 Oct., "it 
was ordered by General Court that " Mr. Samuel Dudley, Mr. 
Carlton and Mr. John Sanders of Salisbury shall be commis- 
sioners to hear and examine all mattei's concerning Mr. Batch- 
eller (the minister), who had come to the colony from Newton 
Stacy, Hants. Rev. Mr. Batcheller was a very aged minister 
at this time; the company at Hampton was without a minister 
and they verj' much desired Rev. Mr. Batcheller to assist in 
founding that colony. From Hampton records we find, 1643-4, 
granted " to John^ Sanders, as well as to William English, ten 
acres for a house lot to January, if becomes within six weeks." 

"Granted ten acres also to William English (he was a 
wealthy ship owner) if he comes within same * * * eleven 
acres * * * one-half of * * * one-half near, one-half further 
off." This colony was formed by Rev. Steplien Batcheller, 
then 70 years old. He had great charges for the furtherance 
and upholding of the same, yet never had any maintenance 
from then whatsoever." 

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Saunders. 49 

Among the names of the original proprietors of this colony 
of Hampton are the following: 
John* Sanders, 

Willi Sanders and Robard Sanders, 
William English, 
Rev. Stephen Batcheller, 
Jolm Clifford, 
Henry Elkins, 
Rev. Samuel Dal ton, 
Tobias Hanson 
The two Verney brothers, 


John Garland, 
Philemon Dickerson. 
(These names represent families whom I find residents in the parish of 
Downton, County Wiltz, 1600-23.) 

Several of the original names in this colony are continued in 
the lineal lines herein transcribed. 

1648, 7 May. Mr. Willie Paine, Mathew Page and John^ 
Sanders are appointed to settle bounds between Hampton and 
Exter within two months. 

John^ Sanders continued to live at Wells though liis busi- 
ness enterprises extended through parts of Massachusetts, New 
Hampshire and Maine. These states were at this time part of 

ir»51-12-13, John Sanders was granted forty acres. This 
grant was at Boxford, when later it was extended to 100 acres. 
1651. "Granted John Sanders in right of his father, Henry 
Sandys, forty acres." 

Thus it would signify that the father of John Sanders so 
granted, was Henry Sandei's, The onlj^ Sanders in the colony 
at this time by name Henry, was Henry, son of Sir Edwin 
Sanders. Could records point more closely, who was the an- 
cestor of John Sanders the first? In later generations we have 
the sir name John and Henry followed in lineal line by his 
descendants. I write the names as they are spelled in the 
records. I am inclined to believe that the words Sandys was a 

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50 Founders of MasmchuHeft'^ Bay Colony, 

clerical error, and that the original name was Sanders. I find 
in English records the later generations have added the " u " 
to the name, as was done here in the seventeenth centnry, and 
generally it is written " Sannders." 

'' Boxford, where this grant was located, was then called 
Rowley Village, and considered a part of Salem. It followed 
the banks of the Ipswich river down to Salem bonnds." In 
the records of the town of Boxford is the following : — 

" To John Sanders in right of his father, Henry Sanders, 
two hundred aeres, bounded northerly by the line of the Merri- 
mack and a j)ond, east by an undivided line, first lot, 1G()9." 
John^ Sanders was freeman and attended the General Court for 
many years. 

Lieutenant John Sanders, as is now written, was not always 
in accord with the ruling jiidges of the General Court; he was 
perhaps a little too self -asserting in his opinions, as the follow- 
ing record would imply. 

General Court, 1(j51-7-7, John^ Sanders, for his mutinous 
and offensive speeches, is fined £5-0 and enjoined to acknowl- 
edge his fault at Ilampton. — {Rec.^ Vol. 2 j), 32.) 

This he probably did in a graceful speecli when he paid his 
fine, for he continued to be a member of the General Court 
until he died. 

1 G59, May. At the General Court at their session " appointed 
Abraham Preble in company with Capt. Nicholas Shapleigh, 
Mr. Edward Risworth and Lieut. John Sanders, to run the 
dividing lines of Falmouth, Saco and Seasborough. 

It was at this time that tliere was a desire for a division of 
the stiites and many in this plantation of the Gorges wished a 
separate government. 

ir>53, July. "«Tohn^ Sanders was among those at Wells who 
acknowledged themselves subject to the Governor of Massa- 

During the following years we find him administering to 
many wills and estates, settling disputes, settling lands in Hamp- 
ton, Haverhill and Salisbury, and attending to his duties at the 
General Court. 

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Saunders, 51 

1600. He was a member of the Grand Jury, called Senator. 

From the history of Maine we note : 

'^Tlie first houses of Wells were built near the New Island 
Ledge House, on or about Drake's Ishmd and on the island 
between that and Little river. John Sanders lived on the east- 
ern side of Little river on land now owned by Heiiry Hart. 
They were a few days' journey from York, having no roads, and 
were obliged to travel where the horse could find tract. The 
works at Monsen, the houses of John Sanders and Harding, 
were the only buildings which were known to have been on 
what is now the territory of Kennel)unk. The wilderness was 
elsewhere untouched by man." 

"In the Registry of Wills at Salem, Mass., we find Richard 
Dole to John Dole by power of attorney given 9 day May 
1070, and now upon record for Norfolk liber 7-3 p of ye 7 
book doth appear by virtue of power of said Richard Dole 
agent, or attorney for John Sanders of Weeke in ye Parish of 
Downton within ye county of Wiltz in old England, etc., dis- 
posed of a lot of land in ye town of Salisi)ury, consisting of a 
one and twenty lot and a number of others, and a thirty acre 
lot belonging to ye common right lying in ye joint division 
etc., etc." 

Robert Pike, x^sst. 

Steimiex Sevvell, Reg. 

(Uobert Pike was husband to Sarah Samlers, (Uiiightcr of Johui Sanders, 
and brother in-law to John- Sanders.) 

Thus we have insc^ribed John Sanders of Weeke, in ye 
Parish of Downton within ye county of Wiltz in old England, 
and to that parish and that county we credit the ancestry of the 
lineal branch of Saunders comprised in this genealogy. From 
correspondence with the Vicar of the Parish of Downton, 
Salisbury, I have obtained these records of births, marriages 
and deaths of the family of Saunders of *' Weeke." He writes: 
'*The family was one of position and importance in that county. 
Upon their estate were once two large houses, substantial and 
of importance, one now having been pulled down to give place 
to a larger house." The family name seems to have been 

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£2 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

spelled then as now, generally with the "u," though in his 
manuscript I notice frequently the clerical mistake of the omis- 
sion of the '*u" in the same family, copied from the original 
records. The crest born by this branch of the family in 
America was the Elephant's head, found upon the earlier wills, 
yet there is some plate existing in the same family bearing the 
crest of the Boar's liead, proving that both crests were used. 

The family of Coles, with whom John Saunders was united 
by marriage, was also a family of importance. J>arnaby Coles 
of Downton, 1611. His arms also disallowed 1628; was pos- 
sessor of "Barford," a large estate in the list of family pedi- 
grees of Wiltshire, England, which eventually came into pos- 
session of the Buncombes. 

1613. John Coles was born at Downton. 1653. Barnaby 
Coles died at Downton, Wiltshire, England. In 1655 Widow 
Coles, John Coles, Nicholas ('oles, and Wm. Coles were at 
Wells, Maine, together with John Saunders: Anne Coles, wife 
of Capt. Keane, was granted 500 acres at Wells, Maine; they 
signed and acknowledged themselves subject to the Govern- 
ment of Massachusetts, July 5, 1655. This was at the request 
of the General Court. Robert Coles and John^ Saunders were 
members of Endicotts company at Salem, Mass., 1628. 

I was much mislead in my early research, by the conflicting 
names and dates given by Savage of this family, and it has 
been only after careful research of the state and probate records 
of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine, and a thorough 
study of Early English history, and Colonial Records of Lon- 
don, and a careful comparison of the dates and records of the 
Peerage, and the histories of Wiltz County, England, that I 
feel justified in asserting, that in most of the records in this 
instance, that Savage showed almost, an entire ignorance, of 
the history of the family, when he wrote his record. There is 
such a wide variance of dates, facts and occupations, of this 
numerous family, in his account that 1 found it difficult to 
follow; though in some instances he is correct. I am not sur- 
prised however, for this has been a very conflicting skein to 


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Saunders, 63 

Hester, the wife of Jolin^ Sanders, died previously to 1670 
for by his will, we find he has a fourth wife, Ann, (supposed 
to have been the widow of Ezekial Knights and daughter of 
Rev. John Wheelwright.) He died in July 1670. His will 
made 13 June, 1670, probated August 3, 1670, names wife 
Ann, and son Thomas, to which his homestead was given. To 
his son he gives 1000 acres, eight or nine miles above Cape 
Porpoise, River Falls, and to all the residue of his children 
ecjual shares in his real estate. This vast property extended 
through what is now Maine, New Hampshire, and later in the 
seventeenth generation we find the Saunders family in posses- 
sion of many proprietorship grants through Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire, presumably through this inheritance. 
In my supposition that John^ Sanders was the son ot Henry 
Sanders, it would place the latter as the son of Sir Edwin, who 
was the son of Sir Samuel Sanders. 

John* Sanders was closely connected both by marriage and 
interests with the two branches of this family. His descend- 
ants continued their English interests and profession, building 
ships and commanding them, colonizing Virginia, the Carolinas, 
Connecticut, Rhode Island, Nevv Hampshire, Massachusetts, 
and Maine, and in the eighteenth century this same wild love 
of adventure caused the sons of Capt. Henry Saunders (Thorn- 
dike William and Edward) to extend their business relations to 
every state in the far West ; and their sons to-day claim the 
most prominent states of the West as their home. In 1854 a 
still later generation, Henry and Charles Saunders, grandsons 
of Capt. Henry Saunders, were among the forty pioneers to 
populate Kansas, and in the thrilling stories of this last gener- 
ation, of their sufferings and trials, treacheries from the Indians, 
and attempted legislation for the slaves, and in the history of 
the border wars of Kansas, in which Colonel Henry Saunders 
nobly participated, we realize again what a struggle for existance 
our early forefathers must have had and what noble courage 
they must have possessed to have lived, suffered, and died for 
their adopted country. 

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54 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

In Jolin^ Sanders we find a man of the strictest integrity, of 
liberal ideas, and hy his enterprise and faith in the New World 
deserves much more recognition than I can give in this little 
volume. He was scarcely a sympathizer with the strict puri- 
tanical principles of the early settlers, as his staunch friendship 
for and protection of Rev. Mr. Wheelwright would indicate; 
yet I judge him to have been of true English Episcopal faith, 
and to have borne a liber il and munificent charity toward all 
mankind. This simple narrative of his pioneer life is all that 
can be gathered from the records, but of their sufferings, strug- 
gles, home sickness and perhaps despair, no one but God could 


JoHN^ Sandkrs, (son of John^ Sanders and Prisciila Grafton) 
baptised first church Salem, 1-9-1040, probably received as 
liberal an education as the colony afforded, and that could not 
have been meagre, for the ministers of those times were 
teachers, as well as ministers, and njost learned men. 

JoHN^ Sanders was left with a good property and his family 
were the substantial men of the colony. He was early accus- 
tomed to the sea, making many voyages to England and the 
Barbados. During his life he was the owner of the first 
wharfs and built some of the first ships of Salem. He acted 
as nuigistrate in the settlement of wills, such as settling the 
estate of Mrs. Goodell and John Friends. 

The former one of the 1 irgest land owners in the colony. 
He also frequently sailed as captain of his own ships. 1671)-April 
11, he returned from a voyage as commander of the " William 

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Saumlers, 55 

and John," bringing many passengers to the colony. A log 
book of his giving soundings at Barbados and other points I 
have; it having been the property of my grandfather, Captain 
Henry Saunders. 

John' Sanders, baptized 1-9-1 640, was married by Major 
Hathorne, November 6, 1661, to Hannah, daugliter of Nathan- 
iel and Tabitlia Pickman, (born 1642) she died March 18, 1706 
aged 65 years. 1638. Nathaniel Pickman received grant of 

" 1638. Granted to Nathaniel Pitman a portion of land nere 
about twenty acres lying next unto the widow Dikes land on 
the south side of Forest River." In the early records this is 
all the land I find accorded to Nathaniel Pickman, but he 
either acquired more in this location, or it was purchased later 
from private parties by John' Sanders, for we find a testimony 
in court as to the ownership of this said property at Forrest 
River, now South Salem. It was settled in court as belonging 
to John Sanders and then contained 100 acres. 

"1660. John' Sanders purchased of Dr. Barton the tract 
of land which is now Essex street, extending from Washington 
street in a northerly direction to North street, and thence from 
the waters edge to beyond what was called the North Fields. 


1674, July 27. John8 Sanders conveys to Josiah Southwick, 
husbandman, half an acre of salt marsh, be it more or les.s situ- 
ate lying and being in Salem above the corn mill in the North 
River: and bounded easterly with some upland of the widow 
Buffum and southerly by some marsh of Richard Bishop, and 
west southerly with some salt marsh of ye said Buffum, north- 
erly by some marsh of Richard Bishop and west southerly with 
ye river of Millford, to have and to hold, etc., etc." 

JohnS Sandei-s owned this to be his own act and deed. 27-5- 

1661-5-8. John8 Sanders and John Kit<hen convey to John 
Williams, seaman, ten acres of upland lying and being scituate 
within ye township of Salem aforesaid, in a field called ye North 
Field, bounded by ye land of Robert BulTum, westward with ye 
land g'nst that of John Williams, bodcring southward by ye 

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56 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

marsh of Thomas Spooner, and northward with ye highways 
which go through the ten-acre lot, &c. , &c. 

(Signed,) John Kitchen, With a Seal. 

John Sanders, With a Seal. 
Thomas Hale, ) 

John Putnam, [- Witnesfteft. Notary, Wm. Hathorne. 

Edward Norris, ) 

In the will of Nathaniel Pickman, Salem, Mass., dated Sept., 
1684, bequeathing certain lands to his daughter Hannah, wife 
of John^ Sanders, he appoints his son-in-law, John Saunders, 
executor. In this will we find the name Sanders lias assumed 
the addition of a letter and the name is spelt " Saun." This is 
the first notice in colonial records of the name with the " u " 
annexed. From this time on it occurs with more and more 
frequency, until we find that descendants of this line assumed 
the proprietorship of the name Saunders instead of Sanders at 
the beginning of the seventeenth century. 

In 1680 Captain John^ Sanders, accompanied by his wife, 
Hannah, visited the island of Barbados. At this time the Pick- 
mans were also interested in the trade with this island and in 
1694 was recorded the death of John Pickman, dying there at 
the age of eighteen years. Captain John^ Sanders may possibly 
have made the trip to Barbados in the William and John, as he 
was in command of that sloop Aug. 11, 1679, {Salern records.) 
From a list of persons in the town of St. Michaels, Barbados, 
Anno. 16S0, we find Jolm Sanders, wife, two children and 
slave. This slave must have been a valuable one, for Captain 
John^^ Sanders mentions h\\w particidai^ly in his will, probated 
Nov. 26, 1694. In the probating of the will of Nathaniel Pick- 
man, there seems to have been some suspicion of undue influ- 
ence as regards the disposal of the property, and John-^ Sanders, 
his son-in-law, refused to be executor. There seemed to be 
other trouble in the settlement of the estate, and in Book 7, 
page 42, Probate Records, we find the following : — 

"John Ilill testified yt sometime in ye fall of ye year 1683 Mr 
Simon Willarcl and I was desired by Mr. Alexander Cole to go 
along with him and see his father-in-law, Nathaniel Pickman 
Sr., lay out and deliver unto him, a parrel of land which his 

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Saunders. 57 

said father-in-law had given him. Soe we both went along with 
him, and 1 did then see his aforesaid father-in-law, Nathaniel 
Pickman Sen., measure out unto him, ye aforesaid Alexander 
Cole, and deliver him, tliirty foot in breath, adjoining unto ye 
land of Mr. John Sanders, and to the northward thereby the 
cove, and scd Nathaniel Pickman did tlien stake it out to him, 
and said he gave it to him ; his said son-in-law, Alexander Cole. 

Sworne, Salem, Feb. 6, 1684-5, before me, 

John IIatiiorne, Aunt. 
Read in court, Salem, June 30, 1685, and to be inscribed as 

John Appleton, Cleric hs.*' 

'* Mr. Simon Willard testified that some time in ye fall of ye 
year 1683, John Hill and I was desired by Mr. Alexander Coles 
to goe along with him, and see his father-in law, Nathaniel Pick- 
man Senr., lay out and deliver unto him a parcll of land, which 
his said father-in-law had given him. Soe we both went along 
with him, and I did there see his aforesaid father in-law, Na- 
thaniel Pickman, measure out unto ye aforCvSaid Alexander Cole, 
and deliver him thirty foot of land in breath, adjoining unto ye 
land of Mr. John Sanders, and to the northward thereof, and so 
to run to the land where Alexander Cole now dwells ; westward, 
the same breath of thirty foot down to the cove. 

Said Nathaniel Pickman did then stake it out to him, and sayd 
he gave it unto him, his son-in law, Alexander Cole. 
Sworn Feb. 6, 1684-5, before me, 

John Uathorne, Attest. 
Owned in court, Salem, June 30, 1685, and onlered to be recorded 
attested. John Appleton, Ckricus,'' 

The controversy between the heirs lasted four years, and it 
was not until March 22, 1688-9, that a notice of arbitration 
was given, and a settlement by the courts declared. 

We whose names are underwritten being chosen 
Arbitration as Arbitrators by Nathaniel Pickman, son of 
concerning Nathaniel Pickman deceased. John Sanders, 
Pickman Mary Hodges, and Bethiah Hill, and Lieut. 

& John Pickering, attorney to Edmund Feversham 

to settle account with Jeremiah Neal as adminis- 
trator to the estate of Nathaniel Pickman afores^iid deceased ; 
and also to order that acciuitance and full discharge be given 
to said Neal, as he is administrator to aforesaid estate, from 
under ye hands and seals of all the persons named above. accord- 

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58 Founders of MaRsaehusetU Bay Cohny, 

ing to law upon demand, and so make division of the remainder 
of ye estate according to tlic best of our discretion, and under- 
standing, as doth to us, and may appear from under the hands 
of the above named persons, bearing date 19 day January 

*• We having accordingly, fully examined the accounts of 
every kind and nature given in by Jeremiah Neale as adminis- 
trator, with free and joint consent, determine and finally award 
as followeth : 

Impr. That Lieutenant Jeremiah Neal shall have five shil- 
lings in money paid him out of the estate remaining, and have 
full acquitance and discharge given him under the hands and 
seals, of all the above named persons, upon demand and accord- 
ing to law. with respect to his administration upon the said 
Pickman estate. 

Second. That Nathaniel Pickman, son of ye aforesaid Pick- 
man deceased, shall have his fathers wearing apparel, and what 
small things are now in his custody as were his father's, and 
that Jii$ children shall have the (Urdliji^ house where he now 
liveth, with om^ fjuarte?' part of the land adjoining, which is yet 
unsold, to be e(iually divided amongst them, as they shall come 
of age ; and their father to have present possession of ye same, 
with all ye appurtenances belonging to it, in their behalf, and 
for their use when they come of age, and the said Pickman to 
sign to quit claims, unto all the parcel of land which are sold 
already and may be sold. 

Thirdly, that the remainder of the estiite of the sd Pickman, 
disceased, as land, and be with convenient speed sold, and ye 
produce thereof bedivided between John Sanders, Mary Hodges, 
Bethiah Hill and Edmund Feversham, proportionably, acconl- 
ing to the legacies given them in their father's will, m called. 
We nominate and appoint our loving friend, Lieutenant John 
Pickering, and Mr. Manasock Marstan, or either of them, with 
ye advice of Mr. John Sanders, to sell the remainder of the 
estate as lands, &c., of sd Pickman, deceased, which is yet un- 
sold, and see the division be made, among the fore mentioned 
children, proportionately as before onlered by us arbitrators. 
In testimony of our full, free and joint consent, to this errand 
as a full and final issue with respect to all persons concerned, 
with the above said estate of Nathaniel Pickman deceased, we 
have set our hands and seals this 31 day, January 1687-8. 
Benjamin Gerhisii. and a seal. 
Stephen Sewell, and a seal. 
George Deane, 
Smith Toppan. 

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Saunders. 59 

The decree of the court is a satisfactory proof that tlie will 
probated 1676 was judged not to have been made according to 
tlie last wishes of the deceased or his family. 

We see by this decision that John^ Sandeks was brother-in- 
law to Mary Hodges, Eethiah Hill, Alexander Coles and 
Edmund Feversham ; the latter was not living in the colony at 
the time ; be was supposed to have been in England or the 

Query — Who was Mr. Edmund Feversham ? Was he a de- 
scendant of Lord Feversham of Kent, England, who is men- 
tioned in the pedigree of Duncomb of Barford " as Lord Fever- 
sham of Kent and Baron of Down ton, County Wiltz ? 

Again we note "Probate Records, August 15, 1685." 

"To all christian people, to whom this present ruling shall 
come, I, Joseph Hardy senior, of ye town of Salem, in ye 
county of Essex, in New England Mariner, send greeting, know 
ye. that ye said Joseph Hardie, aw well for and in consideration 
of the natural affection and love such I have and do have unto 
my well beloved son in-law, Mr. Benjamin Pickman, of ye town 
of Salem, in ye (county of Essex, in New England, mariner, who 
married my daughter Elizabeth, as also for divers other good 
causes, and considerations, we at this present moving, have 
given granted and by these presents, I Joseph Hardy senior, do 
give, grant, and confirm, unto ye said Benjamin Pickman, his 
heirs, and assigns forever, a small parcel or quantity of land 
lying and being in ye town of Salem, in ye county of Essex, in 
New England, being by estimation a (jnnrter of an «/•/•<?, be it 
more or less upon which land ye old Benjamin Pickman his 
dwelling house now standeth, and is in length north and south 
seven poles and in breath east and west six poles five feet, and 
is bounded north, and south, with ye land of Mr. Joseph Hardy 
senior, in ye west with ye land yt was formerly Goodman 
Jiggles senior his land *»•**♦ eastward with ye highways 
belonging to those that live there abouts. 

Joseph Hakdy, seal. 

Benjamin Hardy, 

Fkancib Neal. 

James Hathorne, Asst.'' 

April 8, 1689. Nathaniel Pickman, John Stindcrtf Hcnior, Mary 
Hodges, Zebulon Hill, Jr., and Lieutenant John Pickering, 

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60 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

attorney to Edmund Feversham, all of Salem, released Mr. 
Jeremiah Neal of his administratorship and confirm all transac- 
tions he has made. 


John Sanders, and a seal. 
Nathaniel Pick man, and a seal. 
Hannah Marston, \ 
Joseph Phippkn, Jr., [■ H7</j<i«/«. 
Phillip Hill, ) 

Mary Hod(iks, x her mark and a seal. 
Zebulum Hill, and a seal. 
John Pickering, and a seal. 
KoBKRT CJinns. ) Witncsa to XatluniieJ Pickman 

William Hedford, j" Htdling and {hlireniu/. 

Attorney, William Brown. 
Thus ended the famous Pickinaii controversy, and this estab- 
lished to Benjamin Pickman, brother to Nathaniel Pickman, 
his quarter of an acre of land^ April 3, 1689. 

In 169i) Captain Joiin^ Sanders was about to make another 
voyage to Europe, and before departure he placed at the county 
registry at Salem, Mass., the following deed, recorded 13 July, 
169U :— 

" Know all men by these presents, that I, JohnS Sanders of 
Salem, in New Kughmd, mariner, have assigned, ordained and 
made, and in my stead and place put, and constitute, my beloved 
wife, Hannah, to be my true, lawful attorney for me, and in my 
name, as to my use, to ask, sue for, lesage, require, recover and 
reserve, of all and every person and persons whatsoever, all and 
every such debts, dues, sums of money, or other goods or mer- 
chandise as are now due to me, or which any day or days, time 
or times hereafter, shall be due, owing or belonging, or apper- 
taining, rents me by any manner of ways or means wh'tsoever, 
giving or granting unto my sd attorney, by the tenor of these 
presents, my full and whole forme, strength, and authority, in 
and about ye premises, or upon ye receipt of any such debts, 
dues, sums of money, or other goods aforesaid acquittances, or 
other discharges, for me and in my name, to make sale, and de- 
liver, and all and every other act or acts, thing or things, ♦ * 
to have, *kc. Jofin Sanders, and a seal. 

Hilliard Veren, I ,,. ,. ,_ 
Thomas Gardner, f "''"^•''^■ 


This probably was the last voyage of Captain John^ Sanders 
to England. Though comparatively a young man, he reared a 

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Saunders. 61 

large family in, affluence for those early times. He was prom- 
inent, wealthy and honest, and leaves a record of usefulness 
and respectability that would come but from the strictest integ- 
rity of the record of a lifetime. His health failed him, and 
anticipating the care and responsibility ot a division of his prop- 
erty after his death, he wisely provided for it by will. 

At the Registry of Wills, Salem, Mass., is recorded the fol- 
lowing : — 

"Nov. 26. 1694. 
In the name of God, Amen. 

I, John Sanders, of Salem, sick, and weak in body, but through 
God's goodness, of perfect mind and memory, and not knoiving 
how sudden my cliauge may come, doe make this to be my last 
will and testament, and doe dispose of what outward estate God 
hath given me in this world. Imp. As to my funeral charges, 
and just debts be paid by my executors liereafter named. Imp. 
I give unto my wife, Hannah, all my real estate, housings and 
lands, scituate and being in Salem, during her natural life, and 
also to my wife, Hannah, all my personal estate ; that is to say 
moneys, goods, household stuff and plate ; Jis also //#// n^gro man, 
Sainlx), during her natural life or so long ivs she shall remain my 
widow, and at my wife's deceiise I give unto my sou, Benjamin 
Sanders, this my new dwelling house, and laud, excepting ye 
piece of land I htfUf/ht of ]Jt\ linrton. 

I also doe give unto my son, Benjamin Sanders, my mirehoune 
and whdf'fH and the lands thereunto luljoining, after my wife's 

I give unto my son, William Sanders, all that my farm, all 
through Forest River, so called, after my wife's death. 

I give unto my daughter Hannah, after my wifes decease, 
that pietjc of land I bought of Dr. Barton. I give unto my 
daughter Elizabeth, after my wife, decease, the acre of salt 
marsh, be it more or less of it, lyeth and is situate in ye North 
Fields, so called. I give unto my two daughters, Hannah and 
Elizabeth, after my wifes decease, or at the time of the marriage 
of my said wife, if it so happen, all my real estate, that is to say 
moneys, goods, hou.sehold stuff, plate and negro man Sambo, to 
be equally divideil between them, Hannah and Elizabeth. 

Also my will is, in case my wife Hannah should marry again, 
that after her maniage there shall be no wood, nor timber, cut 
nor carried from the sd farm at Forest River. I appoint and 
constitute my wife Hannah, to Gcxl sole exetrix of this, my 
last will, and testement. Lastly I appoint my loving friend, 
Captain Steven Sewell, Lt. Robert Hibelon and Benj. Garrish, 

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62 Founders of Massachvsetts Bay Colony, 

overseers to this my will duly and truly performed. In testi- 
mony whereof I have sot my hand and seal this fourth day of 
May, 1694. 

John Sanders. 
Robert Kitchen, 
Benj. Gehrish, 
Bet TIN A Kitchen. 

(This will was scaled with wax upon which 
is the impress of a seal bearing an Elephant's 
head, side view, still remaining intact. The 
crest of the Sandys arms is an Elephant's head, 
side view.)— (/^/r/> Heraldry.) 

Over. By the Honorable Bartholomew Gedney. Esq., judge 
of Probate of Wills, and granting letters of administration in 
said county, November 26, 1694. Mr. Robert Kitchen, Mr. 
Benjamin Gcrrish and Mr. Bethia Kitchen made oath that they 
saw Mr. John Sanders sign and declare ye within written docu- 
ment and heard him publish and declare it to be his last will and 
testament, and that he then was of disposing mind to their best 
discerning and they ye deponents then subscribetl as witnesses 
thereof upon which his will was proved apiwinted and allowed." 

Ait. Stephen Sewell. 

1 have briefly passed over the record of Captain John^ San- 
ders' life, and will now take up the several lines of his chil- 
dren, in so far as to give the disposal of his property and to 
touch upon in a general way the cause of the omission from his 
will of his sons John^, William, Nathaniel and James, each of 
whom was married and established (probably by his generosity) 
previously to his death. 

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Saunders, 63 


Tlie children of John^ Sanders and Hannah Pickman, mar- 
ried Nov. 5, 1G61, by Major Ilathorne, were : — 

1. Daughter U\Vii All, h. 15-11-16§2. 

2. Benjamin, b. 1663-4 ; died before 1700 ; will probated 1695. 

3. Sfm John, b. 22-10-1665. 

4. **// James, b. 23-7-1667 ; m. Elizabeth Whittier June 22-1699; 

died Dec. 9, 1721. 

5. So/i William, b. 1668 ; m. Bridget, daughter of Abagail and 

John Smith ; bap. Aug. 1672. 

6. Nathaniel, b. 2-7-1670; m. Abigail, 1700; settled in 


7. Joseph, b. 21-6-1673 ; d. 7-6-1674. 

8. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 28, 1678 ; d. 1708, aged 30 years. 

Of these children (1.) Hannah Sanders, born Nov. 15, 1662, 
married, first, Thomas Flint, who lived but a short time*. At 
the time of her brother Benjamin's death, 1695, she was desig- 
nated in his will as " his loving sister, Hannah Flint." Previous 
to 1700 she became the second wife of Samuel South wick, son 
of John^ Southwick. 

(2.) Benjamin Sanders, born 1063, never married. He was 
a mariner by profession, seemingly a Godly man, much beloved. 

(3.) John'* Sandkrs, born Oct. 22, 1665, received his educa- 
tion in Salem, but early in life followed the seas. " At twenty- 
one years he was in command of the ship " John " and in 1687 
made a voyage to England. At the age of twenty-three years 
he married Return Shattuck. The family were Quakers and 
with them he sought a more retired life in the unsettled portion 
of New Hampshire, as the sect was looked upon with much 
disfavor in Salem. 

(4.) William, born 1668, married Bridget Smith, daughter 
of John and Abigail Smith. He settled in Boston, and at the 
time of his father's death was an importer and merchant. 

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64 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

(5.) James Sanders settled in Haverhill ; married Elizabeth 
Whittier June 23, 1699 ; he died Dec. 9, 1721. 
(6.) Joseph Sanders died j'oung. 

(7.) Nathaniel, with wife, Abigail, settled in Gloucester in 
1700 and engaged in the building of ships. His son Thomas 
built a house in Salem on the property John^ Sanders pur- 
chased of Dr. Barton ; so stated in his will. (Essex street, near 
North street.) 

(8.) Elizabeth was unmarried and died at thirty years of age. 
She is buried in the Charter Street Burying Ground, beside her 
parents, and well preserved grave-stones mark the graves. 

In following the disposal of the property through the records 
I find that Hannah Pick man Sanders was well worth}' the trust 
imparted to her, but she was soon called upon to pass through 
another sorrow. Her son Benjamin must cither have been in 
poor health or had a premonition of coming death, for previous 
to sailing on what proved to be his last voyage, he disposed of 
in the following manner, the property recently inherited from 
his father. 

Register of Wills. Probate Office, Salem. 
In the Name of God, Amen. 

The 8th day of June, Anno Domino, 1695. 
I, Benjamin Sanders, of the town of Salem, in the county of 
Essex, in New England, mariner, being bound a voyage to sea, 
and not knowing how it may please God to deal with me, and 
considering the mortalit}' and immortality of man's life, being 
now of sound and perfect memory, praised to God, do make and 
ordain this, my last will and testament, in manner and form 
following. 1 place and bequeath my soul into the hands of 
Almighty God, my maker, hoping through the merits, death, 
and passion of Jesus Christ, my only Savior and Redeemer, to 
receive free pardon and forgiveness of all my sins, and my body 
to christian buripl ; and as for that worldly estate, as the Lord 
hath bestowed upon me, 1 dispose thereof as foUoweth : Impri- 
mus. I give and bcciueath unto my loving brother, William 
Sanders, the wareliouse and wharfs, with the land therein to 
belonging, scituate in the town of Salem aforesaid, near Mr. 
Timothy Lindall's warehouse, those premises being given me by 
my father, John Sanders, dead, in his last will and testament. 
I say I give and bequeath the same with all ye profits, privi- 

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Saunders, 65 

ledges and appertenances thereof belonging, I say to him, the 
same William Sanders, and his heirs forever. 

Item — I give and becjueath unto my dear and loving sister, 
Hannah Flint, my dwelling house and land in Salem aforesaid, 
standing between the house of Mr. John Corowells, to the west, 
and the house of Mr. Humphrey Coombs to the east. Also I 
give unto my said sister my whole esUite, both real and personal 
of whatever nature, kind, or quality, both in possession and 
reversion, and what may become due to me upon the voyage, I 
am now going in the Salem *' Gaily." If I should miscarry and 
that be performed, I say I give and bequeath the aforesaid 
dwelling house and lands given me by aforesaid father, Mr. John 
Sanders, in his last will and testament, after my mother's death, 
together with all other of my estate as aforesaid in this second 
bequest, unto my said sister, Hannah Flint, to be at her own 

Item — I do hereby ordain, constitute and appoint my loving 
sister, Hannah Flint, to be my executor of this my last will and 
testament. In witness whereof I have here unto set my hand 
and seal at Salem this Stli day of June, 1695. 

*' The word dwelling house interlined before." 

Benj. Sanders. 
(Seal of the Saunders crest, the Elephant's 

Signed, setiled, published and declared by Benj. Sanders 
to be his last will and testament. 

J Eliza Kbynok, 
Debora Goode, 
Jonathan Corwin. 

Mrs. Eliza Kenyor and Mrs. Debora Goode 
personally appeared and made oath that they 
saw Benj. Sanders sign, seal and deliver ye 
above written testament and heard him pub- 
lish and declare ye same to be his last will and 
Ex June 27. 

Att. Jn. Higginson, Rtgr. 

Hannah Pickman Sanders must have merited the confidence 
of her husband to a great decree, and have been a woman of 
remarkable executive ability. She was virtually in possession 
of her husband's property for four years previous to his death, 
and seems to have managed the business to the satisfaction of 
both parent and children : we find liowever that she was 
obliged to often defend the boundry of his property, even in 

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Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

At the Probate Office, Salem, we tind. 

'• Evidence of yQ bounds of Sanders farm recorded June 18, 
1709. In testimony, John Blaney senior and John Holmes of 
full age siiith that we may well know a certain pan*el of land 
that Captain John Sanders, late of Salem, Mass., deceased, 
which land is in Salem, County of Essex, at ye head of a river, 
called Forest River : the which land is bounded on ye south, 
with land which was formerly George Darlings, now deceased, 
and is now already in ye possession of his son, James Darling ; 
further we testify that the divisinal fence as it now stands was 
and has been their settle bound for easterly for this twenty 
years. J no. Blaney, 

John Holmes. 
June 18, 17C9. 

Evidence ahont the Sanders farm recorded." 

This testimony was probated three years after her death, 
which occurred March 18, 1706. She was 05 years old. In 
the old Charter street burying ground at Salem, adjoining the 
land whereon John Sanders built the ware house and his ships, 
he lies buried, and two well preserved tomb stones of very 
ancient design mark his grave and that of his wife. Near by 
are buried their parents, Nathaniel and Tabetha Pickman, and 
beside them rests their oldest child, Elizabeth, wlio died un- 
married in 1708, aged 30 years. 

After the death of both Caj)tain John"^ Sandei*s and his wife 
Hannah, William Sanders, their son and heir to part of the 
estate, continued to conduct the business of ship building. 

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Saunders, 67 

1710. "A highway is allowed at Salem, complaints were 
entered to the selectmen of obstructions in the ancient, and 
usual highway for carts and horses and men, between Joseph 
AUins, Phillip Hill and Marshal Bacons, and the wharf ?(X\A so 
along by Mr. Sanders ware house and Mr. Bartholomews ware 
house to the pitch of ye burying ground." 

1711. "Mr. Bacon had a ship on the stocks, too near the 
ware house which he was to launch, and then build us more on 
the spot. A committee was instructed to have the passage one 
rod wider." 

This wharf was at the foot of Northey, now Liberty street. 
The burying ground mentioned is Charter Street burying 
ground, which was adjacent to their ship yard. 

William Sanders, son of John and Hannah, now about 43 
years, and being weary of sea life, had established himself at 
Boston as an importing merchant. lie disposes accordingly of 
a portion of his inheritance to Major Samuel Browne. 


**To all christian people to whom these presents shall come, 
greeting. Know ye that William Sanders of Boston, county of 
SutTolk, ye province of Massachusetts Bay in New England, 
merchant. Agree with ye free consent of ye Bridget Sanders, 
his wife, for ye consideration of ye sum of four hundred pounds^ 
current money of New England, to him in Hand and duly paid 
by Major Samuel Browne Esqr. of Salem, in ye County of Essex, 
in ye province aforesaid, ye receipt hereof of said William San- 
ders doth hereby, and acknowledge, and himself shall be fully 
satisfied, contented, and of any other payment, and further of 
satisfaction, against, exe(uite, and discharge, ye said Samuel 
Browne Esqr., his heirs, executors, administrators, hath bar- 
gained and sold, and doth hereby give, grant, bargain and sell, 
to said Samuel Browne, the aforesaid farm, scituate in the town- 
ship of Salem, containing about 100 acres of upland meadows, 
marsh, and swampy land, more or less ; bounded by Frost fish 
brook southerly, to an Elm Tree that was marked X, then in a 
straight line to a great oak X near to George Darling's house, 
from there up a straight line, * * ♦ being all within fence, 
excepting about an acre of it upland left out, without a fence 
to northerly, together with ye mw hotiMe, and all other edifices 

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68 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Col&ny, 

thereon, with all of ye wood, timber, fences, stone, rocks, and 
mines generally. 

Signed, William Sanders, 

Bridget Sanders. 

JosiAH Williams, \ i*,-. 

Nath'l Osgood, f Stephen Sewell, Recorder. 

Salem Probate Records, April 27, 1711. 

Again October 15, 1715. William Sanders, son of John^ 
Sanders and Hannah Pickman, niortages the following land to 
Sainnel Browne, Esq., declaring himself upon oath to be the 
rightful owner thereof: 

"A certain message or tenement situate, lying or being in 
Salem, aforesaid, consisting of a dwelling house, out house, and 
about 53 rods, a pole of land, northerly to ye street or highway, 
westerly to ye land, southerly to the land that was formerly 
John Gardners, now in possession of Samuel Langsford ; easter- 
ly with ye land yet was Humphrey Coombs, alsoe a certain 
meadow and wharf, situate in Salem, aforesaid, nigh a place 
known by ye name of buryiiifi ground paint place, butted and 
bounded as folio weth : Northerly and north easterly with ye 
land yt was Alexander Coles, died, now in possession of Michael 
Bacon ; easterly to Mr. Lindells ware house, westerly to the 
salt marsh, or howsoever otherwise, etc., &c. 

Signed, William Sanders. 

Stephen Sewell, Recorder. 
Oct. 29, 172U. Then received of William Sanders £65 in full 
discharge of the mortgage, p. 

Samuel Browne. 
Being principal and interest of the above mortgage. 

Stephen Sewell. Justice.'* 

The same day is recorded where William Sanders sells to 
James Lindall, his uncle, a portion of this property. 

Oct. 29, 1720. Recorded. 
Mr. William Sanders to James Lindall. 

Know all men by these presence that William Sanders of 
Boston, in ye cuunty of Suffolk, in province of ye Massachu- 
setts bay in New England, merchant, for and in consideration 
of ye sum of €33, to him in hand, well and truly paid by Mr. 
James Lindall, in ye county of Essex, and province aforesaid, 
Merch't, hath bargained and sold, and doth by these presents 
grant, bargain and sell, convey and confirm, unto ye sd James 
Lindall, a certain wharf and wharfs land, scituate in Salem 
aforesaid, neigh and adjoining to ye burying point ; butted and 

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Saunders, 69 

bounded as folio weth. via: Westerly up ye salt marsh, where 
it is thirty -two feet in front, and so to run ye same breath back ; 
easterly to ye burying point land, and bounded southerly with 
ye land of ye sd Lindall ; easterly with ye burying point, north- 
erly with ye land that was Bethiah Cole's, now in possession of 
Michael Bacon, and how soever otherwise. To have, and to 
hold, ye said wharf and wharf land, and warehouse thereon 
standing, with all ye flats, privilege and appurtenances, ways, 
casements, rights, immunities thereto, belonging or any way 
appertaining unto him, ye sd James Lindall, his heirs and 
assigns forever. As an estate of inheritance in fee, as fully and 
absolutely to all intents and purposes, as I ye under might or 
could do. before ye sealing hereof, by force and venture of a 
deed of conveyance from my grandfather, Nathaniel Pickman, 
Senior, late of Salem, dead, unto my late father and mother, 
Hannah and John Sanders, as by deed bearing date 13 Dec, 
1681, duly executed and recorded, reference whereto being had, 
and ye sd William Sanders doth for himself, his heirs, executors 
and administrators, covenant, promise, grant and agree to and 
with ye sd James Lindall, his heirs and assigns, in manner as 
following, vis : That at and before ye ensealing thereof, he is 
ye true and rightful owner of ye bargained premises, and every 
part thereof, and hath good right, full power, lawful authority, 
in his own name, to give, grant and convey ye same as afore- 
said ; and that its free, and clear, and fully and clearly execu- 
tors, acquitted and discharged of, and from all manner of former 
and other gifts, grants, sales, mortgages, or other incumbrances 
whatever. William Sanders, 

Witness, Samuel Lynde. Bridget Sanders. 

Suffolk Co., Boston, 24 Oct., 1720. Seal." 

By this deed is conveyed to James Lindall, husband to the 
sister of Hannah Pickman Sanders, the wharf and warehouse 
at the foot of Northey, now Liberty street. 

Oct. 29, 1720. William Sanders sells house and lands in Salem 
to Paul Mansfield. "He conveys to Paul Mansfield a certain 
dwelling house, housing, and 53 poles of land, bounded easterly 
on Humphrey Coomb's land, southerly on land formerly and 
near John Gardener's, westerly adjacent to the land which leads 
to ye water's side, and northerly on ye street or highway, or 
however otherwise bounded and reputed to be bounded, to have 
and to hold, &c., &c. * * * Signed, 

William Sanders, i y, . 
Bridget Sanders, f " 

Witneis Notary^ Samuel Lynde. 
Recorded Oct. 29, 1720. 

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70 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

I have followed the life of William, son of John^ and Hannah 
Sanders, only so far as the disposal of a portion of the estate 
left him by his brother, Benjamin, through the death of his 
father and mother. William Sanders died Jan. 4, 1724, aged 
56. Bridget Smith, born 1672, wife of William Saunders, the 
above, was daughter of Abigail and John Smith, he the sup- 
posed grandson of Sir Hugh Smith of Ashton, Somerset, and 
his wife, Elizabeth, who was tlie daughter of Sir Edward Gorges 
of Langford, and Katherine, daughter of Sir Rob Osborn. 

The children of Sir Hugh Smith were : — 

1. Helen, m. Gibbons. 

2. Margaret, m. 1, Flemery; 2, Sir Francis Purjean ; 3, Sir 

John Ward. 

3. Mary was maid of honor to Queen Elizabeth. 

4. John. 

5. BRmGET, who married Sir Robert Dilington. 

6. Henry. 

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Saunders, 71 


I will now take up the lineal line of JohiT* Sanders whose 
baptism is recorded first church Salem, Mass. 

"John'* Sanders, son John and Hannah, horn 22-10-1665." 
He was educated in Salem, and early in life followed the seas. 
At the age of twenty-one years he was in command of the 
ship, "John," and in 1687 made a voyage to England. He 
was married at Topsfield, 24 Sept. 1688, to Return, born 
August 16, 1662, daughter of Samuel and Mary Shattuck. 
Samuel Shattuck was son of the widow Damarius Shattuck, 
who afterward married Thomas Gardner (uncle by marriage to 
John^ Sanders.) The wife of John^ Sanders received her 
name Return on account of the happy return from England 
of her father with Royal Rescript of lenity to the Quakers^ 
just previous to her birth. Hence the name Return. After 
his marriage John^ Sanders for a time remained near the inter- 
ests of his wife's family, who had sought New Hampshire as a 
more agreeable place of residence, after leaving their farm at 

John'* Sanders, together with James his brother, occupied 
jointly the farm at Boxford, which their grandfather had re- 
ceived grant of in 1651. James Sanders had married Hannah 
Tewxbury, 20 October, 1687, one year previous to his brother's 
marriage, and the two families were at iioxford, 1688. 

John* Sanders and his brother James were interested in 
lands at Haverhill, and it was probabably through inheritance, 
since John^ was so identified with the settlement of this por- 
tion of New Hampshire. 

JoHN^ Sanders extended his enterprise to the Isle of Sholes 
where he built himself a " mansion " at the point called "Sandys 
point" and they established a ferry communication with the 

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72 Founders of Mmsachusetta Bay Colony, 

main land. His neighbors were the most influential men of 
the day, William Wentworth, William English and Governor 
Chute, (who mentions him in his diary). It is said of the 
dwellers of the Isle of Sholes "that they lived like Lords and 
were Monarchs of all they surveyed." 

He continued his occupation of sea captain until 1710, when 
he became largely interested in the proprietory and settlement 
of Harverhill, afterwards his home for many years. 

John^ and James were both largely interested in real estate 
as the many transfers of property at that time would indicate. 

Under the Haverhill grants to John^ Sanders w-e find " a 
grant of land No. 44." This is what is now known as Sanders 
Hill, on the road to Almesbury. In the earliest records it is 
designated as Hoggs Hill. It received its name from the 
similarity of one of the Sandys arms to the wild boar or 
domestic hog. This grant No. 44, was a grant of 200 acres 
and is a high commanding point of land. Adjoining to plot 
44, granted to John^ Sanders, was also granted to his kinsman 
Thomas Whittier, plot 45, a grant of 50 acres. 

Today at the junction of these two grants is an old home- 
stead, a short distance from the road. At the entrance to the 
path which leads to this homestead, has recently been placed a 
large block of granite, which bears this inscription. 
" John G. Whittier born here." 

Thus we find the record that John G. Whittier, the poet, 
w^as kinsman to the lineal descendants of this line of the 
Sanders family. 

1706-7-8-9. James Sanders was a representative to the 
General Court. 

1710, January 15. James Sanders was appointed selectman 
and thus I might continue for James Sanders repeatedly repre- 
sented Haverhill in this capacity as in many others of public 
service. His family were the strong substantial men of New 
Hampshire, and his descendants occupy prominent positions 

Though John^ Sanders had a residence and farm at Haver- 
hill, he also extended his proprietorship to other towns, vis: 

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Saunders. 73 

Kensington, Portsmouth, Methuen, Salem, N. H., Errol and 

1718. John-* Sanders was elected as representative to the 
General Court. 

1720, Xov. 17. Recorded, " Whereas Joseph Pike on behalf 
of himself and other inhabitants of this province have made 
application for a grant of land for a township, whereof resolved, 
that Captain Gardner, Captain Kimball and Mr. Sanders be de- 
served and empowered, taking with them the Sheriff of the 
County of Essex and a number of men from Haverhill, and back 
about fourteen miles from Haverhill, (fee, &c." This was the 
first authority for the township of Penacook, afterward Con- 
cord. Among the names of the proprietorship of this township 
are the following : — 

'•John Wainwright, ?]sqr., 
Capt. John Shepley, 
Mr. John Sanders, 
Eleazer Tyng, Esqr., 
3Ir. Joseph Welden, 
Capt. Gardner. 
Capt. Kimball. 
These were names of the proprietors of shares, but thoy did 
not live in the town." 
1725, Feb. 5. 

JoHx4 Sanders, J Each paid 20sh. among 

John5 Sandeks Jr.. [■ others, to defrey charge 
Nathanifil Sanders. ) of Committee. 

"1721, Nov 27. The town of Haverhill grants fifty acres 
of land beyond Hoojs Hill Mill, be it more or less, to John 
Sanders, to be laid out by the town." 

We judge by this that he had established a mill for the saw- 
ing of timber. 

Several of the children of John^ Sanders were supposed to 
have been born at the Isle of Shoales, as he was a resident there 
previous to 1720. Unfortunately the records of the Isle of 
Slioales were indifferently kept. There was no church nearer 
than Portsmouth, and the baptisms were made only every few 
years, at the convenience of the families. These baptisms were 
at times conducted by some layman, at what was called the old 
South Church, Portsmouth. Of these old records so few re- 
remain, that the town clerk of Portsmouth writes me 

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74 Founders of MasBachuaetU Bay Volxyiiy. 

" there are to be found less than lUO in the past 200 years," 
New Castle was inhabited by a few families only at that time, 
it being almost a wilderness. Today New Castle is inhabited 
by a few residents only in charge of the summer hotels. 
{History of New Hampshire.) The point of the Isle of Sholes 
was called Sanders point. Return, wife of John Sanders, died 
previous to 1695, for at this date his deeds of transfer have 
but one signature. John^ Sanders was married twice. First 
to Return Shattuck and secondly to Mary Sargent. 

"The old Pearl place at Boxford is the tract of 200 acres 
laid out by JoUni Sanders in right of his father Henry Sanders. 
It was bounded on the south west by Mr. Nelson's great fami 
of 200 acres, came into possession of Joseph Dowding, a merchant 
of Boston, who sold it to Cornelius Brown, a fanner of Reading, 
for £70 September 10. 1703. Mr. Browne came the following 
spring and built the present house in 1738. The place was 
after sold to Richard Pearl of Bradford — housewright. Mr. 
Pearl's father was John Pearl of Ridley, Yorkshire, England.*' 

Thus we would judge that John^ Sanders lived at the Isle of 
Shoales between 1703 and 1720, where we find him engaged in 
establishing the bounding lines of Haverhill and near town- 

April 20, 1719. " A'oted that ye town of New Castle have 
ye liberty of building a bridge from Great Island to Sanders 

1724. "An act signed John Frost, in behalf of Robert 
Sanders of Isle of Shoales, as express allowed, and an order on 
ye constables of Gosper, out of ye province. Rate £2." 

April 12, 1726. A Sandys beach petition signed Samuel 
Sanders, Robert Sanders, John Sanders. 

1725, July 2. At the Probate Records we find that John 
Sanders Senior, gives to John Sanders Jr., by deed, his home- 
steat at Haverhill, butting and bounding as followeth, vis: At 
ye northeast corner next ye country Road a stake, and heap of 
stones next Almesbury line, so running, southwesterly as ye said 
country road runs, to a stake, and heap of stones in ye corner 
of a fence, near the dwelling house of Green Whittier, then run- 

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Saunders. 75 

ning southeasterly as ye fence now stands, to ye end of sd fence 
and heap of stones standing in ye pine swamp so running about. 

Cornelius Page, 
John Sanders. 
Witness, James Sanders, Jr. July 2, 1725. 

This transfer to John'^ Sanders included the great plot 44. 
next to Thomas Whittiers, called Sanders Hill. 

1729, May 19. An agreement is recorded to fix ye dividing 
lines betwix the farms of John^ Sanders, Jr., and James Sanders 
Jr., farms between Haverhill near Almesbiiry, adjoining the 
Whittier farm near Mr. Benj. Smiths farm." 

John^ Sanders was justice — a member of the General High 
Court in 1718 — 1720 — 1724. He largely invested in lands in 
New Hampshire and Massachusetts and was one of the most 
prominent land holders of the time. The number of deeds 
probated in the name of Sanders in Essex county alone down 
to 1800 were more than two hundred and fifty. The right to 
family distinction is expressed in ^he following record from the 
session of General Court meeting at Kensington, May 28, 1746, 
vis : " Lord Sandys was present at court at Kensington today." 
This clerical spelling of the name Sanders — Saunders is notic- 
able through our early records, and frequently is mispelled in 
diCFerent ways in same document. 

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76 Founders of MdssacJmsetts Bay Colony, 


The children of John^ Sanders and Return Shattuck, 
married September 14, 1688, were: 

1. John, b. 1690, d. y. 

2. Philip, b. 1692-3 ; m. Mary Elkins June 29, 1729. 

3. Robert, b. 1693-4 ; m. Hannah Abbott September 19, 1731 ; 

by the second marriage, the children of John4 Sanders to 
Mary Sargent ; m. December 16, 1695. 

4. John, b. August 25. 1696. 

5. Sarah, b. June 16, 1699 ; m. John Swett. 

6. Thomas, b. May 94, 1701. 

7. Maky, b. February 2, 1703 ; m. Edward Woodman. 

8. James, b. July 11, 1707 ; m. Elizabeth Estes. 
8. Jacob, b. July 4, 1710. 

10. Rachel, b. April 22, 1713 ; married Benj. Hill. 

Philip Sandp:rs son of John-* Sanders and Return Shattuck, 
horn 1792-3, received his name in grateful remembrance of 
Dr. Philip Shattuck of Watertown, brother to his grandfather 
Samnel Shattuck, who with many others sent a petition to the 
home Government asking for pardon for his brother Samuel, 
a Quaker, which was obtained. 

Samuel Shattuck, grandfather of Philip Sanders, was born 
in England in 1620. He was admitted to the church at Salem 
1642, but was excommunicated for being a Quaker. He was 
fined for entertaining Thomas Maule, one of that sect, and 
banished on pain of death. He immediately departed for Eng- 
land, leaving a large family behind him to mourn his misfortune. 
Phillip Shattuck, his brother, was a man of great influence at 
General Court, and at England, and it was through his petitions 
and the influencd of friends, that Samuel Shattuck was 
pardoned and ordered back to the colony, just previous to the 
birth of the mother of Philip Sanders, hence the name Return ^ 
He had received a decree from Charles first, for the cessating of 

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Saunders. 77 

such persecution, and was commissioned to present it to the 
Governor of the new colonies. 

Damarius afterward (the widow of Samuel Shattuck) married 
Thomas Gardner of Salem, Mass. 

William Bowditch of Salem married Mary, the daughter of 
Thomas Gardner, Aug. 3, 1688. 

Of the children of Samuel Shattuck, six daughters were 
married thus : — 

1. Hannah, (Uiughter of Samuel and Damarius, b. Aug. 22, 

IGiil ; married John Sowncs of Boston. 

2. Damakius, daughter of Samuel and Damarius, b. Nov. 11, 

1553 ; married Benjamin Pope of Salem. 

3. Mary, dauffhUrof Samuel and Damarius, b. March 11, 1655 ; 

married Capt. Benjamin Trask of Beverly. 

4. Priscilla, dauffhter of Samuel and Damarius, b. May 1, 1658 ; 

married Hugh Nichols of Salem April 26, 1694. 

5. Return, da mjhter of SaiwyxiA and Damarius, b. Aug. 16, 1662; 

married John Sanders of Salem Sept. 14, 1688. 

6. Patience, danf/htrr <>/ Samuel and Damarius, b. 18 Nov, 1666; 

married 29 July, 1089, John Smith of Salem. 

Thus in the beginning of the seventeenth century John^ San- 
ders was brother-in-law to Captain Benjamin Trask, John Smith, 
Benjamin Pope, John Sormes of Boston and Hugh Nichols of 
Salem, Mass., and Hugh Nichols, Benjann'n Trask, John Smith, 
Benjamin Pope and John Sormes were uncles to Philip Sanders 
and Robert Sanders. 

Hannah Sanders Flint Southwick, was aunt to Philip, 
John* and Robert Sanders ; as also Nathaniel Sanders of 
Gloucester, brother to Hannah Sanders Flint Southwick, was 
Philip Sanders' uncle. 

Benjamin Pick man, husband of Abigail Lindall, was great 
uncle to Philip Sanders, and a very good friend as well, as we 
see in the future pages. 

Philip Sanders was grand nephew to Deacon William Good- 
hue and cousin to John and Thomas Gardner. 

Sarah Pickman, wife of Captain George Corwin, was Philip 
Sanders' cousin, as also was Mary Orme, the wife of Joseph 

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78 Founders of MdssachusetU Bay Colony. 

Nathaniel Ropes, the husband of Abigail Pickman, was 
cousin by marriage to Philip Sanders. 

John^ Sanders was Philip Sanders' half brother, as also was 
James, tlie husband of Elizabeth Estes. 

Henry Elkins was brother-in-law to Philip Sanders. Captain 
Henry Elkins, born 1757, was his nephew. 

Elizabeth Elkins (daughter of Thomas Elkins,) who married 
Thomas Sanders, (Philip's nephew,) was Philip Sanders' neice, 
hence Elizabeth and Thomas were cousins. 

Thus we have a relay of relationship which may be familiar 
to some of my readers. I have digressed somewhat from my 
records to advance this. 

Among the men interested in the settlements of New Hamp- 
shire and associated with John** Sanders particularly at Exeter, 
Portsmouth, Hampton and Kensington, were William English, 
(a wealthy ship builder, who had been persecuted at Salem at 
the time of the witchcraft excitement,) Henry Elkins, John 
Shillaber and William Wentworth. 

Philip English, William Shillaber and Henry Elkins, sons of 
these gentlemen, were Philip Sanders' dearest friends, l)oth at 
sea and ashore, during his entire life. The result of this bond 
of friendship between the families of Shillaber, Elkins and 
English, is shown through the entire seventeenth century in 
the inter-marriage of the families, their close business relations, 
the munificence of gifts and charities, and later, in the time of 
the revolution, of the staunch support given to the government 
by each representative of these families, to the sacrifice of for- 
tune and life. 

Philip Sanders, son of John^ Sanders and Return, seems not 
to have had much interest in this unsettled state of new town- 
ships, and at an early age, tradition tells us, was sent to England 
to some of his mother's people, where he received iiis educa- 
tion. He followed the sea a few years of his life and was at 
one time mate with Captain William Shillaber. He made sev- 
eral trips to the West Indies and to Europe. He was married 
Sept. 9, 1729, to Mary Elkins, daughter of Captain Thomas 
Elkins. Philip Sanders continued to follow the sea until the 

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Saundei'8, 79 

death of his father, when he made his home permanently in 
Salem, Mass. 

He must have inherited sterling qualities and a sympathetic 
religious temperament. The sad history of his mother's family, 
tlie almost annihilation of the English family, the prejudice 
arising in the colony from the tyranical discipline of the Puri- 
tanical church, altogether tended toward encouraging himself, 
together with a few friends, in establishing a new church, with 
a more liberal and enlightened creed ; or rather in re-establish- 
ing an old church on a more definite and declared basis. 

The Episcopal Church of New England. 

The history of the establishment of the Church of England 
dates back to the religious services held in Salem as early as 
1625, when the Rev. John Lyford was driven from the Plymouth 
Colony by Separatists for adhearing to the faith of his fathers, 
and opposing schism. He came to Salem with Roger Conant 
in 1625, who was soon appointed Governor at Cape Ann. From 
the records of that date we find with him the names of : — 

Roger Conant, governor, 
John Lyford, minister, 
John Woodbury, 
Humphrey Woodbury, 
John Balch, 
Peter Palfrey, 
Walter Knight. 
William Allen, 
Thomas Grey, 
Thomas Gardner, 
Richard Norman, his son, 
Captain William Trask, 
William Jeffrey. 

Mr. Lyford ministered to the colony about three years in the 
wilderness, and continued the muster of this colony about ten 
months in Salem. He went to Virginia in 1627 and it is sup- 
posed he took the records with him, as there are none to be 

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80 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

found. The brothers Browne^ who adhered to the mother 
church and who Jield services in their lumie^ were sent hack to 
England hy order of Governor Endicott, 

From the original covenant of the First Chnrch, established 
in Salem 1629, which we give below, one can judge how strong 
was the opposition to the mother church, and how prominent 
and pronounced must have been the faith of any one to have 
embraced it. 

Original Covenant of the First Church of Salem, 
Mass., 1620. 

"We covenant with the Lord and one with another and do 
bind all ourselves in the presence of God to walk together in 
all his ways, according as he is pleased to reveal liimself unto 
us in His 

" Blessed word of Truth." 

1636 Covenant. 

"We know the Lord to be our God and ourselves to be his 
people in the truth and simplicity of our spirits. We give 
ourselves to the Lord Jesus Christ, and the word of his Grace 
for the teaching, ruling and sanctifying of us in matters of 
Worship, and conversion. Resolving to cleave to Him alone 
for Life and Glory, and to oppose all contrai^y ways^ covenants 
and constitution}^ of mm in his worship. 

We bind ourselves to steady the advancement of the Gospel 
in all Truth and Peace." 

In the year 1870, nearly two hundred and fifty years after 
the first establishment of this church, a committee was appointed 
to consider the covenant as to its future adoption; the report 
Wiis signed by 

Charles W. Upham, 
Samuel 1>. Butterick, 
James T. Hewes. 

It consisted simply of a copy of the covenant of 1629 with 
the following endorsement: 

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First Church, Salem, Mass., 1636. 

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Saunders. 81 

'' The proceeding report accept and adopt the earliest 


Thus we have had for nearly two hundred and fifty years in 
the Covenenant of the First Church the resolution to Cleave to 
Him for Life and Glory, and to oppose all contrary ways, 
covenants, and constitutions of men in His worship. 

First Church, Salem, Mass. 

In " 1683, Aug. 7, Samuel Sanders and Charlie Sanders were 
admitted to this church." 

" 1683, Sept. 2 and Oct. 7, Samuel Sanders (son of Henry 
and Sybill) had seven children baptized in this church." 

1684, May 19, within nine months of his admission to the 
First church, " Samuel Sanders presents a petition to the church 
for a dismissal and the right to establish a church at Marble- 
head, which re(|uest was granted." 

" 1684, May 19, Samuel Sanders, George Sanders and various 
others living at Marblehead, petition this church for a dismissal 
that they might form for themselves a church at Marblehead." 
This petition is recorded. 

" Petition for church at Marblehead granted Aug. 13. Mr. 
Cheever appointed |)astor." — [Records First Cfmrch^ Sale??i,) 

This church at Marl)lehead was afterwards named St. Michael's. 

It would seem by the appointment of Mr. Cheever as pastor 
that the form of worship which was afterwards eetablished at 
Marblehead at the new church, " St. Michael's," could not have 
been defined at that time ; but the congregation grew and the 
love of the mother church was so prominent that in 1714 a fine 
Cruciform Church was erected, and in this a large and respect- 
able congregation assembled for worship. 

Thus we find as early as 1684 Samuel Sanders, son of Henry, 
was one of the original organizers of the Church of St. 
Michaels at Marblehead, Massachusetts. The church grew. 

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82 Founders of Massachusetts Bay (Joloiiy, 

and the members from Salem were so numerous that at this 

" they crossed the harbor to worship at St. Michaels." 

There must have been also an organized band of worshippers 
at Salem, for we find: 

1727. "The Rev. George Pigot, the Rector of St. Michaels, 
delivered monthly lectures and administered the Holy Com- 
munion in Salem." 

Though this little band of worshippers assumed an indepen- 
dence they were constantly threatened with annihilation. The 
prominent words of the covenant of the First Church "to 
oppose all contrary ways, covenents and constitutions of men in 
their worship" was enforced in every way that it was possible 
to do so, and the tax to support the church was enforced upon 
each individual, even to imprisonment and banishment. 

In 1725 Philip English, then a man 75 years old was 


support of the East Congregational Society." 

The law releasing church men from paying a tax for the 
support of Congregationalism was repealed in 1732. 

This band of christians, discouraged by the repeal of the law 
releasing them from paying taxes to a church, of which they 
were not members, but embolden by the success of St. Michael's 
church, resolved upon building for themselves a church of their 
own faith, where they could worship openly and publicly, and 
in 1732, June 29, a church was raised upon grourul contributed 
by Philip English, his family and some friends. 

From the records of St. Peter's church we quote the follow- 
ing transfer of the deed : 

"To ALL MEN BY THE8K PRESENTS, that wc Philip Englisli, 
merchant; Philip English junior, publisher; John English, 
mariner ; William Browne, mariner, and Mary his wife ; Jolin 
Touzel, mariner, and Susanna his wife ; all of Salem, in the 
county of Essex and Province of Massachusetts Bay in New 
England for diverse good causes, and considerations ; us there- 
unto receiving particularily in consideration of five shillings to 
us in hand before the delivery thereof, wholly and truly paid by 
George Sigot of Marblehead, now the county of ♦ ♦ * oak, and 

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St. Peter's Chitkcii, Salem, Mass. 

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Saunders. S3 

Missionary William Fairfax, Esq., James Gibson, merchant; 
Jacob Manning, goldsmith, and John Shillaber, shopkeeper, all 
of Salem, aforesaid, a committee appointed to build an Episcopal 
church in Sulem, aforesaid, and to purchase a suitable lot, a 
piece of land whereon to erect it, and for a yard about it, the 
receipt whereof we hereby acknowledge, ourselves therewith 
fully satisfied and paid. Have bargained and sold, and by these 
presents do give, grant, bargain, sell, convey, and confirm, with 
the aforesaid George Pigot, William Fairfax, Jacob Manning, 
James Gibson, and John Shillaber **♦♦•**♦♦* 


Philip Enqltbh, 
Philip English, Jr., 
John English, 
William Bkownk, 
John Touzkl, 
Susanna Touzel. 

The contributions for raising and the expense for buihiing 
the church was largely given by the vestrymen and church 
wardens, of which record we have the following : — 

Salem, Nkw F^ngland, July 20, 1733. 
We, the Hulmcnbers, vestrymen, together with the minister and 
church wardens, altogether assembled, unanimously confirm 
and verify the fifteen preceding rules as also the numbering, 
apprising and allowing the seats or pews as before described. 

Witness our hands, 
f Jacob Manning, 
1 Jos. Hillard, 
Vestry- I Philip Sanders, Church j Benj. Morehead. 

men. 1 R. Palmer, Wardens, / Jno. Clark. 

Robert Gerrish, Missionary, C. A. Brockwbll. 

David Briiton. 

July 20, 1738. "Please to pay to Samuel Barnard, Esqr., 
sum of eleven pounds and seven shillings and six pence, being 
for Sundays supplying and raising ye parish of St. Peters." 
William Fairfax, Treasurer. John Shillaber, 

July 23, 1733. James Person. 

Fifteen rules were voted upon and agreed upon by the differ- 
ent church members and contributors, as to its government 
thereof. The " eleventh order " was as follows : — 

" That what additions or altering shall be needful to be done 
to the church, or any other work that is to be done in or about 

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84 Founders of 3las8achu8ett8 Bay Colony. 

the church, beside the galery, and altar piece, and the elevated 
seat on the galery, which the church warden and assistant 
engaged in, at the desire and by the consent of the parish, shall 
be done by vote of the vestry or the best part of them." 
"Twelfthly. The name of the presently vestrymen are : 

Richard Palmer, 

Mr. Jacob Mannincj, 

Ben.t. Gerish, 

Joseph Hillard, 

David Britton, 

Philip Sanders. 

Church j Capt. Ben,i. Moreuead. 
Wardens, \ Capt. John Clark. 

Chas. Brochwell, Missionary. 

"Thirleenthly. These of the above s-hall make vestry." 
• • Fourteenthly. That all tlie parishioners shall make no other 
contribution only, and they hardly desire to do so." 

Tiius it would seem tliat the building liereafter to be called 
St. Peters, was raised July 20, 1733, and that the ceremony 
pertaining to it cost the sum of eleven pounds and more. This 
ceremony, of which we have no record, was probably a very 
impressive one, and certainly stands today, as a proof of 
unusual wisdom, and strength of faith, in the future prosperity 
of this little settlement. The church was not large, it consisted 
of a nave and a tower and contained forty pews. 

1738, October. The first book of common prayer was 
presented to St. Peters by the Right Honorable Arthur Onstow, 
speaker of the House of Commons, in England, and one of His 
Majesty's most honorable Privy Councillors. It was procured 
by Captain Gerrish, through his friend Vassale, while he was 
in England. 

There was yet no regular clergyman attached to the church, 
th^ '"<^h Mr. Brockwell is mentioned as missionary. His appoint- 
ment permanently was not secured until a most urgent appeal 
had been made in behalf of the church by its members. 

••October 15, 1736. We the subscribers, inhabitants of Salem 
in New England, having been at great expense in erecting a 
house for the worship of God, according to the usage of the 
church of England, and being very desirous of effecting our 
design therein, have theretofore presumed, to apply ourselves to 

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Saunders. 85 

the society, for propagating ye Gospel, to assist us, for that 
purpose, since which we have been witness, of the repeated 
instances of their comparison, liegarti to some of our neighbor- 
ing, in like circumstances, with us, being well assured, we 
might have rejoiced, in the same goodness, had our distressed 
case have been fully known. Have once again ventured by the 
Rev. Mr. ♦»*»•* bountys, who will communicate our 
desires, more at large, and to whom we refer. 

And as a testimony of our most earnest, and sincere intention, 
in this important affair, for ye encouragement of any gentleman 
who will reside with us, as a minister, we do promise, and 
oblige ourselves, to pay to such person annually, during his 
residence with us, in that capacity, the sum of one hundred and 
thirty pounds : heartily praying you may be disposed to consider 
and relieve us in our present difficulties. 

We ye 
Humble Supplicants and most obedient servants : 

William Browne, John Cabbott, 

Jona LamlK'rt, Jacob Manning, 

Clifford Crowningshield, John ('lark, 

Edward Hillard, Joseph Willard, 

Thomas Lisbit, Philip Sanders. 

Phill English, Jose Knights, 

William Dove, Jonas Newconib, 

Phillip Sanders, Stephen Daniels Jr., 

Jonathan Beadle, Michael Bacon, 

John Dampney, Abraham Cabot, 

Richard Palmer, Martin Valay, 

Phillip Sanders Jr., William Shillaber. 

Peter Vindeat, John Crowningshield, 

Samuel Chatmen, William Gale, 

Samuel Masscy. Richard Bethel, 

Robert Williams, Jacob Hawkins, 

John Shillaber, Ephraim Ingalls, 

Samuel Masury, Thomas Melroy, 

Daniel Webb, John Gorge, 

John Pressin, Joseph Stevenson, 

Benjamin Glover, Samuel Luscomb, 

Aley Stoley, John Williams. 

Edward Rofs, Samuel Stone, 
Samuel Parrott. 

This petition most probably included all the inembei-vS of the 
church. Among the names we find some of the most promi- 
nent and wealthy members of the colony at that time. 

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80 Founders -of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Feb. 8, 1738. " Voted ye day, that Mr. Hillard, Capt. Ben- 
jamin Brown, Capt. Morehead and Mr. Jacob Manning be ye 
consideration of twelve pounds each, have permission to take in 
ye long pews in order to enlarge their owd pews." Thus we 
find that the number of pews were reduced to thirty-six. In 
the matter of pews, the church at once, in recognition of the 
generosity of the English family, allotted them a free pew 

"The second right hand pew or seat from ye Pulpit, belongs 
to ye family of ye English and Brownes, in consideration of 
their benevolent gift of the land whereon the church stands. 
The deeci on file ; and belongs to Mr. Brown and wife, descend- 
ants from Philip English, to descend, English and Brown, and 
are to conform to ye rules, to order of ye society, from time to 
time, and always. 
Salem, Sept. 25, 1738." 

"Choice by First Church Wardens, of Clerk, E'ixj." 

'*At a meeting of the members of the Episcopal society, in 
this town, being yesterday, after divine service, was ended, 
desired that we, that are present, viz : 

Capt. Benj. Morehead, Philip Corwin, 

Jacob Manning, Henry Paine, 

Jos. Willard. Josiah Adie, 

John Clark, Richard Palmer, 

Ephriam Ingalls, Sam'l Cheever, 

J no. Dampuey, Wm, Gale, 

Jonas Adams, Zach Burchmore, 

Philip Sanders, Michael Bacon, 

Sam'l Parrot, Benj. Rutland, 

Benj. Phippen, Jona McKenny. 
Samuel Luscumb, 

Taking into consideration the proposals ye Revd. Mr. Brock- 
well made in order to his removal hither, to settle with us, to 
official as our pastor, in the church called St. Peters, for time 
to come, have concluded and agreed, that we will contribute 
give, and pay, to the persons that may officiate as church 
wardens, for the time being or order, to be given and paid to 

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Saufiders, 87 

ye Rev. Mr. Brockwell, every Sunday even, or Monday morn- 
ing next eusiiing, the sum of two pounds ten shillings in good 
bills credit, to do and continue to do, till death or any other 
sad circumstance part us. In witness wliereof we voluntarily 
set our hands the day and year above said. 

October 2, 1738. 
Signed by the above named gentlemen. 

Samuel Stone appointed clerk instead of Wm. Gale agrees 
to do his duty such as it is for £11 per annum." 

Kev. Charles Brockwell was regularly installed as Rector of 
St. Peter's, October 8, 1738, and continued in charge until 
November 27, 1746, when he removed to Kings Chappel, 
Boston, having been appointed to that diocese by the Bislioj) 
of London. 

We find that the expense of a church, in those times, could 
not be depended upon from private contribution, and that 
each pew and individual were rated to pay so much for the 
support of the church. 

The aggregate of the amount would have been sufficient for 
the expenses, but the records of this as well as others, show how 
impossible it was, always to depend upon an equalization in 
the income and expense. 

1738, November 2. "Ordered this day at a vestry held, 
present, the ministers, church wardens, and other members of 
St. Peter's church. 

"That the pews hereafter numbered be rated as to price of 
each Sunday's contribution as followeth : 









Mr. Clark's J no., 




Mr. Cabbott's J no., 




Mr. Beth Ingalls, 




Capt. John Touzell, 




Capt. John TouzeU, 




Jno. Dampneys, 




Mr. Clifford Crowningshield, 




Mr. Clifford Crowningshield, 



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88 Founders of MassachMsetts Bay Colony, 






John Crowningshield, 


1 :6 


Mr. Philip Sanders, 


1 :6 


Church Wardens, 


Edw. Hillards, 


1 :6 


Mr. Sam*] Stone. 


1 :6 


Jno. Newcomb. 


1 :6 


Mr. Naburys, 


1 :6 



1 :6 
1 • ^ 


Mr. Brown and wife, 

1 . u 

1 :6 


English family, son, 


1 :6 


Mascott Williams, 




Bcnj. Phippen, 




David Britlon, 




Mr. Philip English, 




Jno. Wolcott, 


2 :0 


Col. Benj. Brown, 


2 :0 


Beal Bacon, 




Stephen Daniels, 




Mr. Richard Palmer, 




Mr. Abraham Cabott, 




Mr. William Shillaber, 


2:0 4 


Mr. JohnShillaber, 


2 :0 


Ira Hillard, 


2 :0 


Mr. Peter Vendall, 


2 :0 



2 :0 

Mr. Jacob Manning, 


Caplain Morchead, 




Thus we liave an «as6e.ssiTient of from £1 : to £ 2 for each 
pew per Sunday; and tin's assessment was expected to be paid. 
Alas for the records of the church, for the chnrch wardens' 
faithful administration of their duties. The contributions were 
often in arrears, and to such an extent, many times, that tlie 
good cliurch wardens made the deficit from their private 
purses; that the rector should have no cause to complain, nor 
their good word forfeited. 

It was not until Jan. 29, 1738, that the church wfis decorated 
or the pillars placed in the chancel. 

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Saunders. 89 

At that time Mr. John Gibbs of Boston was commissioned 
for £60, paid in bills of credit as soon as completed, to 

" Furnish two pillars in each end of the chancel. The table 
irons, banister, the altar, to be black and white marble. 

The curtains crimson or blue, with gold fringe and tastefully 
lettered, the Commandments to be gold on black letters. 

Letters of ye Lord's creed to be black against gold. 

Table marbled. 

Ye iron standard blue, edged with gold. 

Banisters blue, with white marble. 

Pillars of ye altar marbled. 

Two pillars on each side marbled. 

Ye • Glory and ye name' in Hebrew Jehovah ; needful chim- 
bre and ornaments. 

Appointed blue cloth for ye altar, the guard to be left to Mr. 
Gibbs, his generosity. 

Agreed, Chaules Brock well, Rectar. 

To the Church Wardens and Vestry of Salem. 

Benjamin Morbitead, 
Joseph Hilton, 
David Brittan, 
Philip Sanders." 

The description of the first St. Peter's chnrch was not un- 
like many parish chnrclies we see in New England to-day, and 
certainly must have been a very attractive and pretentious 
church for these early days. 

April 23, 1739. "Easter day meeting of the vestrymen 
voted that hereafter there shall be two church wardens only 
instead of four." 

Voted. "That Mr. Britton and Mr. Philip Sanders consti- 
tute the two side men." 

April 7, 1740. "Church Warden, Mr. Philip Sanders." 

December 28, 1740. Mr. Philip Sanders, Warden. 

1740. " By the consent of the church wardens and vestry- 
men, these present, Captain Andrew Woodbury purchased of 
Captain John Clark his pew No. 2, which is hereby recorded. 

Benj. Whitehead, 
Philip Sanders. 
March 30 1741. 

Mr. David Britian, ) ,r, 7 ur ^ , 
Mr. Philip Sanders, 

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90 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

In 1741. Tlie faith of the worshippers -at St. Peter's was 
unquestioned, their rector was an able, enthusiastic worker, the 
pews were all rented and occupied by the principal families in 
the town, but there was one important feature however, which 
troubled them very much, and that was the absence of the 
Chimes to sound forth the praise to the Almighty; and to call 
the little band to worship. This was a great expense to incur, 
as the interior was as yet incomplete. The church wardens 
were most active in their desire for completion, and a few \ery 
generously contributed towards the Chimes. Among the 
largest contributors we note the following: 

Rev. C. Brockwdl, £10 : 0, 

Cnpt. Benj. Morehead, 10 : 0. 

Mr. Wm. Shillaber, 7 : 0. 

Mr. Philip Sanders, ' 7:0. 

Mr. Brittan, 5 : 0. 

Mr. Bacon, 4 : 0. 

Mr. Browne, 5 : 0. 

Mr. Daniels, 3 : 0. 

Capt. Elkins. 2 : 0. 

The Chimes at this time cost altogether £211. The subscrip- 
tions for an organ to the church in 1743 amounted to £399 : 7. 

April 19, 1742. Philip Sanders, church warden, voted 

"that Benjamin Gerrish, Jr., should take Col. Brown's pew; 

that Brown should take Daniel's, and Col. Brown, Bacon's. 

Benj. Gerrish, ] ^, , T,r i 
T) c c Chvrcfi Wardens. 

Fhilip Sandp:rs, ( 

April 4, 1743. 

Bknj. Gerrtsii, j Churcli 
Philip Sanders, ( Wardens. 

Captain Woodbury, ' 

Joseph Willard, 

Epr. Engalls, 

Jno. Dampney, ')- Vestrymen. 

Mr. Manning, 

Mr. Ilathorne, 

Mr. Palmer, 

1744. "James Parrot to St. Peter's church. Dr. to his defi- 
cient contribution, €1.06 

1745. To his deficient contribution, 1.05 


1746. Sir : Please to pay the above am't to July 2 to John 
Henraan. This Recept shall be ye discharge. 

Philip Sanders, ^ Church 
John Dampney, ) Wardens. 

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Saunders, 91 

April 15,. 1745. Voted, Philip Sanders, | CLurch 

JouN Dampney, f Wardens. 


Wm. Hathorne, 

Epm. Ingalls, 

David Brittan, )■ Vestrymen 

Benj. Gerrish, | 

Cliflf Crowningshield, J 

Signed, Brock well, Rector. 

Mr. Brockwell was very rniicli liked in the church, but like 
many clergymen of the present day, he found that £2: 10 per 
Sunday, though a generous contribution from this small parish, 
was scarcely adequate for the wants and maintenance of him- 
self and family. We have the first intimation of his. discontent 
in the records of the church, dated 

February 10, 1745. 

"The proprietors of St. Peter's church being duly warned to 
consider ye proposals made by Mr. Brockwell in order for his 
better support among us. They met and after consideration 
offered Mr. Brockwell twenty pounds and O. T. in addition to 
his former salary. But in consequence of an offer made ye sd 
Mr. Brockwell by ye Bishop of London to remove to ye chappel 
at Boston, he refused our offer, upon which we have to a vote, 
to join with Mr. Brockwell, to petition ye society for another 
missionary, and accordingly we do agree, and consent, he 
accept ye offer made by the Bishop, upon condition he preaches 
amongst us till another comes. 


B . 

Salem, March 31, 1746. "This being Easter Monday the 
vestry examined and passed the wardens' account and then 
proceeded to the election of officers for the year ensuing." 

From this wardens' account, and from many others, we find 
that the church was indebted to the faithful church wardens 
for a greater part of its support, and to no one to a greater 
degree than to Philip Sanders, the faithful contributor to the 

Year after year he was elected church warden, and year after 
year we find him not only a generous contributor, but at times 
assuming a good part of the indebtedness, as his unbalanced 
accounts would indicate. 

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Founders of Massaehiisetis Bay Colony. 

St. Peter's Church Aco't to Philip Sanders, Dr. 

1739. Aug. 5. To ye Balance of ye old Debt, 
Dec. 24. To paid Cual for 2 boxes 4sU, 

To paid Capt. Morehead for saud 

and coal, 
To paid Brockwell. bad contribu- 
Sept. 23. To paid Mrs. Coffin, 
Jan. 27. To paid di to, &c., 
1743. To paid Shillaber and Manning, 

To paid Morehead toward ye paint- 
Aug. 12. To sundries for altering Clark's 

Sept. 5. To sundries, 6s. 9d., to paid Benj. 
Allen, 24s., 
16. To cash for advance, 2s. 17d., 
paid for Mars 4s. 9d., 
Oct. 26. To paid David Slover 4s.. 
Jan. 24. To Ledeu Foster, 

To pade Benj. Grey 10s., 

1742. Apr. 27. By Capt. David Brittan, 

£43 7 



10 U 




22 10 


1 13 

1 10 





3 4 



£97 11 



£82 11 5 

This is not an indebtedness t<^ Philip Sanders as cliureh 
warden, but to him individnally as the promoter and supporter 
of this little church. This account of £82 : 11 : 5 covers three 
jears of silent and modest waiting before the bill was presented 
and was probably later a gift to the church, as it is preserved 
among its archives. 

After Mr. Brockwell's decision to leave the church of St. 
Peter's for Kings Chapel, tlie church wardens and vestry were 
much concerned as regards his successor. An appeal was made 
to the Bishop of London, a copy of which is preserved in the 
church records at Salem. It showed such earnestness of faith, 
such a heartfelt desire to establish the church of their fore- 
fathers, in spite of all obstacles, that I herewith inscribe a copy 
of the appeal, still preserved in the handwriting of Philip 
Sanders, chief warden. 

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Saunders, 93 

Salem, Mass., February 24, 1745. 

To His Grace, the most liev'd Father in God, John, Arch 
Bishop of Canterbury, President ; and to the rest of the right 
Reverend, right Honorable and worthy Governors, and members 
of the society of the propagation of ye gospel in foreigh parts. 

Gentlemen. The removal of the Rev'd Mr. Brock well, the 
societies missionary in this town, by ye Bishop of London to the 
Kings Chapel in Boston, in the room of Mr. Roe, makes u s once 
more petitioners to the honorable society, that they w ill be 
pleaswl to appoint some suitable gentleman for this church ; we 
doubt not but that you have had a satisfactory account from 
Mr. Brockwell of the state of our church, as also of the great 
expense we have been at in raising and finishing a house 
suitable for ye worship of the 8upren»e Being. When we say 
great expense, it is so indeed, considering the small number 
engaged in the affair, and have at last completed ye same, and 
as this town is the Shire town of the county, and ye next market 
town to Boston, in New England, you cannot but conclude, 
our npiHmtioii hnn been f/reat, having what we would call great 
men an our ant(Ujonut». But thsnks to Heaven ihey have at last 
great reason to applaud our system, and we ho|H5 ere long they 
will join with us in the established form : they having had 
monstrous diversions in most of their societies, occasioned by 
Mr. Whitetield, and his successor, which hiis opened the eyes of 
some of us, to behold ye beauty of our church, which has 
hitherto escaped the snares laid by the grand deceiver of man- 
kind. We therefore hope that you will, as soon as may be^ 
send us a man, who by his part and prudence will be able to 
still all opi>osers, and by the soundness of his doctrine convince 
all gainslayers, and lastly by his exemplary life, do honor to 
(he religion he professed ; and as we are the second town in 
New England, you cannot but thiuk the expense of a family 
are greater than at Scituate. Kingston, and where the stipend 
is greater. 

Indeed we know where those missionaries spend six pence 
where a clergyman in this town must unavoidably spend 
eighteen pence, unless he breaks through all four rules of 
common decency and good manners. Therefore we hope the 
home society will take ye matter under consideration, and add 
twenty pounds to the forty, which was taken off from Mr. 
Brockwell, to the next gentleman to come, so that with the one 
hundred and thirty pounds we will give him, it will afford him 
as comfortable and handsome living, as that he may devote the 
whole of his time to his studies, not being purplexed in his 
mind, by the narrowness of his income, how he shall live. As 

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94 Founders of MassachiiseUs Bay Colony ^ 

to Mr. Brockwell to be sure he has beeu faitliful to the trust 
reposed in him, and as in coui-se, he must leave us. We commit 
our case to you, not doubting your regard for this infant, the 
flourishing church, as it is the design of tlie society to propagate 
the gospel in foreign parts. 

We salute you, and are your 
liumble supplicants and most 

humble servants. Putlip Sanders, ) Vhurvh 

J NO. Dampney. \ Wardem. 

Salem, February 24, 1745. 

B. Gerrish. 
David Button, 
Wm. Halhome, 
Kphriam Ingalls, J 

P. S. Gentlemen : 

If you will be pleaded to send us some Common Prayer books 
with Tate and Bradys version Psalms, they will be of great 

This last appeal was not in vain ; one can see to day at St. 
Peter's tlie Psalms and prayer books sent at this date. Three 
very tine copies of the largest size for church delivery. The 
services of Rev. Mr. Gilcrist were secured, but I find no note 
that the mission extended its protection to the church, except 
in the copy of the enclosed order, which speaks for itself. The 
little church shouldered its own burden, and year after year 
was more and more indebted to the private subscriptions of its 
few faithful benefactors. 

"Salem. Aug. ye 13, 1757. 

At sight please to pay to Mr. Philip Sanders, warden of the 
Episcopal church in Salem, tlie sum of one pound and nine 
pense, lawful money, it being the minister's rates of Mr. George 
Nusse for the year 1755, by you received, and due to the said 
church of Salem because he is a membef thereof, and this shall 
be your warrant for so doing. 

I am, sir, your most honorable servant, 

Will McGilcrist, Minister." 

To Mr. Daniel Manstield, Treasurer of Lynn End. 
*' This is a true copy. 

Test, Philip Sandkks." 

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Haundera, 95 

April 5, 1745. Philip Sanders, ) Church 
John Daiiipiiey, ) Wardens. 

174G. Philip Sanders, Church Warden. 

1747. Philip Sanders, Church Warden. 

1748. Philip Sanders, \ Church 
John Danipney, j Wardens. 

1749. Philip Sanders, ) Church 
John Dampney, j Wardens. 

July 23, 1750. Voted, that Mr. Philip Sanders and Capt. 
Gerrish and Capt. Clark take charge of church books and 

1751. Voted, that the pew belonging to John Shillaber, No. 
31, be let to Richard Mobery in case he pay £30 128. to St. 

Easter Monday, March 30, 1752. " The proprietors of St. 
Peter's church, being legally convened, unanimously voted that 
Philip Sanders and Ephraim Ingalls be church wardens for 
the present year, 1752." 

Easter Monday, April 22, 1752. 

Voted, Philip Sanders, ) Church 

Ephraim Ingalls, \ Wardens. 

April, 1753. Philip Sandeiis, ) Church 
Ephraim Ingalls, ) Wardens. 

April 15, 1754. Philip Sanders, ) Church 
Ephraim Ingalls, ( Wardens. 

March 30, 1755. Easter morning, voted, 

Philip Sanders, | Church 
Ephraim Ingalls, ( Wardens. 

April 19, 1756. Easter Monday, voted, 

Philip Sanders, ) Church 
Ephraim Ingalls, \ Wardens. 

April 11, 1757. Easter morning. 

Philip Sanders, Church Warden. 

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96 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Marcli 27, 1758. Voted, 

Mr. Philip Sanders, ) Church 
Mr. Kicli Lickman, ) Wardens. 

William Epes, I y^g*.^ 
David Brittan, ) ^ ^^^'^^• 

April 16, 1759. Voted, 

Philip Sanders, ) Church 

RS, ) 

er, j 

Richard Palmer, j Wardens. 

Voted, Wm. Hathorne shall have pew 5 and 6. 

Capt. Crowningshield, pew 8 and 9. 

Mr. Philip Sanders, pew 10 and 11. 

Mr. Will Epes, pew No. 13. 

Mr. Hopkins, pew No. 14 and 15. 

Mr. Win. Brown, pew No. 17 and 18. 

Mr. Gerrish, pew No. 25. 
Each to be taxed 4s 6p old tenor per Sunday. 

April 7, 17G0. Mr. Philip Sanders resigns the position of 
chief warden and Mr. Richard Palmer is elected in In's place. 
Mr. Sanders accepts the position of vestryman and serves the 
church in this capacity until his death. 

In 1761 it was found necessary to enlarge the church hy an 
addition of twenty feet. 

Thus since 1733 Philip Sanders was one of the most promi- 
nent and trusted men of his church : more than thirty yeai-s of 
faithful service, giving largely of his means, his time and liis 
example of such christian life, and service, as marks him a man 
of the strictest integrity, upright, honorable and respected, to a 
degree of recognition in his christian and social relations to 
mankind, such as no one but of the noblest and purest life 
could attain. 

He remained an active member of the vestry of his church 
until his death, 1768, and I am happy to say did not live to 
grieve over the persecutions of the church, nor ever realize that 
an act could have passed the New England legislature in 1777 
which compelled them to close the church ; as the act prohib- 
ited the reading of the church services under a penalty of one 

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Saundei's, 97 

hmulred pounds and imprisonment for one yem\ when the 
parisli by this order for a time became extinct. The old chnrch 
was burned and replaced by a new one, which still lives, iiow- 
ever, a monument to the goodness and purity of the early lives 
of its founders. 

In an honored spot in the little enclosure beside the church 
he loved and cherished, which I pray may be ever sacred until 
all eternity, lies buried all that remains of Pliilip Sanders, his 
wife Mary, and several of his children. 

The business life of Philip Sanders commenced in Salem 
al)out 1733, when we find him deserting a sea-farinfi^ life to a 
venture of commercial life, of which he was unacquainted, but 
which seems to have been not only a means of support for him- 
self and a large family of children, but to have enabled him to 
have been generous almost to a fault in his cliarities and to have 
merited the confidence of his partners in business, unto the 
close of his life. 

At the death of his father, John^ Sanders, we find him in 
possession of a tract of land which his grandfather, John^ San- 
ders, mentions in his will " that piece of land I bought of Dr. 

This land was located on Main street, immediately opposite 
liarton scjuare, and is where, in 1760, Pliilip Sanders owned a 
house and land, which house and land Captain Daniel Sanders 
purchased in 1790 of his mother, Mary, widow of Philip 
Sanders. Upon this land in 1800 Captain Daniel Sanders l)uilt 
a large brick house. This house is mentioned by Felt " as one 
of the fifty brick houses in Salem " at that time. 

Upon a portion of this land which John^ Sanders mentions 
in his will as " the land I bought of Dr. Parton," Captain 
Thomas Sanders also built a house, which is a prominent land- 
mark to-day. 

Another portion of Philip Sanders' inheritance was " a tract 
of land leading from the common training field to the North 

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9S Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

River." The deed is conveyed to him tlirongh one Jeremiah 
Neal, administrator of the estate of his father, Jolin"* Sanders. 

For a long time it had been a question of expense in fitting 
out ships for sea with biscuit bread imported from England. It 
was imported at great expense, and of times was sour and wormy- 
and no one better than those accustomed to the sea could realize 
what a growing business this might become for the colony, if 
properly conducted. 

Richard Elkins began the business of bread and biscuit manu- 
facturing, or of " hard tact," as the sailors called it, at Marble- 
head, and v^as so successtul in business, that a company ^vas 
formed in Salem in 1735, consisting of the following gentlemen : 

Benjamin Ives. 
Richard Elkins. 
Samuel Manning. 
Jonas Baxton. 
Philip Sanders. 

Each man purchased of PriiLrr S.xndeks "one-fifth of a 
certain piece or parcel of land scituate, lying and being in 
Salem, together with one-fifth part of a windmill thereon, stand- 
ing with all furniture and utensils to the same, belonging or in 
any way pertaining to it, being the same . received from one 
Jeremiah Neal, administrator." Sd is bounded as follows: 
'* Easterl}', northerly and westerly on land of ye Jeremiah Neal, 
as ye fence now stands, ar.d southerly on the highway which 
leads from ye training field to ye North River, and contains in 
ye hold fifty poles. 

Philip Sanders, 
Mauy Sanders. 
MicnAEL Sewell, Justice. 

1742. "Richard Elkins, one of the co-owners with Renj. 
Ives and Philip Sanders in the land, dwelling house and wind- 
mill which was where Northy street now runs, sold his portion 
to Rev. James Driver." 

May 31, 1738. ** Mr. Ropes buys of William Hunt, merchant, 
and wife Eunice for €40 two common rights, one for said H's 
house and one for the house formerly John Pomeroys, both 
entered to his father Lewis, died August 11, 1738. He with 
wife Abigail sells for i*300 to Benj. Pickman, merchant, one- 

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Saunders. 99 

sixtli of a message cousistiug of a dwelling bouse sad one-fourth 
acre of land, bd S on the highway Main street, W by land of 
Philip Sanders, N by land of sd Pickman, Jr., part and p'ty of 
Field, and E partly do of Mr. Batten and partly of the proprie- 
tors of the new meeting house with a common right belonging 
thereto." This was formerly the homestead of Mr. Hopes, 
father of Capt. Pickman. 

Thus wo perceive that Philip Sanders property was descrihed 
as being on the Main street, near Northy, and nearly opposite 
Church street. 

" Jienj. Pickman agrees to pave the whole length of his land 
which is 140 feet with flag stones, over and above his subscrip- 
tion. John Sanders, Jr., (Philip's father) signs for his father; 
agrees to pave the walk way in front of his house." — {City 
Records^ Salem^ March^ 1692. 

Xoveniber 9, 1703. " Wardham Ilathorne and Ruth, and 
David Ropes, and Sarah, and Daniel Cheever agree to a 
division of the real estate of their father, Win. Ilathorne, 
deceased. The property consisted of mansion and land being 
east on the street leading from Main street to Cabot wharf 
(now Washington square) called Ilathorne farm, being ninety- 
five acres. Saving to Sam'l Archer his shop on the homestead 
land, and to Ji)hn Sanders his, and to Benj. Ilathorne, or who- 
ever claims under hin), his, now occupied by Samuel Estcs, 
with liberty to remove the same. I mention these transfers 
only to establish the location of Philip Sander's home, and of 
the property which he inherited from his father, John^ 
Sanders, Jr. 

Before 1040 " Richard Elkins had sold his share of the busi- 
ness to Rev. James Driver, and Mr. Benjamin Pickman, a 
cousin to Philip Sanders, purcliased a share to the amount of 

1743, Dec. 7. Philip Sanders extends his business in the 
shipping line, and we find a deed recorded at this date, " where 
he purchased one-eighth part of the new wharf in Beverly of 
Thomas llardie Jr." This purchase seems to have been only 
a speculation, for in less than three weeks, " Dec. 25, 1743, 

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100 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

Philip and Mary Sanders convey to William Ileyligee one- 
eighth part of the new wharf which was conveyed to them by 
one Thomas Ilardie Jr., by deed dated ye 7 of Dec, with the 
appertenances and privileges to the premises belonging. 

Philip Sanders, 
Mary Sanders." 

1750, March 15. Thomas Elkins, father to Mary, wife of 
Philip Sanders, having died, the latter is appointed adminis- 
trator of the estate. Under this date, he sells at common auction 
to the highest bidder, one common right or share in the division 
of ye common lands, for the sum of £11 9s. 4p." Deed re- 
corded Feb. ir>, 1751. 

" 1750, February 23. One common right in ye divisions of 
yc common lands, was also sold to David Northy of Salem, 
goldsmith, by Philip Handers." 

*'1751, May 4. Philip Sanders, buys of Elizabeth Sewell, 
widow of Roxbury ; a piece of land in Salem, fronting on the 
Main street, and extending to the North Uiver," containing 43 
poles; easterly on land of Timothy Orne, thence mejisuring 9 
poles 5 inches ; south by said Orne's, thence measuring 4 poles 
4A links ; westerly on land of James Odell, and thence 9 poles 
and 29 links ; northerly on North River." 

" 1751, May 18. Philip Sanders and Mary, by deed, convey 
to Timothy Orne a certain piece ot land in Salem, aforesaid, 
containing 43 poles, bntting easterly on land of the said 
Timothy Orne; then measuring 9 poles and 6 bntholes 
southerly on sd Orne's land ; then measuring 4 poles and 14 
links westerly on land of James Odell, as a fence now stands, 
measuring 9 poles and 9 links; and northerly on the North 
River, so called, and there measuring 4 poles and 13 links by 
the wall as it now stands. 

Signed, sealed and signed, Philip Sanders. 

Delivered to us by Philip Sanders, Jr., Mary Sandkrs. 
John Orne. 

Jos. BowDiix^H, Justice.'*'* 

175S, March 11. '' Thomas Lane, a merchant of London, 
through his agent, by the hand of Thomas Green of Boston, 

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Saunders. 101 

pays the mortgage upon a certain portion of the estate of Philip 
Sanders, which amounts to £230 lawful money, G. B., and 
assumed the deed of trust." 

1757, May 20. ''Philip Sanders contributes largely towards 
the expense for a draft of soldiers made in Salem under order 
of Icabod Plaisted, colonel. Mr. Sanders was now too old for 
active service, but was liberal and patriotic to such a degree 
that Rev. Daniel Chute, chaplain, mentions him in his diary 
Sept. 3, 1758." 

1762, Feb. 22. Thomas Lane acknowledges by deed to the 
payment of £115, a portion of the former deed of trust. 

1765, May 13. Philip Sanders conveys to Benjamin Per- 
kins Jr. a deed of trust for tlie remaining amount due, trans- 
ferred from Thomas Lane." 

1767, Aug. 13. The business of Philip Sanders is described 
as follows : — 

" The dwelling house, barn, warehouses, and all the buildings 
thereon, being in said Salem, the said land butting southerly on 
ye Main street, westerly on land late of Timothy Orne, de- 
ceased, thence northerly, then easterly, then southerly, then 
edsterly again^ on land of Benjamin Pickinan Enqr,^ to the 
street aforesaid, with the privileges and appurtenances thereof, 
to hold the same of the said Pickman Jr., to his heirs and their 
use forever, etc., agreeable to the conditions and discharge of 
a bond of the same date therewith of the sum of £400, like 
money to be given by me to said Picktnan." 

Signed, Philip Sanders, 

Mary Sanders. 

1767, September 9. " Benjamin Pickman acknowledges 
that he has received the sum, ))rincipal and interest of this 
same deed of trust, which had been conveyed to him. 

Signed, cancelled." 

Benj. Pickman, Jr. 
John EIigginson, Esq. 

During these previous years, and for many following, the 
colonies were engaged in various contentions and disturbances. 
The expense of the French and Indian wars was a great drain 

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102 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

upon them. Taxes were assuming an enormous strain, the 
expense of sustaining an army fell upon the people; tlie 
interruptions to business, caused by the continual call and con- 
scription for troops, placed them in such an unsettled state that 
nearly all business was suspended. Merchants in fear of the 
privateers man, which constantly threatened the coast, scarcely 
dared fit their ships for their usual traffic of the West India 
trade. It was during these years that we find the co-partner- 
ship of this business firm made some changes, though for nearly 
thirty years we find that it continued with not less than three 
partners generally. 

The deed of 1767, Sept. 9, wherein we find that Philip 
Sanders has redeemed the mortgage upon his estate, is the last 
transfer I find in his name. Good, honest, generous and be- 
loved, unused to a business life, he nobly sustained his part to 
the end, never forever sacrificing his iiiheritance ; he pledged 
his home thrice during these troublesome times to the relief of 
his business interests, and thrice again he redeemed it. 'He 
died in 1768, as previously mentioned, and his wife, Mary, was 
appointed administrator to his estate. She was a capable, ener- 
getic woman, and though advanced in years, she did not hesi- 
tate to assume the business until she was able to conclude a 
settlement to the satisfaction of her bondsmen and children. 

June 6, 1768. At the Frobate Office at Salem is recorded 
a bond of 

" Mary Sanders, widow of Philip Sanders, given in coijunc- 
tion with John Sanders, merchant, and Stephen Elkins, mariner, 
all of Salem, for faithful administration of the estate of Philip 
Sanders, deceased." 

The " John Sanders, merchant, of Salem," mentioned in 
this deed, was half brother to Philip Sanders by his father's 
second marriage. 

Stephen Elkins was brother to Mary, the wife of Philip 

" Elizabeth Sanders, widow ; Abijah Estes, gentleman ; and 
Samuel Sanders, Mariner, all of Salem, in county of Essex, give 
a bond of £1000 to Nath'l Ropes dated 3 day December, 1771." 

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!SaundeTH, 103 

The consideration of this present obligation is such that the 
aforesaid Elizabeth Sanders, assists in the administration of the 
estate of Philip Sanders, late of Salem, etc., mariner. 

Elizabeth Estes Sanders was widow of James Sanders, who 
was also half brother to Philip Sanders deceased. 

December 3, 1770, Probate office. " Bond of Mary Sanders, 
widow of Philip Sanders, endorsed by Elizabeth Sanders, 
widow, and Abijah Estes, gentleman." 

On the first Tuesday November 1771, having received 
permission of the court, Mary Sanders conveys to Daniel, her 
son, captain and mariner, " who will give most for the estate 
herein conveyed," viz : " In consideration of £500 lawful 
money the said property herein described is conveyed to 
Daniel Sanders." 

" The dwelling house and land late of the said intestate Philip 
Sanders, scituate in the Main street, Salem, and bounded on 
said street southerly four poles and five links of Genter's Chain, 
westerly on land late of Timothy Orne, deceased, eleven poles 
and twenty links, northerly partly of Orne's land and partly on 
land of Benjamin Pickman Esq., six poles and one link ; east- 
erly on Pickman's land two poles and seven links, then south- 
erly on Pickman's land two poles and five links, then easterly 
on Pickman's land nine poles and ten links, to the Main street 

Given this 9 day of May, 1772. 

Signed, Mary Sanders, Admr. 

May 20, 1772. John Higoinson, Esqr. 

,,-. ( Peter Frye, 

' ( Mary Zanders. 

" June 3, 1772. Captain Daniel Sanders and wife, Sarah 
(Peal,) convey to Abraham Rand for £200 lawful money one- 
half of the estate lately purchased, which was my father's^ 
Philip Sanders, his homestead, bounded on the Main street 
thirty-two poles westerly on the land late of Timothy Orne 
eleven poles and twenty links of Gunter's chain, northerly on 
Orne's land thirty-two feet, and easterly on my own land by a 

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104 Fminders of MmsachusetU Bay Colony, 

straight line to the street aforesaid, etc., etc. Also one-half of 
the well, etc., etc. * * * 

Signed, Daniel Sanders, with a Seal. 

Sarah Sanders, and a Seal. 
John Higginson, Recorder. 
TTT.. j Pbher Fryk, 

' I Thomas Sanders." 

Thus we find that the property descended to Daniel Sanders 
by purchase as well as inheritance. Mary Sanders, widow of 
Philip Sanders, lived to be be nearly eighty-five years old, 
dying beloved and respected by all. Slie also lies buried in the 
little enclosure of St. Peter's churchyard, and the mention of 
her death upon the church record reads : — 

"Jan. 16, 1795. Old Mrs. Sanders buried, aged 85." 


The children of Philip Sanders and Mary Elkins, married 
September 9, 1729, were ; 

1. Hknry, b. July 4, 1730 ; m. Desire Gorham, of Marblcliead , 

in 1760-1 ; had son John, b. at Marblehead, June 8, 1762 . 

2. PrriLiP, b. June 2, 1732 ; buried August 5, 1758. 

3. JoFUs, b. November 9, 1734; d. January 21, 1740, aged 6 

yr. 2 mo. 12 d. 

4. Samuel, b. January 14, 1736 ; d. 1773. 

5. Maky, b. June 12, 1739 ; m. Adam Needham. 

6. Sarah, b. September 4, 1741 ; unmarried ; d. January 16, 


7. TiioMAH, b. February 20, 1743. 

8. DANnoi., b. September 8, 1744 ; d. December 81, 1824 ; m. 

Sarah Peal. 

9. Eli/.ahktfi, b. July 4, 1747 ; ra. Joseph Ilathorne April 9, 


10. Susanna, b. October 21, 1749 ; d. September 4, 1818, ag. 69 


11. JoirN, b. 1753 ; m. 20th May 1787 Mary Warren. 

(Records City Hall Salem, copy of Vol. 11, marked B. page 73.) 

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Saunders. 105 

Daniel Sanders, eighth child of Philip and Mary, born 
September 8, 1744, received his early education in Salem, 
Mass., but he inherited the desire of a wandering life and love 
of travel too strongly to be resisted. At the age of 21 years 
he had served as mate and very soon was promoted to a captain. 
At the age of twenty -five years, on September 9, 1769, he was 
married to Sarah Peele, daughter of Jonathan Peele, Jr., a 
wealthy ship builder and exporter. Captain Daniel Sanders 
must have merited the confidence of his employees in the com- 
mand of their ships in his voyages to the Indias and Africa, 
and have been esteemed highly as a citizen and patriot as well, 
for at the breaking out of the Revolutionary war he received 
letters of marque from General George Washington and Con- 
gress and did much service as privateersman during the entire 

In 1772 he purchases his father's estate on Essex street, 
Salem, opposite Barton 6<iuare, for £500. Here he resided, and 
his children were all born upon this estate. He was also inter- 
ested in the continued advancement and prosperity of St. Peter's 
church, as also in the furtherance of townships in New Hamp- 
shire, proprietor's rights of many of which he had inherited 
from his grandfather. He became a sea captain by profession. 
He made frequent voyages, but at this time they were continued 
with great danger. IJoth the French and English molested and 
attacked our ships at the least provocation, and many a hair- 
breadth escape is narrated by our mariners of these times. 
Taxation and legislation became intolerable, and with the first 
declaration of war we find Cai*tain Daniel Saunders most 
actively engaged in the defence of his country. 

Aug. 23, 1776, a company was organized in Salem, Mass., 
for the erection of 8alt|)eter works, tlie first of the kind in the 
new world. 

We find Captain Daniel Saunders one of the largest sub- 
scribers to the sum of £228, (see Records, Salem, also Felt's 
Annals, 2nd vol., p. 177.) 

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lOG Fou7iders of Mafif<acKuHetU Bay Colony. 

The following appears upon the Revohitionary archives at 
Boston, a copy of which is subscribed here. 

OFFICE OF THE sf:cretary. 




Daniel Saunders apj)ear8 on a petition dated, IJoston, October 
30, 1780, signed by Henry Higginson, in 
behalf of John and Robert Ijcach, and 
others of Salem, requesting that said Saun- 
ders be appointed commander of Shi]) 
" Two Jirothers." 

Granted in Council November 3, 1780. 
Vol. 171 p. 298. 

Boston, September 24, 1795. 
I certify the foregoing to be a true ab- 
stract from the record index to the Revolu- 
tionary war archives deposited in this office. 

Witness the seal of the Commonwealth. 

(Seal) Wm. M. Olin, Seirretary, 

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Saunders. 107 


Revolutionary Council Papers. 

Vol. 171, Page 298. 

To His Kccellency the Governor and Ilon^hle Council of the 
Cominonwealth of MassHts. 

The Petition of John and Robert 
Leech and otliers of Salem, 
Humbly sheweth 

That your Petitioners have fitted out the ship called tlie 
*'Two Brothers," burthenedtwo hundred tons, mounting eight 
four pounders and swivels and navigated by thirty men, having 
on board as provisions fifteen barrels of beef and pork and three 
thousand W. of bread. As ammunition, two hundred W. of 
powder and shot in proportion. Said ship is intended as a letter 
of marque. 

Your petitioners therefore request your Excellency and 
Honors to commission Daniel Saunders as commander of said 
ship, for the purpose above mentioned and as in duty bound 
will ever pray, etc. 

Henry IIiooinson. 
Boston, October 30, 1780." 

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108 Founder H of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

January 20, 1781. "The Two Brothers" fought with an 
English scow, Capt. Daniel Sanders C." 

In 1781, previous to taking command of tlie Two Brothers, 
we find the following record : " Ship Franklin, C. Mr. Daniel 
Saunders, was taken October * * came December, 1781. 
Mr. Saunders from Boston taken prisoner by British." 

This record is copied from a list of prisoners taken (the 
British Rev. archives). 

Feb. 13, 1781. From log book of Captain Daniel Saunders 
we find, " sighted Rilguis C. Robinson." 

December 25, 1781. " The Two Brothers," Daniel Saunders 
captain, had a battle with a Spanisli Frigate, forced her to 

January 5, 1782. '* Engaged a privateer of 83m. 22q. for 
3gl. and took her. lie had Ik. 2w., his opponent had her 
captain and four more K. and 18w." (See Records Felts, 
1845, p. 271). 

Considerable prize money and silver plate was awarded 
Cai*t. Daniel Saunders ; of the latter there are still several 
valuable pieces owned and prized by his great grandchildren, 
tlie Misses Cleveland's of Salem, Mass. 

To the generosity of Cai*tain Daniel Saunders inpart, and 
to his active interest in the establishment of the Rectory, St. 
Peter's church owes her parsonage and the beneficeries 
aecompaning the gift. — " Prohate Records^ Salera^ Massy 

'• Kuowall men by these presence, that we, James Bott Sadler, 
Jonathan Ingalls, and Daniel Sanders, mariner, all of Salem, in 
County of Essex, and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, for and 
in consideration of the sum of £400 lawful money, paid to us in 
hand by Nathaniel Fisher of Salem, in the county and common- 
wealth aforesaid, clerk, the receipt whereof we do hereby 
ackuowlidge ourselves, therewith fully satisfied and contented, 
have granted, bargained, and sold, and do by these presents 
grant, bargain and sell and convey and remise unto him, the 
stiid Nathaniel Fisher, and to his heirs and assigns forever, a 
certain piece or parcel of land, containing thirty poles more or 
less, scituate in Salem, in the county of Essex, and common- 
wealth above named, on the 4 side of Federal street, so called, 
bounded on that street 3 poles, north ejisterly, on land of Jona 

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Sautiders, 109 

Buflum, late of sd 8aleiii. deceased ; 9 poles 15 ft. southerly on 
land late of Joshua Buffum, 2 |)o1es and 15 ft. and 6 in. south- 
westerly on said Joshua Buffum's, his land 10 poles 8 feet and 8 
in. or however otherwise bounded, being the same messuage of 
land sold by Jeremiah Hagerty of Halem, (above named lot,) 
deceased, to Nathaniel Fisher, clerk, and James Bott, and Mas- 
cott Williams, all of sd Salem, for the improrement. Km and 
Mux)/ of the minister, vestry, warde/i^t and memhers of Ht. Peter's 
Church, in said Salem ; to have and to hold the said granted 
premises, with all the buildings thereon, and all the privileges 
and appurtenances thereto, belonging to him, the said Nathaniel 
Fisher, his heirs and assigns forever hereafter ; and we, the said 
James Bott, Jonathan Ingallsand Daniel Sanders, above named, 
for ourselves, heirs and assigns, and for the proprietors of St. 
Peter's Church, above named, do covenant, with the said Nath'l 
Fisher, his heirs and assigns, that we are sei/^ed of the above 
granted and desvised premises in fee, that they are clear of all 
incumbrances, and do warrent to secure and defend the same for 
the use and benefit of the said Nathaniel Fisher, his lieirs and 
assigns, against the lawful claim or claims of any person or per- 
sons whomsoever. In witness thereof, we, the said parties, 
have hitherto set our hands and seals, this day of July, 1795. 

James Bott, ) 

Daniel SAiiNnEus, >■ Seal. 
Jna. Inc.ersoll, ) 

Delivered in preseocc of j rv^plIL'^^:*:!.^.*""'^- 

Commonwealth of Mass., July 14, A. I). 1795. 

This day Messrs. James Bott, Daniel Saunders and Jonathan 
lugersoll, within named, appeared personally and acknowledged 
the within written instrument to be their voluntary act. 

Before Wm. Pkkscott, Justice Peace. 

Essex ReeM September 11, 1795, and recorded and examined 
by John Pickering, Esq. 

June 27, 1792. Capt. Daniel Saunders made a member 
of the East India society of Salem. 

(No one was admitted to this society unless he had made a 
successful voyage around the Cape of Good Hope as captdin of 
his ship). 

At this time we notice that Capt. Daniel has introduced the 
letter " u " in the name " Saunders ; " from this generation we 
date the introduction of the additional letter to the name. 

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110 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Capt. Daniel Saunders was frequently in England, as also 
were his sons, and no donbt visited the ancestral estates and 
probably learned the modern method of spelling the name of 
their forefathers. 

July 25, 1795. Captain Daniel Saunders having been 
appointed administrator of the estate of his oldest brother, 
Henry, deceased, (who settled in Marblehead) closes his 
accounts with the following: (See Prol)ate Records, Salem, 
July 25, 1795.) 

''An account of administration of estate of Henry Sanders, 
late of Marblehead, by Daniel Sanders, Admr." (Signed.) 

" Then received of Mr. Daniel Sanders, Admr., of the estate 
of my fntfier, Henry Saunders, hite of Marblehead, the sum of 
twenty -two pounds — , 8j8 which, with three hundred and thirty 
pounds, six shillings and eight pence, received m pap'^r money, 
e(|ual to eighty-two pounds, eleven shillings and eight jKjnce in 
full for the balance of his account of administration of deceased 

John Sanders. 
Att. James Bott. 

Mamblehead, May 15, 1775, Inventory signed." 

Daniel Sanders, Admr. 
Enumerated, also a negro boy, £ 60. 

negro girl, € 40. 

700 paper dollars, €210. 

Estate of Henry Sanders. 

It is noticable that Daniel Sanders omitted the"u" to his 
name, when signing an official document. 

John Sanders, son of Henry and Desire, born at Marblehead, 
June 3, 1762, was therefore grandson to Philip Sanders and 
nephew to Daniel Sanders, the administrator to his fathers 
estate. John Sanders, born June 2, 1762, married Susanna 
Mason February 22, 17SS. 

From the Probate records in the County of Grafton, N. II., 
we quote the following: 

" 1786. Mercy Ma^on conveys to Daniel Sanders a certain 
house and lands, etc., etc." 

"Book 19, p. 25," John Sanders, Salem, County Essex, sells 
to Richard Lang, Jr., one proprietors right of land, which he 

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Saunders. Ill 

purchased of his son, John Sanders, Jr., of Salem, Mass., in the 
township of Northumberland, in the County of Grafton. 
Numbered, 72, April 25, 17d4. 
John Saunders, Jr. John Saunders. 

Wm. Prescott, J. p. 

Book 20, p. 90. February 10, 1795. 

John Saunders of Salem, conveys to Richard Lang, County 
Grafton, N. H., merchant ; one full right or original proprietors 
right for sum of €115. 

April 13, 1792. John Saunders, Jr.. conveys to John Sanders, 
merchant of Salem, one full right he had in the township of 
Northumberland, County Grafton, N. H. 

John Sanders, Jr., of Salem, County Essex, Com. Mass., 
having been duly appointed collector of taxes for the proprietors 
of Township Errol, County Grafton, State of New Hampshire, 
1793, October 1, conveys to Philip White, Esq., of Southampton, 
County of Rockingham, State of New Hampshire, two original 
rights to said White in Township of Errol. The said White 
being highest bidder for the same at public auction, held at 
Hampton Falls, County Rockingham, N. H. 

March 4, 1795. B. 20, p. 98-99. 

Nathaniel Ropes of Salem, Mass., conveyed to John Saun- 
ders, Jr., of Salem, Mass., merchant ; for the sum of €125, five 
full shares or rights in the Township of Errol, County Grafton, 
State New Hampshire." 

"Sarah Sanders, widow of Jonathan Saunders, conveys, etc., 
etc., August 13, 1795." 

In the year 1798 the unprovoked outrages of the French 
government upon the colonies caused sucli indignation among 
our people that congress adopted vigorous measures for putting 
the country in a proper state of defence preparatory to an ex. 
pected war. A naval armament was decided upon ; the capture 
of French vessels was authorized and the treaties with France 
were declared void. Captain Daniel Saunders was most active 
in volunteering his services, and did much good privateer 
service for the two following years, before peace was again 

His health failed him, however, and he was obliged to retire 
to private life. 

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112 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Cotcyny. 

He died at Wenliam Dec. 31, 1824, while temporarily sojourn- 
ing with an aunt for the benefit of his health. 

Sarah Peele, wife of Captain Daniel Sanders, died Jan., 1810, 
(some years previous to her husband,) aged 60 years. 

Of the diflFerent branches of the Saunders family we find 
tliat eight were graduates of Harvard College previous to 1800, 
and to one branch of the family the college is indebted to a 
magnificent gift, called Saunders Hall. 

Among the records of Essex county, Mass., we find 267 
deeds of transfer of real estate of this family of Saunders pre- 
vious to 1800. 


The children of Daniel Saunders and Sarah Peele, married 
Sept. 9, 1760, were : 

1. IIknuy Saunders, b. June 21, 1770 ; d. May 13, 1835. 

2. Danikl Saundeiw Jk., b. March 4, 1772 ; m. Sarah Phippen 

Gill, Oct. 11, 1794. 

3. Philip Saunders, bap. May 15, 1774 ; died at sea. 

4. Sarah Saunders, bap. July 24, 1779 ; d. July 16, 1795, 

aged 17. 

5. Jonathan Peele Saunders, bap. July 10, 1785 ; m. Dec. 28, 

1811, Mary Adams. He died Feb. 22, 1844. 

Of this generation, the four sons became prominent sea cap- 
tains, making long voyages to the coast of Africa, the Indias 
and to the Contineut. 

The shipwreck of Captain Daniel Saunders Jr., born 1772, 
his trials and sufferings, and extracts from the interesting nar- 
rative he wrote, will be found in the Public Library, iioston, 

Philip Saunders, born 1774, was a brave, polished gentleman 
of the old scliool and noted for his gallantry ashore as well as 

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liis bravery at sea. He loved the sea, as his fathers before him, 
and in its far depths he found his grave, having been washed 
overboard in a heavy gale. 


Jonathan Peele Saunders, named for his ilhistrious grand- 
father, was baptized at St. Peter's church July 10, 1785. He 
was a very scholarly man of tlie old school and very fond of 
travel and researcli. At 21 years of age he surveyed and 
designed a map of the city of Salem, whicli is an autheutic 
reference map to-day. In 1809 he made a voyage to China as 
captain of ship " Recovery," and in 1838 was captain of ship 
" Elizabeth." 

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114 Founders of Massachufietts Bay Colony. 

Sarah Saunders, the only daughter of Captain Daniel, and 
Sarah Saunders, died unmarried at the early age of seventeen. 

Henry Saunders, son of Captain Daniel Saunders and 
Sarah Peele, born June 21, 1770, had all the advantages of 
education, that means and the best private instruction, could 
give him ; he early conceived the desire to travel, and passed 
some time in England and France. At the early age of twenty- 
five years he was made captain of one of his grandfathers ships. 
In 1795 he made a voyage to England, Holland and France, 
bringing home with him the handsome furnishings of tlie 
home he had provided for his wife. The rich mahogony 
furniture, the chipendalo and tekewood desks, the canopied 
bedsteads, the old English clock, the paintings, bronzes and 
plate, hardly coincided with the stories of puritanical prudence, 
which our novelists of today describe as the virtues of our 
ancestors. Capt. Henry Saunders w^as married August 27, 
1795, to Sallie Shillaber, daughter of Robert Shillaber, one of 
the most prosperous and wealthy importers and shipping 
merchants of Salem, Mass. 

Captain Saunders home was 140 Boston street, now Salem, 
Mass., where his family resided until his death. The home- 
stead was built in the vicinity of that of his father-in-law's, 
liobert Shillaber, and adjacent to that of Major Caleb Low, his 

February 8, 1804. "Cai*t. Henry Saunders comes in from 
Cliarlestown, S. C, with eight persons, crew of schooner 
''Ilariet" a wreck from Boston, whom he took off much 
ematiated, for want of sustenance. He lay by them twenty - 
four hours before he could reach the vessel. Soon after his 
kindness to them he lost two of his own men in a gale of wind. 
(See Felt's Annals 1845, p 315)." He became a member of 
the old Salem Marine society on April 24, 1794, having made 
the voyage around Cape of Good Hope, as commander, at 24 
years of age. 

It was on the return trip of a voyage to Portugal, when 
al)out sailing from the port that a native, half dead from cold 
and exposure in the water, clung to the side of the ship as she 

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was about to sail and begged to be taken on board. He had 
been conscripted as a soldier and escaped. Captain Saundei*s 
listened to his appeal, took him on l)oard and placed him in his 
own cabin until he had gained strength and life again. Tlie 
law was very stringent, and the penalty of bringing a slave 
into our northern ports was very great at this time; hence upon 
arriving at Boston, Captain Saunders placed the man, Francis 
Praarra, in a barrel with holes bored in it to give him sufficient 
air, and in that way brought him ashore. The gratitude of the 
man was so great that he remained with Captain Saunders 
until his death, a most devoted and conscientious servant and 
friend. Francis Praarra lies buried in the old burying ground 
at Danvers, beside the plot where lies the remains of him who 
saved his life. 



Died Nov. 25, 1856, 
Aged 68 years 8 months. 


Died Sept. 16, 1853, 

Aged 69 years. 

Farewell my distress and my woe, 
The storms of existance are o'er. 

Though fiercely Uie ttanpest may blow. 
Its fury appals me no more. 

Previous to the war of 1812 Captain Henry Saunders was 
captured by the British, and his ship taken from him. He was 
carried to England and retained as prisoner some time. Tliis 
last service was most severe. From the exposure and sickness 

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116 Founders of MassacMcsetts Bay Colony, 

during his confinement, his health was so much impaired that 
he did not resume his profession of sea captain. 

May 10, 1813. Stephen Abbott conveys to Henry Sanders of 
Dan vers a pew in St. Peter's church, No. 89, in consideration of 
£25 paid, to have and to hold the same with the privileges and 
appurtenances, to him, the said Henry Sanders, his heirs and 
assigns forever. Stephen Abbott, a Seal. 

Mart Abbott, a Seal. 

June 20, 1808. Mr. Robert Shillaber, father of Mrs. Henry 
Saunders, dies, and Henry Saunders is appointed guardian to 
his chihiren, heirs-at-law to the property left to them hy his 

May 7, 1817. Capt. Henry Sanders and wife, Sally, con- 
vey to Ebenezer Shillaber, her brotiier, a portion of the 
property wiiich she inherited from her father, vis : 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Henry Saun- 
ders of Dauvers, in the County of Essex, and Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, and Sally, his wife, in her right ; the said Sally 
being a daughter and one of the heirs-at-law of Robert. Shillaber 
late of said Danvers, decea.sed. 

In consideration of five thousand dollars, paid by Ebenezer 
Shillaber of the same Danvers, merchant ; the receipt whereof 
we do hereby acknowledge, and for diverse other good causes, 
and considerations, as hereunto moving do for ourselves, our 
heirs, remise, release and forever quiet claim, unto the said 
Ebenezer all our right aud title in and to the following parcels 
of land and buildings in said Danvers, vis : The homestead of 
sjiid dec'd, bounded southwesterly by the highway, north- 
westerly by Curtis Searl, northeasterly by mill road, south- 
easterly by Nathaniel Walton, and heirs of Henry Trask. Also 
half house, late of Sarah Tucker, bounded southwesterly on the 
street, northwesterly on Nathaniel Garland, northeasterly by 
mill road, and southeasterly by Joseph Aborn and others. 

Also house and land occupied by David Daniels, bounded 
northeasterly by highway, northwesterly by Boston road, south- 
westerly by Benjamin Giles, southeasterly by Joseph Osborn, 
containing about one acre. 

Also one acre and half mowing land on mill road, bounded 
southerly on mill road, easterly on James Brown, northerly on 
mill pond, westerly on Nath'l Watson. 

Also si.K- ninths and five seventh of a ninth of one-quarter of 
Fryes Mills. 

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Sauiulei's. 117 

Also tweiity-tive acres of wocKlland, bounded westerly on 
Joseph New halls, southerly on Heading road, and ejisterly on 
Jonathan Gardners. 

Also fifteen acres woodland near Ezekial Marsh's, bounded 
northerly on the country road, westerly on Caleb Low's heirs, 
southerly on Zackariah King's, and land of the town of Danvers, 
and southeasterly on heirs of Henry Cook. 

Also the Orne wocxllot, containing about four acres and half 
in common with Henry Cook's heirs, bounde<l on Zacariah 
Kings, and land of the town of Danvera. 

Also the following parcels of real estate in Sulem, in said 
county, vis : A house and land on Boston roail, called the 
Trophater house, containing about five acres, bounded northerly 
on Boston road, southwesterly by Aborn street, northeasterly 
on Farrington and others, northwesterly by Henry Tewksbury, 
and Henry Cook's heirs. 

Also three-quarters of an acre of mowing land, bounded 
southerly on Aborn street, northwesterly on Joseph Torrey, 
southwesterly on Ward Pool. 

Also abimt seven and one-half Jicres of land, called the great 
glass house field, bounded northwesterly on Aborn street, 
southwesterly on Sylvester Osborn and on Nichols, southerly 
on heirs of Robert Shillaber, easterly on heirs of tidward 
Tucker and northerly on J. B. Winchester. 

Also one and one-half acres, called small ghiss house field, 
bounded easterly on Edward Tucker's heirs, northeasterly on 
heirs of Robert Shillaber, southwesterly on Nichols, south- 
easterly on Eleaser Popes, and a passage way. Also about ten 
acres, called pasture field, lK)unded northeasterly on Aborn 
street and road to the pasture ; also boumled on Fitch Pool and 
John Frost, and a private way. 

Also two and one-half acres, called Proctor field, boundini on 
Joshua Pope and Robert Proctor, on horse pasture and on heirs 
of Ezekial William. 

Also half store, and one-quarter of two wharfs at North 
Bridge, store joins on Joseph Spraguc, and the wharf is all in 
common with Wait Hprague and Sternes, or however otherwise 
in the premises are bounded with all the buildings, privileges 
and api)urtences. The Siiid Sally meaning to convey her right, 
in all the real estate whereof her father dee<l seized, and 
IK»ssessed of the premises, being subject to the dower of p]liza- 
beth Shillaber, widow of wiid Robert. The reversion whereof 
is also hereby conveyed. The said Sally being seized of one 
undivided third part of the premises. 

Together with all the estate, right, title, interest, use property 
claim and demand whatsoever of us. 

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118 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

The said Henry and Sally which we now have or at any time 
theretofore had, with the appurtenances, or to any part thereof, 
or which at any time hereafter has been held and occupied or 
enjoyed, as part or parcel of the same. To have and to hold, 
all the said released premises, with the appurtenances, to him^ 
the said Ebenezer Shillaber, his heirs and assigns forever, and 
we thes^iid Henry and Sally do hereby for ourselves, our heirs, 
our exe<;utors and administrators, and every one of them coven- 
ant, and grant to and with the said Ebenezer Shillaber, and 
with bis heirs, executors, administrators and assigns in manners 
following, that is to say that the released premises, with the 
appurtenances, without any lawful claim or hinderance of us. 

That the said Ebenezer Shillaber shall from henceforth for- 
ever quietly and peaceably, have and enjoy the released prem- 
. ises, with the appertenances, without any lawful claim or 
hindrance of us, 

Or of any person or persons claiming, or who 
by any way or means may claim, the same or any part thereof, 
by, from, or under us. 

In witness whereof we, the said Henry and Sally Saunders, 
have hereafter set our hand and seal, this seventeenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight himdred and 
seventeen. Henry Saunders, 

Salt.y Saunders. 
Signed, sealed and delivered j Amos Ciiote, 
in presence of us, / Eliza B. Ciiote. 

lieconled in Register of Deeds, May 17, 1817. Book 214 ; 
leaf 57". 

This property extended from the southern point of the Dan- 
vers burying ground, inchiding very nearly all of the two sides 
of the street down to what is known as the *' Big Tree." It 
included several houses, mill rights, wharves, pasture land and 
stores. It included the portion of land below and beyond Pros- 
pect street from Aborn street to beyond Gallows Hill ; that 
latter portion was inherited from the Proctor estate. 

This transfer from Henry and Sally Shillaber Saunders to 
her brother, Ebenezer Shillaber, was at so low a valuation as to 
have been often commented upon in after years. It proved the 
old adage '' that a sailor can never become a business man." 

However much Ebenezer Shillaber profited by his control of 
this property during his life, he was generous to his heirs, and 
at his death his estate was equally divided among them. 

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Sept. 14, 1824, Elizabeth Proctor, wife of llol)ert Sliillaber 
and mother to Sallj- Saunders, died at the advanced age of 89 
years. Through lier death the children of Captain Henry 
Saunders inherited the Proctor portion of her estate. This 
consisted mostly of lands, a portion of which was called Proc- 
tor's plains ; also a portion of this land were the fields east of 
Gallows Hill, between Hudson street and Aborn street, through 
which Mr. Philip, eldest son of Captain Henry Saunders, opened 
a street, now called Prospect street, built a prominent house 
upon the land, and lived there many years. 

October 20, 1826. Mi-s. Sally Shillaber, wife of Captain 
Henry Saunders, died aged 52 years, leaving a large family of 
children to mourn her loss. 

Captain Henry Saunders survived his wife nine years, but 
he was much broken in health and spirits. He had a loving 
family of six sons and two daugliters. His eldest eon, Philip 
Saunders, married and always occupied the homestead with him. 





Captain IIknky Saundbrs, 

Who (lied October 20, 1826, 

Aged 53 years. 

Forgive blest shade the tributary tear 
That mourns thy e.xit from a world like this, 

Forgive the w^ish that would have kept thee 
And stayed thy progress to the seat of bliss. 

No more confined to growling scenes of night 
No more a tenant here in inorUil clay. 

For should we mther hail thy glorious flight 
And trace thy journey to the relms of (lay. 

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120 Founders of Massachusetts Bay (Joloiiy, 



Henry Saundkrs, 

Who died 

May 13, 1835, 

Aged 64. 

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Capt. Hknry Saunders, 1797. 

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Saunders. 121 


The children of Captain Henry Saunders and Sally Shilla- 
ber, married August 27, 1795, were : — 

1. Sarah Willard Saunders, b. June 3, 1796 ; d. July 6, 1823. 

2. Abagatl SniT.iiABBR 8AUNDEH8, b. May 18, 1798 ; d. Jan. 16, 


3. Philip Hknry Saunders, b. June 28, 1800 ; d. Feb. 8, 1886. 

4. Elizabeth Shillaber Saunders, b. Dec. 16, 1802 ; d. June 

24, 1873. 

5. Robert Shillaber Saunders, b. Feb. 23, 1805 ; d. July 22, 


6. Eben Shillaber Saunders, b. Nov. 4, 1807 ; d. April 6, 


7. Thorndike Proctor Saunders, b. March 9, 1810. \ q.™,_- d.l872. 

8. William Shillaber Saunders, b. March 9, 1810. f * ^^°^- d.l880. 

9. Edward Warren Saunders, b. June 21, 1814. 

Sally Shillaber Saunders, the mother of this large family, 
must have been very proud of her name and her ancestry. 
Her's is the first family in this genealogy where I find the 
family name added as a middle name, and I judge by this that 
she was very familiar with the history of the Willard, Thorn- 
dike, Proctor, Shillaber and Saunders ancestry, and wished her 
descendants to regard the same. 

This large family were all born in Salem, Mass. The home- 
stead was situated upon the main road between Salem and 
Dan vers. The spot is now numbered 140, Boston street. 

The estate was a gift to Sally Saunders from her father. 
Captain Robert Shillaber, and was adjacent to the old Shillaber 
house, as also the homes of her brother and uncle. The ground 
has since been sub-divided, and upon a portion of the land, 
where Captain Henry Saunders' house stood, is now a neat, 
modern dwelling. On the grounds there is still living a fine, 

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122 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

large tree, carefully guarded and cultured, which was planted 
there more than seventy-five years ago by the eldest son of this 

Sarah Willard Saunders, born 1790, was married to William 
Burding. She died at the age of 25 years leaving two children, 
Henry and Sarah. 

Elizabeth Shillaber Saunders, born 1802, became the second 
wife of Mr. Burding December 22, 1823. She had a large 
family and died at the advanced age of 72 years. 

Robert Siiillabcr Saunders, born 1805, married Louisa Curtis 
of Salem, January 27, 1831. Of this family of five children, 
but one lived beyond the age of 25 years. Two grandsons, 
descendants of this line, are residents of Cambridge, Mass. 

Eben Shillaber Saunders, born November 4, 1807, married 
Margaret Ferguson, September, 1829. She was sister-in-law 
of Daniel Potter of Salem, Mass. She is now living in New 
York at the advanced age of 92 years. 

Thorndike Proctor Saunders, born 1810, married Abby B. 
Barnaby, daughter of Rev. James Barnaby, April 6, 1835. 
They settled in New York city, where Mr. Saunders engaged 
in wholesale importing business. They had eight children, 
among whom are Mr. Thorndike Saunders, a proujinent lawyer 
of New York, and Mrs. Abby Frazer, wife of Judge Frazer of 
Detroit, Michigan. 

William Shillaber Saunders, born 1810, married Sept. 25, 
1S36, Sarah Davis of Lynn, Mass. 

This family settled in Michigan and afterward in Illinois, 
where Mr. Saunders established a large wholesale business in 
connection with his brother Edward of Boston, Mass. His 
sons, one a minister and the other a doctor, are settled in Wis- 
consin. His daughters, Caroline and Fanny, are respectively 
the wives of two of Wisconsin's most prominent men, Hon. 
Joseph Quarlesof Milwaukee and the celebrated Dr. Kempster, 
also of same state. 

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Edward W. Saundkks. 

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Saunders. 1 23 

Edward Warren Saunders, born June 21, 1814, married 
Rebecca Brooks, a grand-neice of Governor Brooks of Massa- 
cbusetts, April 11, 1836. Mr. Edward Saunders established a 
large wholesale business in Boston < and extended its branches 
to almost every state in the far West. He amassed a Jarge 
fortune, but during the war of 1861 he- lost heavily through his 
southern connections. He resided for many- years at Melrose. 
At present he is a resident of Maiden, and though 82 years old, 
is full of life and vitality, and his memory so keen, that I am 
greatly indebted to him in many ways in the amassing together 
the records of this volume. Of his children, but two are living, 
Mr. Edward Jr., and a daughter, Nellie, the wife of Mr. William 
Payson of Maiden. 

Philip Henry Saunders, eldest son of Ca{>tain Henry 
Saunders and Sallie Shilla!)er, born June 23, 1800. ,• He 
received his name in memory of his first ancestor, Henry, as 
also his father, and the name "Philip" in inemory of his great 
grandfather, Philip Sanders, of Salem, Mass. 

Philip Henry Saunders was born in the old Shillaber 
house, so-called, 140 Boston street, now^ Salem, Mass. This 
liome was also tlie birthplace of his children. It was located 
in a historical section of the town and designated as "the Oapt. 
Saunders estate" until the year 1S50, when the house was 
torn down and the land sub-divided. Philip Henry Saun- 
ders' early education was received from the private instruc- 
tors of the day. He was very fond of mathematics and 
architecture as also had a natural mechanical taste for en- 
gineering. He was the oldest child, and having been 
delicate in his youth, was given no profession and though 
married at the age of 21 years he remained at the homestead 
with his parents until their death. In his younger days he 
conceived a desire for the ministry, being then of a very 
religious temperament, and was at that time a most active 
worker and speaker at all religious meetings of his church. 
He was always patriotic, even in his youth, and at the fii-st 
sound of cannon in Salem Harbor, at the commencement of 

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124 Founders of Massachvsetts Bay Colony, 

the battle between the "Chesapeake and Shannan," June 1, 
1813, Phih'p Henry Saunders, then a lad of 13 years, attempted 
to run away and join in the defence. His father. Captain 
Henry Saunders, was at sea. He was the eldest son, and after 
being sought after and brought home several times, he yielded 
to the persuasions of liis mother and remained with her. 

Later, as a man, he became a member of the famous "Light 
Infantry," and later, still in the fifties, he re-enroled himself as 
a member of the " Salem Cadets," a company of the Governors 

Philip Henry Saunders was much attached to the broad 
fields, high hills and grand views seen from the Proctor fields, so 
called, inherited from his grandfather, Thorn dike Proctor, Jr. 
Mr. Philip conceived in imagination a home of his own placed 
upon its highest point. The stories of witches, and the tales 
of their appearance as night fall approached, had no terrors for 
him, for he and his brothers often talked over together in 
secret, the pranks they themselves had committed to keep up 
the superstition ; how on dull dark evenings, especially when 
church folks were out for the evening service, they had dis- 
played their jack-o lantern kites from long strings with their 
candle burning, well protected from the breeze; how they had 
tied strings to the door latch and given occasional pulls for 
hours at a time, knowing full well that the inmates were 
sitting in fear and silence, awaiting the departure of the so- 
called "witches spirit" again. 

These fields by day time, were the most charming heights of 
the city, commanding a most extended view of Salem, from 
Gallows Hill to the harbor, including Marblehead, Beverly and 
Dan vers. 

In 1846 Philip Henry Saunders completed his house upon 
these heights, and from a letter dated July 16, 1848, addressed 
to his father-in-law, one has a little insight into the pleasure he 
had in his new home, and the rather patriotic manner of having 
completed it. His eccentricity of character could hardly have 
been better expressed. In describing his home he writes : — 

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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


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Saunders. 125 

" Nothing equals its beauty and pleasantness. On the 8th of 
January, General Jackson's battle at New Orleans, I squarred 
the eeller and drove the steaks." 

" On the 22d day of February,George Washington's birthday, 
I commenced clearing what little dirt there was on the rocks.'' 

" On the 15tli of March, General Jackson's birthday, I moved 
the steaks four feet back and squared the eeller again, and re- 
moved all the dirt." 

"On the 19th of April, the battle of Lexington, the first 
blast was made in the cellar." 

'* On the 7th of June, the day tliat General Washington was 
appointed commander and chief of tl)e army, the rocks were 
all cleared out of the cellar ready for laying the wall." 

" On the 17th day of June, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the 
first corner stone was laid." 

" On the 4th of July, Independant day, at sunrise in the 
morning, amidst tlie firing of cannon and ringing of bells, and 
the flags flying at mast head, was raised the "cottage"; and as 
we raised broadside, and as every pin Wivs drove, three cheers 
were given ; and after being raised, the men were treated to 
crackers, cheese and brandy punch. So you may judge they 
were merry enough at the raising. The young men, within 
fifty feet of the frame, erected a staff and raised a flag. A large 
cannon on a Ciirriage was firing minute guns. You are well 
aware that the cellar was blown out of solid rock. The house 
is surrounded by a broad piazza, is two stories with a pointed 
roof formed of seven gables, surmounted with a belvedere, or 
turret, or dome, eight feet square, commanding a view of Bev- 
erly, Marblehead, Lynn, Dan vers and Salem Harbor." 

Signed, Philip H. Saunders. 

This homestead was for many years a conspicuous spot, 
remote from the city, and for a very long time almost the only 
house built upon the Proctor fiehls, so called. In 1861 Mr. 
Philip Henry Saunders paid for a substitute to take part in the 
defence of the republic, though he himself was much too old 
to be drafted at that time. He lived to the advanced age of 86 
years, dying Feb. 8, 1886. 

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126 Founders of Massdchusetts Bay Colony. 


Philip IIknry Saunders, born June 23, 1800, was married 
at Lowell, Mass., in 1821 to Eliza N. Joseph, by whom he 
had the following children : 

1. Henry Francis Saunders, b. 1822 ; still liviog in Lawrence, 


2. Charles Richard P. Saunders, b. March 6, 1831. 

Eliza Joseph, wife of Philip Henry Saunders, d. April 6. 
1834, ag. 82. 

Philip Henry Saunders, born June 23, 1800, was married, 
2nd, on December 25, 1835, at Dan vers, Mass., to Nancy True, 
born 1806, daughter of Winthrop True and Sarah Clifford, of 
Wentworth, N. H. 

The children by this second marriage were: 

3. Eliza Ann Saunders, b. September 9, 1837. 

4. Winthrop True Saunders, b October 19, 1839 ; d. 1843. 

5. Sarah Spraciue Saundeks, b. July 24, 1848. 

Henry and Charles Saunders, sons of Philip Henry Saunders, 
were early irnbuded with the spirit of travel and adventure. 
Henry, the eldest, fancied he would like a sea life. At the 
age of eighteen he embarked in one of his uncle's ships as 
captain's boy, and as a parting gift he was presented with one 
hundred Spanish silver dollars, with instructions to invest it to 
the best advantage for himself. Before reaching port, how- 
ever, they encountered a severe storm and were shipwrecked 
within sight of land. Remembering his fortune the boy 
attempted to swim ashore with his bag of money around him, 
which nearly caused hiiflp loose his life ; .fortunately the bag 
burst, ,.ihp money, was lo8t, and he was washed ashore more 
dead tlian-iflixe. • ^Through the agents of his uncle he obtained 

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PiiTi.ip FTenry Saunders. 




>OV Sfgitized by Google 

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Saundei^H, 127 

passage to the United States, and never was known to attempt 
a journey by sea again. 

His next adventure was in 1854, when he with his brother 
and a company of ten pioneers from Boston, went to Kansas 
and assisted in the settlement of that state. Charles Saunders 
was not strong enough to endure the fatigue of pioneer life, 
and returned to Massachusetts ; but Henry Saunders was most 
active in the enterprise. He formed a company of miHtiaand 
was immediately elected its captain ; later, during the border 
war, he was appointed colonel of a regiment and served with 
distinction in defence of his adopted state. He was the first 
one to enter largely into business relations, and was the author- 
ized agent in extending the business of Edward Saunders, his 
uncle, to the interior settlements of the far west. He is now a 
resident of Lawrence, Kansas, where he and his family have 
lived for more than forty years. 

Charles Saunders, second son of Philip Henry, entered the 
army at the breaking out of the civil war in 1801-2. He was 
mustered into the U. S. service at Newburyport, Mass., and 
appointed to Co. A in the Thirty-ninth Regiment of Infantry. 
The officers of this regiment were : — 

ColoDel, Ingraham Barton. 

Lieutenant Colonel, Charles L. Pearson of Salem, Mass. 

Major, H. M. Tremlct of Boston. 

Captain, George H. Nelson, commanding Co. A. 

First Lieutenant, Henry Moulton of Peabody, Co. A. 

Second Lieutenant, George Miley of Peabody, Co. A. 

Colonel P. Stearnes Davis was in charge of the Regiment 
after the first month of the service. He was killed in front of 

Colonel Pearson is still living. 

Major Tremlet died of wounds received at the battle of 
Spotsylvania. Of the number of engagements. Mr. Charles 
Saunders writes me the following record : 

•' We did picket and patrol duty during the year 1862 and 
1863, and participated in the following engagements. 

'• Mine Run, Va., May 26-30, 1863." 
'• Wilderness, Va., May 6-7, 1864." 
••The Angle, Va., May 12. 1864." 

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128 Founders of MassachusetU Bay Colony, 

" Spotsylvania, Va., May 12-18, 1864." 

" North Anna, May 28-27, 1864." 

*• Bethera Church. May 30, 1864." 

•* Cold Harbor, June 1-5, 1864." 

** White Oak Swamp' June 11-12, 1864." 

*• Petersburg, June 17-24, 1864." 

*' Weldon R. R., July 18-10, 1864." 

'• Poplar Spring Church, September 30, 1864." 

'* Hatches Run, October 27, 1864, also February 5-7, 1865." 

•• White Oak Road. March 31, 1865." 

" Five Forks, April 1, 1865." 

*• Hickannock Creek, April 2, 1865." 

" Bagotton Plank Road, May 29, 1865. 

" Appomattox, April », 1865." 

Mr. Charles Saunders was honorably discharged June 2, 1865, 
by reason of the close of the war. Of tlie living members of 
his regiment he writes : '* We have abont one hundred and 
thirty at our reunion each year, but they are scattered over the 
state. We do not muster over ten of Co. A's men now ; every 
year reduces our number, and soon we all will muster on the 
other side of life." And this is true of all God's creations ; 
the nearer we live to Him in this life, so much nearer will we 
be to Ilim in Eternity. 

Mr. Charles Saunders' health was very much impaired from 
exposure during his war service, and though he has occupied 
an honorable appointmeut in the civil service of the government 
for many years, he has at times been a great sufferer, and never 
fully recovered his health. 

Nancy True, second wife of Mr. Philip Henry Saunders, was 
daughter of Winthrop True, (a descendant of Henry True of 
Salisbury, Mass.,) and Sarah Clifford, daughter of John Clifford 
of Ramney, N. H., (descendant of the house of Clifford, England.) 
Nancy True died Aug. 7, 1857, aged 49, leaving two daughters, 
Eliza A. Saunders and Sarah Sprague Saunders, who became 
the wife of Chief Engineer David Smith, U. S. Navy. 

Descendants of the Saunders line herein inscribed are lineal 
descendants of every line (except the Daniels line) inscribed in 
this book. 

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Saunders. 129 


Sarah Sprague Saunders, born Jnly 24, 1843, daughter of 
Philip Henry Saunders and Nancy True, was married by the 
Rev. Georges D. Wildes at St. Mark's chapel, Boston, Mass., 
June 26, 1867, to Chief Engineer David Smith, U. S. Navy ; 
born at Brichen, Scotland, Dec. 13, 1834. 

Their Children. 

1. WiNTiiROP Cliff'okd Smitii, b. Washington, D. C, June 26, 

1H70 ; d. July 7, 1870. 

2. Allan Lowk Smith, b. Boston, Mass., August 6, 1872; d. 

January 16, 1873. 

3. Helkn Maud Saunders Smith, b. Wjusshington, D. C, 

February 9, 1874. 

4. Esther Byers Smith, b. Nice, France, March 25, 1882. 

5. Marie Lowe Smith, b. Washington, D. C, October 16, 1884. 

The Author's Lineal Line. 

Captain John' Sanders, born ai)ont 1582, father of 

JoHN'^ Sanders, horn 1613, father of 

Cai»tain John'^ Sanders, born lin. 9d., 1040, bap. First 

churcli, Salem, Mass., father of 
Cai^tain Johx^ Sanders, born Oct. 22, 1005, father of 
Cai»tain Philip Sanders, born 1694-5, father of 
CArrAiN Daniel Salnders, born Sept. 3, 1744, father of 
Cai»tain Henry Saunders, born June 21, 1770, father of 
Philip Henry Saunders, born June 23, 1800, father of 
Sarah Sprague Saunders, born July 24, 1843, wife of 
Chief Engineer David Smith, U. S. Navy, fatlier of 
Helen Saunders Smith, born Feb. 8, 1874. 
Esther Byers Smith, born March 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe Smith, born Oct. 16, 1884. 

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130 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 




♦1604. Richard, son ofSohn Sanders. 

1 603. Ellen , cUi nxjMer ofWm, Sau nders. 

1605. Richard, 8on of William Saunders. 
*1606. DoRATHYK, d(i light tr of John Sanders, Weeke, Aug. 17. 

1601. Ellinor, daughter of William Sanders. 
*1613. John, «?/i />/' John Saunders of Weeke, was baptizxxl the 26th 

of March. 
♦1614. Elizabeth, daughter of io\m Saunders. 
♦1616. Sarah, duughter of John Saunders. 
♦1617. Joseph, aon of John Saunders. 
*1622. Moses, 807i of John Saunders. 

1637-48. James. Elizabeth, David, Mary. Sarah, children <>/' Richard 
and Elizabeth Sanders, or Saunders. 
. 1650. Richard, mn of Richard Sanders. 

1652. Richard, mn of Richard Sanders. 


1604. Ellen, daughter of YiiWmm Sanders, A p. 10. 
*1609. Ales Saunders, the irife of John Saunders of Weeke, 29 Dec. 

1621. Als Sanders, th<e wife of Richard Sanders, 21 April. 
1626. Richard Saunders, 27 Sept. 

1628, Elinor Saunders, the wife of William Saunders, 2 Aug. 

1644. Elizabeth, daughter of William Sanders of Plailford, 21 June. 

1646. Elizabeth Saunders. 

1648. John Sanders, ffeb. 12. 

1649. Moses Sanders, Aug. 11. 

1656. Sara and Elizabeth, dmighter of John Sanders, May 3. 


1608. John Saunders and Joane Moudge, Juno 24. 
*1610. John Saunders and Ales Coles, ucerc warned the 4th day of 

1622. George P^arle and Elizabeth Saunders were married the 6 

of March. 
1622. Andrewe Downer and Grace Saunders leere married the 

13th of Novemb. 
1634. Thomas Eastman and Als Saunders wvre married the 21 Octob. 
1636. Richard Sanders and Elizabeth Mithell, the 1 of Nov. 

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Saunders, 131 



1562. Tristrbn Matuew, Burgess. 

1585. Teiomas Qokobb, Burgess. 

1592. William, son of K^nthony Clifford, Baronet. 

1596. Robert Turner, Burges^. 

1602. Walter Arurdell, Buried. 

1612. Rowland, mn of Thomas Lawrence, Buried. 

1613. John, son of Philip Coles, Buried. 

1623. Sir Richard Saunders, owuer of manor Hempworth, 

Downton Parish, arms disallowed. 

1653. Barnaby Coles, Burgess. 

1727. Hon. John Vernby, Burgess. 

1728. Anthony Duncomb, Esq., afterward created Lord 
Feversham, appears after this time to have obtained a pre- 
pondering influence in the borough and represented Downton 
in Parliament until he was raised to the peerage in 1746. 

1747. Hon. George Proctor represented Downton in Par- 
liament. The names above, such as Mathew, Gorges, Cliiford, 
Proctor, Turner, Arundell, Lawrence, Saunders, Coles and 
Verney, are found amongst the earliest settlers and proprietors 
of the New England Colony, and especially are they associated 
with John Saunders the first, in the colonization of Salisbury, 
Hampton, Wells and Hampshire, or New Hampshire, as it is 
now called. 

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132 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


JOHN Saunders of Weeke, Downton Parish, Wiltshire 

County, England, and Ales , married . She died 

29 Dec, 1609. 

Their Children. 

1. 1604. Richard, ma of John Sanders, bap. Downton Parish. 

2. 1606. Aug. 17, Dorothy, dnmjhtev of John Sanders, Weeke, 


Second Marriage. 

JOHN Saunders of Weeke, Downton Parish, Wiltshire 
County, England, and Ales Coles, married 4th Feb., 1610. 

Their Children. 

3. 1613. 26 Manli, John, son, <>f John Saunders of Weeke, bap. 


4. 1614. Elizabeth, daughter <>/' John Saunders of Weeke, bap. 


5. 1615. Sarah, daughter of John Saunders of Weeke, bap. 

Downton. ** 

6. 1617. Joseph, sou, of ,]ol\ii Saunders, of Weeke, bap. Downton. 

7. 1622. Moses, nuni of John Saunders of Weeke, bap. D(»wnton. 


SARAH, {John^) bap. Downton Parish, England, 1615, came 
to America in the " Confidence," 1638, was married, Sffiis- 
bury, Mass., to Major Robert Pike, April 3, 1641. Major Pike 
was one of the most prominent and influential lawyers and 
officers in Essex county ; was a lineal descendant of Robert 
Pike, Bishop of Litchfield, England. 

Their Children. 

1. Sarah, b. 24 Feb., 1642 ; m. Wymond Bradbury, May 7, 1661, 

son of Capt. Thomas Bradbury and Jane Perkins. 
Sarah Pike Bradbury died Nov. 1, 1679. 

2. Mary, b 22 Feb., 1644 ; d. young. 

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Saunders. 133 

3. Dorothy, b. 11 Nov., 1645 ; m. Joshua Pierce. 

4. Mary, again, b. 5 Aug., 1647. 

5. Elizabbtii, b. 24 June, 1658; m. Richard Orne ; da^i/jhter 

Elizabeth m. Abijah Estes. 

6. John, b. 18 May, 1653, H. C. 1675. 

7. Robert, b. 26 June, 1655. 

8. M08E8, b. 15 March, 1659. 


WILLIAM Sanders and Ellinor were married in Wiltshire 
County, England, probably at Plaitford, and had the following 
children, baptisms at Downton Parish, WiltHhire County, Eng- 
land: Ellinor Sanders, the wife of William Sanders, died 2 
August, 1638. In 1033 William Sanders emigrated to America 
with his brother, John, and formed one of Rev. Stephen 
Batchelder's colony at Hampton, N. II. lie was a sea captain. 
1(538, his ship was burned to the waters edge, and he asked the 
General High Court for a certificate of the fact, to send to the 
owners at Ijondon. At the foundation of the colony for North 
Carolina William Sanders was commissioned by Governor 
Winthrop as one of its founders. He settled there and his 
descendants have been the foremost promoters of North 
Carolina, Kentucky and Tennessee. 

Children of William Sanders of Plaitford, and Ellinor, 
baptised, Downton Parish, Wiltshire County, England. 

1. 1601. Ellinor, f^rtw^/f^'/vy William Sanders, bap. 

2. 1608. Ellbn, dauyhter 0/ yfWWum Sanders, bap. ; died April 

4, 1604. 

3. 1605. Richard, son of William Saunders, bap. ; died 27 

Sept. 1626. 
[These words are spelled as written in the register.] 

Colonel David Sanders, a prominent lawyer of Louisville, 
Kentucky, is a descendant of this line. 

The wife of the present Governor of North Carolina, Mrs. 
D. A. Russell, was Miss Sanders, a lineal descendant of this 
line. The names John and William Sanders appear frequently 
in the records of the Revolution from the Carolina branch of 
this family. 

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184 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


JOHN Sanders {bom Weeke, Downturn Parish^ England) 
married Ales Coles, Feb. 4, 1610, their daughter, Sarah, boru, 
1615, (see record Downton Parish Register) came to America, 
in the "Confidence," and was married, April 31, 1641, to 
Major Robert Pike of Salisbury. Their son, 

Moses Pike, born Jan. 15, 1658 ; married Susanna, granddaughter 
of Rev. Wm. Worcester, one of the original grantees of Salis- 
bury, Mass. Their son, 
John Pike, born Oct. 20, 1708; married, Oct. 31, 1728, Mary 
Hooke, granddaughter of Governor Wm. Hooke, who was son 
of Humphrey Hooke, Mayor of Bristol, England, M. P. Their 
James Pike, born Sept. 27, 1745 ; married Mary French Aug. 6, 
1768, she the descendants of Edward French, one of the richest 
men of Salisbury. Their daughter, 
Sarah Pike, born April 20, 1769 ; married, Jan. 27, 1794, Samuel 

Baker, Jr. Their son. 
Qeorge W. Baker, born June 20, 1799 ; married, Sept. 25, 1825, 
Dorothy True (lineal descendant of Capt. Henry True and 
Israel Pike). Their daughter, 
Antoinette Josephine True, born Dec. 20, 1838; married, Feb. 
31, 1865, Judge Edwin R. Huntington. 


JOHN {Capt John of Weeke, Downtmi, England,) baptized 
Downton Parish, March 26, 1613 ; married Priscilla Grafton, 
daughter of Captain Joseph Grafton, at Salem, Mass. 

Their Child. 

John Saunders, b. Salem, Mass. ; bap. 1-9-1640, First church, 
Salem, Mass. 


JOHN Saunders, {John, Capt. John,) baptized 1-9-1640, 
First church, Salem, Mass ; was married by Major Hathorne 
Nov. 5, 1661, to Hannah Pickman, daughter of Captain 
Nathaniel Pickman and Tabitha. 

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Saunders, 135 


Children of John Saundkrs and Hannah Pickman, married 
Nov. 6, 1661. 

1. DtiughUr, Hannah, b. 15-11. 1662. 

2. Benjamin, b. 1663-4 ; d. before 1700. 

3. Sinu John, b. 22-10, 1665. 

4. Son, James, b. 23-7-1667 ; m. Elizabeth Whitticr June 22, 

1699 ; d. Doc. 9, 1721. 

5. Son, William, b. 1668 ; m. Bridget, (Uiughter of John and 

Abagail Smith ; bap. Aug., 1672. 

6. Nathaniel, b. 2-7-1670 ; m. AbigaU, 1703 ; settled in Glouces- 

ter, Mass. 

7. Joseph, b. 21-^1673; d. 7-6-1674. 

8. Elizabeth, b. 28-7-1678 ; d. 1708, aged 80. 


NATHANIEL {Capt. John, John, Capt John) born 2-7- 

1670; married Abigail , 17U3, settled in Glouchester. 

Their Children. 

1. Hannah, b. Jan. 26, 1704. 

2. Nathaniel, b. Sept. 29, 1705 ; d. Sept. 26, 1717. 

3. John, b. March 18, 1707 ; m. Hannah Sayward. 

4. Joseph, b. October 17. 1708 ; d. November 18, 1712. 

5. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 24 ; 1710 ; d. Dec. 24, 1727. 

6. Mary, b. Sept. 13, 1712 ; d. young. 

7. David, b. Feb. 1715. 

8. Mary, b. May 1, 1718. 

9. Abigail, b. July 18, 1720. 


JOHN {Nathaniel, Capt John, John, Cajd. John) born 
March 18, 1707; married, Jan'ry 23, 1735, Hannah Sayward. 

Their Children. 

1. John, b. Oct. 24, 1735. 

2. Abigail, b. June 3, 1738. 

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136 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony . 


WILLIAM (fiapt John, John, Capt. John) born 1668 ; 
married Bridget Smith; bap. Aug. 1672; settled in Bostcm, 
Mass., an importer of dry goods, etc. 

Their Children. 

1. John, b. Nov. 24, 1711. 

2. Bridget, b. Dec. 14, 1714. 

3. Hannah, b. Aug. 23, 1717. 

4. Edward Ladd, b. Nov. 3, 1720. 


JOEIN, {Capt John, John, Capt John,) baptized Salem, 
Mass., 22-10-1665, was married Sept. 14, 1688, to Return 
Shattuck. Second marriage Dec. 26, 1695, to Mary Sargent. 

Children, First Marriage. 

1. John, d. young. 

2. RoiJKRT, b. 1693-4. 

3. Philip, b. 1694-5. 

Children, Second Marriage. 

4. John, b. Aug. 25, 1696. 

5. Sarah, b. June 16, 1699 ; m. John Swett. 

6. TnoMAH, b. May 14, 1701. 

7. Mary, b. Y^h. 2, 1703 ; m. Edward Woodman. 

8. Jameh, b. July 11, 1707 ; m. Elizabeth Estes. 

9. Jacoh, b. July 4, 1710. 

10. Rachel, b. April 22, 1713 ; m. Benjamin Hill. 


nilLir, {John, Capt John, John, Capt John,) was mar- 
ried Sept. 9, 1729, to Mary Elkins, daughter of Captain Thomas 
Elkins and Elizabeth. 

Their Children. ^ 

1. IIenuy, bap. June 2, 1732. , 

2. Philip, bap. June 2, 1732. i 

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Saunders, 137 

3. John, bap. Nov. 9, 1734 : d. 1740. 

4. Samuel, bap. Jan. 14, 1736. 

5. Mary, bap. June 12, 1739. 

6. Sarah, bap. Sept. 4, 1741. 

7. Thomas, bap. Feb. 20, 1743. 

8. Daniel, bap. Sept. 8, 1744. 

9. Elizabeth, bap. July 4, 1747. 

10. Susanna, bap. Oct. 21, 1749. 

11. John, again bap. 1758. 


DANIEL {Philip^ John^ Capt. John^ John^ Capt John) 
bap. Sept. 8, 1744; married Sarah Peele, daughter of Jonathan 
Peele, Sept. 9, 1769. 

Their Children. 

1. Henry, b. June 21, 1770. 

2. Daniel, junr, b. March 4, 1772. 

3. Philip, bap. May 15, 1774. 

4. Sarah, bap. July 24. 1779. 

5. Jonathan, bap. July 10, 1785. 


HENRY, {Philip^ John^ Capt.Jolm^ John^ Capt, John^ 
born June 2nd, 1732 ; married Desire Gorhain of Marblehead, 


John, b. Marblehead Juue 2, 1762. 


JOHN, {Henry y Philip^ Capt. John^ Capt. John^ John^ 
Capt Joh7i,) born Marblehead, June 3, 1762. Married Susanna 
Mason, Salem, Mass., Feb. 22, 1783. 

Their Children. 

1. Susanna Mason, bap. April 11, 1784. 

2. Dbsirb Gorham, bap. June 5, 1785. 

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1 38 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

3. John, bap. Sept. 2, 1786. 

4. Lydia, bap. Aug. 20, 1788. 

5. Preserved Et.kins, bap. Oct. 21. 1790. 

John Saunders, son of Henry Saunders and Desire Gorham, 
was born at Marblehead, but after his marriage resided at Salem, 


DANIEL Saunders, Jr., {Capt Daniel^ Philip^ Capt. John^ 
CapU John^ John, Capt. John^ IIenry\ b. March 4, 1772, was 
married, October 11, 1704, by Rev. Dr. Bentley to Sarah 
Phippin Gill, daughter of John and Priscilla Phippin Gill, of 
Salem, Mass. 

Daniel Saunders, Jr., son of Captain Daniel Saunders of 
Revolutionary fame, was a well educated, cultured gentleman, 
of great courage, personal endurance and bravery; early im. 
buded with the love of travel and adventure, he at the age of 
19 years, shipped as mate of a vessel bound for Madras and 
Bombay. At Madras he and his captain had some difficulty as 
to the government of the ship (the captain being very cruel) 
and Daniel Saunders, Jr., re-enlisted in the ship Commerse, 
Samuel Johnson of R. I., as captain; also bound for the same 
port, Bombay. They sailed from Madras, 28 April, 1792, and 
on July 10th, were shipwrecked and cast ashore upon the wild 
and uninhabited coast of Arabia. Several of the crew were 
drowned, the remainder began a wearisome and almost hopeless 
journey along the coast toward Muskat, being nearly 500 miles 
in a direct line, though the rout they were obliged to pursue 
over mountains, or burning sands, was almost twice that distance. 
The narrative, written and published by Daniel Saunders, Jr., 
on his return to America, August 17, 1793, which contains an 
account of his perilous journey through the wilds of Africa, 
his half starved condition, the death and despair of his comrads, 
his perilous escape from the treachery of the savages and his 
timely arrival at a port of civilization, when nearly exhausted 
from a march of 800 miles through an uninhabited country, 

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Saunders, 139 

through the scorching sands, without raiment or food seems 
ahiioBt incredible ; but with him were others, who also endured 
the same terrible experiences, and the narrative published 
1797-9 and 1825 is without its parallel of human suflFeriugs 
and endurance. Undaunted by this unfortunate beginning he 
still continued the profession of a mariner, and made many 
voyages to Europe, Africa and the Indies, and rose to the posi- 
tion of captain, with great credit to himself. 


The children of Captain Daniel Saunders Jr. and Sarah 
Phippen Gill, married at Salem, Mass., Oct. 11, 1794, were: 

1. TuoMAS Mabon, bap. St. Peter's church, Salem, June 28, 1795. 

2. Sarah, b. Feb. 3, 1797 ; bap. St. Peter's church, Salem, Feb. 

12, 1797 ; d. June 18. 1880. 

3. Eliza, bap. St. Peter's, Salem, Dec. 23, 1798. 

4. Mary Ann Gill, bap. Salem, Feb. 1, 1800. 


SARAH Saunders, daughter of Daniel Saunders Jr. and 
Sarah Gill, born Feb. 3, 1797; died at Salem June 18, 1880 ; 
married May 11, 1824, Captain Emery Johnson of Salem, born 
at Weston, now Warren, Mass., Aug. 24, 1790, and who died 
in Salem, Jan. 19, 1845. 

Their Children. 

1. Emeky Saunders Johnson, b. Salem, May 7, 1827 ; m. June 

19, 1850, Ann Elizabeth Creamer of Salem; b. Dec., 
1824; daughter of Benjamin Creamer and Anne Manly 
Brau Creamer. Capt. Emery Saunders Johnson d. Dec. 
13, 1886. 

2. Charles Augustus Johnson, d. unmarried, aged 21 years, 8 


3. Horace Palmer Johnson, d. unmarried, aged 19 years, 3 


4. Francis Henry Johnson, d. aged 18 months. 

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1-40 Founders of Massachtisetts Bay Colony. 


Captain Emery Saunders Johnson, born May 7, 1827; mar- 
ried June 19, 1850, Ann Elizabeth Creamer of Salem, Ma^s. 

Their Children. 

1. CiiARi^ES IIoRACB JoiiNsoN, b. Salem, Masa., Feb. 3, 1855 ; d. 

Dec. 17, 1872, unmarried. 

2. Emeky Walter Johnson, b. Salem, Mass., Sept. 15, 1857 ; 

m. Annie Eliza Cloutman, daughter of Oapt. Stephen 
and Mary Elizabeth (Peace) Cloutman of Salem. 


Emery Walter Jounbon Jr., b. Denver, Colorado, April 26, 
1886; d. Denver, Colorado. Nov. 25, 1890. 

Captain Emery Johnson, born Aug. 24, 1790, husband i>f 
Sarah Saunders (the daugliter of Captain Daniel Saunders Jr.,) 
came from a most ilhistrious family. He was the lineal 
descendant of General John Johnson, general of militia, and 
surveyor general of the Massachusetts Colony, who came from 
England, and arrived with wife, Margery, and children, prob- 
ably with Governor AViuthrop's fleet in 1G30. General John- 
son was a warm, trusted friend of Governor Winthrop, and at 
his (Winthrop's) death, was made executor of his will. General 
Johnson was Representative to first General Court in 1034 and 
for the fifteen years succeeding. lie was a member of the 
Honorable Artillery Company in 1638, and its clerk from 1638 
to 1640. 

His son, Isaac Johnson, was also a member of the same com- 
pany in 1645, a lieutenant in 1666, a captain in 1667. He was 
also captain of the Roxbury company in 1653, Representative 
in 1671, and killed by the Indians in the Narragansett fight, 
Dec. 19, 1675. 

His son. Captain Isaac Johnson of Roxbury, was captain of 
the Honorable Artillery Company in 1677, and killed in King 
Phillip's war. 

Abner Johnson, grandfather to Capt. Emery Johnson, born 
Sept. 16, 1737, was a soldier of the Revolution. 

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Saunders. 141 

Sarah Gill, wife of Daniel Saunders, Jr., was daughter of 
John Phippin Gill. John Gill was a member of the Provincial 
Congress, and a njost im]>ortant man daring the revolution. 
John Gill and Moses Gill, both ancestors of the Provincial 
Congress, were conspicuous for their active support and sub- 
stantial assistance during the troublesome times. The family 
of Gills or Gylls, as properly written, were descended from 
William Gyll, a wealthy merchant of London, whose daughter 
was wife to Thomas Saunders, Estj., of E.I. C, and whose son, 
John, was associated with John* Sanders and Simon Bradstreet 
in the colonization of Salisbury, Mass. 


Daniel^ Philip^ Capt, John^ Capt. John^ Lieut. John^ Capt 
John), born July 6, 1785 ; died Feb. 22, 1844; married, Dec. 
28, 1811, Mary Adams. She was born March 21, 1791 ; died 
May 5, 1871. 

Their Children. 

1. Henry Tucker, b. Dec. 11, 1812 ; m. ; d. Oct. 8, 1864. 

2. Mary Adams, b. Oct. 4, 1815 ; m. William S. Cleveland, Oct. 

30, 1845. 

3. Oliver Hubbard, b. July 14, 1822; m. Elizabeth McKey 

Apr. 30. 1857. 

4. Charles Horatio, b. Sept. 29, 1826 : d. May 25, 1872 ; was 

married twice, had children Mary Adams Saunders and 
Susan Adams Saunders. 


MARY ADAMS SAUNDERS, {Cajn. Jmathan, Capt 
Daniel, PhUip, Cajyt John, John John, Capt, John), born 
Oct. 4, 1815 ; died Dec. 11, 1891 ; married William Sewell 
Cleveland Oct. 30, 1845. He was born Feb. 28, 1810 and 
died August 3, 1883. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

142 Founders of Massachusetts Ba/y Colony, 

Their Children. 

1. Lucy Hiller, b. Sept. 14, 1846. 

2. Maky Saunders, b. Jan. 23. 1849. 

8. Twin girls. Alice Hubbard, b. Dec. 6, 1852; d. Jan. 11. 
1860. One child died at birth. 


Capt, Daniel^ Philip, Capt, John, John John, Copt. John), 
born July 14, 1822 ; married Elizabeth McKey April 30, 1857. 

Their Children. 

1. Mary Elizabeth, b. Jan. 24, 1858 ; m. Joseph de Selva Aug. 

20, 1888. Their daughter, Alice, b. Aug. 21, 1884. 
Joseph de Selva d. May 10. 1887. 

2. Sarah Alice, b. Feb. 15, 1864 ; m. Frank O. Whittier May 

7, 1890. Their children are Ruth, b. March 1891. 
Robert Bradstreet, b. April 27, 1895. 
8. Oliver Hubbard, Jr., b. May 28, 1866 ; m. Grace Bartell 
Bun, Sept. 7, 1891, had dau. Helen Elizabeth, b. Feb. 
18, 1895. 

4. Thomas Williams, b. July 13, 1867. 

5. Charles Willis, b. Aug. 26, 1869. 

6. Martha Adams, b. March 20, 1871 ; m. John Chester Lawrence 

June 19, 1891. 

7. Joseph Henry, b. Aug. 4, 1872. 


Capt Daniel, Philip, Capt John, John John, Capt John), 
was a traveller and captain in the merchant service for many 
years. Mary Adams Saunders, child of his first marriage, is 
still living — a most charming and cultured woman. His second 
daughter, Susan Adams, by wife, Harriet Price, born March 
15, 1852; married Joyce, and is also living. Capt. Charles 
Saunders; died May 25, 1874. 

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Saunders, 143 


THORNDIKE, {Ccupt Henry, Capt Daniel, Philip, Capt 
John, John, CapL John,) born Salem, Mass., 1810, died March 
8, 1872 ; married April 6, 1835, Abby B. Barnaby, born Jnly 
8, 1812, daughter of Rev. James Barnaby, born in Freetown, 
Mass , June 25, 1787, died Dec. 10, 1877, married Aug. 13, 
1810, to Abigail Burt, who was born in Berkley, Mass., Dec. 
24, 1786 ; died March 15, 1879. Abby Barnaby Saunders died 
March 17, 1895. 

Thkir Children. 

1. TnoRNDiKB, b. Dec. 16, 1835. 

2. Abbib M., b. Dec. 26, 1837. 

3. Catiibrinb Amanda, b. April 19, 1840. 

4. Adelaide Malvina, b. Sept. 11, 1842 ; d. March 27, 1890. 

5. James Barnaby, b. Feb. 13, 1844. 

6. Henry Hobart, b. Feb. 11, 1846. 

7. Eben Shillaber, b. July 10, 1849. 

8. Charlotte Augusta, b. Jan. 27, 1853. 


THORNDIKE, {Thomdike, Capt Henry, Capt Daniel, 
Philip, Capt, John, Capt. John, John, Capt John,) born Dec. 
16, 1835 ; married Emma Hall 1860. 


ADDIE M., {Thomdike, Capt Ben?!/, Capt Daniel, 
Philip, Capt John, Capt, John, John, Capt. John,) born Sept. 
11, 1842, married James Kingsley Oct. 26, 1863. 

Thbib Children. 

1. Clara, b. July 1, 1864, m. to Sept. Grlswold 1887 : child. 

Pearl, born 1888. 

2. Frank, b. 1866. 

8. Frederic, b. 1869. 

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144 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

4. Stella, b. 1872, m. Coolidge, Nov., 1895. 

5. Fannik, b. , d. . 

6. Katie, b, 1879. 

7. Charles, b. 1882. 


ABBIE M., {Thomdike^ Cax>t. Henry ^ Capt Daniel^ Philij)^ 
(■ajit, John^ Capt. John^ John., Capt. John^) born Dec. 26, 1837, 
married Robert E. Erazer Aug. 3, 1803 ; resides in Detroit, 

Their Children. 

1. Carrie Wells, b. July 25, 1864 ; m. Walter Prian Nov. 9, 


2. Frances Adelaide, b. Oct. 20, 1869. 

3. William Robert, b. Nov. 21, 1871 ; m. Miranda E. Hood 

Nov. 6, 1895. 


CATHERINE, {Thorndike, Capt Henry, Capt Daniel, 
Philip, Capt John, Capt. John, John, Capt John,) born 
April 19, 1840; married Josiah B. Ilobson Sept. 23, 1868. 

Their Children. 

1. Kittie, b. March, 1871. 

2. Phoebe, b. 1878 ; m. Roy Gills Aug., 1894 ; child Hazel, b. 

July, 1895. 


JAMES, {Thmmdike, Caj>t. Henry, Capt Daniel, Philip, 
Capt John, Capt. John, John, Capt John), born B'eb. 13, 
1844 ; married Ada J. Pierce Sept. 2, 1867. 

Their Children. 

1. Georgia, b. Aug. 1868 : m. Ernest Van Klcek Oct. 1896. 

2. Lottie Belle, b. Jan. 1870 ; m. Frank Corr, 1893. 

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Saunders. 145 

3. Ada, b. 1871. 

4. Katb, b. 1873. 

5. James, b. 1875. 

6. Harry, b. 1877. 

7. Nona, b. 1879. 

8. Florence, b. 1882. 

9. ViRA, b. 1885. 


EBEN, {Thorndihe^ CapL Henry ^ Capt Daniel^ Philip^ 
Capt John^ Capt. John^ John^ Capt. John\ born July 10, 
1849 ; married Annie , 1873. 

Their Children. 

1. William, b. Nov. 19, 1874. 

2. Edward, b. Dec. 1876. 

3. Bert, b. . — , 1878. 

4. Mabel, b. . — , 1880. 


CHARLOTTE, {Thomdike, Capt. Henry, Capt Daniel, 
Philip, Capt. John, Cajtt. John, John, Capt. John), born Jan. 
27, 1853; m. Tliomas Pain, May, 1881. 

Their Children. 

1. Lilian Vera, b. 1882 ; d. May 6, 1889. 

2. Muriel, b. 


CARRIE, {Ahbie, Thomdike, Capt Henry, Capt. Daniel, 
Philip), Capt John, Capt John, John, Capt John), born July 
25, 1864; nnarried Walter Prian Nov. 9, 1892. 

Their Children. 

1. Robert Frazer Prian, b. Aug. 12, 1894. 

2. Carolyn Rebecca, b. Aug. 25, 1895. 
8. Walter Southall, b. Oct. 10, 1896. 

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146 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 


WILLIAM, {AhbiCj Thorndike^ CapL Henry^ Capt. Daniel^ 
Philips Capt John^ Capt John^ John^ Capt John\ born 
Nov. 21, 1871 ; married Miranda E. Hood Nov. 6, 1895. 

Their Child. 
1. Elinor Hood, b. Oct. 1, 1896. 


ELIZABETH, {Capt Hmry, Capt Daniel, Philip, Capt 
John, Capt John, John, Capt John), born, Salem, Mass., 
Dec. 16, 1802 ; married Wilb'am Bnrding December 22, 1823. 
He died February 15, 1856, aged 65. He was the son of 
William Burding of London, who arrived in Salem, about 1780. 

Their Children. 

1. William A., b. March 21, 1825 ; m. Sally Palmer Jan. 2, 1844. 

2. Elizabeth 8., b. May 2, 1828; d. March 17, 1858 ; m.— West, 

child, Lizzie. 

3. Abigail S., b. April 2, 1831 ; died 1851 ; m. John Ropes. 

4. Susanna S., b. Jan. 2, 1884 ; m. John D. Kelly December 28, 


5. WiLLARD Pkele, b. March 21, 1835; m. Ist, Decn ; 2nd. 

Tete ; 3rd, Henderson. 

6. Rebecca B., b. April 1, 1842; m. Samuel Larabee Sept. 13, 


7. Edward W.. b. , 1845; m., Jan. 19. 1871, Kate 



REBECCA, {Elizaheth,Capt Henry, Capt Daniel, Philip, 
Capt John, Capt John, John, Capt John), born, Salem, 
Mass., April 1, 1842 ; married, Sept. 13, 1871, Samuel Larabee. 

Thbir Children. 

1. Mary Brooks, b. July 2, 1871. 

2. Alice Worcester, b. November 2, 1878. 

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Saunders. 147 


WILLARD, {Elizabeth, CapL Henry, Capt. Daniel^Philip, 
Capt John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John.) born Salem, 
Mass.; married let, Mary Dean of Salem, Mass.; 2nd, Selina 
Tate of Richmond, Va.; 3rd, Mrs. Abby Henderson of Bev- 
erly, Maae. 

Children of Willard P. Burdino and Selina Tate, Born 
Salem, Mass. 

1. Florence Dean Burding, b. 1871. 

2. Willard Augustus Burding, b. 1878-9. 
8. Agnes Burding, b. 1881. 


SUSANNA,(J?/i2a5^^A, Capt Henry, Cajyt. Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John,) born Salem, 
Mass.; married John Dustan Kelly, Dec. 28, 1856. 

Their Children. 

1. Susanna 8.. b. Oct. 15. 1860. 

2. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 25, 1867. 


PHILIP, {Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, Capt. John, 
Capt. John, John, Capt. John) born Salem, Mass., June 23, 
1800; died Feb. 8, 1886; married Dec. 22, 1821, Eliza N. 
Joseph of Lowell, Mass. She died in Lowell, Mass., April 6, 
1834, aged 32 years. 

Their Children. 

1. Henrt Francis, b. Nov. 16, 1822, Danvers, Mass. 

2. Cuarles Richard Prftchard, b. March 6. 1881, 

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148 Founders of Massachttsetts Bay Colony. 


PHILIP, {Capt. Henry ^ Capt Daniel^ PhUip^ Capt. John^ 
Capt John^ John^ CapL Johi)^ born, Salem, Mass., June 23, 
1800; married, 2nd, Nany True, Dec. 25, 1835. She died 
Aug. 7, 1857. 

Their Children. 

1. Bliza Ann Launders, b. Sept. 9, 1887. 

2. WiNTUuop True, b. Sept. 9. 1837 ; d. 1843. 

3. Sarah Sprague Saunders, b. July 24. 1843. 


Henry Francis Saunders, son of Philip Henry Saunders, 
and Eliza Joseph, born, Dan vers, Mass., Nov. 16, 1822, became 
a resident of Kansas in October 1854. At that time he with a 
party of ten others immigrated to Kansas, upon the passage of 
the Kansas-Nebraska bill. On reaching Kansas City, this small 
party purchased a wagon, and two yoke of oxen, loaded it with 
flour, bacon and other provisions, and walking and riding 
alternately, they made the journey to Lawrence ; arriving on 
the prairie, where now stands this historic city, just in time to 
take a hand in the first conflict between the free state and pro- 
slavery parties. Their timely arrival, October 4, 1854, added 
ten more to the little band, which then inaugurated that resist- 
ance to the tyranny of slavery, which culminated in its 

Henry F. Saunders resided upon his original claim, which 
was where, is now Siblyville Station, on the Southern Kansas 
railroad. During the first winter the party lived in a common 
log cabin together, and this cabin became the headquarters of 
the free state men of that section. The pro-slavery men had 
already banded together, and were more formidable as to num- 
bers, and this neighborhood was the scene of several conflicts. 
Henry F. Saunders was elected captain of the non-slavery force 
and participated in the battles of Franklin, Blackjack, Bull 

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Saunders, 149 

Creek, Lecompton, and nearly all of the free state engagements. 
He was appointed by Gen. Lane as commissary and became 
a leading spirit in the crusade for free institutions. He was 
elected a member of the first legislature of Kansas, 1801. At 
this time his business interests of the firm of his nucleus, Saun- 
ders Bro. of Chicago, occupied so much of his time that he 
declined public life. In 1875 he became a partner in the boot 
and shoe njanufactory at Webster, Mass., as also at Randolf, 
Mass. He retired from business about 1890, and now resides 
upon his large farm at Lawrence, Kansas. 


HENliY FRANCIS, {Philip, Capt. Henry, VapL Daniel, 
Philip, Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John), born 
Danvers, now Salem, Mass., Nov. 16, 1822; married, at Salem, 
Mass., October 7, 1846, Martha Elizabeth Morse, born 
Metheum, Mass., Nov. 25, 1827. 

Thkir Chiluukn. 

1. Helen Auguhta, b. January 30, 1848, SaU*m, Muss. 

2. Anna Bokdman, b. April 20, 1850, Salem, Mas.s. 

3. Lucy Alice, b. May 13, 1852, Salem Mass. ; d. Sept. 3, 1855, 


4. Henut Wakken, b. June 4, 1853, Salem. Mass. 

5. Frank Mousr, b. December 9, 1856, Lawrence, Kansas. 

6. John Ciiakles, b. October 2. 1859, Lawrence, Kansas. 

7. £bkn , b. March 22, 1862, Lawrence, Kansas. 

8. William Edwaud, b. Nov. 3, 1864, Lawrence, Kansas. ; d. 

Oct. 7, 1865. 

9. RoiJKUT Shillabek, b. August 25, 1866. Lawrence, Kansae. 
10. Eva , b. November 12, 1870, Lawrence, Kansjis. 


ROBERT, (6V^. Henry, Philip, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, 
Philip, Capt, John, Capt. John, John, Capt, John,) born Law- 
rence, Kansas, Aug. 25, 1866 ; married May 11), 1897, Mrs. 
Emma J. Gathers of Lawrence, Kansas. 

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150 Founders of MassachusttU Bay Colony. 


FRANK MORSE, {CapL Henry Frauds, Philip, Capt 
Henry, Capt, Daniel, Philip, Capt. John, Capt Joh7i, John, 
Capt. John), born, Lawrence, Kansas, December 9, lb56, mar- 
ried Aug. 13, 1884, Ada B. Edgell. 

Their Children. 

1. AuLiNb: Elizabktii, b. June 1, IBHo, Ktinsas 

2. Caukie Agnks, b. Feb. 19, 1887, Kansiis. 

3. HoBKUT Shillaukk, b. May 27, 1889, Kansas. 

4. Wauken Morse, b. June 27, 1891, Kansas. 

5. Edna Mae, b. August 11, 1895, Kansas 


EBEN, {Capt. Henry Francis, Philip, Capt. Henry^ Capt. 
Daniel, Philip, Capt. John, Capt. John^ John, Capt. John^ 
born, Lawernce, March 22, 18r>2, married Pauline Abraiiiz, 
April 23, 1890. 

Their Child. 
1. Henky Fuancis, b. 8ept. 16, 1894, Kansas. 


QWt\^^LY&, {Philip, Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John), horn Danvcrs, now 
Salem, Mass., March 0, 18*51, married, Ist, March 23, 1852, 
Harriet C. Parrott, bom July 9, 1831, died May 10, 1875. 
Married, 2d, Feb. 17, 1S81, Melinda A. Jones, widow of Henry 
F. Jones. Melinda A. Saunders died Sept. 3, 1890; no issue 
by this marriage. Ciiildren l)y Charles and Harriet C. Parrott, 
daughter of Isiah H. Parrott and Harriet Granger of Lynn, 
Mass., married March 23, L'>52. 


1. Samuel L., b. June 9, 1853: ni. Emma L. Hayes March 4, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Saunders, 151 

2. Salltk E., b. Aui?. 24, 1856 ; m. Francis A. Savory June 21, 

8. Henry F., b. March 11, 18r)8 ; ni. Ettie C. Miirry May 11. 1881. 

4. Charles A., b. June 23, 1862 : m. Nellie A. C^oldwell Oct. 


5. Martha T., b. Oct. 81, 1868 ; m. Lyman Dauglicrtv Aug. 11, 



SARAH, {Plnlip^ Capt, Henry, CapL J)aniel, Philip, 
dipt. John, Capt John, John, Capt, Johii), born Salem, 
Mass., July 24, 1S43; inarried, June 25, iSfJT, David Sinith, 
Chief Engineer United States Navy. David Smith was horn 
at Brichen, Scotland, Decenii)er 13, 1834; son of John Smith 
and Mary Low, who settled in Andover, Mass,, 1840. Capt. 
David Smith was educated at Philips Academy, and a student 
of Harvard College; graduating second in class of the Scientific 
school of that institution, 185S. He entered IT. S. Navy in 
1859, No. 1, of his class thnuigh competitive examination. 
Capt. David Smith was on active duty during the civil war, 
being at bombardment of Fort Sumpter and other important 
positions. He was, acr'ording to law, placed on the retired list 
Dec. 13, 181)H, after 37 years of most active and prominent 
service. At present Caj)tain David Smith is president of the 
Society of Naval Engineers, a member of Philosophical Society 
of Washington, and member of the ** I^o'yal Legion,'' State of 

Thkir CniLOKKN. 

1. WiNTiiu*)!' CiJKKoKi) S.\iiTH, b. Junc 26, 1870, <1. July 7, 1870. 

2 Allan Lowk Smith, b. Aug. 6, 1872, d. Jan. 16, 1873. 

3. Maud Smith, b. Feb. 9, 1874. 

4. EsTiiKH Bykks Smith, b. Manli 25. 1882. 

5. Marik Lowk Smith, b. October 16, 18H4. 


EDWARD WAllREN,(r/f/))!. ILnnj, Capt. Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John,) born Salem, Mass., 

Digitized byLjOOQlC 

152 ■ Founders of Massachusetts Bay (Jolxyiiy, 

Jnne 21, 1814; married Rebecca Brooks, a grand-niece of Gov- 
ernor Brooks of Massachnsetts, April 11, 1836. Resided in 

Melrose, Mass. 

Thkir Children. 

1. Augusta Bkooks, b. Sept. 24, 1838. 

2. EiJKN SiiiLLABKR, I). April 27. 1840 ; d. Nov. 22. 1869. 

3. Julia B., b. Nov. 9, 1843 ; d. May 14, 1877. 

4. Ella Urbecca, b. Jan. 29, 1852; m. William A. Payson, b. 

July 19. 1883. 

5. Edward M., b. 1855. 


ELLA, (Edward, Capt. Henry^ Capt. Daniel^ Philips CapL 
John^ Capt. John, John^ CapL John^ born Jan. 29, 1852 ; 
married William A. Payson, July 19, 1883. 

Their Children. 

1. William Edward Payson, b. July 19, 1884. 

2. Lkslik Constantia Payson, b. Dec. 25, 1885, (l>orn with a 



SARAH WILLARD, {Capt Henry, CapL Daniel, Philip, 
CapL John, Cdpt. JiJin, John, CapL John), born, Salem, 
Mass., June 3, 1790; married William Burding 1814. 

Their Children. 

1. IIknuy, b. Sept. 18, 1815, d. June 30, 1858, ag. 41 y. 9!n. 12d. 

2. Sauail 

Mr. Willam Biirding was an Englishman by birth, — "He 
was a resident of Dan vers, now Salem, Mass ; was a highly 
reRj)ected citizen, and by his honest and noble character he 
drew around him a large circle of friends and acquaintances. — 
{Salem Gazette, IIW/. Feh, 15, 1856.) 

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Saunders. 153 


MARY PALMER BURDING, {Elizabeth, CapL Henry, 
Capt Daniel, Philip, Capt, J'ohn, Capt. John, John, CapL 
John,) born 1840; married, 1800, Josepli Carleton of Salem, 
Mass. Mrs. Mary P. Carleton died same year. 


EBEN, (Caj)t, Henry, Capt Daniel, Philip, Capt John, 
Capt John, John, Capt John,) born Salem, Mass., Nov. 4, 
1807; married Margaret Fergnson Sept. — , 1829. 

Thkir Childrkn. 

1. Sarah Siiillaiikr, m. Josephus Ashl)y ; child Dolly. 

2. Mercy L , m Francis W. Iljindell of Salem, Mass. 

3. Margaret, m. Feb. 4, 1855, Wallis Thomas. 

4. F. 

5. Hannah Bott, m. Henry May of Boston ; child Henry. 


MARGARET, (^7>m, Cajd. Henry, (^apt Daniel, Philip, 
Capt John, Capt. John, John, Capt John), born Salem, Mass., 
; married, Feb. 4, 1855, Wallis Thomas. 

Their Children. 


1. Artihr, 1). Sept. 8, 1856, d. young. 

2. Annik F., b. S(;pt. 23, 1857, m. Walter 8. Hicks of Brooklyn, 

N Y.. August 21, 1876. She died July 23, 1896. 


ANNIE, {Margaret, Ehen. Capt. Henry, Cajyt Daniel, 
Philip, Capt John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John), born 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

154 Founders of J^tafisackusttts Hay Colony. 

Salem, Mass.; married, August 21, 1S7(), Walter S. llicks of 
New York, reside Brooklyn, New York. 


1. Ethel F.. b. June 1877. 

3. Geoikjp: A., b. Dec 22, 1880. 


MERCY, {Ebeiu Otpt Ihnry, Caj>t. DarneL, Philip, Capt. 
John, Viipt. John, John, i^apt. John\ horn, Salem, Mass., 
Nov., 1834 ; married Frmcis W. Raiulall, 18(15, of Salem, Mtiss. 
Reside New York. N«> issue. 


HANNAH, [Ehen, Cnpt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, PhUip, 
Capt. John, Capt. JohiuJolm, Capt. p/o///^,) born Salem, Mass., 
1838-9; married 1805, Henry May of lioston, Mass. 

Henry, b. 1867. Bostou, Kesi{le.s New York. 


ROBERT, {Capt. Henry, Capt. Daniel, PhUip, Capt. John, 
Capt. John, John, Capt. John,) born, Salem, Mass., Feb. 23, 
1805, married Loisa Curtis, Jan. 27, 1831. 

1. Ambrose Stacy. 

2. Mary Loisa. 

3. Geor(5E. 

4. WiLLLVM. 


AMBROSE, {liohert, Capt. Ilimnj, Capt Daniel, Philip, 
Capt. John, Capt. John, John, Capt. John.) \)(n'x\, Salem, Mass., 
married Mary Boswell, had sons George and Robert. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

William S. Saundeks. 

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Sau7i(Ie?*s. 155 


WILLIAM SIIILLAHER, {Caj}L Henry, dipt Daniel, 
Philips ('apt. John, (\ipt. John, John, Capt John), born 
March t), 1810, SaltMn, Mass.; died Jan. IS, 1SS5, liacine, Wis.; 
Hjarried Sept. 25, 1830, Sarali Davis, daughter of Elephas Davis 
of Marlboro, Mass., and wife, Hannah Sawyer (Davis) in Lynn, 
Mass. William Shillaber Saunders was a merchant for many 
years at Ann Arbor, Mich., as also at Ciiicafro, Ills. He died in 
Kenosha, Wis., July 28, 18S(>. Sarah, his wife, died in Racine, 
Wis., Jan. IS, 1885. 

Their Children. 

1. William Hkniiy, b. 1837 ; d. 18;^. 

2. William Hknky, b. Nov. 14, 1840. 

8. EiJKNEZKK 8111LLAUKR, b. Mar. 28, 1843. 

4. Carolink Adelaidk, b. June 14, 1848. 

5. Sarah Francks, b. May 12, 1858. 

6. RoBWKLL I)ou(;lass, b. Oct. 80, 1855 ; d. Nov. 13, 1855. 

7. Florknck Isaukllk, b. June 30, 1857. 


WILLIAM WV.'SllX, {William, Capt. Henry, Capt Dan- 
iel, Philip, Capt, John, ('apt. John, John, Capt. John), born 
at Philadelphia, Nov. 14, 1840, married June 26, 1864, Eliza- 
heth Mott of Ann Arbor, Mich. Children, William, born 
July 1871, died Dec. 1871 ; Mary E., born Sept. 1874. 

Second wife, married Harriet E. Lusk, nee Walter, Oct. 29, 
1877, at Kenosha, Wis. Dr. William Smmders is a graduate 
of Ann Arbor University, and a physician of great ability. 


EBENEZER SIIILLABEK, ( William, Capt. Henry, Capt 
Daniel, Philip, Capt. John, Capt. John John, Capt. John),\iOXVL 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

166 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

in Philadelphia, March 28, 1843 ; married, Aug. 8, ISC-i, 
Julia A. Junes of Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Theik Children. 

1. Sakau May, b. Feb. 28, 1866 ; m. George Wright, 1881. 

2. Elizabeth M., b. Dec. 18, 1867; d. Sept. 11, 1869. 

3. CnAKLEs Wksley, b. Jan. 9, 1870 ; d. Feb. 1, 1880. 

4. Uakje M., b. June 6, 1S73. 

Second wife, married Olive S. White August 11, 1880, 
daughter of John A , and (kndace White. Child, Ebenezer 
J., i)orn June 11, 1S9(); died August 8, 1801. 


CAROLINE ADELAIDE, (ira//^/7/^ Cai)t. Henry, CapL 
Daniel, PlnUp^ Capt. John, Capt. John, John, (^apt. John\ 
born Ann Arbor, Mich., Jurie 14, 1848; married at Lawrence? 
Kansas, Joseph Very Qnarles of Kenosha, Wis., Sept. 25, 1868. 


1. William Ciiaules, b. Jan. 3, 1870, at Kcnosba. Wis. 

2. JosKi'ii Henky, b. Sept. 8, 1874, at Kenosha, Wis. 

3. Edwakd Lewis, b. Dec. 17, 1876, at Kenosha. Wis. 

Mr. J. \ . Quarles is one of the leading lawyers of Wisconsin. 
lie was born at South j)ort, now Kenosha, 1843, received his 
preliminary education in the public schools. During the war 
he enlisted in the 39 Wis. A^ol. Inf. and was commissioned lieu- 
tenant. He graduated in law from the Michigan university, 
1860, and in 1808 was admitted to the bar at Kenosha where he 
commenced practice of law. He was district attorney for six 
years, mayor of the city 1876, declining a re-nomination, was 
president of the board of education 1877, and member of the 
assembly 1878. In 1880 and 1S81 was member of the state 
senate, and for a number of years has been republican delegate 
to state conventions. Mr. Quarles has no political ambition 
however, and prefers his profession to all other positions in 
life. His son William is a rising young lawyer of great 

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Saunders. 157 


SARAH FRANCES, William, Capt Henry, Capt. Daniel, 
Philip, Capt, John, Capt, John, John, Capt. John,) burn 
May 12, 1853, in Ann Arhor, Mich.; married Dec. ID, 1872, 
John Eraser, who was born March 22, 1827, at Crowarty, Scot- 
laud, died Jnne 4, 1878, in Pittsburg, Pa. 

Sarah Frances married 2nd, Dec. 2, 1892, Dr. Walter Kemp- 
ster, born May 25, 1841, London, England. 

Professor John Eraser, graduated at Aberdeen and Edin- 
borongh universities, Scotland, was a professor at Bermuda, also 
at Jefferson college. Pa. September 18G2, he was commissioned 
Lieut. Col. 140 Penn. Vol.; commissioned Colonel July 4, 1863, 
Prevet. Prig. Gen. March 13, 1805, mustered out at close of 
the war 1805, was wounded at Battle of Wilderness and Spott- 
sylvania, prisoner at Petersburg, Va., July 1804. In 1868, 
accepted Chancellorship of Kansas State university, which 
position he resigned 1875, being elected state superintendent 
of public instruction. In 1877 accepted position of professor 
of mental and moral philosophy and international law. 

Dr. Walter Kempster is a physician and surgeon of inter- 
national fame. He was born at London, England, received his 
medical education at Brooklyn, N. Y. April 25, 1801, he en- 
listed in 12th N. Y. Infantry for three months, re-enlisted 
November 1861 in 10th N. Y. cavalry, commissioned lieuten- 
ant June 9, 1803, and served as assistant surgeon until close of 
war July 1805. From 1807 to 1873 he was assistant physician 
N. Y. state lunatic asylum, when he was appointed superin- 
tendent of Northern Hospital for Insane, Winnebago, Wis., 
He was special commissioner for United States government 
abroad from 1891 to 1893; his investigation and re})orts gave 
him a national prominence. At present Dr. Kempster is health 
commissioner for the city of Wilwaukee, Wisconsin. 

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158 Founders of Massdchuaetts Bay Colonij. 

140 Boston Street, ) 
Salem, Mass., Nov. 3, '%. f 

Mrs. David Smith, Wasliington D. C. 

Dear Madam: — 1 am this day shipping you by Am. 
Ex. a box of apples from off the tree that your dear father's 
hand did place it in this "spot", as I learn, some seventy-five 
years ago, and you have seen for yourself this summer, it is 
hale and hearty and well groomed ; its yield this season was 
twenty-two bbls You will notice they run small, if they were 
larger you would have them just the same. Was v6ry sorry 
I did not have the pleasure of meeting you when you were in 
Salem. I feel that it would have been a real treat to meet one 
that evidently retains the sentiment of the old song, "How 
Dear to my Heart are the Scenes of my Childhood." Hoping 
you will accept the box in the spirit in which it is sent, and 
that you had a pleasant vacation in your native Salem, 

I am very Resp. 

M. Kelly. 

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Crk8T of the Pickmans as(!ribkd t() Benjamin Pickman, 

E8Ci., OF Salem, in New England in the 

Gove roll of Armp. 

"Gules, two battle axes in saltire gold, between 
two martlets, argent, 1723." 

Nathaniel Pickman, the first ancestor of this family, prob- 
ably came to Salem in 1639. It is said that the Pickmans 
first came from Bristol, England, where Hannah, Nathaniel 
Jr. and Benjamin were said to have been born. The Pick- 
mans at once established a social and financial position in 
the colony, and for generations were acknowledged to be the 
leading men in enterprise in that section. Tlie Pickman 
mansion, built by a grandson of Nathaniel, still stands, and is a 
fine representation of the few large and spacious houses of those 
early times. 

1639-6m.-8d. is recorded the first grant of land to Nathaniel 
Pickman, viz : " A proportion of land, neere about twenty 
acres, lying next unto the Widow Dike's land on the south side 
of the Forest River." This grant is a portion of the Forest 
River farm which came by inheritance to John Sanders and 
Hannah Pickman. It is supposed that Nathaniel Pickman built 

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160 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

a farm house about tlie year 1047, for at that date " at a meet- 
ing' of ye seven men, boards were lent out to several men, 
among them, boards to Nathaniel Pickman," for which he pays 
a rental of Os. Op. Possibly these boards may have been to 
fence in the land, as all land was particularly required to be 
fenced in. 

1057-2m.-23d., at a meeting of the selectmen, we find the 
following record : " Samuell Archaad and Nathaneell Pickman 
have undertaken betwix this and the next Court to make the 
stackes sufficient! ie and to sett up the wnrrriNG post, and to be 
paid by Mr. Corwin when the work is done." (The w-hipping 
post seems to have been a favorite mode of punishment for the 
most minor offences.) 

1059 the town agrees " to summer three cows for Nathaniel 
Pickman at 48. Op. per head until the 20th October, to be payd 
in butter and wheat and Indian corne, as in former years." 

1058-9m.-21d., at a general town meeting, Nathaniel Pick- 
man chosen juryman. 

1057-8, Nathaniel Pickman is a deputy to the General 

Nathaniel Pickman extended his enterj)rises to the Island of 
Parbados, where he had interests and where his son died, 1086. 

Nathaniel Pickman died previous to 10S4, for his will, dated 
Sept., 1084, was probated same year. In it he leaves certain 
lands to his daughter, Hannah, the wife of John Sanders, and he 
appoints John Sanders administrator. Tlie subse(|uent division 
of the estate by arbitration is fully given in the third genera- 
tion of the Sanders line. Among the children of Nathaniel 
Pickman we have : 

Nathaniel Jk. 

Hannah, born 1042, wife of John Sanders. 

Pkn.iamin, born 1045. 

Mary, wife of Mr. Hodges. 

A (laughter^ the wife of Zebulon Hill Jr. 

A (laughter^ the wife of Alexander Coles. 

A duvghtsr^ the wife of Edward Feversham. 

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Pickmaii. 161 

From the records, City Hall, Salem, we extract the following : 
Nathaniel Pickmau Jr., his daughter, Tabitha, borne by 

Parina, his wife, the first week of 9m., 1070, deceased 3 mo. 


2. Lhiitf/hter, Tabktiia, b. 4tli d. 9m. 1671. 

3. Elizabeth, b. the 25 Dec. 1673. 

4. Sm, Natuanikl, b. 13d. 2m. 1676. 

Benjamin Pickman, born Bristol, England, 1646 ; 1667, 
married Elizabeth Hardy, daughter of Capt. Jose{)h Hardy, by 
whom he had the following children : 

1. Joseph, b. Sept. 1668 ; d. at sea 1704, ag. 35 yrs. 

2. BKN.JAMIN, b. Jan. 28, 1673 ; d. 1719, ag. 46 yrs. 

3. Susanna, b. Febr*y 3, 1674 ; m. John NeaL 

4. Martha, b. June 3, 1677 ; m. Edmund Batten ; d. 1713. 

5. John, b. Sept. 12, 1679 ; d. at Barbodos 1704, ag. 26. 

6. Joshua, b. June 9, 1684 ; d. 1704, ag. 20 yrs. 

7. Nicholas, b. Aug. 18, 1688 ; m. Mrs. Richaixi Pike ; d. Mar. 

5, 1777, ag. 89. 
Benjamin Pickman senior died Dec. 1708, ag. 64. 
Elizabeth, his wife, died 1727, ag. 77 yrs. 

Cai»t. J>en.iamin Pickman, born Jan. 28, 1673 ; married 
Abigail Lindall in 1704, by whom ho had the following 
children : 

1. Abioail, b. Feb. 9, 1705 ; m., 1725, Mr. Nath'l Ropes. 

2. HEN.rAMiN, b. Boston, 28 Jan. 1708. 

3. William, b. Boston, Oct. 1, 1710 ; d. at Barbodos, 1735, ag. 

25 yrs. 

4. Samuel, b. Jan. 19, 1711-12 ; d. in W. I.. 1772, ag. 62 yrs. 

5. Elizabeth, b. Jan 22, 1713 ; m. John Nutting ; d. 17^5. 

6. Caleb, b. June 16, 1715 ; was killed by lightning June 1734. 

7. Rachel, b. July 25, 1717 ; m. Ebcnezer Ward ; d. 17H9. 

8. Sarah, b. Dec. 1, 1718 ; m. Capt. Geo. Curwen. i 

Of the above, Benjamin Pickman, born 1708 ; married Love 
Rawlins of Boston, October, 1731. Their children : 

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102 Foujyl^r$ of M'j.^a^:\*i^Us Bay OAony, 

1. Love, *U ^'.,v* '/Benj. An*i I>-«ti Pkkmioi m Pet<rr Frye. 

2. Abigail, b 1753 ; m. WilMion £|:*es of VirffitU 

«i. Jci>iTH. b. J^oi. ^. 1T^:S^ . m. Edw. Holyoke Ed^UukI. 

4- Blnjamis. b. Xov. 7. 1740. 

5- Cl-%rk, b. July .>» 1746 ; m Sair&h, djiug^hter of Mr. Timrrthy 

6. William, b. Mar. 12. 174>: m. Mary Lcavett. whose son, 
Dudky Leaven Pickman. b. 1779 : m. Catherine Saunders 
Sept. 6. 1M6 . d. Nov. 7. 1S46. 

William, aliove meiitione<i, inarrie<l Elizabeth Leavett. 
Beiijaniiri. lK,»rn 17«»S; died Ang. 2<\ 1773, ag. 65 
Ixfve, Iiii? wife, die<l June 9, 17SS ag. 77. 

Benjamin Prkmax. Ixjrn Nov. 174<U married, April 22, 
1702, Mary, dao. of Dr. Topjian, by wliom he had 

1. Bexjaxix. b. Sept. 30, 176:1 

2. Mart, b. Sept. 29, 1765 ; m. Isaac Osgood, Est^. 
:i Thomas, b. May 10. 1773. 

4. William, b. June 25, 1774. 

William Dudley Pickman, born Jan. 6, 1819, son of 
Dudley and Catherine Saunders Pickman, was a man of high 
interests and great influence. He married, Jan 12, 1849, Caro- 
line Silsbee, daughter of Zachariah and Mary B. Silsbee. lie 
died Feb. 18, 1890. Lineal descendants of John* Saunders 
and Hannah Pickman are lineal descendants of the "Xatlianiel 
Pickman " Hue. 

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Hknry Elkins of England, arrived in Boston in 1634, was 
made freeman Maj 6, 1635. His child Mary was born at Bos- 
ton and was baptized April 8, 1638. lie early entered into 
the religious controversies of the day, and in November 1638, 
he was detained as one of the majority of the church who sup- 
ported Wheelwright, who had been vicar of Belsby, Lincon- 
shire, Eng., in consequence of which, he removed to Hampton 
November 19, 1668. The will dated April 27, 1667, mentions 
children Gresham, Henry and Eliesur. 


Henry Elkins of Hampton, son of Henry of Boston, mar- 
ried Esther, daughter of Major Riohard Waldron, he died 
early ; she then married Abraham Lee, who was killed by the 
Indians, 27 June, 1689 at the house of his wife's father. His 
wife Esther was also taken into distant captivity, but was after- 
ward restored. Esther Elkins Lee afterward married Richard 
Jose, sheriff of the province, from this latter marriage des- 
cended Eliza N. Jose or Joseph, as now written, who in 1821 
became the wife of Philip Henry Saunders of Salem, Mass. 


Henry Elkins, {Ilenry^ Il&iiry^ was killed by the Indians, 
17 September, 1707, near Kinsington. 

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164 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 


Thomas, {Henry^ born 1640, was for a time marshall of 
the Gorges province and in 1668 he was at Scarborougli 


Thomas {Henry ^ Henry ^) was married to Sarah and 

had son Thomas wlio became a sea captain, who njarried 
EIizal)etli White and had the following children baptised at 
First Church, Salem, Mass. 


1. Sakaii of ThoniMs Elkiiis, bap. Miirch 7, 1703. 

2. UoBEKT of Thomas Elkins, bap. December 29, 1704. 

3. John of Thomas Elkins, bap. November 10, 1706. 

4. Mary of Thomas Elkins, bap. April 20, 1710. 

5. Thomas of Thomas P:ikiii8, bap. October 17, 1712. 

6. Henry of Thomas Elkins, bap. November 11, 1716. 

7. Jean of Thomas and Elizabeth Elkins, bap. April 24, 1717. 

8. Hannah of Thomas Elkins and Elizabeth, bap. April 10, 1719. 


Mary Elkins, daugliter of Caj)tain Thomas Elkins, baptised 
First Church, Salem, Mass., April 20, 1710, married Philip 
Sanders of Salem, Mass., September 9, 1729, from whom des- 
cended the lineal Saunders branch herein inscribed. Descen- 
dants of this line are also descendants of the Pickman, Thorn- 
dike, Proctor, Shillal)er, Peele, Willard and Mason lines. 

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The Thorndikes of England. 

The John Thorndike Line. 

Ltneal Descent. 


"Argent, six gouttes, three, two, one, on a chief of the last. 
Three Leopard's faces "or" add and correct." 

THE CREST : a damask rose : stalked and leaved proper : 
Nestling at the bottom of the stalk a beetle. 

Motto, Ronea inter spiruis nascunter. (Among thorns roses bloom.) 

Heraldic Journal 1-52. 

8lr Bernard Burke. 

The General Armory of England m88. 

The Book of Family Crests 11-468. 

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William Thorndike lived in Little Carleton, County 
Lincoln, in 1539. We find his descendants mentioned in the 
Eleralds Visitation of 1634 from County of Lincoln. John 
Thorndike came from County of Lincoln. He arrived in 
America, 1683. 

*' From the works of Herbert Thorndike, Prebendary of 
Westminster Abbey, the research of Lord Monson, Messrs. 
IL G. Somerby and George Quincy Thorndike, and original 
documents, the following account has been prepared : 

William Thorndike, the ancestor of the Thornd ike's of 
New England, was born in the reign of Henry VII (1470 1)^ 
He lived in the town of Little Carlton, County of Lincoln, 
married there and died 1539. 

The children of William Thorndike were Herbert^, William^, 
John, and three daughters. 

Herbert Thorndike, eldest son of William, was lord of the 
manor of little Carlton, and by his wife, Janet Thorndike, he 
had five sons. 

1. Nicholas. 

2. HtOUARD. 

3. HekbektS. 

4. Jameh. 

5. George, and also five daughters. 

Herbert* Thorndike died in 1554, and his wife, Janet, died 
in 1558. 

Nicholas, eldest son of Herbert and Janet Tliorndike, 
married Frances Southey, and had sons and daughters. He 
lived at Great Carlton, and afterwards at Greenfield. He died 

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166 Founders of MassachtLsetts Bay Colxyny, 

June 12, 1596. His sons, Francis and Herbert^ sisjned the 
pedigree for the first visitation of Heralds recorded in the 
family in the year 1634. 

' Francis*, eldest son of Nicholas and Frances (Southy) 
Thorndike, was baptised January 6, 1570, at Great Carlton ; 
married Alice, daughter of Edward Coleman of Wallingfield, 
County Suffolk ; was buried at Burwell, Jan 1, 1623. 
The children of Francis and Alice Tliorndike were 

1. FKANCI85 

2. Johns (the tirst of the Thorntlike's in New England). 

3. Herberts (Prebendary of CoUege at Church of St. Peter's 

Westminist^iF Abby). 

4. Paul (who lived at Burwell and Scamblesby, dying at the 

latter place in 1644). 

JoHN^ TiioRNDiKE, sccond son of Francis and Alice (Coleman) 
Tliorndike, came to New England in 1G33; married and had 
son Paul and six daughters. 

JoHN^ Thorndike was one of the twelve associates of John 
Winthrop, Jr., son of the Governor, at Ipswich, March 1(>33, 
and was a delegate to the court at Boston, same date. 

"From records of "Grants" 28-6m.-1637, we find the 

"Granted, that Mr. John Tliorndike shall have ISO instead 
of 100 acres approved by the town." 

This grant of land was in the section of Beverly (formerly 
Salem) now called the cove. " A certain breadth by the sea 
at Patches Beach and a good way back, as far as Beavers Pond." 

Jan. 25, 1636. "Granted unto Mr. Francis Johnson 200 
acres of land at Brooksby's Highway (now Peabody). Bounded 
by Mr. Thorndike's on the north side and the common on the 
other. The farm is on the north of the river of Brookeby 
about two miles from Salem, westerly. 

Mar. 2, 1636. " Mr. Johnson and Mr. Thorndike relinquished 
their farms, but the towMi promised first accommodations for 

Anno 1636. " Mr. John Thorndike, 100 acres next Mr. 

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Tlwrndike, 167 

June 19, 1637. '* Mr. John Thorndike 185 acres probably 
extended back from the sliore at and beyond Hospital View, 

Dec. 25, 1637. *' Mr. John Thorndike consented unto the 
grant of same meadow at Brooksby, to Edmund Batten, it be- 
ing formerly granted to him." 

Nov. 26, 1636. Granted to Mr. Verin 10 acres, which was 
formerly Mr. Thorndike's. 

Aug. 28, 1658. " John Thorndike witnessed the will of Mr. 
William Woodbury." 

Jujy 1, 1663. "John Thorndike, one of the appraisers of 
the estate of Robert Salles." 

May 15, 1665. "John Thorndike one of the first persons 
chosen to make rates for Mr. Hale's maintenance. At the 
time the bretheren on Bass River side were employing a 
seperate teacher under permission granted Oct. 2, 1658, still 
holding communion with the Salem church." 

Nov. 11, 1667. " John Thorndike, again one of the assessors 
to make rate for Mr. Hale." Also 

"John Thorndike appointed one of a committee to draw up 
a settlement to be considered by the company, with reference 
to a more comfortable setting." 

John Thorndike did not sign the application of Roger 
Conant and others to have a distinct church made June 23 
granted July 21, 1667, nor was he one of the first church 

Sept. 20, 1667. " Nok was he ever a member." 

In the year 1668 John^ Thorndike returned to England on 
a visit to his brother Herbert"^, then Prebendary of Westminster 
Abbey, and took with him two of his daugliters, Martha and 
Alice. He died in London not long after his arrival^ and was 
buried in Westminster Abbey Cloister, Nov. 3, 166S. 

The two daughters remained in England as members of their 
Uncle Herbert's* household, until he died, when he provided 
for them in his will, on condition, however, " tliat they should 
neither return to New England, their birthplace, nor yet re- 

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168 Founders of MmaachugeUs Bay Colony, 

maining in England^ should 'nia/rry any one who went to 
Massachusetts^ nor to the new licenced conventisles colonies.^^ 

Plerbert ^ Tliorndike, brother to John, our American ances- 
tor, was one of the most profound and distinguished scholars in 
England during his life, as his numerous works, not long since 
re-published, testify. 

When about to return to England, our ancestor, John^ Thorn- 
dike, made his will ; a copy is here inscribed, taken from the 
Essex County Court House Papers, Vol. xxii, p. 102. 

"Clerk's office, 4m., 1671, recorded, will of 

(I) John Thorndike being by God's mercy purposed to goe this 
year to England doe by these presents constitute and ordain this 
to be my last wish and testament. 

** Imprimis, in regard to my eldest daughter, Anne Thorndike, 
hath bene for these many years, soe much over come with melan- 
choly, and is grown so deeply distempered thereby, that her un- 
derstanding is much besotted, and stupepied, that without God's 
great mercy and extraordinary means seems hopelass, ever to act 
in the world to God's Honor, and her own comfort. I give the 
lively hood as also ext(;ndiiig my estate upon which I now live, 
unto my son Paul Thorudike, after my death ; doe give unto my 
Sonne, and be(iueath unto him, my house and land, meadow and 
fannc, orchard and all the appcrtenances, belonging unto the 
same, as also the meadow I bought of John Leach, lying by 
Western Pond, in consideration that betake upon him the charge, 
maintenance, and tuition, of this my aforesaid daughter Anne 
Thorndike, as also to use means for her recovery, but after her 
death, to become his own, and to his heirs forever. 2nd. If I, 
the said John Thorndike, the Lonl should be pleased to continue 
my life, and I should think iit to return unto this country again, 
I doe give unto my sonne Paul Thorndike 30 akers of land com- 
monly called Bawyers Plains, and the meadow, as also the 
meadow at Topsficld ; also thirty pounds to be taken out of my 
household stuffe, stock of cattle, besides all the increase of the 
cattle, implements of the land, that he shall raise in my absence 
to him and his heirs forever. I doe give and be(}ueath unto my 
daughter, Mary Thorndike, to be payed her before my departure, 
fifty pounds, in manner and form following, best 3 cows and one 
heifer, goeing three years old, one payr of oxen, one horse, one 
mayr, one feather bed and bolster, one chirk rugge and pair of 
blankets, and wliat shall remain wanting of the aforesaid some of 

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Th(ymdike, 169 

€50, to be made up in household stuffe or otherwise according to 
consideration and order taken therein. 

4th. Whereas it doe extend my two youngest daughters, Alice 
and Martha Thorndike, shall accompany me unto England, and 
if that God's providence should soe order that they do not onjo}' 
their health there, or by other casaulty or distress doe think fit to 
return into this country agen, I doc give and bequeath unto my 
said two daughters all my land lying and adjoining with the said 
pond, being according unto computation, 100 akers, as also if my- 
self die and depart this life, then I doe engage their brother, Paul 
Thorndike, to pay unto said two sisters twenty pounds, besides 
the said land in common, and cattle, according to the value of the 
country prized here, within one year after they re arrival here, but 
if one of my said daughters should return hither, then my son, 
paying rents to that sister that shall returne £50 within a year 
after her arrival, and the said land and meadow to remain unto 
my Sonne to him, and his heirs forever. 

Lastly. For the better overseeing and accomplishment of this 
my will and testament, I doe entreat my worthy friend, Capt. 
Thomas Lowthrop, as also my two sonnes-inlaw, John Proctor 
and John Low ; and first in case my sonne Paule should dye be- 
fore my daughter, Anne Thorndike. then I doe give unto them 
fidl power and authority to make provision out of this my estate 
for tlie maintenance ♦ » ♦ and care of this my daugh- 
ter, according to their wisdom, and the Lord shall please to vouch 
safe means. If after my departure, my said daughter should grow 
under a greater distemper, either of sottishness or phriensio, then 
to take care to place her with some discrete person, to use means 
for her recovery ; or further what otherwise my sonne himself 
may doe, with further diiTerenc(; may arise concerning any clause 
in it, I do entreat them to determine recently with my worthy 
friend, Capt. Thomas Lothrop, my sonnes in-law, John l^octor 
and John Low. Li witness hereof have set to my hand and seal 
the 27th day of July, 1668." 


Sealed and delivered in the presence of ye 
John Hill, 
John Black. 

•' Captain Thomas Lothrop gave oath in court at Salem 2-10-70 
that ths above written was kept in his hands by Mr. John Thorn- 
dike as his last will and testament." 

At testes, 

IIiLLiARD Veren, Clerk. 

" Endorsed. Mr. Paul Thorndike is appointed administrator of 
the will of Mr. John Thorndike, deceaswl, to fulfill ye written 

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170 FoxLuders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

will and mind of the deceastjd, and to bring in a true inventory of 
his estate, at the next month in Salem 2-10-1670. 



"Paul Thorndike, ye administrator whoe presented a writing 
at ye court held at Salem 21-4-70, which he owns to be written by 
his father as an explanation of Capt. Lothrop as per his oath, un- 
derwritten, and in ye sd paper and the said Paul Thorndike is to 
said paper together with ye will," 

HiLLiARD Veren, CleHcust. 

" Whereas, I, John Thorndike, having disposed of my estate, 
according to my last will and testament. I doe by the present 
writing explain some things contained in it, as also make furthur 
expression of some other things not mentioned in it, which I de- 
sire, may be performed as first concerning my daughter Marye. 
I have given unto her £50. I doe assign unto her the cow called 
Brown, Cherry and all 3 cows, and a heifer, which I value at 
14-lOs. The young oxen I bought of Thomas Peach, €10. One 
feather bed and bolster » * * ^^^ £i() j^ money. I 
doe appoint unto her one romme in the house, the parlor, or the 
chamber, and desire she may not remove elsewhere, and would 
have her brother winter her two cows ; but if she should remove 
1 doe give unto her the second best hog fatted, as also 10m of wine 
and 2n of * ♦ * * to furnish her with her provisions, />/r / 
th'Hre twt, hIw should be conMrniiwd to i)o to serrice; also I doe give 
unto her halfe of the flax dressed out the last year, and some pait 
of the flax growing this year ; also 30th of cotton wool, and a 
large pewter dish, given her by her mother, besides the portion of 
€50, if I return not hither again. I do ghc unto my sounc Prortor 
the copper and truit he hath of mine, 20th a little clumpit to a 
spring lock to set upon a dore. I doe give unto my sonne Loir a 
heifer of a year old, 30th cotton wool, and a samll chest standing 
in the parlour, also 3 yards of K of G * * A. 

Whereas, I have made provision in my will concerning my 
daughter Anne, that if she should grow unto a worse condition 
after my departure, then I do again commend her condition unto 
the cares and charity of the overseers of my said will, to entreat 
them to place her with some friend, a discreet person, and that 
she may be maintained out of my estate, and that my sonne fur- 
nish her with bedding, where she may be placed." 


The 27th of July, 1668. 

"Capt. Lothrop gave oatli in court at Salem 29-4r-71, that 
tlie above written was written and assigned to and by ye sd 

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Thoi-ndike, 171 

Jiio. Thorndike, and left in his baud as an explanation of ye 

said will." 



RENDERED JAN. 29, 1671. 

Dwelling house, barn and orchard and 60 a., 

yo a. land, and 10 a. meadow at Reaver Pond, 

30 a., called Sawyer's Plain, 

7f a. meadow by Wenham Pond, 

3 a. meadow at " the old house," 

2 a. salt marsh at home, 

3 a, meadow, Topsfield, 
Personal chattels, 


This was considered a very large estate for those early times, 
and was most faitlifnlly administered npon by Mr. Paul Thorn- 
dike and Capt. Lathrop until the death of the latter. 

Record. " Capt. Thomas Lathrop and 70 men were killed 
i)y the indians at Beverly Creek 1681." 









John Thorndike, {Frartcit^^ Frmicis^^ Nicholaf^^ Ihrhert^^ 

Williainy^ born little Carleton Co., Lincoln, England, about 

1005, came to America 1633, returned to England, in the early 

part of fall of 1668, died at London Nov. 3, 1()68, and buried 

at Westminster Abbey Cloister. 

The children of John'^ Thorndike were, 

1. Annie, b. 

2. Sarah, b. ., m. Dec. 10. 1661, .John Low of Ipswich. 

3. Ei.iZABETii, b. 1642-3, m. Dec. 1602, John Proctor, she died, 

April 15, 1694. 

4. Paul. bap. Apr. 18, 1663, aged 20 years,(by Dean of Weston) 

w^as married, Apr. 28, 1668, to Mary daughter of James and 
Hannah Pat<'h. 

5. Maky, 

6. Martha, baptised in England, Apr. 1669, of ripe years. 

7. Alice, baptised in England, Apr. 1669, of ripe years. 

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172 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

Elizabeth Tiiokndike, third cliild of John Thorndike and 
his wife, married first, Edmund Bassett; second, John Proc- 
tor,Jr. of Ipswich, Dec. 1662. They removed to Salem in 1660, 
and purchased the Downing farm. This farm was a grant of 
200 acres, wliich had been granted to Emanuel Downing, a 
brother-in-law to Governor Winthrop. It was considered tlie 
most desirable property in the township, having also houses, 
and buildings, stock, etc. A large family of children were 
born to tiiem ; they were prosperous and happy until the life 
of tlie father, was sacrificed by false accusation, to allay the 
terrible frenzied excitement, and apparent suffering of the so 
qMqA witch (yt*aft accusers in 1692. Elizabeth, his wife was 
also arrested, imprisoned, and condemned to death, having been 
accused of *' bewitching her servants," but was afterward par- 
doned, through personal appeal of "gestation." 

Among the children of John Proctor and Elizabeth Thorn- 
dike we find, 

4. Maktua, b. June 4. 1666. 

5. Mary, b. Fub. 20, 1667, d. 1667. 

6. John, b. Aug. 28. 1668. 

7. Mary, b. Nov, 30, 1669. 

8. Thorndike, b. July 15, 1672. 

Thokndike Peootor, 1). July 15, 1672, eighth child of John 
and Elizabeth {Thorndike) Proctor, married Hannah Endicott 
nee Felto7i) widow of Samuel Endicott {he the grand-son of 
Governor Eiidicott) in 1697. Hannah Felton Endicott was the 
daughter of Nathaniel Felton and wife Mary, the latter the 
daughter of the Rev. Samuel Skelton, the first minister of the 
Massachusetts Colony, who arrived in 1629 with a company of 
384:. Eev. Samuel Skelton died Aug. 2, 1634. 

In 1684, Hannah Felton, married Samuel Endicott, son of 
Gov. Endicott. It was natural that these two young persons 
should love each other ; brought up in the same social circle 
their homes adjoining one another and their families two of 
the prominent ones in the colony. From the is&ue of the mar- 
riage of Hannah Felton and Samuel Endicott, descend tlie 
direct line of Endicotts, who are represented today, by the 

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Thomdike, 173 

former ex-Secretary of War William C. Endieott, his son Wil- 
liam C. Endieott Jr., and the daughter Mary, the present wife 
of the Hon. Joseph Chamberlain of Birmingham, England. 
Sanuiel Endieott died about 1690. At the time of her widow- 
hood, Hannah Felton Endieott received much kindness and 
attention from her adjoining neighbors the Proctors, and Dec. 
2, 1697, she was married to Thomdike Proctor, b, July 15, 
1672, eighth son of John Proctor and Eizabeth Thomdike, his 
wife. From thiH marriage^ descend the Proctor, Shillaber, 
Saundere, and Daniels line, herein inscribed. 


William Thokndike, b. Little Carleton, Eng., about 1470 ; 

father of 
Herbert Tuorndike, b. about 1500 ; father of 
Nicholas Thorndike, b. about 1535 ; father of 
John Thorndike, b. \^K)h\ father of 
Elizabeth Thorndike,^ Shl 1642; wfe of 
John PRmrroR, b. 1632 ; father of 
Thorndike Prcxtior, b. July 15, \i)Vl\ father of 
Thorndike Proctor, Jr., b. June 2, 1698 ;/aM^ of 
Elizabeth Proctor, b. 1735 ; wife of 
KoBERT Shillaber, b. May 20, 1736 ; father of 
Sally Shillaber,* b. 177S ; wife of 
Cait. Henry Saundeus, b. June 21, 1770; father of 
Philip Henry 'Saunders, b. June 23, \^{)i)'\ father of 
Sarah Saunders, b. July 24, 1813 ; wife of 
Cait. David Smith, IT. S. N., b. Dec. 13, \^^^\ father of 
Helen Maud Saunders Smith, b. Feb. 9, 1S74. 
Esther Byers Smith, b. Marcli 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe Smith, b. Oetober 16, 1884. 

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174 Founders of Massachxiaetts Bay Colony. 


Cait. John Thorndike, died March 24, 1700, a^ed 8(5 years. 
Mr. Nicholas Thorndike, died Feb. 17, 1788, aged 55 years. 

(A soldier in the war of the Kevolntioii.) 
Cait. Osmond Thorndike, died May 8, 1700, aged 55 years. 
Gait. Israel Thorndike, died Nov. 2, 1782. 

ROBERT PR0CT0R4, {Thorndike, Proctor Jr., Thorn- 
dike^, John^, Proctor, Elizaheth Tharndike, John, Nicholas, 
IIerhe7% William Thorrulike,) born 1732 ; died Feb. 1, 1803 ; 
married 1st, Hannah Goodhue. (Cliild Martha, married Wil- 
Ward.) 2nd, Hannah Lefavor. 

Benjamin Proctor, son of Robert and Hannah by second 
marriage, married Hannah Archer. 

Mary Proctor, born Aug., 180i), died Sept., 1852, daughter 
of Benjamin Proctor and Hannah Archer, married Nathaniel 
Jackson ; their child, Ellen Lander Jackson, married George 


Mary Ella Arvedson, a lineal descendant of John Proctor, 
as also of John Tliorndike. 

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ThorndiT^e, 175 


HANNAH FELTON4, {NathdnieP Feltoii, Mary^ Skeltmi, 
Jiev. Samuel Skeltmi.) 

Hannah Felton m. Samuel Endicott, 1634. 

Samuel Endicoit m. Cousin Ann Endicott, Dee. 20, 1711. 

John Endicoti' \u. Elizabeth Jacob, May 18, 1738. 

Samuel Endicott m. Elizabeth Putnam, June, 1703. 

William Putnam Endicott m. Mary Crowningshield, Mar. 
5, 1803. 

William Crownshield Endicotf b. Nov. 19, 1825, m. Miss 


William CnowiNoaiiiELD Endicott Jr., m. Miss Thoren. 
Mary Endicott in. Honorable Joseph Chambcrlin of Birmingham, 

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The Proctor Arms as borne ry the Early Settlers 
OF New Encjland by that name. 

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" James Proctor, of tlie clergy of Lincoln, of the English 
low church and a puritan. Was at Queen Elizabeth's first 
convocation, and was in London, Jan. 24, 1558-9." 

1 have no earlier record of the Proctor family in England, 
other than that found in Downton, County of Wiltz, England, 
where it was a family of such influence and importance, as to 
have been represented in Parlirncnt in 1747, by the Honorable 
George Proctor. 

The American ancestor, eTohn Proctor, sailed with his wife 
and two children from London and arrived at Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts in 1635. In the colonial records of that date we have, 

Mr. John Proctor age 40. 
Mrs. Martha, age 28. 
John, age 3. 
Mary, age 1. 

Mr. John Proctor was a man of good estates, and seems to 
have been very much rcFpected. He possessed a large farm 
and occupied many various offices of trust in the colony. 
Ipswich was then a part of Salem, and was an arable farming 
portion of the town. By this record we find that John Proc- 
tor Jr., was born in England in 1032. lie received his educa- 
tion at Ipswich, and grew up to be a man of most decided re- 
ligious character^ and though impulsive, he was considered to 
have been a ihont honesty upright^ honor able and sincere 
chri^tian^ as well as a popular and influential man. He was 
married at Ipswich, Dec. 1662, to widow Elizabeth {Thorn- 
dike) Bassett, born, 1642-2 m. 

In 1666 John Proctor, Jr., and wife, Elizabeth, moved to 
Salem, from Ipswich, Jind purchased the Downing farm ; this 
farm was a grant to Emanuel Downing, brother-in-law to 

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178 Founders of MiusacliusetU Bay Colony. 

Governor Winthrop ; it consisted of 200 acres, had house, out 
buildings, barn, etc. Elizabeth Thorndike, wife of John 
Proctor. Jr., was daugliter of Jolin Thorndike, Esq., who 
about this time made a journey to England, died, and is buried 
in Westminster Abbey. John Proctor was appointed ad- 
minister to his estate and was mentioned in his will as his son- 

From 1666 to 1692 John Proctor, Jr., and wife, Elizabeth, 
occupied this home, raised and educated a large family of 
children and were nuich respected in the church and the 
community generally. 

In 1692 the terrible craze of witchcraft was started in Eng- 
land as well as in the New Colonies, and the victims of this 
terrible misfortune were from the most religious and respected 
families in the colonies. The story of the life of John Proctor, 
Jr., and that of his wife, Elizabeth, from this date has been 
told by records of blood, and his name is immortalized through 
his arrest, conviction and execution , caused by the frenzied 
and ignorant superstition of the representations of witchcraft, 
accused by an ignorant servant. It was a conspiracy among a 
few girls to accuse these people of bewitching them. Tlie 
most prominent among the accusers was Mary Warren, who 
had been a servant to the Proctors. 

'' She had long been a member of the circle that so often had 
met at Mr. Parris's house and Thomas Putnam's. She was a 
leading spirit among the girls. She did not take an open part 
against her master and mistrcvss at the examination, although 
she acted with avidity and malignity against them as an accused 
witness, thus contributing to secure their conviction and the 
death of John Proctor." The trial was short. He made a most 
noble appeal to the authorities at Boston for the life of his 
associates and himself. Two petitions, testifying to their worth 
and christian character, were offered to the courts in behalf of 
" John Proctor and his wnfe, Elizabeth, now in trouble, under 
the suspicion of witchcraft," but the feeling of superstition was 
too strong; judges were obdurate, and he was executed August 
19, 1692, a martyr to the foolish and malicious representations 

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Proctor. 179 

of a few girls. Two weeks after his execution a child was born 
to Elizabeth, liis wife, in prison. Later she was pardoned by 
order of the Crown. Ann Putnam, one of the accusers, con- 
fessed to the impositions she had practiced, attributing it to the 
devil. Be it said of the judges that they reahzed in time, but 
alas too late, how deluded they had been. Judge Jewell, who 
was present as one of the council, in his diary writes later, on 
the margin of that date, '' Alas, alas, alas, what perfectly de- 
luded us, were the exhibitions made by the afflicted children." — 

While in prison John Proctor Jr. wrote the following letter, 
addressed to several reverand gentleman at Boston. 

Salem Prison, July 23, 1692. 
Mr. Mather. Mr. Allen, Mr. Moody, Mr. Willard and Mr. Bailey ; Rev. 
Gentlemen : — 

The innorcncif of our case with the enmity of our acrusern, and 
onxjutlfjtfi miiiX jury, whom nothing hut our in/if/rcnt bUxnl will Herre, 
having condemned us already before our trials, being so much in- 
rcniK'd and enraged agaifuft us by the Deril^ makes us bold to beg 
and implore your favorable assistance of this one humble petition 
to his excellency, that if it be possible our innocent blood may be 
spared, which undoubtedly otherwise may be shed, if the Lord 
doth not mercifully step in ; the magistrates, ministers, juries and 
all the people in general being so much enraged and incensed us by the delusion of the Devil, which we can term no 
other, by reason we know in our own con.sctience, we are all inno- 
cent jyerufpnn. 

Here are five persons, who have lately confessed themselves to 
be witches, and do acjcuse some of us of being along with them at 
a sacrament since we were committed into close prison. This we 
know to be lies. Two of the five, all Curriers sons, young men 
who would not confesa anything till they tied them neck and h^^eln 
till the bl(MHl was ready to co//w' out of their nones, and it is credit- 
ably believed and reported, this was the iM-eattion of making them 
confers what they n< ri r did, by reason they said one had been a 
witch a month, and another five weeks, and that their mother 
made them so, who has been confined here this nine weeks. My 
intn Williatn Proctor, when he was examine<l hccauHc he would m>t 
confenH that h( wan guilty, when he was inn4H'rnt, they tied him 
ncek and hedx till the hloml gushed out at his nose, and would have 
kept him .so 24 hours, if one more merciful than the rest had not 
taken pity on him, and caused him to be unbou»id. I'hese actionn 

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180 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

are very like tlie Popinh cruelties. They have already undone us, 
in our estates, and that will not serve them, without our innocent 
blood. If it cannot be granted that we can have our trials at 
Boston, we humbly beg that you would endeavor to have those 
magidrntca cJnuigcd and others in their rm^m, begging also, and be- 
seaching you that you would be pleased to be here, if not all, some 
of you at aur trials, hoping thereby you may be the means of sav- 
ing the sheddiriff of tmr inmH^ent hUxxl. Desiring your prayers to 
the Lord in our behalf, we rest your poor afflicted servants. 

John Proctor and Othkrs. 

This bold lbtiter cost John Proctor his life, and although 
petitions were sent the Governor and council, nothing could 
stay the auger of the court and accusors. The excitement was 
so intense that a word of sympathy was sufficient reason for 
another accusation. I give below the names of some who 
signed the petition for tlie release of John and Elizabeth 
Proctor — they did it knowing that perhaps fro^n their very 
protestations they themselves might become implicated. It re- 
quired more than moral courage to sign this petition, and their 
names should be immortalized in history : 

J no. Wise, Jonathan Cogswell, Jr., 

William 8tory, John Cogswell, 

Reinald FosU^r, Thomas Andrews, 

Thomas Chote, Joseph Andrews, 

John Uarnum, Benjamin Marshal, 

William Thomson, John Andrews, Jr., 

Thomas Low, Sen., William Bartlett, 

Isaiic Foster, William Andrews, 

John Barnum, Jr., John Andrews, 

William Goodhue, Joseph Proctor, 

Isaac Perkins, Sam'l Gidding, 

Nath'l Perkins. Joseph Evcleth, 

Thomas Lookine, James White. 
William Cogswell, 

Thomas Verney, Courage. Justice. 

John Fellows, 

Wm. Cogswell, Jr., (Copy originTfl 
Jonathan Cogswell, by Upham.) 

The court met Aug. 5, and John Proctor,his wife Elizabeth, 
George Jacobs, John Willard, and Martha Carrier, were con- 

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-^ A^ — /^^"-"^^^^tn C^^^J 

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Proctor. 181 

dernned to he executed the lOtli. Elizabetli Proctor was par- 
doned under the plea of gestation, but John Proctor was hung 
upon his own estates;, and witliin sight of his home and posses, 
sians; the excitement was so intense, that even the celebrated 
Cotton Mather rode up on horseback to see the execution, har- 
anginy ths people upon the good work tlicy had accoraplis/ied . 
Nineteen persons in all were executed here, before the public 
feeling was somewhat abated. The sufferings and sadness of 
the immediate families can never be estimated, and throughout 
the land a general feeling of compassion, was raised in their 
behalf. A proclamation was issued by the Honorable, the 
Lieut. Governor, Council, and Assembly, of his majestys 
province of the Massachusetts bay, in General Court assembled, 
ami the 15 day of May, 1(>94, wns aj)pointcd as a public day of 
prayer, in the churches, for the families of the accused and 
convicted. The proclanuition read thus, 

" VVIieretus tli(» anger of Gtxl is not yet turucd away, but his hand 
is still strctclu'd out against his people iu uiauy fold judgements," 
and after usual spicilications of the calamities under which they 
were suffering, and referring to the many days of public and 
solemn adresses made to God it proceeds, *'yet we cannot but also 
fear that there is someting still wanting to accompany our subli- 
eations, and doubtless there are some particular sins which Goil is 
angry with our Isreal for, that have not been duly seen and re- 
sented by us, about which God expects to be sought if ever he 
turns against our captivity," therefore be, 

Thursday 14 day of Jan. 1697 be accordingly appointed to be 
observed as a day of prayer and fasting." 

As time passed and a better realization of the evil effect of 
what had been done began to be realized, the feeling became 
intense against the judges and jury who condemned the inno- 
cent sufferers to death. During the year 1697, the following 
document was published and circulated. 

*' We, whose names are underwritten, being in the year 1692, 
called to serve as jurors in court in Salem on trial of many who 
were by some suspected guilty of doing acts of witchcraft upon 
the bodies of sundry persons, we confess that we ourselves were 
not capable to understand nor able to understand the mysterious 
delusicms of the power of darkness and Prince of the air, but were 

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182 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

for want of knowledge in ourselves, and letter information from 
others, prevailed with to take up with such evidence against the 
accused, as on further consideration and better information wt* 
justly fear was insufficient for the touching the lives of any 
whereby we fear we have been instrumental with others, though 
ignorantly and unwittingly to bring upon ourselves and this peo- 
ple of the Lord the guilt of inno(*ent blo(Kl. which sin the Lord 
saith in sciipture He would not pardon, that is, in regard to His 
temporal judgments. We do therefore hereby signify to all in 
general, and to the surviving sufferers in special our deep sence 
of, and sorrow for our errors in acting on such evidence to the 
condemning of any person, and do hereby declare that we justly 
fear that we icere mdly dtiufied and mixtaken, for which we arc 
much discjuieted and distressed in our minds and do therefore 
humbly beg forgiveness first of God, for Christ's sake, for this 
our error, and pray that G(xl would not impute the gilt of it to 
ourselves nor others, and we also pray that we may be considered 
candidly and aright by the living sufferers as being then under 
the power of a strong and general delusion, utterly unacquaintcnl 
with and not experienced in matters of that nature. We do 
heartily ask forgiveness of you all, whom we have justly 
offended, and do declare, according to our present minds, we 
would none of us do such things again, on such groiuids for the 
whole world ; praying of you to accept of this in way of satis- 
faction for our offence, and that you would bless the inheritance 
of the Lonl, that He may be entreated for the land. 


Thomas Fisk, foreman of the jury, Thomas Peaslcy 8r., 

William Fisk. John Peabody, 

John Bacheler, Thomas Perkins, 

Thomas Fisk Jr., Samuel Sawyer, 

John Dane, Andrew Elliot, 

Joseph Evelith, Henry Herrick Sr. 

This tnanly acknowledgement of error allayed the resentment 
against the jury, hut a puhlie acknowledgement and redress was 
demanded of the court, and March 18, 1702, a petition was pre- 
sented to tlie general court hy persons of Andover, Salem and 
Topstield, wlio had suffered hy these condemnations of 1692. 

" Your petitioners, ])eing dissatisfied and grieved that beside 
what the condemned persons have sulTcred in their persons and 
estates, their names are exposed to infamy and reproach, while 
their trials and condemnations stand upon public record, we there- 

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Procto7\ 183 

fore humbly prey this honored court that something may be pub- 
licly done to take off infamy from the names and memory of those 
who have suffered as aforesaid, that none of their suffering rela- 
tions nor their posterity may suffer reproach on that account. 

Signed, Francis Faulkner. 

Isaac Eastey, 

Thorndike Proctor, (son of John Proctor Jr. 
Eighteen others. 

On 20 July a bill was introduced by the house of representa- 
tives forbiding such proceedings as in the witchcraft trials of 

July 8, 1703, an address was made to the General Court by 
several ministers of the county, begging the prayers of the fore- 
going petitioners be granted. 


Thomas Barnard, Andover. 
Joseph Green, Salem, 
William Hubbard, Salem. 
John Wise, ) 
John Rogers, >• Ipswich. 
Jabez Fitch, ) 
Benjamin Rolfe, Haverhill. 
Samuel Cheever, Marblehead. 
Joseph Gerish, Wenham. 
Joseph Capen, Topsfield. 
Zacmriah Symonds, Bradfoi-d. 
Thomas Symonds, Boxford. 

May 25, 1709, an address was introduced into the General 
Court for the passage of a suitable act to restore the reputation 
of the sufferers, and to make some remuneration as to what had 
been damnified in their estates, etc. This paper was signed by 
Philip English and twenty others. 

At General Court, Oct. 17, 1710, an act was passed "that the 
several convictions, judgments and attainders be and hereby 
reversed and declared to be null and void." 

17 Dec. 1711. Gov. Dudley issued his warrant for the 
purpose of carrying out a vote of the General Assembly by 
and with the advice of the Majesties council to pay the sum of 

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184 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

£578 12 to such persons as are living and to those that legally 
represent them that are dead, which sum was divided as 
follows : Descendants of 

John F*roctor and wife. 

George Jacobs, 

Geo. Burroughs, 

Sarah Good, 

Giles Corey and wife, 

Dorcas Hoar, 

Abigail Hobbs, 

Rebecca Eames, 

Mary Post, 

Marcy Lacy, 

Ann Foster, 

Samuel Wardell and wife, 

Rebecca Nourse, 

Mary Eastey, 

Mary Bradbury, 

Abigail Faulkner, 

John Willard, 

Sarah Wildes, 

Elizabeth How, 

Mary Parker, 

Martha Carrier, 

Philip English, a wealthy ship builder, who with his wife 
was arrested, tried, and condemned, but were enabled to escape 
throngh the assistance of tlic Rev. Mr. Moodcy, received .£(>() 
through a judgment from a legal prosecution of the judges. 

These awards were small in estimation of the wrong done, 
but were a just and deserved acknowledgement of this wrong 
and were accepted as proof of the errors committed and hon- 
orably admitted as such. 

The farm of John Proctor extended through the extreme 
northwest portion of Salem, adjoining Danvers, and his home 
was somewiiat distant from the main l>oston Road, {so called) 
to the left. lie was executed upon his own ground within 
sight of the home of his wife and family. This sight was the 
most elevated jmint of land in Salem, arid commanded a view 
of Lynn, Danvers, Salem, J>everly and the Harbor. This S|)ot, 
so memorable from the terrible results of the so called Witch 





























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Proctor. 185 

craft craze, is still isolated ground to day ; the lot has never 
been bnilt upon, and for yeai^s the Proctor fields around it have 
remained in the family and their descendants. It is only since 
1850-60, since the subdivision made by Mr. Philip Saunders, 
and the cutting of streets through the northern portion of the 
Proctor property, that the section has grown into a resident 
portion of the city, and even now is mostly inhabited l)y the 
foreign element of the city, who could by association have lit- 
tle or no sentiment in regard to the location and its history. 


Among the children of John Proctor and Elizabeth Thorn- 
dike we find : 

1. John, b. 1664. 

2. Martha, b. June 4, 1666. 

3. Benjamin, b. Aug. 28. 1668. 

4. Mary, b. Nov. 80, 1669. 

5. Thorndike, b. July 15, 1672. 

6. William. 

7. Elizabeth. 

8. JosErii. 

9. A Bid AIL. 

10. Samuel. 

TiioRNDiKE Proctor, born July 15, 1072; married Hannah 
p:ndicott (Felton), 1697 


The children of Thorndike Proctor, born July 15, 1072, 
married 1007 to widow, Hannah Endicott, wore : 

1. Thorndike Proctok, Jr., b. June 2, 169H. 

2. Nathan Proctor, b. October 18, 1700. 

3. Ebenezer Puoctok, b. Aug. 16, 1702. 

4. Jonathan Pko( toh, I). Aug. 2, 1705. 

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186 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


Thorndike Proctor, Jr., born June 2, 1G98; married Aba- 
gail Wilson April 5, 1721. Late in life he married 2nd Mary 

Their Children. 

1. nANNAH Proctor, b. November 9. 1723 : d. May 6, 1727. 

2. Thorndike Proctor, b. November 26, 1725. 

3. Araoail Proctor, b. August 27, 1727 ; m. Zadock Buffingtoii. 

4. Hannah, b. Sept. 3, 1729. 

5. WiMJAM, b. 1731. 

6. Elizabeth, b. 1735; m. Robert Shillaber Nov. 80, 1758; d. 

Sept. 14, 1824, ag. 89. 


Elizabeth Proctor, born 1735, daughter of Thorndike 
Proctor, Jr., born June 2, 1698 ; married Capt. Robert 
Shillaber, a prosperous importer and merchant of Dan vers, 
Nov. 30, 1758. 

Their Children. 

Ebenezer Shillarer, b. 1760: m. Miss Cook, no issue. 
EiiiZARETH Shillarer, ra. Rev. David Daniels Dec. 6, 1786. 
Benjamin Shillarer, b. 1770 ; d. Aug. 16, 1823. 
Sally Shillaber, b. 1773, May 11 ; m. 27 Aug. 1795, Capt. 

Henry Saunders. She died Oct 20, 1826, aged 53 yrs. 

He dial May 13, 1835, ag. 64. 

Thorndike Proctor, Jr., born June 2, 1698, inherited the 
sturdy qualities of his puritan ancestors and we lind him loyal 
and patriotic to a great degree. 

10 May 1758. He was appointed "an ensign rank, 2nd 
lieutenant, of the third foot company in the town of Salem, 
Mass, under the command of Capt. Benjamin Goodhue, in the 
first regiment of militia in the County of Essex, whereof Icha- 
bod Plaisted, Esq., is colonel." Ilis commission, one of the 
first issued in the colony under the seal of King George II, 

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Proctor, 187 

dated May 16, 1758, I have in my possession, it having 
descended to ine through my maternal ancestor, EHzabetli 
Proctor, his daughter. It is reasonable to suppose that he was 
promoted, as he was at Louisburgh, 1760, and w^as generally 
known as Capt. Proctor. The friendsliip existing between 
Col. Plaisted, and Capt. Thorndike Proctor, was proof of his 
honor and ability as a soldier and a man. An inventory of 
Iclmbod Plaisteds property was taken January 20, 1767, by 
David Northy, Jona ButHngton and Thorndike Proctor, Jr., 
Admrs. P. 302, Vol. XIII, H. C. E. I. 

" Aug. 15, 1774, an enlistment was made to reinforce the 
American army until last of November, as one-sixth of the able- 
bodied militia of Salem, according to a resolve of General 
Courts, Aug. 8, 1774. Among those drafted we find the name 
Thorndike Proctor Jr.," (record appended.) — Felt^ 1827, p. 565. 

1776 Capt. Proctor (Thorndike) became major in a regiment 
of artillery raised for the defense of the town of Boston. 

Continental Army, ) 

IlKADQUARTEliS, JuUC 18, 1778. ( 

" Major Proctor will strictly enjoin of his detachment punct- 
ually to attend roll call, of Which the General is informed there 
has been too much neglect. 

^^ order, Gen. Heath." 

Ebenezer Proctor, brother of Thorndike Proctor Jr., was also 
an officer during French and Indian wars. — {Itev. Archives.) 

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188 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 


Thomas Puwnell, Esq. 

Province ok the Captain- General and Governor -in- Chief 
MAssACHUsE'ns 1>AV. in and over His Majesty'' s Pro^vitue 

of the Masusachusetts Bay in JW'Ar 
England^ Etc. 

To Thokndikk PucMrrou, Jr., Gentleman, Greetino : 

By virtue of the Power and Autliorityin and by his Majesty's 
Royal Connnission to me granted, to be Captain-General, etc., 
over this, his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
aforesaid, I do by these presents (reposing especial Trust and 
Confidence in your Loyalty, (yourage and Good Conduct,) con- 
stitute and appoint You, the said Thorndike Proctor Junr., to 
be Ensign of the third Foot Company, in the town of Salem, 
under the command of Captain Benjamin Goodhue, in the first 
Reginient of Militia, in the County of E^sex, whereof Ichabod 
Plaisted Esqr. is Colonel. 

You are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the 
duty of an Ensign in leading, ordering, and exercising said 
Company in Arms, both inferior Officers and Soldiers, and to 
keep them in good Order and Discipline ; hereby commanding 
them to obey you as their ensign, and yourself to observe and 
follow such orders and instructions as you shall from time to 
time receive from ite, or the Commander-inChief, for the Time 
being, or other your superior Oificers, for his Majesty's service, 
according to military Rules and Discipline, pursuant to tlie 
Trust reposed in you. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms at Boston, the six- 
teenth day of March, in the thirty -first year of the Reign of 
His Majesty King George the Second, Anno Domini 1758. 


By His Excellency's Command. 

Thos. Clark, D'lHy Secr^y, 

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Proctor. 189 

It must he remeinbered that in these early times tliat a 
soldier and an officer was a citizen as well. The country could 
not afford the expense of a standing army, and upon each dis- 
turbance of the colonies, were it either upon the :border or the 
coast, the militia of tlie different counties were immediately 
called into active service, and I believe in many an engage- 
ment bore individually their current expenses, or it was often 
obtained by subscription from the residents of their respective 

Thorndike Proctor Jr., though frequently a soldier was a 
prominetit active business man as well, lie was largely en- 
gaged in shipping enterprises, was part owner of a wharf, 
speculated in land, imported much merchandise from England, 
aud withal was always active in church duties and the ad- 
vancement of the mutual interests of the colonists. He became 
connected with Dr. Huntington's church in 1765, and in 1769 
was church warden. 

Salem, Oct. 29, 1765. Received of Mr. Thorndike Proctor Jr 
six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence in full for one half 
part of a floor j)en in the meeting house in which the Rcvd Mr. 
John Huntington otticiiUes as Pastor Number ( ) and the 

land whereon said pen stands, with all the privileges and appur- 
tenants of the same." (Signed,) 

RicFiAKD Lee, 
Tnos Mason, 
John Gardener. 
€6. 13. 4. 

At the death of the Rev. Dr. Huntington, Thorndike Proc- 
tor, Jun'r, issued the following request to the Church rnein- 
bei-s and subscribers : 

" Pursuant to a warrant to me, the subscriber, directwl by the 
worshipfull Joseph Bowditch, Escj'r, to notify the Proprietors of 
the Meeting Housi^ in Salem, where in ye late Rev'd Mr. John 
Huntington, dea'cd. ofticiatetl as pastor, to assemble at said House 
on Monday, the twenty -sevcnith day of February, 1769, for the 
purposes hereafter mentioned, I hereby Notifle said Proprietors 
to assemble at s<l House on said Day and Time. 

To Chuse a Clerk, to Enter all Votes and Orders that shall from 
time to time be made at such meetings, and agree upon any other 


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100 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

method of calliDg meeeings. AUso to Chuse a Committee for 
managing the affairs of the Property, & call future meetings. 

AUso to pass all orders and rules for the further Managing, Im- 
proving & Ordering said estate or Interest as they shall agret*. 
AUso to decide upon Assessment or Tax on the Pews in said Meet- 
ing House, the Sum or Sums of Money as shall be agreed upon 
for the defraying the minsteral and other Incidental Charges. 
AUso to Chuse a Treasurer and Collectors, and all Necessary and 
Proper Officers." 

Thoundike Procttou, Jun'r. 

Salem. February 11, 1769. 

"Aug. 25, 1709, Thorndike Proctor and Charles Worthen 
insured with Joseph Cabot the cargo of the Schooner Sally, of 
which they were owners in equal shares '' to the sum of £200 
from Salem to any or all of the West India Islands and return. 

Aug. 25, 1771. "Thorndike Proctor Jr. insures with Benja- 
min Pickman Jr., for the sum of £500, the cargo and vessel 
Betsey, from Salem to the West Indies and return." 

May 8, 1773. "Thorndike Proctor Jr. insures with Benja- 
min Pickman Jr., for the sum of £100, the schooner Betsey 
and cargo, John Tucker captain, to any one of the West India 
islands and return." 


Betsey's return voyage, Sept. 14, 1778. 




Thorndike Proctor Jr. returned, 




Robert Shillaber, 




Jeremy Hacker, 




Capt. John 








Thorndike Proctor, Dr. 

his \ is 




4- S. P. 



To I of cargoe, etc., 

1141 3 contreorby acqt. 




To Kd. of Hacker, 

75 6 10 
1216 9 10 

Robert Shillaber, Dr. 

1141 3 contre or by acqt. 




To Rd. of Hacker, 

4 18 9 

To M. of Tucker, 

19 10 8 
1105 12 6 

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Proctor. 191 

Jeremiah Hacker, Dr. 1141 3 contreor by acqt. 1060 

Pay Proctor, 75 

Pay Shillaber, 4 

To Capt. Tucker, Dr. 1141 3 1141 

contre or by acqt. 1141 
Pay Shillaber, 19' 

1141 3 

This paper is endorsed "settlement of Schooner Betsey, Sept. 
14, 1773." 

It would seem by this account, and it is no doubt correct, 
being copied from original papers, that for the short voyage 
the captains profits, £1141 3, was a very good gain for the 
four months cruise. If this is a fair estimate of the captain's 
profits in the mercliants service, it is not surprising that so many 
of our ancestors found it a more profitable and interesting pro- 
fession than many others pursued in the colony. 

"Nov. 26. 1774. Thorndike Proctor junior insures with Bcnj. 
Pickman junior for the sum of £100 the Schooner Betsey and 
Cargo. Jona Tucker, master ; to all or any of the West Indies 
islands and return to Salem, etc., etc." 

A bill for Schooner Betsey from Salem to the West Indies and 
back to Salem. 

Mans name. Quality. Time Entry. Discharge. Time. 
John Tucker. master, Dec. 24, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 6m. 25d-. £16 8 
Jonathan Tucker, mate, Dec. 24, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 6m. 25d. 16 9 9 
William Peele, cooper, Mar. 15, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 4m. 
James Trask, sailor. Mar. 15, 1772 ; July 19, 1773, 4m. 

IchabodComstock, sailor, Mar. 16, 1772; July 19, 1773,4m. 
Thorndike Deland, sailor. Mar. 15, 1772 ; July 19, 1778, 4m. 
William Porter, boy. Mar. '15, 1772 ; July 19", 1773, 4m. 

Cr. By advance wages rec'd before sailing, 

Endorsed Sept. 15. Rec'd ye i part of within i es 

of R. Shillaber J. Hacker, T. Proctor and \ to J. 

Settlement, Schooner Betsey. 5th voyage. 

" In the fall of this year, 1774, General Gage who had re- 
cently been appointed Governor of Massachusetts, caused Bos- 


1815 6 


814 1 


816 4 


816 4 


4 2 8 

£76 2 8 

15 8 

60 14 8 


15 3 8 

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192 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

ton Neck to be fortified, and seizing the amntiiinition and mili- 
tary 'stores in the provincial arsenals at Cambridge and Charles- 
town, conveyed them to Boston. On the other hand the 
assembly of Massachusetts, having been dissolved by the gov- 
ernor, tlie members again met and resolved themselves into a 
Provincial Congress. 

Committees of ''^Safety and iSuj)jdies'^ were formed and this 
provincial congress resolved to eijuip twelve thousand inenand to 
enlist one fourth of the militia as minute men ; that is, that 
they should be ready at a minute's warning, for action in de- 
fence of tlieir adopted country. The militia of Salem formed 
an important part in these defences, and on many occasion, tlie 
regiments of militia comprising the best citizens of the town 
were called in defence of the adjoining country. Thorndike Proc- 
tor Jr., served his country in many honorable positions at this 
time for its defence, as also did his brother Ebenezer. — He died, 
1777-8 — He left a draft of will unsigned, which instructions were 
most carefully followed by his son-in-law, Robert Shillaber, 
who was appointed admr. of his estate ; as also guardian of his 
son, Tliorndike^ a minor, who afterward served as purser on 
the Privateers Ship, "America," from Sept. 1, 1812, to Jan. 
7, 1813, and made three other cruises on same ship until 1815. 

From an inventory of Thorndike Proctor's property taken 
by Robert Shillaber, admr., we find : 

Dwelling house, lands, personal elTwts, etc.. 
One of certain notes, etc., 

" '* John Pnx'.tor's bond, 

" '• Joseph Clough's bond, 

" " Elisha *fc Eben Felton's bond, 

" " Uobt. Wilson's 3d bond, 

" " Benj. a. Daland *fc Tach r. Felton's bond, 

" ** Nathan Felton's & B. Proctor's bond, 

*' " Stephen's Proctor's note, 

'* " Caleb Low, 

" •• Gilbert Tapley, 

" " Malachi FeUon, 

** " Nathan Proctor's bond, 

" " Timothy Felton's " 











• 4 





























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Proctor, 193 

€. S. P. 

One of William Shillaber's note, 




*• ** Joseph Aborn, 

" *• Dan'l Jacobs, 

•• •• Caleb Foster, 

** •* Thomas Andrews, 

" '* Joua Proctor, 



" " Shelton Skelden, 



•• •• Thorndike Proctor, 

JunV, note. 




" " John Felt, note. 




£2,921 7 

[Much of this writinpr has been defaced and bei-ome obliterated through 

Tlie draft of the will gave full power to Robert Shillaber to 
administer to the estate, and concluded as follows : 

"All the residue of my estate, rights, titles and interests what- 
soever, I give to my two sons : To my son, Thorndike, and his 
heirs, one half thereof, and to my son (Robert Shillaber) and his 
heirs, the other half. Lastly, I appoint my good friend and son- 
in-law, Robert Shillaber, of Danvers, executor of this my last will 
and testament, and whereas 1 am owner of a part of the land in 
Salem where stood the meeting house, lately burnt, in which Dr. 
Whitaker officiated, and it may be greatly detrimental to the 
owners of the other parts of that land if mine should remain in 
the hands of my son till their majority, and also be less profitable 
to them than the money for which it may be sold, I hereby give 
full power to my executor to sell and convey absolutely my part 
of the meeting house land aforesaid, etc , &c." 

15 May, 1782. Recorded. 

*' Know all men by these presents that I, Mary Proctor, of 
Salem, in the County of £ssex and Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts, widow, in consideration of seventy pounds lawful money 
and other valuable considerations paid me by my son-in-law, Wil- 
liam Proctor, of said Salem, mariner, and by Ro!)ert Shillaber of 
Danvers in said County, merchant, as the guardian to my son-in- 
law, Thorndike Proctor, Jun'r, of said Salem, a minor, the receipt 
whereof I do hereby acknowledge, do hereby give grant bargain 
sell and convey to the said William and Thorndike and to their 
heirs and assigned all the right of <lower which I have or may 
have in the estate of my late husband, Thorndike Proctor, late of 
said Salem, deceased, either real or personal. To have and to 
hold, &c., «&c. 

Mary Proctor. 

Zd. Bupfington, 

Eben Proctor. 

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194 Founders of Massachusetts Bwy Colony, 

Rights conveyed in the following property of Real Estate 
by Mary Proctor : 

No 1. 2 Rights in Norman's Rocks in equal shares. 
No. 2. \\ right dito. 

3. The lot of land in the field by Norman's Rocks, No. 8, as 
lately divided. 
The Mansion house and land. 
A lote by De Ornes. 
The meeting house lot. 

A lot where Bancrot's shop stands. 
The shop. 

\\ rights in the Horse pasture. 

\\ nyhtu in Norman Rocks, in Ohl Mt\ Pivctar'a estate. 
1-5 of Old Mr. Prortar's land in New Salevi, &c. 


Thus was conveyed to Robert Shillaber, adm'r and heir, 
" Old Mr. Proctor's land in Nkw Salem ;" this was the 
land of John Proctor, the martyr, executed by order of 
"Witchcraft delusion," 1692. (Descendants of Robert Shil- 
laber and Elizabeth Proctor are lineal descendants of the 
Thorndike, Proctor and Daniels line.) 

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Proctor. 195 


John Proctor, born in England, 1595 ; father of 

John Proctor, Jr., bora 1632 ; father of 

Thorndike Proctor, born 1672 ; fathe?' of 

Oapt. Thorndike Proctor, Jr., born 1698 ; father of 

Elizabeth PROcroR, born 1735 ; wife of 

Cai»t. Robert Shillaber, born 1736 ; father of 

Sally Shillaber, born 1773; wife of 

Captain Henry Saunders, born 1770 ; father of 

Philip Henry Saunders, born 1800 ; father of 

Sarah Sprague Saunders, born 1843 ; wife of 

Capi^ain David Smith, corps of En^'rs, U. S. N., born 1834; 

father of 
WiNTHROP Clifford Smith, born June 26, 1870; died July 

7, 1870. 
Allan Lowe Smith, born Aug. 6, 1872; died Jan. 16, 1873 
Helen Saunders Smith, born Feb. 9, 1874. 
Esther Byers Smith, born Mar. 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe Smith, born Oct. 16, 1884. 


JOHN, {John^ married Elizabeth (Thorndike) Bassett and 
liad tlie following children : 

1, John ; 2, Martha ; 3, Benjamin ; 4, Mauy ; 5, Thorndikb: ; 
6, William ; 7, Elizaheth ; 8, Joseph ; 9, Abigail ; 10, Samuel ; 
11, Elizabeth (Very.) 

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196 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colo'tiy, 


BENJAMIN, {John, John^) born Salem, 167U ; died 1720 ; 
married Whitridge, Dec. 8, 1694. 

1, Maky ; 2, PuisciLLA ; 3, Sakah ; 4, John. 


JOHN, {Benjamin, John, John,) born Salem, 1705 ; died 
Sept., 1773 ; married Lydia Waters, Dec. 14, 1727. 


1, John ; 2, Lydia ; 3, Benjamin ; 4, Mary ; 5, Sarah ; 6, Syl 
VE«TKK ; 7, PuuDKNCK ; 8, JosEPH ; 9, Daniel. 


JOHN, {John, lienjaviin, John, John,) born Sept. 14, 1728 ; 
died Aug. 27, 1771 ; married 1st, Mary Eppes, 1751 ; 2nd, Ruth 
Rea, 1762. 


1, Mauy ; 2, Hannah ; 3, Lydia ; 4, Elizabeth ; 5, Sakah ; 6, 
Anna ; 7, John ; 8, Johnson ; 9, Hannah ; 10, Billy. 


JOHNSON, {John, John, Benjamin, John, John,) horn Oct. 
29, 1765; died Nov. 11, 1815 ; married 1st, Lydia Watei-s, Dec. 
31, 1789; 2nd, Mary Putnam, Feb. 23, 1809. 


1. John Waters Proctor, b. July 30, 1791, 

2. Lydia Proctor, b. May 16, 1793. 

3. LuciNDA Proctor, b. Jan. 31, 1795. 

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Proctor, 197 

4. Lydia Waters Proctor, b. May 14, 1798. 

5. Abel Proctor, b. March 2«, 18U0. 

6. IsREAL Putnam Proctor, b. Sept. 1, 1811. 

7. Aaron Ciieevek Proctor, b. Nov. 28, 1813. 


JOHN, {Johnaon^ John^ John^ Jie?ijami7i, John ^ John, )born 
July 30, 1791, married Mary I. Osborn Nov. 22, 1825. Slie 
died May 19, 1845. He married second, Sally Wellington, 
March 1, 1852. 

Child KEN. 

1. Mary L. Proctor, b. Aug. 3, 1825. 

2. Elizabeth Osborn Pkoctor, b. Sept. 11, 1827. 

3. John Augustus Proctor, b. Aug. 1, 1829. 

4. Elizabeth, again, b. Oct. 16, 1881. 

5. John Webster Puoctor, b. Dec. 7, 1884. 

6. Caroline Waters Proctor, b. Dec. 28, 1836. 

7. Augustus Osjjokn Proctor, b. Oct. 18, 184U. 

8. Henry Harrison Proctor, b. 

9. Edward Waters Proctor, b. March 4, 1842. 

Descendants of these lines, are lineal descendants of the 
John Thorndike line. 

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CocshoF Arms. 


ARMS : Ardent, a chevron. 

Erminis, between three jars or Hasks or tish wheels proper. 

CHEST : A gaudet. Patimtia durrtt: 

"Patience rejoices through hardships." 

/^//// tUto-ttiH ihi imtria: — "Where is liberty, there is country." 

Ref. Josepli Willard, IKW. 

Sir Bernard Burke, the General Armory of EuKland. 1HH4. 

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The following is from tlie history of Major Simon Willard 
(quartermaster General Continental Troops, Plymouth Colony, 
1675) published at Boston, Mass., by Philips, Sampson & Co., 
13 Winter street, 1S58. 

**Tlie immediate ancestry of Simon Willard resided in the 
southwesterly part of Kent, in the hundred of Bernchley and 
Horsmondon. The family of Simon Willard descended either 
from William or John Willard, who resided at Ilorlsham in 
Sussex, in reign of Edward III. Richard Willard was a l^aron 
of Angure Ports, probably in the reign of Richard II. The 
name Richard is in frequent occurence in subsequent times, as 
a favorite christian name, both in Sussex and Kent. 

We find RroHAKD Willard solidly established in the village 
of Horsmondon, County Kent; married, with several children, 
and there resided to his death, Feb. 1617. lie was thrice 
married, his widow surviving him a few days. 

First, he married Catherine, who died March, 1597. 

Second, he married Margery, who died, Horsmondon, County 
Kent, England, December, 1608. 

Third, he married Joan Morehead, who also died 1617. The 
children of Richard Willard, who died May, 1617, were: 

1. Mary. 

2. Thomas*, bap. May 6, 1593 ; burned Jan. 15. 1608. 
8. Eliz.\beth, bap. Jan. 5, 1594-.'). 

4. Richard, b. 1596. 

5. Marcjery, bap. Nov. 6, 1602. 

^ 6. Simon, b. 1605 ; bap. April 7. 1605 ; d. April, 1676. 

7. Catiierink. 

8. Edward. 

9. John. 
10. George. 

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200 Founders of Massdchusetts Bay Colony. 

In the will of Ricliard Willard, proved May 16, 1617, he 
makes special provision for the virtuous bringing up of his 
children. He left all real estate to children of second mar- 
riage, which were Margery, Simon and Catherine. 

To Simon he gave lands called Hooks, the messuage and lands 
and tenants called Welsbines. To Margery and Catherine he 
gave the messuage Baen-Close, two gardens and orchards, 
bought of Wood. Of the children of Richard Willard, who 
came to New England, April 1634, there were Margery and 
her husband, Captain Doiaiis Davip, Captain Simon Willard 
and wife Mary Sharp, and two children, and his half-brother 
George, son of Richard Willard and wife, Joan Morehead." 


Simon Willard, baptised Ilorsmondon, Co. Kent, England, 
April 7, 1605, married first Mary Sharp, born Horsmondon, 
1614, daughter of Henry Sharp and Jane Teylde. Mrs. Simon 
Willard was only twenty years old when she embarked from 
England, April, 1634, with her husband and two children for 
tlje New W^orld. 

Captain Simon "Willard settled at Concord, Mass., 1635. 
He was married three times, having in all seventeen children. 
His ninth child was named Simon. His second wife was Eliza 
Dunster, his third wife, Mary Dunster. 


Simon WiLLAuir, son of Major Simon W^illard and Mary 
Sharp his wife, was born at Concord, Mass., Nov. 23, 1649. 
He married, 

First, in 1679, Martha, daughter of Richard and Joane 
Jacob of Ipswich. 

Second, July 25, 1722, he married Priscilla Ruttolph, Salem, 
Mass. Simon Willard*-*, died at Salem, Mass., June 23, 1731. 

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Willard, 201 

Children of Simon Willard'^ and Martlia Jacob of Ipswicli, 
married, 1679, were, 

1. Jacob, bom Ipswich, Sept. 17, 1680, died before Sept., 174;3. 

2. JosiAH, born May 24, 1682. 

3. Martha, born Jan. 27, 1683. 

4. Simon, born, Salem, Nov. 4, 1685. 

5. Richard, born June 26, 1686. 


Jacob Willard, son of Simon Willard^ and Joane Jacob of 
Ipswich, born Sept. 17, 1G80, was married May 3, 1704, to 
Sarah Flint, daughter of Ensign Edward Flint of Salem, Mass., 
and Alice Hart, his wife. 

Their Children. 

Sarah Willard, daughter of Jacob Willard and Sarah 
Flint, born, Salem, Mass., Feb. 18, 1704-5, was married July 
28, 1727, to Jonathan Peele, son of George I*eelc Jr., and 
Abagail Augur, born Dec. 16. 1702. 


Jonathan Peele junior, son of Jonatlian Peele and Sarah 
Willard, born July 17, 1721 ; married Margaret Mason of 
Salem, Mass., August 3, 1750. 

Their Child. 
Sarah Pkele. b. July 25, 1751 ; d. Jan. 1810. 


Sarah Peele, daughter of Jonathan Peele junior and 
Margaret Mason, born July 25, 1751 ; was married, Sept. 9, 
1769, to Capt. Daniel Saunders, son of Philip Sanders and 
Mary Elkins, born Sept. S, 1744. 

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202 Founders of MassachuHetU Bay Colony. 

Their Childrkn. 

Henry Saunders, b. June 21, 1770. 
Daniel Saunders, Jr., b. 1772. 
Philip Saunders, b. 1774. 
Sarah Saunders, b. 1775. 
Jonathan Peal Saunders, b. 1785. 

Descendants of this family have the following lineal lines, 
according to their different branches : 

Major Simon Willard, born 1605 ; father of 
Deacon Simon Willard, born \%\:^\ father of 
Jacob Willard, born 1680 ; fat/ier of 
Sarah Willard, born 1705; wife of 
Jonathan Peele, born 1702 ; father' of 
Jonathan Peele, Jr., born 1731 ; father of 
Sarah Peele, born 1751 ; wife of 
Cai>tain Daniel Saunders, born 1744 ; father of 
Captain Henry Saunders, born 1770 ; father of 
Philip Henry Saunders, born 1800 ; father of 
Sarah Sprague Saunders, born 1843 ; wife of 
Chief Engineer David Smith, U. S. Navy, born, Brichen, 
Scotland, 1834. 

From the first settlement of Major Simon Willard at Con- 
cord, 1634, until his death, we find him most active in all the 
enterprises of the country. In 1635 he established himself as 
a land owner, first at Cambridge, from thence removing to 
Concord, where he became identified with the prosperity of 
that section to a very great degree. He dealt extensively with 
the Indians in furs, exported the main products of the country 
and in May, 1646, was established as one of the founders of 
Concord, Mass. He was immediately elected to the Great and 
General Court, and received the appointment of captain. 

1646. He was appointed Recorder. 

1657. He and his associates purchased the exclusive right 
to trade with the Indians of Merrimack River. He was a 

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Willard, 203 

member of the General Higli Court for tliirty-seven years and 
for fifteen years a Deputy from Concord. In 1649, Capt. 
Willard was appointed to lay out Salisbury. 

1650. Capt. Willard was chosen Controller of the Session. 

1656. Capt. Willard was chairman of Board of Arbitrary. 

1658. Major Simon Willard was appointed by the court to 
assist accounts of the Treasury of this country. The Phillips 
war broke out, and in September, 1654, by order of General 
Court, Major Simon Willard is Chief Commander in Mid- 
dlesex. General order, September 1654. 

'* To all our confederates, neighbors and friends, to whom these 
shall come greeting ; these are to request you and every one of 
you to permit Major Simon Willard Commander in Chief of all 
the forces sent forth in this expedition quietly and peacefully with 
all his forces to pass, and repass through your several jurisdictions 
and to give him credit, for what he shall want or stand in need 
of, he giving a ticket for what he shall take up of ye inhabitants 
and charge it on the Treasurer of Massachusetts, who shall faith- 
fully discharge the same, which we shall take as a favor and on 
all occasions render the like courtesy." 

Feb 2, 1676. The Council issued orders for Major Hillard 
to raise a body of troupers and dragoons to range the country 
between Groton, Lancaster and Marlborough. 

April 1676. Major Willard succumbed to sickness after a 
long life of arduous duty. The last year an unusual load of 
care with its train of anxieties added to the hazards of an in- 
tense winter in which he was so often exposed on the journey 
and march, that he was easily accessible to the attacks of the 
disease which was prevalent at this time. The disease was an 
epidemic cold of a very malignant type. 

Major Willard died after a short illness at Charlestown on 
Monday, April 24, 1676, aged 72. {Geiieology Simon Willard.) 

Simon Willard* was a godly man, and was for many years 
Deacon of First Church, Salem, Mass. He resided at Salem 
in 1679. In 1718, when a second church was organized, he 
transferred his relations to the new church. He was Marshall 
of Essex County in 1689. In active service as Commander of 

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204 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Military company in an expedition against the Eastern Indians, 
1689-1690. He survived his wife Martha, and married Priscilla 
Buttolpb, Jnly 25, 1722. This marriage was not a happy one, 
and they separated in a short time, he obtaining the decree of 
tlie court. He died, June 23, 1731, aged 82 years, 6 mo. 
The following citations from the general colonial records of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and certified to be ab- 
solutely correct are of great interest, and importance to the 
descendants of Major Simon Willard. 


Vol. 1 : p. 1U3. March 9, 1636-7. 

Symon Willard, leiftenant for Concord. 

Page 185. A Generall Court, houldeu at Boston the 7th Diiy of the 10th 
Mo. {fi\ 1636. 

Deputies, Symon Willakd. 

Page 191. A Generall ('ourt. held the 18th Day of the 2ml Mo. di, 1637. 

Leff. Willakd. 

Page 227. A Generall Court, held at Nevvtowne the 2nd Day of the 3rd 
Mo., 1638. 

Deputies, . LEipr. Willard. 

Page 255. At the Generall Courte, houlden at Boston the 22nd of the 
3rd Mo., called May, 1639. 

Deputies, Symon Willakd. 

Page 301. A Genrall Cort, held at Boston the 7th day of the 8th Mo., 

Deputies, LiErr. Simon Willard. 

Pages 318-337. A Generall Court of Elections, held at Boston 2nd D., 
4th Mo., 1641. 

Deputies, Lkif. Sym. Willard. 

A Geneiall Court, held at Boston the 7th Day of the 8th Mo., 1641. 

Deputies, Leift. Sym. Willard. 

Vol 2 : p. 55. A Generall Cort, held at Boston the 7fh of First Mo. 

Deputies, Willard. 

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Willard, 205 

Page 96. At a Co't of Elections at Boston, the 14th of the 3rd Mo., ^ 

Deputies, Leif. WiLr.ARD. 

Page 145-6. At a Generall Courte, at Boston, for Election, the 6th of 
theSixi Mo.. 1646. 

Deputies, Sim Willard. 

It is ordered, that Leift. Willaixi' shall be Capt. of the Company at 

Page 265. At a Generall Courte of Jiilection, at Boston, the 2nd of the 
3rd Mo., 1649. 

Deputies, Capt. Sym Willard. 

Vol. 3, p. 183. At a Courte of Election, held at Buston, the 22, Mo. 

Dei)utyes, Caii. Simon Willard. 


Page 220. Att a Genemll Courte of Election, held at Boston, May 7th, 

Deputies, Capt. Symon Willard. 

Page 259, May 27, 1653. 

Capt. Symon Willard. 

Page 297. Att a Generall Court of Election, held at Boston, the 18 of 
the 3rd Mo., 1653. 

Names of Deputies, Major Sim Willard. 

Pages 839, 372. 422. Att a Generall Court of Election, held at Boston, 
the 3rd of the 3rd Mo., 1654. 

Assistants, Ma.jor Symon Willard Gent. 
May 23. 1655. 

Assistants, Major Symon Willard Gent. 

Vol. 4 ; p. 254. May 6, 1656. 

Asvsistants, Major Willard. 

Chosen Major Generall, Major Symon Willard. 

Vol. 4 ; pt. 1 ; p. 285. May 6, 1657. 

Chosen Assistants, Major Symon Willard. 

Page 320. May 19, 1658. 

Chosen Assistants, Major Symon Willard. 

Page 864. May 11, 1659. 

Chosen Assistants, Major Symon Willard. 

Page 416. May 30 1660. 

Chosen Assistants, Major Symon Willard. 

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20i\ Founders of Massachusettif Bay Colontj. 

Vol. 4 ; pt. 2 ; p. 1. May 22, 1661. 

Major Symon Willakd. 
Major Symon Willard. 

Clioseii Assistants, 
Page 40. May 7, 1662. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 71. May 27, 1663. 

Chosen Assistant, Symon Willard. 

Page 60. May 18, 1664. 

Cliosen Assistant, 
Page 142. May 3, 1665. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Prtge 294. May 23, 1666. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 330. May 15, 1667. 

Chovsen Assistant, 
Page 363. April 29, 1668. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 417 May 19, 1669. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 448. May 11, 1670" 

Chosen Assistant, 
Page 484. May 31, 1671. 

Chosen Assistant, 
Pjige 5<>6. May 15. 1672. 

Chosen Assistant, Symon Willard. 

Page 550. May 7, 1673. 

Chosen Assistant, Symon Willard. 

Vol. 5: p. 1. Mny 27, 1674. 

Cliosen Assistant, Symon Willard. 

Page 27. May 12, 1675. 

Cliosen Assistant, Symon Willard. 

Symon Willard. 
Symcn Willard. 
Symon Willard. 
Symon Willard. 
Symon Willard. 
Symon Willard. 
Symon Willard. 
Symon Willlard, Esq. 


Offick of the Se(^retary. 

Boston, Jnne IS, LSOO. 

( ^ ) I certify tlie forei^ointr citations to be true ab- 
- Seal. ■- stracts from the Records of the Mass. Bay. 
( , ) Witness the Seal of the Commonwealth. 

W^M. M. Olin, Si'cretary. 

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From the earliest records of this name in Salem, and from 
subsequent letters and deeds of this line, we find that the name 
was at first spelled Peal. Even as late as 1751 the name was 
continued to be spelled in the same manner ; but early in the 
years just preceeding the revolution I find that some members 
of the family changed the letter A to E, tlius making the name 
spelled Peel ; and among the latest signatures in the early part 
of the eighteenth century I find an additional E had been 
added to the name, making it read in this generation Peel, 
though from all the earliest records of the family I am inclined 
to judge that the Peele's of Salem, like many others, indulged 
in an addition or change of letters. 

Among the earliest records we find : 

Georob Peal, b. 1644, Salem, Mass., 

George Peal, Jr , b. January 2, 1673 ; m. Abigail A^iigur July 

28, 1695. Their children were five sons and three daughters. 

George, tlie eldest, died July 11, 1735. 


Jonathan Peal (third child of George and Abigail) l)orri 
December 10, 1702; married Sarah Willard July 28, 1727; 
died January 1, 1782. Mrs. Sarah Willard Peele was born in 
Salem, Mass., Feb. 18, 1704-5 ; she was the daughter of Jacob 
Willard and Sarah Flint ; granddaughter of Rev. Simon 
Willard and Martha Jacobs; great granddaughter of Major 
Simon Willard, so renowned in colonial history. Mrs. Sarah 
Willard Peal died at the early age of thirty-one years, leaving 
three daughters and one son, Jonathan Peal, Jr. 

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208 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Volcuy. 


Jonathan Peal Jr., son of Jonathan Peal and Sarah 
Willard, born, Fast Day night, July 17, 1731 ; died October 6, 
1809. Jonathan Peal, Jr., was a prominent active business 
man in the town of Salem, lie was early engaged in its 
shipping interests, and bnilr and owned many vessels. He was 
a staunch patriot and a generous supported to tlie interests of 
the colony in the advancement of liberty. 

October 16, 1775. Johathan Peele, Jr., (as he now signed 
his name) was elected a member of the coMMrriEE of Safety. 
The trust conferred in the selection of this committee by the 
Provincial Congress, was very great, and much of the success 
of tiie revolution depended upon their assistance. Too old for 
active service he did not hesitate, however, when on August 4, 
1778, an appeal was made for volunteers to tlie defense of 
Rhode Ishind, under Major Gen. Sullivan, to enlist in a com- 
pany being organized under Col. Pickering at Salem, Alass. 
This was at the time of the British attack, their force being 
6,000, which were repulsed by tlie Americans. This company 
from Salem consisted of 52 men, under command of Col. 
Pickering, and was composed of men from the very best 
families of Salem. A list of the names, in the handwriting of 
George Williams, brother-in-law to Col. Pickering, is headed 
" List of the Volunteer Company from Salem, Mass." ; among 
the names in the list is that of Jonathan Peele, Jr., and Robert 
Peele. (Vol. I and 2 p. 66 II. C. E. I.) Jonathan Peele, Jr., 
was largely interested in the West Indies trade, as also in the 
general advancement of his town until a very advanced age. 

November 26, 1702. " The town relinquish their dock to 
Jonathan Peele, Jr., Samuel Ward, and others, if they have an 
established one built in three years. 


Jonathan Peele, Junr, born July 17, 1721, died October 6, 
1809, married August 5, 1750, Margaret Mason, {sister of 

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Peek, 209 

Thoinas^ Jonathan^ and Ahagail Mason) born December 24, 
1728, died Dcember 20, 1814. 

Their Childukn. 

Sarah, born July 25, 1751. died Jan. 16, 1810; m. Capt. Daniel 

Saunders, Sept. 9. 1769. 
Maroeubt, born August 10. 1753. 
Jonathan, born Sept. 4, 1760, lost at sea, Sept. 8, 1775. 
Abagail, born November 1, 1767, died Sept. 17, 1834. 
WiLLARD, born November 30, 1773. H. C. 


Sarah Pkele, born July 15, 1751, daughter of Jonathan 
Peele and Margaret Mason, was married September 9, 1769, to 
Captain Daniel Saunders, son of Philip Sanders and Mary 
Elkins. Sarah Peele Saunders, died, January, 1810, leaving 
the following children. 

Their Children. 

Henry Saunders, born, June 21, 1770, died May 18, 1835. 
Daniel Saunders Junr, born, March 4, 1772, m. Oct. 11, 1794, 

Sarah Gill. 
Philip Saunders, born, May 15, 1774. Lost at sea. 
Sarah Saundeiis. born, July 24, 1779, died, July 16, 1795, age 17. 
Jonathan Peele Saundehs, born July 6, 1785, in. Dec. 28, 1811, 

Mary Adams. 

Office of the City Clerk. 

June 5, 1896. 
I. J. Clifford Entwistle, clerk of the City of Salcni, do here- 
by certify that it appears on the records in this otKce, that one 
Jonathan Peele, Jr., was cho.^en one of thirty, as a Committee of 

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210 Founders of Massdchusetts Bay Colony, 

Safety, and correspondence, and that the following extract is a 
true copy of such record. 

** The town met by adjournment, Monday, Oct. 16. 1775. 
'* Voted to chuse a committee of safety and correspondence. 
"Voted that this committee consist of thirty persons. 
*' Voted severally for this committed, Jonathan Peele junr. 
** Voted that nine of the committee be a quornm. 
** Voted that this meeting be adjourned to Thursday next at eleven 
o'clock in the forenoon.." 

I. J. Clifford' Entwistle, clerk of the city of Salem; do 
hereby certify that the above extract is a true copy of the 
records of this office. 

Attest, J. Clifford Entwistle, City Clerk. 


George Feal, born 1644, Salem, M'a&s,^ father of 
George Peal, born lf)73, Salem, M'ass,,^ father of 
Jonathan Peal, born 1702, Salem, M'as^., father of 
Jonathan Peal, Jr., born 1731, Salem, Msi&s., father of 
Sarah Peal (Peele) born 1751, Salem, Mass., vnfe of 
Captain Daniel Saunders, born 1744, Salem, Mass., 

father of 
Captain Henry Saunders, born 1770, Salem, Mass., 

father of 
Philip Henry Saunders, born 1800, Salem, Mass ^father of 
Sarah Sprague Saunders, born 1843, Salem, Mass., t(ji/<9 of 
Capi'ain David Smith, U. S. N., born, IJrichen, Scotland, 

1834,/aM6r of 
Helen Saunders Smith, born Feb. 9, 1874. 
Esther Byers Smith, born Mar. 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe Smith, born Oct. 10, 1884. 

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The Shillaber family, though not of the earliest settlers of 
the Massachusetts colony, were among the most prominent and 
active business men in the early part of the seventeenth 
century. John Shillaber, with wife Blanch, is supposed to 
have come to Salem, Mass., about the year 1690. Three (3) 
children were born to them in England ; Blanch, Walter and 
John, and later a son William, born in America, 1690, 
Between the years 1680-8 there was much disturbance in Eng- 
land on account of religious differences, and it was during this 
time that the rebellion of the Duke of Monmouth occurred in 
which Devonshire took a large part; the participants of which 
were pursued relentlessly, and thousands fled or were banished 
the country. It appears that Devonshire was the earlj' home 
of the Shiilaber's. Green says : " The farmera and traders of 
Devonshire and Dorset flocked to his standard (John Shillaber) 
on account of his puritanical religious belief." Among the 
names familiar to the New England colony, banished to Barba- 
dos for high treason during this rebellion, Sept. 26, 1685, were: 

William Phippeii, from Devonshire of High Church, 

William Smith of lioad, 

Thomas Hoare, 

Mather Porter, 

William Sanders, 

Samuel Lawrence, 

John Adams, 

Samuel Weaver, 

John Gill, 

Wm. Browne, 

Thomas Marshall, 

Edward Marsh, and possibly John Shillaber, (since he was in Bar- 
bados about that time) though I do not find his name 
mentioned among them. 

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212 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

John Shillaber entered at once into active business life. He 
found Salem the tlourishing county town of the province, 
Oct. 4, 1727, John Shillaber purchased of Mr. Nathaniel 
Ropes, and wife Abigail, for £160 hia dwelling house, built the 
year previous upon the spot where Samuel Hall, the printer, 
had formerly lived. This was on E^sex street, corner of 
Washington, and described in the deed as follows : " Dwelling 
house and 16p of land, bd west by School street; 3p 6tt 2in 
north, on ye new lane; 4p 14ft 5in east, by his own land ; 3p 
6ft 9in south, by d d ; 4p 14ft 5in, the right of comnionedge 
only excepted. This estate of two houses owned by the 
Shillaber's was upon what is now corner of Washington and 
Church street. John Shillaber became a merchant, importing 
largely and investing and speculating in real estate. He was 
interested with John Saunders at Kensington and Portsmouth, 
where his grandson's, Joseph and Jonathan, settled, from who 
descended one of Americas modern writers, Benjamin P. 
Shillaber, or " Mi-s. Partington" as he was called through his 
noni de plume. 

John Shillaber, senior, as also his son William were among 
the organizers, together with Philip English and Philip San- 
ders of St. Peter's church. They were generous contributors 
and supporters of the church until the removal of the family 
to Danvers and the death of John Shillaber. senior, which oc- 
curred about the year 1754. 


William Shillaber, son of John Shillaber and wife Blanch, 
born about the year, 1690, died 1756. He was married twice ; 
first, to Lydia Foster, Sept. 9, 1725. She died 1729; second, 
he married Sarah Proctor Hutchinson, widow of Robert 
Hutchinson and daughter of Thorndike Proctor. 

1738. William Suillabek bought of William and John Trask, 
the consideration paid being £4(52, a certain tract or parcel of land 
scituate in Salem aforesaid ; the first piece containing eleven 

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Shillaber. 213 

acres and one hundred and Ave poles of plowland pasture and 
mowing land, bounded as follows, vis, beginning at Tucker's 
north east corner of the lane, thence running south sixty -eight de- 
grees, thirty minutes, west thirteen pole and fifteen links, butting 
on Tucker's land, then running south fifty -four degrees and fifty 
minutes, west nine poles and ten links on Tucker's land, then run- 
ning south forty -one degrees, east nine poles and thirteen links 
butting on Tucker's land, then running north sixty seven degrees, 
ten minutes, east thirteen poles and sixteen links butting on 
Tucker's land, thence running south thirty -one degrees and five 
. minutes, east twelve pole and ten links, then running south 
eleven degrees and thirty minutes, east thirty -seven pole and two 
links butting on these two lines, on other land of the said John 
Trask, dec'd, then running w^est thirty degrees, north twenty -two 
poles, eighteen links, then running north twenty -two degrees and 
twenty minutes, west ten poles and twenty -two links, butting on 
these two lines on the common great pasture, then running north 
twelve degrees east nineteen pole, nineteen links, butting on land 
of Edwartl Trask, dec'd, then running north seventy-three degrees 
and twenty minutes, west eighteen pole and nineteen links, but- 
ting on Edward's land, then limning north seventeen degrees and 
ten minutes, east fourteen pole and fourteen links, butting on 
Robert Hill's land, then running twenty-four degrees and fifty 
minutes, west thirty-three poles and fifteen links, butting on 
Samuel Aborn's land, then running south sixty -seven degrees and 
ten minutes, east sixteen pole, nine links and a half, butting on 
John Southwick's land, tlien running north sixty-seven degrees 
and twenty minutes, east twenty four poles to the same, butting 
on sd Southwick's land, then running south twelve degrees and 
thirty minutes, east three pole and twenty -two links to Tucker's 
corner, which line runs over the said Tucker's fence, as it now 
stands. The second piece, containing ten acres of woodland, called 
Follett's, bounded as follows, vis, beginning at a stake and stones 
at a high rock, which is also Follett's and Boyce's bound, thence 
running east two degrees and ten minutes, south thirty -one pole, 
joining southerly on Boyce's land, then running south thirty -four 
degrees and thirty minutes, east twelve feet, six inches on said 
Boyce's land, then running north thirty -four degrees and thirty 
minutes, east thirty-nine pole, eleven feet and six inches, butting 
on land of Ezekial Goldthwait, then running north fifty-eight de- 
grees, west thirty -five pole and twelve feet to Follett's line, but- 
ting on other land of the said John Trask, dec'd, then running 
south thirty-three degrees and fifty minutes, west seventeen pole 
to a high rock, which is Follett's, bound thence south nineteen de- 
grees and five minutes, west thirty -nine pole to the stake and 
stones first mentioned, with the privileges and appurtenances to 

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214 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

the premises belonging, to have and to hold, &c., &c., the said 

William Shillaber, his heirs, <&c., 4&c. 


Wm. Trask, 
John Trask. 

This was the property on the itiahi Boston road between the 
burying ground at Danvers down to Putnam's corner, or near 
it, iiiduding the mill property, commonly called "Trask's 


1740, April 29. "John Chapman conveyed to William Bhilla- 
ber one full right or share in the Common lands of Salem, bound- 
ed and undivided, the first portion lying in the great pasture, and 
the second on stony plains so called." 

William Shillaber continued to amas property until his death, 
which occurred in 1756. 

April 20, 1757. An inventory of his estate is submitted to Hon. 
John Chote. Esq'r, judge of Probate of Wills, by the following 
committee appointed by the court, vis : 

Thorndike Puoctok, 1 

TiMO. Pickering, | 

Benj. Prescott, Jun'r, \ CAmimittee.. 

Dan'l King, | 

Benj. Goodhue. J 

The inventory reads as follows : 

"Danveus, April 20, 1757. To the Hon. John Chote, judge 
for probate of wills, in the county of E.ssex, Sir : 

Agreeable to your direction of the 11th iust., we have taken a 
careful view of the real estate of Mr. William Shillaber, late of 
Salem, deceased, and have divided it in the best manner we could, 
which is as follows, vis : 

We have set ofif to the widow, Sarah Shillaber, for her thirds, 
or right of dowry, the westwanl part of the homestead ; four 
poles, one foot and a half upon the street, and keeping the same 
width through the lot. the line running through the house at the 
partition on the east side of the west room, with all the buildings 
thereon, except half the barn, which is reserved for No. 1, to- 
gether with the privileges of the improvement of the shop and 
convenient passage into her cellar through that part of the cellar 
set off to No. 1 during her pleasure ; also two-thirds of a mansion 
house and about twenty poles of land adjoining situate in Salem, 
adjoining to Mr. Thorndike Proctor's land, the other third being 
under the improvement of the widow, Sarah Proc;tor, late Hutch- 
inson, as part of her thirds of the estate of her former husband. 

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ShiUaber, 216 

Mr. Robert Hutchinson, of Salem, deceased ; also one half of the 
interest in Trask's mills (so called), in Dan vers, being one-sixth 
part of the whole mills, also about twenty-seven acres of land in 
Salem, upon the road leading to Boston, being the southerly 
part of a track of land, lately in the improvement of David Boyce, 
junior, bounded westerly, partly upon Boston road and partly on 
one acre of land, set off with the buildings to No. 9, northerly 
upon land set off to No. 8, about ninety -seven poles easterly on 
the sheep pasture (so called) about thirty poles and southerly on 
land of David Boyce, Junior, one hundred and nine poles ; two 
^cres of land by the burying place in Dan vers, inclosed by itself 
with stone wall and the mill pond ; about two acres of land in 
the southeasterly part of the glass house field (so called) in Salem, 
inclosed also with stone wall and half a common right in the com- 
mon lands of Salem. The remaining two thirds we have divided 
as follows, vis : To No. 1, of the homestead, thirty -one feet front, 
and holding the same width through the lot, except the land cov- 
ered by the old part of the house and half a pole wide to the 
northward of said old house ; and one-half the barn that stands 
upon the widow's thirds, being the northerly half, reserving the 
privilege conveyed as on the other side to the widow, of the im- 
provement of the shop, and a convenient way in her cellar, with 
all buildings standing upon the premises. 

To No. 2, of the homestead, six poles front, five poles, ten feet 
rear, and a piece excepted as above out of No. 1, with all build- 
ings thereon. 

To No. 3, about four acres at the northerly part of Boyce's 
place (so called), adjoining to John Buxton's land, eight poles up- 
on Boston road and running back to the sheep pasture on a paral- 
lel line with Buxton's line, seven acres and three-quarters of land 
by Roger Derby's land, inclosed by itself ; half a common right, 
and two small pieces of wood land in Lynn, containing about 
three acres and a half. 

To No. 4, about four acres at Boyce's, eight poles upon Boston 
road and running to the sheep pasture by a line parallel to the 
south line of No. 3, nine acres of upland and meadow by Thorn - 
dike Very's. of the homestead four poles, twelve feet front and 
rear next the common, and one-quarter part of a common right. 

To No. 5. Four acres at Boyce's, eight poles upon Boston 
road and running to the sheep pasture by a line parallel to the 
south line of No 4 ; ten acres of woodland in Lynn, described by 
deed ; one half the interest in the mills, called Trask's mills, being 
one-sixth part of the whole mills, and half a common right. 

To No. 6. Four acres or thereabouts at Boyce's, eight poles 
upon Boston road and running back to the sheep pasture by a line 

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216 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

parallel to the south line of No. 5. Two acri's of orchard in the 
north field (so called) in Danvers, and five of upland in said fit»ld 
with one common right. 

To No. 7. About four acres of land at Boyce's, eight poles up- 
on Boston road, and running back to the sheep pasture by a line 
parallel to the south line of No. 6, and about seven acres of land 
in the glass house field (so called) in Salem, l)ounded southeasterly 
on land set off to the widow, northwesterly on land set off to Ts o. 
8 from Samuel Aborn's northeast corner of Edward Tucker's south- 
west corner, being about fifteen poles. 

To No. 8. About four acres of land at Boyce's, eight poles up- 
on Boston road and running back to the sheep pasture by a line 
parallel to the south side of No. 7, about two acres of land and a 
half being the northerly part of the glass house field, and adjoins 
southeasterly about fifteen poles on the northwesterly line of land 
in said field set off to No. 7, and four and a quarter common 

To No. 9. The house, barn and well and one acre of land ad- 
joining where David Boyce now dwells ; the land lying upon 
Boston rr)ad sixteen poles and running back ten poles, all right- 
angles. The above division of Boyce's place are bounded by 
stakes and stones, and the several members are to hep their pro- 
portional parts of the fences and to go through each others land . 
as they shall have occasion, not to do any unnecessary damage. 
The widow also to have her proportional advantage of going 
through the above parts of the estate as above. 

Thorndike PjtocTon, 
TiMo. Pickering, 


Dan'l Kino, 
Benja. Goodhue. 


Essex ss, May 2, 1757. This return of the division of Mr. Wil- 
liam Shillaber's n*al estate, late of Salem, deceased, being pre- 
sented, is allowed and accepted ; ami the thinl therein set off to 
his widow, Mrs. Sarah Shillaber, is confirmed to her during her 
natural life, and the other two-thinls as divided, I assign to and 
among the said <leceased's children and their heirs, as followeth, 
vis : To William Shillaber, the eldest son, share first and third to 
him and his heirs, as his double portion in said two thirds to Rob- 
ert Shillaber and his hears. No. 8 ; to Samuel Shillaber and his 
heirs. No. 5 ; to Lydia Shillaber, alias Proctor, and her heirs, No. 
6 ; to Sarah Shillaber and her heirs. No. 7 ; to Elizabeth Shil- 
laberand her heirs, No. 4 ; to Hannah Shillaber and her heirs, No. 

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Shillaher, 217 

2 ; and No. 9 to Benjamin Shillabcr and his heii-s. And this is to 
be recorded as a final settlement of the two-tliinls of said estate. 

John Ciiote, J. Probate. 
A true copy of record. ' 

Attest, Daniel Noyes, Kcg'r. 

Tliis division of the property remained intact until the death 
of the widow, wlien Robert Shillaber bought from the heirs lier 
undivided thirds. 


The children of William Shillaber and Sarah Hutchinson, 
married about 1730-2 were 

1. William Shillaber, b. 1733-4, m. Sarah Tucker. 

2. lioBEUT Shillaber, b. May 20, 1736, m. Elizabeth Proctor, 

Nov. 30, 1758. died, June 20, 1808, ag. 72. 

3. Samuel Sni!<LABER, b. 1738, became a sea captain, died 1800, 

leaving one son, Ebenezer, a merchant of Salem, Mass., for 
whom Eben, the Banker, was named. 

4. Sarah, b. Dec. 28, 1739, m. Major Caleb Low : she died Dec. 

28, 1815. 

5. Lydia, m. Proctor. 

6. Elizabeth, m. William Grey. 

7. Hannah, m. Samuel Peters. 

8. Benjamin, who also became a sea captain, d. Aug. 16, 1823, 

ag. 67-9. 

Of the above family, William Shillaber and Robert Shil- 
laber, as also their brother-in-law, Major Caleb Low, were 
staunch patriots at the breaking out of the war of the Revolu- 
tion, and continued to assist in different capacities, to the in- 
dependence of their country. 

William Shillaber, as also his brothers, Robert and Samuel 
in early life, became mariners and attained the position of 
Captains in the Merchant Marine service. Robert Shillaber 
later in life became a merchant and trader with the adjoining 
colonies to a large degree, owning their own ships, and export- 
ing the products of the country, receiving in return the manu- 
factured goods of England and France for the use of the 

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218 Founders of MdssdchusetU Bay Colony, 

colonists, and profits to the owners of such enterprises. But 
from the introduction of the stamp act in 1765, its repeal in 
1766, the additional tax upon tea in 1770, and the uprising of 
the colonists in 1772 in its opposition and determination to 
either overthrow the tea or the government itself, shipping 
was taken with great risks, and uncertainties. 

In 1772 by a Royal regulation, provision was made for the 
support of the Governor and Judges of Massachusetts out of 
the revenue of the province, independent of any action of the 
colonial assemblies. This measure the colonial assembly de- 
clared to be an, " Infraction of the rights of the inhabitants 
granted by the royal charter." 

Though patriotic and loyal to a very great degree, the 
colonists determined not to submit to what they considered an 
infringement upon their rights, in the unjust acts of parliament 
"of continual oppression of taxation without representation." 

The country at this time was in an alarming state; there 
were uprisings and bloodshed at the slightest provocation. 

In 1774 " a convention was called by the inhabitants of Essex 
county, to meet at Ipswich the 6th and 7th day of Sept., 1774, 
to determine upon some action in relation to the existing laws 
of taxation and the infringement upon the rights of their charter 
and to the self protection of the colonists, through the forma- 
tion of committees of safety, and other resolutions. The different 
sections of Essex county were represented by the following 
gentlemen : 

Danvers was represented by Captain William Shillaber and Dr. 

Samuel Holton. 
Salisbury, by Colonel Samuel Smith, (before mentioned,) Mr. 

Nathaniel Currier and Mr. Henry Eaton. 
Alraesbury, by Mr. Wintlirop Merrill and Mr. Caleb Pillsbury. 
Wenliam, by Mr. Benjamin Fairfield, Capt. Jacob Dodge and Dr. 

Tyler Porter. 
Salem, by Hon. Richard Derby Jr., Capt. Richard Manning and 

Capt. Timothy Pickering Jr. 
Ipswich, by Captain Michael Farley, Mr. John Patch 3rd, Mr. Daniel 

Noyes, Mr. Jonathan Cogswell aud Mr. Nathaniel Farley. 

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Shillaber, 219 

Newbury, by Hon. Joseph Gerrish Esq.; Captain Joseph Hale, Cap- 
tain Moses Little and Samuel Gerrish, Esq. 
Newbury port, by Captain Jonathan Greenleaf, Justain Dalton, Esq., 

Mr. Stephen Cross and Mr. John Broomfield. 
Marblehead, by Jeremiah Neal, Esq., Azor Orne, Esq., Mr. Elbridge 

Gerry, Mr. Joshua Orne and Mr. William Dolliver. 
Lynn, by Captain John Mansfield and Mr. Daniel Mansfield. 
Andover, by James Frye, Esq., Mr. Joshua Holt and Mr. Samuel 

Beverly, by Captain Benjamin Sweet, Mr. Samuel Goodridge and 

Mr. Joseph Wood. 
Rowley, by Mr. Nathaniel Mighill and Daniel Spaffonl, Esq, 
Haverhill, by Samuel White, Esq., Mr. Jonathan Webster, Mr. 

Isaac HeddingtOD and Joseph Hayncs. 
Glocester, by Daniel Witham, Esq., Captain Peter Coflin, Mr. 

Samuel Whittimore, John Low, Esq., and Mr. Solomen Parsons. 
Topsfield, by Captain Samuel Smith, Mr. John Gould and Mr. Enos 

Bradford, by Captain Daniel Thurston and Mr. Peter Russell. 
Manchester, by John Lee, Esq., Captain Andrew Masters and Mr. 

Andrew Woodbury. 
Metheum, by Mr. John Bod well and Mr. John Sergeut. 
Boxford, by Captain Asa Perley, Mr. Thomas Perley and Mr. 

Joseph Hovey. 
Middleton, by Captain Archelous Fuller, Mr. Ei>hriain Fuller and 

Doctor Silas Merriam. 

It was first voted that Jeremiah Lee be chosen chairman. 
Several papers relating to the situation of pubHc affairs were 
read, as also to the altering of the constitutions and laws 
intended by the late act of Parliament for regulating the 
government of the province; after consultation and debate 
thereon, a committee of nine persons were appointed to consider 
and report upon the same. 

The committee reported a number of resolves, which after 
being read, debated upon and amended were unamously 
accepted, the delegates, one by one, declaring their assent. 

The report is as follows : 

''The delegates appointed by the several towns in this 
county to meet together at this alarming crisis, to consider and 

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220 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

determine on such measures as shall appear to be expedient for 
the country to adopt; deeply impressed with a sense of the 
importance of this delegation, of the abilities and gratifications 
necessary for conducting our public affairs with wisdom and 
prudence, but with the firmness and resolution becoming free- 
men with the respect and difference due to the sentiments of 
our bretheren in the other counties of the province, with snl)- 
mission to the future determinations of a provincial assembly, 
and the decisions of the great American Congress, do in tliu 
name of the country make these resolves, vis: 

l8T. Tliat the several acts of Parliament, which infringe the 
just rights of the colonies, and of this province in particular, be- 
ing subjects of deliveration before the continental congress, ren- 
ders it expedient for this country to suspend after determinations 
respecting them, except so far as tlieir immediate operations re- 
(^uire immediate opposition. That the act of Parliament, entitlml 
" An act for the better regulating the government of the province, 
and destruction of our liberties," and having been with uucom- 
mon zeal with arbitrary exertions and military violence, att«mpt<xl 
to be carried into execution ; and this zeal, these exertions, ami 
this violence still continuing from the sacred regard, and the in- 
voilable attachment we do to those rights, which are essential to 
and distinguishes us as f^nglishmen and free men ; and from a ieu- 
der concern for the peace of this country, we are bound to pursue 
all reasonable measures by which any attempts to enforce imme- 
diate obc^lience to that act may be defeated. 

2d. That the judges, justices and other civil officers in this 
country, appointed agreeably to the charter and the laws of tlie 
province, are the only civil officers in the country whom we may 
lawfully obey. That no authority whatever can remove these 
officers, except that which is contributed pursuant to the charter 
and those laws ; that it is the duty of these officers to continue in 
the execution of their respective trusts, as if the afore mentioned 
act of parliament had never been made ; and that while they thus 
continue, untainted by any official conduct in conformity to that 
act, we will vigorously support them therein to the utmost of our 
power, indemnify them in their persons and property and to their 
lawful yield a ready obedience. 

3uD. That all civil officers in the province as well as private 
persons, who shall dare to conduct in conformity to the afore 
mentioned act for violating the charter and constitution of the 
province are and will be considered by this country as it« un- 
natunil and malignant enemies, and in the opinion of this body. 

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ShiUaber. 221 

such mcD, while they persist in such conduct, and so contribute 
to involve the colonies in all the horrors of a civil war, are unfit 
for civil scxiiety ; the lands ought not to be tilled by the labor of 
any American, nor their families supplied with clothing or food." 

4tii. *• The fourth resolve, which respected Pet^ir Frye, Es<i., 
was omitted by the direction of the delegates of Salem, Marble- 
head and Dan vers, they oi)posing his frank and generous declara- 
tion insertetl in the papers, would give full satisfaction to the 
country, and under a publication of this resolve, superfluous and 

Sth. •* That a committee be raised to wait on William Browne, 
Esq., of Salem, and acquaint him that with grief his country has 
viewed his exertions for carrying into execution, acts of parlia- 
ment, circulated to Enslave, and ruin his native land. That while 
the country would continue the respect for several years paid him, 
it firmly resolves to detach from every future connection with all 
such as shall persist in supporting or in any way countenancing 
the late arbitrary edicts of parliament ; that the delegates in the 
name of the country, request him to excuse them from the pain- 
ful necessity of considering and treating him as an enemy to his 
country, and therefore that he would resign his otflce as councellor 
on the late establishment, and decline as a judge and in every 
otiier capacity, to execute the late acts of parliament and all 
others deemed by the province unconstitutional and opi)ressive. 

Otii. That in the opinion of this body all town meetings in this 
county ought to be called agreeably to the laws of the province, 
and the ancient usage of the country. 

7Tir. That it is the opinion of this body of delegates that a 
provincial government is absolutely necessary in our present un- 
happy situation ; and that as writs are now issued for the election 
of representatives, for a general assembly, to be held at Salem on 
the 5th day of Oct. next, the representatives so elected will prop- 
erly form such provincial congress. And it is further our opinion 
that these representatives should be instructed by their several 
towns to resolve themselves into a provincial congress acconlingly, 
if, when assembled, they shall deem it necessary or expedient ; in 
order to consult and determine on such measures as they judge 
will tend to promote the true interest of his majesty, and the peace, 
welfare and prosperity of the province. 

8tii. Deeply affected with a sense of the miseries and calami- 
ties now impending over the colonies, and this province in partic- 
ular, we are coraiH'lled to form these resolutions ; which as we 
apprehend, being founded in justice and necessity, on the princi- 
ples of our natural, essential, and unalienable rights, we are deter- 
mined to abide by it. At the same time, we frankly and with sin- 
cerity declare that we still hold ourselves subjects of his Majesty 

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222 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

King George the third ; as such, will bear him true allegiance, 
and are ready with our lives and fortunes to support and defend 
his person, crown, and dignity, and his constitutional authority 
over us. But by the horrors of slavery, by the dignity and happi- 
ness attending virtuous freedom, we are constrained to declare 
that we hold our liberties too dear to be sported with, and are 
therefore most seriously determined to defend them. This in the 
present dispute we conceive may be effected by peaceable means. 
But though above all things, slavery excepted, we deprecate the 
evils of a civil war, though we are deeply anxious to restore and 
preserve harmony with our bretheren in Great Britain, yet if the 
disposition and violence of our enemies should finally reduce us 
to the sad necessity, we undaunted, are ready to appeal to the last 
resort of states, and will, in support of our rights, encounter even 
death, " sensible, that he can never die too soon who lays down 
his life in support of the laws and liberties of his country." 

Voted, '*That Jeremiah Lee, Esq., Doctor Sam'l Holton and 
Mr. Elbridge Gerry be appointed a committee, to wait on tlie 
Hon. William Brown, Esqr., agreeable to the 5th resolve. 

Voted, "That a committee be chosen, to notify the members 
of this body, to assemble again when they shall think it neces- 
sary, and that the members from Salem, and Marblehead, be 
tins committee : and that they or the major part of them, be 
and they are hereby empowered, to issue notifications accord- 

"^^ ^ ■ John Pickering, Jun'r., Clerk. 

Salem, Friday, Sept. 9, 1774. 
Jeremiah Lee, Esc^r., Doctor Samuel Holton, and Mr. El- 
bridge Gerry waited on the Hon. William Browne, Esqr., at 
Boston, with the fifth resolve of the delegates of this county, 
and received the following answer : 

" Gentlemen :— I cannot consent to defeat his majesties inten- 
tions and disappoint his expectations by which he has been 
graciously pleased to appoint me, an appointment made without 
my solicitation, and accepted by me, from a sense of duty to the 
King and the hopes of serving my country. I wish therefore to 
give him no cause to suspect my fidelity, and I assure you I will 
do nothing without a true regard to it« interests, *' as a judge and 
in every other capacity." 1 intend to act with honor and integrity 
and to exert my best abilities ; and be assured that neither persua- 

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Shillaber, 223 

sion can alter me, nor shall menaces compel me to do anything 
derogerty to the character of a councillor of his majesties province 
of Mass Bay." 

William Brownk. 

Boston. Sept. 9, 1774. 

To Jeremiah Lee, Doc. Samuel Holton and Mr. Elbridge Gerry. 

The Men Who Formed This Convention At Ipswich, were 
the Representative Men of the townsliips ; men who were 
not only tliemselves, imbuded with the sense of right and jus- 
tice, in the validity of their charter, and all that it conveyed 
from the crown ; but men descended from the same English 
blood, and allied to it by many ties of marriage, whose repre- 
sentatives in Parliment, were with jealousy and unreason, by 
their very acts, forcing upon the colonists, this sense of opposi- 
tion, contained in these resolutions, and their determination to 
resent the oppression. 

Loyal they were, and Englishmen they were themselves, and 
by their inherited principles of right, and wrong, they deter- 
mined to resist. 

William Browne, the judge to whom this particular resolve 
was directed, was descended from one of the most influential, 
prosperous, and respected families of Salem. Descendant of 
William Browne the first, who was son-in-law to Samuel Smith 
the first, mentioned in history. 

The family, loyalists, and influential, had ever commanded 
the respect of their townsmen. Judge Browne, however, was 
but trying to carry out the principles of the recent acts of Par- 
liment, which had so incensed the community, viz. 

Act passed March 25, 1774, " an act for the removal of the 
oflScers concerned in the collection and management of his 
Majesties duties, and customs from the town of Boston, in the 
province of Massachusetts Bay in North America, and to dis- 
continue the landing and discharging, loading and shipping of 
goods, wares, and merchandise, at the said town of Boston, or 
within the harbor tlfereof. 

Also the act of 28th May, 1774, " on the allegation that an 
executive power was wanting, in the province of Massachusetts 
and that it was highly necessary to strengthen the hands of its 

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224 Founders of MasBCbchusetts Bay Colony, 

magistracy, the Prime Minister proposed to bring in a bill, 
" authorising the Governor for the time being to act as Justice 
of Peace, and empower him to appoint at his will and pleasure, 
the officers throughout the whole civil authority ; such as the 
Provost Marshal, and the Sheriffs, to which latter officers, was 
to be delegated the nomination of jurors, who formerly had 
been elected by the freemen of the several townships, in the 
province. There was also added to the bill several instructions 
as regards the holding of public meetings in towns, etc., and 
the bill passed in Parliment, 2nd May, 1774, by vote of 239 to 
64. In the House of Lords, by a decision of 92 to 20. The 
majority of the Peers of the realm entered heartily into the 
views of the ministry as to the coersion of American colonies. 

15th Apr. 1774. "The British Prime Minister proposed a 
third bill which he hoped would effectually secure the province 
of Mass Bay from future disturbances. The tenor of this bill 
which bore the plausable title *'for the impartial administration 
of justice" was that "in case of any person being indicted for 
murder or any other capitol offence, committed in the Province 
of Mass in aiding the magistrate, the Governor might send the 
person so indicted to another colony or to Great Britian for 
trial." This last act even met with opposition from its own 
))revious supporters, and Colonel Barre who had previously 
acquiesced in the proceeding laws of coercion said, "you may 
think that a law founded on this motion will be a protection to 
the soldier, who imbrues his hand in the blood of his fellow 
subjects, but 1 am mistaken if it will; who is to execute it ? 
lie must be a bold man indeed who will make the attempt." 
Again he said, "the peo])le will not endure it; they would no 
longer deserve the reputation of being descended from the 
loins of Englishmen if they did endure it." Such was the bold 
language of an English soldier, who knew America well." 
(History of American Revolution, published in London by the 
Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, 1832.) 

Thus^ hy these acU of parliament^ was all business sus- 
pended in the province. Boston was to become a fortified 
town. Governor Gage appointed by the crown, arrived. 

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ShiOaber. 225 

followed by two regiments of foot and other detachments, in- 
vested with the right of Governorship and Commander-in-chief 
of forces ; he could administer oaths, appoint judges, council 
and jury, control all ports of entry and departure ; to exercise 
unlimited authority, and in case of rebellion, to by the last act 
of parliament, protect the emmisaries in any act of cruelty or 
misdemeanor in the enforcement of this law, by immediately 
sending thein out of the country, for protection, even against 
the justice of a trial, by judge and jury of his own impanelling. 

The commencement of the operation of the one act, the 
port act, caused property to depreciate to the lowest scale of 
value. Houses were deserted, warehouses were emptied and 
abandoned, quays deserted and silence reigned in the ship yards, 
thousands of artificers wandered through the streets destitute. 
Contributions begun to pour in from the adjacent townships as 
soon as they realized the importance of the resolutions of the 
Ipswich convention, and like conventions were being held in 
the sister colonies. 

On 7 June, 1774, Governor Gage held a court at Salem, but 
finding out that the popular leaders were not prepared to carry 
out his intentions, he immediately dissolved it; ordering it 
again to convene on October 5. In the meantime the colonist 
had decided that though resistance might mean death, that death 
was preferable to the surrender of all their charter rights and 
colonial independance ; and the convention was called with the 
result before mentioned. This action so alarmed the Governor 
in its bold action of the countries resolve, that he issued a 
proclamation in language which rather incensed then conciliated 
his subjects. 

Province of Mass. Bay. 

By the Governor. 


•* Whereas, on the first day of September I thought fit to issue 
writs for calling a Great and General Court to be convened, or 
held at Salem, County Essex, on the fifth day of October, and, 
whereas, from the many tumults and disorders which have since 
taken place, the extraordinary resolves which have been passed 
in many of the counties, the instructions given by the town of 

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226 Founders of Massachusetts Bay CoUray. 

Boston and some other towns to their representatives, and the 
present disordered and unhappy state of the province, it appears 
to me highly inexpedient that a Great and General Court should 
be convened at the time aforesaid, but that a session at some more 
distant day will best t«nd to promote his majesties service and the 
good of the province. I have, therefore, thought fit to declare 
my intention not to meet the said General Court at Salem on the 
fifth day of October next. And I do hereby excuse and discharge 
all such persons as may or have been elected, and deputed re- 
presentatives to serve at the same from giving their attendance. 
Anything in the aforesaid writs contained, to the contrary not- 
withstanding, whereof all concerned are to take notice and gov- 
ern themselves accordingly. 

Given at Boston 28th day September, 1774. in the 14th year of 
the reign of our sovereign lord, George III, by tne grace of God 
of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King defender of the faith. 

Thomas Gaok. 

Notwitlistanding tliis proclamation ninety of the representa- 
tives were present at Salem on Wednesday, Oct. 5, 1774. With 
cautious courtesy they waited during the day the attendance of 
the Governor, to administer the usual oaths. When it became 
certain that his presence could no longer be expected, they 
organized in a convention on Thursday. The Hon. John Han- 
cock was chosen chairman and Benjamin Lincoln, Esq., clerk. 
Hon. Samuel Smith represented the town of Salisbury, Dr. 
Samuel Holton, Danvers, and Mr. John Pickering and Mr. 
Jonathan Ropes, Salem. They resolved themselves into a con- 
vention, censured the Governor's conduct as unconstitutional 
and considered his proclamation as a further proof not only of 
his Excellency's disaffectation toward the province, but of the 
necessity of its most vigorous and immediate exertions for pre- 
serving the freedom and constitution. Upon a motion made 
and seconded it was voted : 

•' That the members do now revive theniHelreM into a Provincial 
Congress, to l)e joined by such other jxirsons as have l)een or shan 
be chosen for that purpose, to take into consideration the danger- 
ous and alarming situation of public affairs in this province, and to 
consult and determine on such means as they shall judge will tend 
to promote the true interests of his Majesty, and the peace, wel- 
fare and prosperity of the province. 

Benjamin Lincoln, C\'(rk. 

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ShiUaber. 227 

Even in this bold resolve they declare themselves subjects of 
the Crown, and were seeking for the peace, welfare and pros- 
perity of the province. I scarcely think had the subject of in- 
dependence been approached, that their stout hearts and strong 
nerves could at that time have dared a resistance^ and a total 
rupture of their filial affection to their mother country. One of 
the most important acts of this Provincial Congress, which act 
is observed unto this day, was that issued Oct. 23, 1774, viz : 
" The Provincial Congress ordered that Mr. Appleton, Dr. 
Foster and Mr. Devans be a committee to agree with Messrs. 
Edes and Gill to print the resolve entered into by this congress 
recommending the inhabitants of this province to observe a day 
of Public Thanksgiving, and that they send a copy to all re- 
ligious assemblies therein." 

This congress immediately organized themselves into com- 
mittees; gave orders for the organization of militia for self 
protection of their province; organized committees of safety; 
a committee of supplies was formed, with orders to expend the 
sum of £15,000 sterling if necessary in provisions, military ac- 
couterments and stores; which were accordingly provided 
and deix)8ited at Worcester and Concord. Moreover, it was 
contemplated that the British, should be repelled if they at- 
tempted to march beyond Boston Neck, where the Governor 
had fortified himself. By these measures the Provincial Con- 
gress had hoped, that the home government would repeal the 
obnoxious acts, and peace and prosperity reign in the colony 
again ; but a cry almost unanimous was raised throughout Eng- 
land against them, and it was decided, that they must be re- 
duced to coercion. William Shillaber, a delegate to this con- 
gress, was also chairman of the committee of safety, and gen- 
erously did he contribute to his suffering country ; it is said he 
was ever ready with a generous contribution, though he saw 
his large fortune fast disappearing, in his disasterons shipping 
ventures, and his continual aid to the colony. 

Samuel Smith of Salisbury, was an important aid to the 
congress, and his family were represented by many members 
in their eflScient service during the following years as officers 

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228 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

in tlie Revolutionary Army. Though through the assembly of 
the Provincial congress, means were provided by private con- 
tribution, and every effort made for a determined resistance, to 
the British acts of unjustice, it was not until the memorable 
19 of April, 1775, when Governor Gage ordered from his gar- 
rison 800 picked men, under the command of Lieut. Colonel 
Smith, to proceed to Lexington and Concord, and seize the 
powder and stores of the insurgeants, that the first blow for the 
independence of America was given, though two months pre- 
vious, the men at Salem, without bloodshed, repelled the first 
hostile movement of Colonel Leslie and obliged liim to return 
to his headquarters at Marblehead. The towns of Salem and 
Danvers were foremost in their fervor and substantial assist mce 
toward a common loyalty in support of the universal resistance 
to the arbitrary acts of the British Government. As early as 
1765, in a town meeting in Danvers, it was resolved, "that the 
inhabitants were greatly incensed by the burdens attempted to 
be imposed upon them, and were ready to resist to the utmost." 

In 1768, the delegate from Danvei's to the convention at 
Fanueil Hall, was instructed "to look well to the rights of the 
people." Danvers as represented by Capt. William Shillaber 
and Doctor Holton at the convention at Ipswich, Sept. 6, and 
7, 1774, and was foremost in its support for a demand for the 
Provincial Congress, and during the time between this con- 
vention, and the 19 Apr., 1775, Danvers was again foremost 
in its organization of the minute men, and their equipment. 
Capt. William Shillaber was chairman of the Commtttee of 
Safety for Danvers and Jonathan Peele Jr., occupied the same 
position in relation to Salem ; and each by their encouragement 
and assistance, assisted in every way in the preperation for 

Eight companies of militia were organized and officered. 
Three of these belonged to the Essex regiment, commanded 
by Col. Thomas Pickering of Salem, commanded respectively 
by Capt. Samuel Flint, Captain Samuel Eppes and the third by 
Captain Samuel Page. 

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ShiUaber. 229 

A company of minute men from Danvers Port was com- 
manded by Israel Hutchinson, another from Danvers Centre by 
Captain Asa Prince. 

Three companies, one commanded by Jolin Putman, another 
by Edmund Putman, and the third by Capt. Caleb Low a 
brother-in-law to both Capt. William and Capp. Robert 
Shillabee, were from the south parish, or what is now called 
Peabody. These two former companies were composed of 
older men, who had seen service, some of them with Pepperill 
at Louisberg ; and the third company, commanded by Captain 
Caleb Low, of twenty-three officers and men, was composed 
mostly of his friends and brothers-in-law, William and liobert 
Shillaber. The home of the Shillabers was on Boston street, 
William's home was on the site of the Caller house, and 
Robert's and Captain Low's near by. Their principal parading 
ground was on the Main street, and it was on the Main street 
near by the Bio Elm Tree that Captain Caleb Low's company 
fell into ranks the 19 Apr. 1775. Old men and young, gentle- 
men and artizans, side by side. A few minutes only, after the 
bell of the meeting house had tolled out the solemn warning 
brought by the swift winged messenger, " that the British 
were marching on Concord," they too marched with swift and 
determined air, up the main Boston Road, until they halted for 
a short time at Washington street ; but receiving orders from 
Col. Pickering to proceed without waiting for the other com- 
panies, and in haste, almost on a run; without paying much 
attention to rank and file, these brave men hurried over their 
long and tiresome road until they arrived at Medford, when 
quenching their thirst they again started for the scene of 
assault. They reached Arlington at two o'clock — having made 
the distance of sixteen miles in four hours. They were in the 
line of the British retreat and bitterly assailed them on all 
sides, and they themselves were assailed in return. The loss to 
Danvers were seven killed, two wounded and one missing. 
The lost to the surrounding towns including men from Lexing- 
ton, Danvers, Menotomy, Sudbury, Concord, Bedford, Danvers, 
Salem, Brookline, Cambridge and Medford, were 41 killed, 19 

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Foundsrs of Mas%achvseU% Bay Colony. 

wounded and 2 missing. The British loss was 66 killed, 180 
wounded and 28 prisoners. 

The following is a copy of a handbill, issued immediately 
after the engagement at Concord and Lexington. 

" A list of the names of the Provincials who were killed and 
wounded in the late engagements with his Majesty's troojis at 
Concord, 19 Apr. 1776:" 



Mr. Robert Miinroe, 
Mr. Jonas Parker, 
Mr. Samuel Hadley, 
Mr. Jonathan Harrington, 
Mr. Caleb Harrington, 
Mr. Isaac Muzzy, 
Mr. John Brown, 
Mr. John Raymond, 
Mr. Nathaniel Wyman, 
Mr. Jediliiah Munroe. 


Mr. Jason Russell, 
Mr. Jabez Wyman, 
Mr. Jason Winship. 


Deacon Haynes, 
Mr. Reed. 

Capt. James Miles. 


Capt. Jonathan Willson. 


Capt Davis, 

Mr. Hosmcr, 

Mr. James Howard. 


Mr. Azael Porter, 
Mr. Daniel Thompson. 

Mr. Henry Jac-obs, 
Mr. Samuel Cook, 
Mr. Ebenezer Goldthwait, 
Mr. George Southwick, 
Mr. Benjamin Daland, Jr., 
Mr. Jonathan Webb, 
Mr. Perley Putnam. 


Mr. Benjamin Peirce. 


Mr. James Miller. 

Capt. William Barber's son! 


Isaac Gardner, Esq. 


Mr. John Hicks, 

Mr. Moses Richardson, 

Mr. William Massey. 


Mr. Henry Putnam. 


Mr. Abednego Ramsdell, 
Mr. Daniel Townsend, 
Mr. William Flint, 
Mr. Thomas Hadley. 

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Mr. John Robbins, 

Mr. John Tidd, 

Mr. Solomon Peirce, 

Mr. Thomas Winship, 

Mr. Nathaniel Farmer, 

Mr. Joseph Coraee, 

Mr. Ebcnezer Munroe, 

Mr. Francis Brown, 

Prince Esterbrooks (a Negro man) 

Mr. Hemenway. 


Mr. John Lane. 


Mr. George Reed, 
Mr. Jacob Bacon. 


Mr. William Potly, 


Mr. Joshua Felt, 
Mr. Timothy Monroe. 


Mr. Nathan Putnam. 
Mr. Dennis Wallis. 

Mr. Nathaniel Cleaves. 


Mr. Samuel Frost, 
Mr. Seth Russell. 

The night after the battle was passed at Medford, but the 
following day the soldiers of Danvers came slowly marching 
home with their dead. 

These heroes of this first battle of the Revolution have never 
been forgotten, nor will their brave deed ever cease to be chron- 
icled. Sixty years later, on the anniversary of the day, the 
corner stone was laid for a monument at Danvers to perpetuate 
their names, and this monument to-day commemorates the lives 
of those who fell and those who fought in the defense of their 
country, in that struggle for independence, the like of which is 
unparalleled in the world's history. 

Captain Caleb Low's services on that memorable day were 
rewarded by an appointment upon General Washington's staff, 
where he served with distinction with the rank of major during 
the war. Notwithstanding these hardships, his life was spared 
until the age of 70 years, when he died May 13, 1810. 

Captain William Shillaber's name continued to appear in 
connection with important movements of public matter, as also 
that of Colonel Samuel Smith. 

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232 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

April 26, 1775. At the meeting of tlie Provincial Congress 
a letter was read from John Hancock recommending Mr. John 
Smith and Mr. John Avery, " two excellent, good soldiers and 
gentlemen, who will advance the reputation of the province in 
that department of command." 

May 1, 1775. " Same congress ; a committee was appointed 
to consider what steps were necessary to be taken with respect 
to assisting the poor of Boston in moving out with their effects, 
etc. The report was recommitted for amendment. Captain 
Smith of Grandy, Colonel Mosely, Captain Goodridge and 
Major Samuel Smith were added to the committee." 

May 8, 1775. " Major Smith, with others, were appointed a 
committee to confer with the committee of safety with respect 
to settling the appointment of field ofKcers." Among those of 
the name of Smith commissioned were, " Ebenezer, Hezediah, 
Isaac, John, Jonathan, Joseph, Phineas, Parsons, Ranford, 
liichard, Samuel and Captain Samuel Smith," — a bold and 
brave representative of this honored name. 

June 2, 1775. " A number of gentlemen presented the con- 
gress in behalf of themselves and the men they have enlisted, 
praying that Captain Moses Little and Mr. Isaac Smith may be 
commissioned and appointed as two of the field officers over 

May 26, 1775. " The following warrant for supplying an 
express in the colony service was issued, viz : 

•' 2o all Inhrpers, Jarrrrurtt (tnd ether prrftons wliom it may concern : 

You are desired to furnish the bearer, Mu. John Gill, with aU 
necessaries upon his journey to and from R. I., as also with 
horses, if necessary, and to exhibit your account to the Committee 
of Safety for this colony, he being an express for the colony." 

June, 1775, ** A letter from the Committee of Safety, enclosing 
a letter from Mr. Samuel Smith, chairman, was read and oniered 
to be sent to the Committee of Supplies. This letter informed 
Congress that two small cannon, belonging to Massachusetts, and 
a double fortified gun of N. H. was left at Fort Dummer when 
that fortress was dismantled, and a cannon was also at Fort 
Hinsdale, all four -pounders, which could be conveyed lo the 

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ShiUdber. 233 

June 27, 1775. '* Ordered that Captain Shillaber be directed 
to bring in a resolve for the purpose of assuring the officers 
and soldiers that notwithstanding the date of the officers 
commission the pay of both officers and soldiers shall commence 
at the time of enlistment." 

July 28, 1775. " Mr. William Shillaber, a member of this 
congress, having represented to this congress that he has a 
vessel now at riiiladelphia, having there deposed of her cargo ; 
a schooner, called the William, commanded by Sam'l Tucker, 
and that he apprehends from such instruction as he has given, 
and will give the same master ; that the vessel, if laden with 
flour or partly so, might arrive safe at some port in this colony 
and set forth that he is willing to risk the same; resolved 
" that this congress do approve thereof, and it is hereby recom- 
mended to the committee of inspection at Philadelphia, that 
they permit the said Capt. Tucker to lade his vessel as above 
desired, and sail free that port ; provided the same be not 
against the resolution of the American congress, or any resolu- 
tion formed in that colony." 

June 28, 1775. " A petition from Robert Shillaber was 
read asking leave to export fish, etc., etc., read and committed 
to Capt. Batchelder, Capt. Goodman and Major Fuller." 

The committee on the petition of Robert Shillaber reported. 
Report was accepted, and is as follows, vis : " Resolved, that 
Mr. Robert Shillaber be and he is hereby permitted to export 
to the West Indies eighty hogsheads of Jamaica fish, provided 
that no other provision be shipped with the said fish, except so 
much as will be sufficient for such a voyage, and the committee 
of safety of Salem, are directed to see this resolve strictly 
complied with." 

" Capt. William Shillaber to represent the town of Danvers 
at the third provincial congress. May 31, 1775." 

July 6, 1775. Resolved, "that Capt. Shillaber has leave to 
bring in a resolve, recommending to the committee of the city 
of Philadelphia to permit him to export from thence a quantity 
of fiour." 

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234 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

July 7, 1775. Ordered, "that Capt. Shillaber, Capt. Wliite 
and Mr. Crane be a committee to consider the account of Mr. 
Edward Mitchel and any otlier account that may be rendered 
of the expense of procuring spears. for the army." 

July 11, 1775. Ordered, " tliat Capt. Shillaber, Mr. Johnson 
and Mr. Brown be a committee to see that the fish procured by 
the committee of supplies, for the use of this colony, be properly 
taken care of." And thus I might continue, for I find that in 
e^^r"^ emergency, both William and Robert Shillaber were 
foremost in both public and private life, in the advancement 
of the countries situation and in the promotion of private 
enterprise. William Shillaber continued in active and public 
service until almost to the day of his death, which occurred 
about the year 1803, ag. 70 yrs. 

Robert Shillaber between the years 1775 and 1785, had the 
care of a great deal of private as well as of public business. 
He was largely engaged in shipping which was a hazardous 
enterprise, and often incurred with great loss ; he was admin- 
istrator to his father-in-law's estate, Mr. Thorndike Proctor's, 
as also guardian to his nephew, Mr. Thorndike Proctor, Jr. In 
1779, he made a voyage to Barbados, as Captain of his own 
ship the big " Polly." In 1783 and 1786, he respectfully pur- 
chased of William, Thorndike and Ebenezer Proctor, their 
individual interest in their late father's estate. 

June 6, 1787, Joseph A born and others, entered into a 
negotiation with Daniel Chute in a land speculation at New 
Hampshire, of which Robert Shillaber had an interest. Joseph 
Aborn's interest amounted to $2,831.00. 

In October, 1787, Robert Shillaber took an inventory of 
goods imported that month which amounted to £2407, 10s, 9p. 

Dec. 7, 1790, Robert Shillaber shipped by Capt. Eldridge, 
to Mahewin, North Carolina, a miscellaneous amount of im- 
ported goods, and gave orders for an amount of corn, white 
beans and pork to be bought to this account. Price limited to 
$5 per barrel for pork, three shillings per bushel for beans, and 

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ShiUaher, 235 

cautioned the captain to be cautious and " not take counterfeit 
money in exchange." 

Sept. 26, 1791, Robert Shillaber shipped by a schooner, James 
Odel master, bound for Alexandria to the care of Capt. Samuel 
Very, an amount of goods of various articles, viz., men's shoes, 
satinette shoes per value 5 sh. pair, others of linen and woolen 
cloth, "and 5 per cent, commission to be paid for the transac- 

Aug. 7, 1792, James Porter at Alexandria, Virginia, com- 
plains of the quality of a shipment of sugar from Robert Shil- 
laber, and is obliged to sell it at a reduction in price. 

"Apr. 2, 1792, Robert Shillaber ships by schooner, Henry 
Osborne master, consigned to Joseph Shillaber at Baltimore, 
several barrels of satinette shoes to be sold for cash." 

"March 30, 1793, Robert Shillaber ships to Alexandria, 
Virginia, by the schooner, ' Salem Packet,' Jacob Very master, 
various barrels of shoes, to sell for the most I can get, and 
return me the effects in cash or flour, after deducting five per 
cent commission for sale, dangers of the sea excepted." 


Received of Robert ShiUaber of the town of Danvers two dol- 
lars, for the duties on a chaise with a top, agreeably to an act of 
the Congress of the United States, passed the fifth day of June 

Dated at Salem, the fourteenth day of Sept. , one thousand seven 
hundred and ninety -five. 

Geor(;e Osborne, 

CollerUn' of tfie Rerenue. 

March 8, 1795. " Kobert Shillaber subscribes to the ' Col- 
umbian Centinel,' published by Benj. Russell at Salem, Mass." 
This journal was a paper of great weight in the county, though 
it did not flourish long ; it was appreciated by its subscribers, 
however, as several well preserved copies, which I find among 
the private papers of Robert Shillaber will testify. 

Apr. 1797. " Robert Shillaber shipped by schooner, Betsey, 
Joshua Eldridge, master, to North Carolina, several boxes dry 
goods to the value of several hundred pounds." 

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236 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

1797. " William ShlUaber, Robert Shillaber, John Shillaber, 
Caleb Low, Samuel Purringtou, Amos Purrington, Stephen 
Letherly and Henry Trask, leased from Benjamin Pickman, the 
right and privilege of several springs ; built a reservoir upon their 
premises, and proceded to lay mains for supplying the town of 
Dan vers and Salem with water, from house to house, *' with the 
rights and privileges of entering into said pasture, and of passing 
and repassing to said fountain, for the purpose of examining and 
taking care of, and repairing and replacing said Reservoir, if there 
be reason, etc., etc., for and during and until the end and ex- 
piration of one hundred years frum the day of the date hereof, 
yielding and paying thereof for annually and at the expiration of 
each and every year during said term one cent. . . . and it is 
agreed, etc., etc." 

Tliis reservoir was built upon the Shillaber ground near 
Aborn street and served for sometime as a conductor for water 
for the town. The rules and' regulations of the proprietors of 
this enterprise, were such as govern such conditions, introduced 
by our own cities and towns of the present day, and the 
'* annual sum to be paid for having one post for families shall 
be five dollars; the one-half of which sum shall be paid the first 
of November in the year 1797, and the other half the first day 
of November, 1798." 

1800. Robert Shillaber having by purchase and inheritance 
assumed control of the '* Trask Mills," so-called, adds to their 
convenience and size by additional buildings. He enters into 
a contract with Timothy Emerson for lumber and gives for a 
consideration an interest to Henry Cook. 

1801. Addition buildings are erected at the mills. Jeremiah 
Dodge contractor for the lumber, Wm. Frye contracting for 
the work. 

1803. Mr. Robert Shillaber, his son-in-law, Capt. Henry 
Saunders, Major Caleb Low, Sylvester Osborn and twelve 
others form a company for the introducing into the town 
of Dan vers, "posts of iron and lamps for its illumination by 
night." This improvement to the town, of illumination by 
lanterns, was much needed. The houses were scattered, the 
church a long distance from this South Parish (now Peabody), 
and the residents, when walking abroad at night, were obliged 
to carry their lanterns as a guide through the dark, silent streets. 

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ShiUaber. 237 

Kobert Sliillaber, I need scarcely add, was most concise and 
careful in all business transactions ; the records of such a long 
life, and those of his father were carefully filed year by year ; 
the result of which, by inheritance, I am possessed of, and it 
has enabled me to write with much pleasure tliis scattered 
detail of a life which did not end till past three score years and 
ten. Of all liis years of usefulness, the record which the state 
of Massachusetts bears of two days of his life, will remain 
indellible, and I inscribe it here that we, the living, may never 
forget the good work of the dead. 

Office of the Secretary. 




Robert Siiillaber appears with rank of Private on Lexing- 
ton Alarm Roll of Capt. Caleb Low's Co., which 
marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775, from 
Danvers. Service 2 days. Residence Danvers. 

Vol. 12, p. 171. 

Boston, May 7, 1896. 

I certify the foregoing to be a true abstracts from the 
Record Index to the Revolutionary War Archives deposited 
in this office. 

[Seal.] Witness the Seal of the Commonwealth. 

Wm. M. Olin, Secretary, 

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238 Founders of Maasachusetta Bay Colony. 

In Memory of 


June 20, 1808. 
Act. 72. 

In Memory of 




Sept. 14, 1824. 
Act. 89. 


Robert SiiiLLABER, born May, 20, 1736, died June 20, 1808, 
was married November 30, 1758 to Elizabeth Proctor, daughter 
of Thorndike Proctor, junr., and Abagaii Wilson, married 
Apr. 6, 1721. 

Their Children. 

1. Elizabeth Shillaber, b. 1761, m. David Daniels, Dec. 6, 1786, 

2. Ebknezer Shillaber, b. 1767, m. Miss Cook, (no issue). 

3. Sally Shillaber, b. 1773, m. Capt. Henry Saunders, Aug, 27, 


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ShiUaher, 239 

Eben Shillaber son of Robert Shillaber and Elizabeth 
Proctor was a man of untiring industry, both in his studies and 
his business relations. He was educated at Bowdoin College, 
was administrator to the large estates of both his uncle and Iiis 
father, and continued the different branches of business for 
many years. He was twice elected to the Massachusetts legisla- 
ture, and occupied many civil offices in his town. He amassed 
a large fortune, and established a bank at Danvers, of which he 
was elected president, retaining the position until his death. 

From the Salem Gazette of July 26, 1851, I copy the fol- 
lowing account of his accident, the illness from which, caused 
his death a few days later : "A Serious Accident : We regret 
to learn that Ebenezer Shillaber, Esqr., of Danvers, was serious- 
ly injured in alighting from a carriage at Mr. M. A. Stickney's 
house, in front of his own residence on Tuesday last. Mr. 
Shillaber, in getting out of the vehicle, fell upon the door steps, 
striking his head above the temple, making a severe wound, and 
much injury to his side. He was taken up insensible, and still 
lies in a critical situation. Mr. Shillaber is more than four 
score years of age, President of Danvers bank, and a well-known 
and worthy citizen." 

The news of this serious accident to Eben Shillaber, cast a 
gloom over the town, and grief among his family connections 

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240 Founders of MassachusetU Bay Colony. 

Married but a few years, he found pleasure. and association in 
the many children of his two sisters, EHzabeth Daniels and 
Sally Saunders, and as the children grew to manhood, they 
realized that in the death of their Uncle, they would lose a 
staunch friend and advisor, who while living, took the part of 
father, rather than friend ; by his death, he made them the 
beneficeries of his thrift and his wealth, the accumulations of 
several generations. 

In an oration delivered at the Centennial Celebration at 
Dan vers, Eben Shillaber was mentioned " as one of those good 
men, who were content to live long and well, and was so to do 
in good to others, without any proclamation made of it," etc. 

He was a lover of music and poetry and the few verses in- 
scribed below, found among his effects, in his own hand 
writing, better express than I am able to do, a tribute to his 


Sweet is the scene, when virtue dies, 

When sinks a righteous soul to rest ; 

How mildly beams, the closing eyes, 

How gently heaves, the expiring breast. 

So fades a summer cloud away, 

So sinks the gale, when storms are o'er ; 

So gently shuts the eye of day, 

So dies the wave along the shore. 

Triumphant smiles the victor brow, 

Fanntd by some angles, purple wing ; 

O Grave, where is thy vict'ry now, 

Invideous death, where is thy sting ? 

A holy quiet reigns around, 

A calm, which nothing can destroy ; 

Nought can disturb that peace profound, 

Which their unfettered souls enjoy. 

Farewell, conflicting hopes and fears, 

Where lights, and shades, alternate dwell ; 

How bright the unchanging morn appears ; 

Farewell, inconstant world, farewell. 

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ShUlaher. 241 

Sally Shillaber,- daughter of Robert Shillaber and Elizabeth 
Proctor, born 1773, was married Aug. 20, 1796, to Capt. Henry 
Saunders, son of Captain Daniel Saunders of Revolutionary 
fame, and Sarah Peele, who was the daughter of Jonathan 
Peele Jr., he the chairman of the Committee of Safety in 
Salem during the Revolutionary war. Thus were united by 
the strongest ties, in sympathy and in marriage, two of tlie 
most active and prominent families of this period. Sally 
Shillaber Saunders was proud of her family and of her children, 
and was a most ailectionate and loyal wife and mother. She 
died Oct. 20, 1826, at the age of fifty-three only, leaving her 
husband and a large family to mourn her loss. Elizabeth Shil- 
laber married Rev. David Daniels, and her lineal ancestry will 
be found in the Daniels line. 


John Shillaber, born Devonshire, England. 
Captain William Shillaber, born Salem, Mass., 1090 ; 

father of 
Cai»tain Robert Shillaber, born 1736 ; husband of 
Elizabeth Proctor, born 1735 ; mother of 
Sally Shillaber, born 1773 ; wife of 
Cai>i AiN Henry Saunders, born 1770 ; father of 
Philip Henry Saunders, born 1800 ; father of 
Sarah Spraoue Saunders, wife of 

Cai»tain David Smith, Engineer Corps, U. S. N., father of 
Helen Saunders Smith. 
Esther Byers Smith. 
Marie Lowe Smith. 

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242 Founders of Massdchusetts Bay Colony, 

Lines composed by Eben Shillaber upon the 78th birthday 
of his mother, Elizabeth Proctor Shillaber : 

FROM A Son to his Mother, on hbr birth day. 

This morning, ere yet I arose from my bed, 
Your birth day, dear mother, came into my head, 
Witli a heart iiill of pleasure I welcomed the date 
That marks your arrival at ^v^nty-dght. 

Then reflecting how few, either women or men, 
Ei'er attain to the limits of three score and ten. 
I adored the Almighty, whose goodness so great 
Had prcserv'd your existence to Secenty -eight. 

But when I consider 'd the years that are fled, 
And tliose you loved living how many are dead, 
Surely vain, I exclaim'd, is this mortal estate, 
And I pity'd the sorrows of Seventy-eight. 

Still, to those who so number tlie days that pass o'er, 
As of virtue and wisdom to lay up a store. 
Whose wishes are humble, whose thoughts are sedate, 
Some comforts remain e'en at Si verity -eigJit. 

Yes, they who have early accomplished the mind, 
E'en in sickly old age many blessings may find ; 
And such is the case, I exult while I say't 
Of my excellent mother of Seventy -eight I 

Her patience and piety, goodness and sense. 
Will live in remembrance many years hence ; 
Her praises too highly I never can rate. 
Nor recount half her merits at Seventy -eight. 

Her tender regard, her attention and care. 

I have felt from a child, but want wonis to declare ; 

Oh ! let me then pay, ere it yet be too late, 

Due homage to her and to St venty -eight. 

Contented I'd live in the lowest degree. 

To see her from care and anxiety free ; 

While some court the ricli, others flatter the great, 

I bow to my Mother of Seventy -eight. 

Might I live to behold her an hundred years older. 
In the arms of affection I still would enfold her ; 
No distance of time should my ardour abate, 
I'm so fond of my Mother of Seventy-eight. 

And now I have only to sing or to say. 
May you see many happy returns of the day ; 
And another year gone, may the ollice be mine. 
To hail your amval at Seventy -nine. 

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Robert Daniels, the first original settler of this name, came 
from England to the Plymouth Colony. He first located at 
Sudbury, and in 1636 was a citizen of Watertown, Mass. He 
married, first, Elizabeth, who died Oct. 2, 1643. His second 
wife. Miss Looker, died March 3, 1648. His brother-in-law, 
John Loker, of Sudbury died Jan. 18, 1653. In his will he 
refers to Robert Daniels as his brother-in-law, and he refers to 
Robert Daniels' wife as his sister. 

May 2, 1664. Robert Daniels is married a third time to 
Jeane Andrews who survives him. His children were 

1. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Fanning. 

2. Samuel. 


4. Sarah. 

5. Mary. 

1665. Robert Daniels signed and sealed his own will, tlie 
seal being an anchor, with the letter " D " on the right side. 
He was one of the appraisers of the John Looker estate in 
1653. Nathaniel Sparrowhawk of Cambridge and Rich'd 
Newton of Sudbury were debtors to tlie estate of Robert 
Daniels. (Gen. Records, Vol. VII, p. 75.) 


SAMUEL DANIELS, son of Robert Daniels, married 

Mary Grant. 

Their Children. 

1. RoHERT, b. April 33, 1672. 

2. Samuel, b. 1674 ; d. young. 

3. Joseph, b. Feb. 3, 1677. 

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244 Fmmders of MobBsachusetU Bay Colony. 


JOSEPH, {Samuel^ Eobert^) married and had the following 
children ; 

1. Joseph Jr. 

2. Samuel, m. Experience ; had son, John, b. Aug. 18, 1725, 

who became a captain in the 95th Reg., Col. Ralph Bur- 
ton, French and Indian war, 1763-4. 

3. Eben'r. 

4. EzR.\. 

5. David. 

6. Henry. 


JOSEPH, Jr., {Joseph^ Saviiiel^ Robert^) married Elizabeth 
, and had the following children : 

1. Asa, b. Dec. 14, 1726. 

2. Molly, b. Nov. 7, 1729. 

3. Jemima, b. Jan. 25, 1731. 

4. Joseph, b. June 25, 1736. 

5. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 3, 1742. 


ASA, {^Joseph junv^ Joseph^ Samuel^ Robert^ born Dec. 14, 
1726 ; married Bathsheba, 1751-2. 

Their Children. 

Asa, Junr., b. May 6, 1753. 
Levi, b. Sept. 30, 1755. 
David, b. Nov. 25, 1757. 
Jessie, b. July 25, 1760. 
Bathshbba, b. Apr. 5, 1766. 


DAVID, (^*a, Joseph^ Jxmr.^ Joseph^ Samiiely Robert^) born 
Nov. 20, 1757, was a graduate of Harvard College, 1776, 

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Daniels. 245 

studied for the ministry and was ordained and settled in Med- 
way, Mass., but owing to ill health he gave up preaching and 
removed to Dan vers, Mass., where he died in Dec. 16, 1827, at 
the age of 70 years. 

Rev. David Daniels was married at Dan vers, Mass., to 
Elizabeth Shillaber, daughter of liobert Shillaber and Elizabeth 
Proctor, born June 6, 1763; died February 10, 1831, aged 67. 

Their Childrkn. 

1. Betkky. b. 8ept. 25, 1788, d. April 19, 1864. ag. 76. 

2. KoiiEUT SiiiLLABKK, b. 8cpt. 13, 1791 ; d. Nov. 10, 1865, ag. 74. 

3. Batiisiikiia, b. March 26, 1794 ; d. Dec. 5, 1853, ag. 59. 

4. David, Junr., b. March 4, 1796, d. Jan. 10, 1866. ag. 69. 

5. Ahioail, b. Dec. 8, 1799, d. Nov. 17, 1862. ag. m. 

6. Sakah, b. Aug. 16. 1800, d. Nov. 29, 18:33, ag. 33. 

7. Ebkn'-J, b. June 28. 1803, d. July 12, 1818, ag. 15. 

8. TiioKNDiKE, b. July 13, 1806, d. Nov. 29, 1869, ag. 63. 


HON. ROBERT, {Asa, Joseph, janr,, Joseph, Samuel^ 

Robert,) born Sept. 13, 1791, died Nov. 10, 18(55, was married 

twice, first to Lydia Abbott, who died April 1, 1852, age 55 


Thkir Ciuldrkn. 

Robert Shillaber, Jun'u, b. Feb. 2, 1830. 

Elizabeth, who m. first. Lord ; second. Porter ; and d. Feb. 9, 

1890, ag. 57. 
Caroline, b. Jan. 2, 1839. (m. Joseph C. Foster.) 
Marie, who m. Rev. Mr. Fields, and d. July 2, 1864 ; ag. 40. 

Hon. Robert Shillaber Daniels was a resident of Daiivei-s, 
Mass., and one of her most prominent citizens dnring liis 
entire life. He took great interest in all general public 
affairs, was Captain of the Danvers Infantry in his younger 
days, and for many years was Town Treasurer. He represented 
the town both in the House and Senate of the Massachusetts 
Legislature and w^as in the council of Gov. Davis and (tov. 
Briggs. Was first president of the board of trustees of the 

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246 Founder a of Mas^aehu^ttts Bay Colony. 

Peabody Institute, and held that office at the time of his death. 
He was administrator to the large estate of liis Uncle, Eben 
Shillaher, Banker. His second wife was a sister to George 
Peabody, London Banker and Pliilanthrophist, by whom he had 
no issue. 


D A V I D ( R&v. David J A mi , Joneph j u n r, Joseph , Sa in uel^ 
Robert^) born March 4, 17r>6, died January 10, 18(J6, married 
three times; first, to Martha Poor wlio died Nov., 1^25, aged 
30; second, to Eunice Safford who died Sept. 14, 1849, aged 
45 ; third, to Jane Stickney who died Jan. 9, 1SS7, aged 75. 

Children of David Daniels and Martha Poor 
Married, 1816. 

1. Mautua, b. Nov., 1817, d. Apr. 2, 1892, ag. 74. 

2. Ehen2 Siiillabek, b. Dec. 4. 1819, d. Mar. 3, 1886. ag. 66. 
8. George, b. Apr. 15, 1821, d. Dec. 18, 1895, ag. 74. 

4. Au(;usTUs, b. Oct. 2, 1822, d. 1847, ag. 25. 

5. Mauy, b. June 28, 1824, d. Jan., 1876, ag. 52. 

Augustns waB a graduate of Harvard College and died at sea 
off Caj)e of Good Hope. 

Children oy David Daniels and Eunice Safford. 

1. Eunice, b. Apr. 7, 1828, m. Kcv. Mr. Phippen. 

2. Abuy, b. Feb. 8, 1830. 

3. David, Jun'u, d. July 6, 1838, ag. 7. 

4. Lucy, b. Mar. 29, 1834, m. William Sutton. 

5. William, b. Apr. 26, 1836, ni. Abby Peirce. 

6. Sauaii, b. Dec. 27, 1840. 

7. Aij(justa, b. Sept. 25, 1844. 

David Daniels, was also a resident of Dan vers, Mass., and 
was a man of large business affairs to which he confined him- 
self very closely, being one of the largest shoe uianufactnrers 
in the state ; his trade being mostly with the Soutliern and 
Western markets, lie was at one time a member of the State 

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DanieU. 247 

Legislature, being a member of tlie House of Representatives ; 
was a director of. the Danvei's Bank of which his Uncle Eben 
was President. He died Jan. 10, 1866, ot the age of 69 years. 


THORNDIKE, {Davids Asa, Joseph junr^ Joseph^ Samuel^ 
Iiobe7^t,) born July 13, 1806, died Nov. 29, 1869, married Sally 

Their Children. 

1. Samuel, who d. Dec. 31, 1866. 

2. W. Thorndike, born Mar., 1844. 


BETSE Y, ( David^ Asa^ Joseph Jr.^ Joseph^ Samuel^ Robert^) 
married John Howard. 

Their Children. 

1. Ehen S., m. Ann Welch ; d. March 2. 1891. 

2. Mahiam Sargent, d. April 20, 1866. 


ABIGAIL married Captain Samuel Symonds, who died 
March, 1830. 

Thfjr Child. 

1. Robert Shillaber Daniels Symonds, b. Aug. 30, 1826. 


SARAH, married Caleb Frost. 

Their Children. 

1. Lucy, m. James M. Caller ; children, Caleb Alice, Sarah. 

2. John, m. Helen Warner ; children, Willhiin and Eunice. 

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248 Foxtnders of MassdchvtseUs Bwij Colony. 

BATHSHEBA, never married. 


MARIA, {Maria^ Robert^ Rev. Bavid^ Am, Joseph Jr.^ 

Joseph, Sainuel, Robert^ married Lieut. Frank Davenport, 

U. 8. N. 

Their Children. 

1. Edwaud. 

2. Robert. 

3. IIaruy. 


ELIZABETH LORD, {Rolert, Rev. Daniel, Asa, Joseph, 
Junr., JoHcph, Samuel, Rohert,) married Dr. S. A. Lord. 

Their Children. 

1. Lydia, married (). B. Hall. 

2. Alice. 


CAROLINE, {Rohert, Rev. David, Asa, Joseph, Junr., 
Josejyh, SamneJ, RoheH,) married Joseph C. Foster of Salem, 
Mass, Their sons. 

1. William II. Foster. 


8. Frank K., nmrried Emma Fish. 


GEORGE P., {David, Rev. David, Asa, Josepli, Junr,, 
Joseph, Samuel^ Rohert^) married, first, Mary Loring; second, 
Maria Mills. 

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J)a7iirl8. 249 

Children, First Marriage. 

1. George Auguhtuh, m. Carrie Foss. 

2. lloiiKRT, M., (deceased.) 

3. Mauy. 

4. Lillian. 

Children, Second Marriage. 

5. David, who married Clara Holmes of Chicago, Ills. 


DAVID, {George^ David, Rev, David, Asa, Joseph, Junr,, 
Joseph, Samuel, Robert,) was married Nov. 6, 1884, to Clara 
Elizabeth llolnies of Chicago and New York. 

Their Child. 
Margaret, b. Annapolis, Md., Dec. 13, 1888. 

Lieut. David Daniels, horn Feb. 1, 1856, was at the SLf^e of 
15 years appointed to the U. S. Naval Academy from the Fiftli 
Congressional District of Mass. by the Hon. B. F. Butler, he 
having passed number one in a preliminary examination for 
that appointment from Salem, Mass. He entered the Naval 
Academy, June 12, 1S71, as cadet midshipman; graduated 
midshipman, June 21, 1875 ; promoted ensign, Aug. 22, 1876 ; 
uuister, Nov. 17, 1SS2; pnmioted lieutenant, March 31, 1889. 
Has had sea service in the ship Constellation, Tennessee, Kear. 
sarge, Ticonderaga, Saratoga, Lancaster and Bancroft, has also 
served under U. S. Coast Survey ; has had service as Professor 
at U. S. Naval Academy, two terms, where he is at present 
stationed. Lieut. Daniels has borne a high reputation both as 
officer and instructor, as his appointments denote. Descendants 
of this line are also lineal descendants of the Thorndike, 
Proctor, and Shillaber hue. 

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250 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colmry, 


THORNDIKE, {Rev. David, Asa, Joseph, Jun'r, Joseph. 
SaiYiuel, Robert,) married Sally . 

1. Samuel. 

2. TnOllNDlKE. 

3. Betsey. 

4. Eben L., in. Ann M. Welch, 

5. Marian, m. George Sargent. 


Of the grand-eirildren of Betsey Howard : 

1. EuzAiJETH, m. James Brown . 

2. Maria, m. A. T. Johnson. 

3. Helen, ra. Edward Meacorn. 

4. George P., m. Ella Bachelder. 

5. Mariam, m. Austin Ilowarth. 

6. Carrie, m. James Smart. 

7. Abbie. m. Theodore Beliger. 


Of tlie grand-cliildren of David Daniels : 

1. Mary E., daughter of Eben, m. William Wanson. 

2. Georcje Aufsi'STiJS, son of George, m. Carrie Foss. 
8. William Sttton, Jin'r, m. May Cook. 

4. Nx\NCY Sutton, m. Charles Lawson. 

5. Lucy Sutton, m. William Peny. 

6. Harry Sutton, m. Elinor Gardner. 

7. Joshua Piiippen, m. Addie Greeley. 

8. Hardy is a physician, unmarricHl. 

9. Mauoarkt. 

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ARMS: Sab. a chevron, ermine, between three nuind 
buckles the tongues hanging downward. 

CREST: a derai dove, wlaid argfiiUy gn, holding in 
beak a slip of barbary, vert. 

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The name Bradbury is of Saxon origin. It is found vari- 
ously spelled in English records; as l^radherrie, Bradberry, 
Hradbury. The latter is the orthography adopted by the 
emigrant Thomas, and followed by his descendants generally. 
From the Bradlniry genealogy, compiled by Mr. Wilh'am P. 
Lapham, ISDO, from the works of John Merrill Bradbury, Mr. 
James W. Bradbury and the researches of Captain WilHam F. 
Goodwin, U. S. A., together with records from Salisbury and 
Essex county, and private family papers, this brief lineage is 
submitted and believed to be correct, as far as careful research 
can make it. 

The first mention of the name Bradbury in English history 
is to be found at Olierset, where in 1433 were living Roger de 
Bradbury and Iludolphus de Bradbury. The connection of the 
two families is unknown. The American branch of the family 
is supposed to descend from the line of which Robert is the 
head. lie lived at Olierset and married a daughter of Robert 
Davenport, had son, William, who settled at Braughing county 
of Hertfordshire and married Margaret, daughter of Geoffrey 
Rok ill, spelled also Rockhill ; from him descended the Brad- 
burys of Littlebury, and Wickham Bonhant, written the present 
day Wicken Bonant. In the report of the visitation, in Essex 
in 1558, William Bradbury married Jane or Joan, daughter of 
Sir John Fitzwilliani, and widow of Thomas Bendish. 

In the pedigree published in the East Anglian, 1802, the 
head of the line is given to Sir Thomas Bradbury, Lord Mayor 
of London, 1509. In the visitation of Hertfordshire, lf)34, 
Robert Bradbury of Olierset, County Derby, is made the head 
of the line, and father of Sir Thomas. 

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252 Founders of MasscLchusetts Bay Colony. 

Robert Bradbury must liave lived in time of Henry VI, as 
he is tlie earliest ancester of the family that can be relied upon 
with any degree of certainty. The pedigree here given is from 
the reportof the several heralds' visitation npon prolmte records 
and otiier public documents. Tlie branch of tlie family from 
which the New England family claim descent, settled at Wicken 
Bonant, in the County of Essex, about the year 15G0. The 
parish of Wicken Bonant contained only about eight hundi-ed 
and forty acres, and less than two hundred persons. In the 
earliest times there appear to have been two manors, but they 
were united in the sixteenth century, and since have been in 
the one family. 

In 144(), these manors were in the Barber family, and from 
them passed to Ilobert Chatterton Esqr, who in turn sold it to 
tlie Bradbury family. In 1587, this manor was occupied by 
Matliew Bradbury, who was Lord of Wicken at the time of his 
death. It continued in the hands of the Bradbury's until the 
early part of 18 century, when in default of male issue, Dor- 
inda, daughter of Mathew Bradbury Esqr, carried it in mar- 
riage to Joseph Sliarpe Esqr. He sold the property with the 
exception of the "Brick house and one hundred acres," to John 
Iletherington Esqr, who in turn sold it to Thomas Coventry 
Esqr, who in turn sold it to Joseph Smith Esqr of Shortgrove 
in Newport, and in 1862 it was in possession of William 
Charles Smith Esqr of Shortgrove. The " Brick house," as it 
has always been called was built by William Bradbury Esqr in 
1022, for his son Wymond Bradbury. This house is a very 
large imposing house, with various extensions and gables, and 
is conspicuous for its massive chimneys on either side, now 
overgrown witli ivy. It was formerly adorned with statues, 
some of which still remain in a mutilated state. The arms of 
Bradbury are still upon the door. This manor is situated one 
half mile from the church called St. Margaret's, and orginally 
dates from the eleventh century. The Registry of the church 
begins 1598, and their are no later dates than that of the Brad- 
bury family, which are represented by monuments, statues and 
tablets. Among the entries we lind the following : 

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Bradbury, 253 

**Mr. William Bradbury, Lord of Wicken, died upon St. An- 
drews daie at night about XI of the clock Nov 3 ye last and was 
buried upon ye 2 Dec 1622. Was laid under the high alter in ye 
chancel on ye south side. Funerals were kept up after Thursdie, 
after the wealthe, with the roanie mourners to ye number of thirty. 

Tnos Wadison Rkctor." 

The Bradbury brick house at Wicken Bonant is 45 miles 
from London, was built by William Bradbury, for his second 
son Wymond Bradbury and it remained in tljat family until it 
became extinct. 

At the deatli of Mr. William Bradbury the ''Brick House," 
as it was called, reverted to the second branch of the family, 
till at their extinction it reverted with tlie hall to Mr. Sharp. 
When he sold these possessions the mortgages upon the hall, 
which were twelve thousand pounds, obliged him to renounce 
it to John Martin, Esq., banker of Lombard street, and was 
held by him until his son came into possession, in whose family 
it still remains. Before continuing with this line I wish to 
state that already in this lineage we find the "Davenport's and 
Sliarpe's" coimections of the Bradbury's at Wicken Bonant. 

In our earliest colonial records of 103G we find Mr. Samuel 
Sharp made freeman and granted 300 acres, as also Lieutenant 
Davenport granted SO acres, and each of these men became 
important, noticable men in the first settlement of this town- 
ship of Salem, Massachusetts, The Parish register of Wicken 
Bonant sliows that Thomas Bradbuiy was baptised there tlie 
hist day of Feb. 1610-11. This Thomas is not mentioned 
again in the parish registry, but in 1034 Thomas Bradbury 
came to New England as assistant for Sir Ferdinando Gorge*} 
in his colonization of Wells, Maine, then a part of Massachusetts. 
He was a young man of ability, about 24-25 years of age, well 
educated and of a position to warrant an appointment from the 
Colonial Company's agents at London. He was married in 
1636 to Mary, dau. of John Perkins, Esq., born at Glocester- 
shire, England, 1590. The Perkins family (the arms of which 
are still preserved) sailed from Bristol, England, in ship Lyon, 
Capt. William Pearce ; and after a long and stormy passage 
arrived at Boston, Feb. 5, 1631. (See Perkins line.) 

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264 Founders of Masaachuaetts Bay Colony. 

Thomas Bradbury of New England named his eldest son 
Wymond, for his father Wymond of Wicken, and also dau. 
Elizabeth, for his mother Elizabeth, and children William, 
Jane, and Ann, for his brothers and sisters, all of which are 
family names. 

From the Heralds Visitation in Derbyshire, in 1569, 1611, 
1G31, the following Bradbnry pedigree is taken. Edward^ 
Bradbury of Ollersett, in County of Derby, named Eleanor, 
dau. of Thomas Shakerly of Longson. 


I. Ottkwkll (2), of Ollerset, m. Agnes Beard. 
II. Robert (2), second son. 

O'FTEWELL (2) Bradbury, son and heir of the proceedinji:, 
married Agnes, dau. of Nicholas Beard of Beard. 


I. Ralph (3), d. without issue. 

II. Nicholas (3), m. Katherine Warren. 

III. John (3), d. without issue. 

IV. Anne, m. Robert Downes. 

Nicholas (3) Bradbury, son and heir of the preceeding, 
married Katherine, dau. of Lawrence Warren of Pay ton, in 

C''^'«'''''«- Children. 

I. RoKERT (4), m. Elizabeth Bradbury. 

II. John (4) 

III. Otterwell (4). 

IV. Lawrence (4). m. dau. of Reynolds Praye. 
V. Nicholas (4). 

VI. Edmund (4). 
VII. Alice (4). 
VIII. Anne (4). 

RoiJERT Bradbury of Ollersett, son and heir of the proceed- 
ing, married Elizabeth, daughter of Ralph Bradbury of 
Bankhead. Children. 

I. Nicholas (5), m. Mary Teltowe. 

II. Francis (5). 

III. Alice (5). 

IV. Katherine (5). 

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Bradbury. 255 

Nicholas Bradbury of OUersett, son and heir of the pro- 
ceeding, living in 1611, married Mary, daughter of Lawrence 
Teltowe, in Lancashire. 



Edmond (6), m. Mary West. 


K.\TiifiRiNB (6), m. Robert Ridgo of Highgate. 


Jane (6). 


Anne (6). 


Elizabeth (6). 


Mary (6). 


Mauoauet (6). 

Edmund Bradbury, son and heir of proceeding, married 
Mary, daughter of William West of Firbeck, in Yorkshire. 


I. Edmund (7), b. 1586 ; m. Dorothy Bowden. 

II. John (7). 

iiL Mary (7). 

IV. Elizabeth (7). 

Edmund Bradbury, son and heir of the proceeding, married 
Dorothy Bowden of Derbyshire. 


I. Edmund (8), b. 1612. 

II. Nicholas (8), b. 1614. 

in. William (8), b. 1618. 

IV. JORDAINE (8), b. 1680. 

Robert* Bradbury, of Ollerset, in Derbyshire, married a 
dau. ot Robert Davenport of Bramhall, County of Chester. 


I. William (2) of Braughing, m. Margaret Rockhill 
II. TiiOMAB (2), Inducted Rcc-tor of Mersdeu County, Essex, Feb. 
6. 1486, d. 1513. 

William^ Bradbury, {Iiofjert% of Braughing, in Hertford- 
shire, Pation of the cliurch of Westmill in 1402, in. Margaret, 

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256 Founders of MassachuseUs Bay Colony. 

dan. and co-heir of Geoffrey Roekhill of Woniiingford, Essex 

III. IloBEUT (3), m. Anne Children Wyant. 

IV. Thomas, was Sir Thomas Knt, sheriff of London, 1498 ; Lord 

Mayor, 1509 ; m. Joan, dan. of Denis and Elizabeth Leach, 
whose first husband by whom issue was Thomas Dudley of 

Sir Thomas Bradbury made his will, Jan. 9, 1509-10, while 
Lord Mayor of London. He had no heir, and devised his 
nephew, William, son of his brother, Robert Bradbury, as his 

III. Georok^ Bradbury was a London merchant. His will 
dated June 6, 1506, was proved June 28, by his brother Henry. 
This will states that William Bradbury, cousin and heir of Sir 
Thomas Bradbury, is son of Robert Bradbury, etc., etc. 


WILLIAM* BRADP>URY, {Jioherf^, William^, Iiobet^t\) 
succeeded to the estates of his uncle in 1510, and was buried 
at Littlebury June 15, 1540. His children by Joan, daughter 
of Sir John Fitzwilliams, were : 

I. William (5), m. Helen or Eleanor Fuller. 
II. PiiiLLiPA (5), m. first Michael Wilton ; second, John Barlee. 
III. Mathkw (5), m, Margaret, dau. of Rouse, of Cambridge. 


MATHEWS liRADBURV, ( \Villiam\ Roleri?, William^, 
Rohert^^) Lord of the Manor of Wicken Hall, in the Parish of 
Wicken Bonhunt, which manor he acquired by purchase, 1557. 
He purchased the manor of Grange in Thaxted, in County 
Essex, 1551, and sold it the following year. He died June 19, 

1585. He married Margaret, daughter of Rouse, of 

the city of Cambridge. 

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Bradbury. 257 


Their Children. 

I. WiiJJAM^, married Anne, daughter and heir of Richard 

II. Thomas, married Dorothy, daughter of Sir South- 
well. He had issue CordelF, Wentworth'', Elizabeth^, and 
another daughter, who became the wife of Mathew Martin. 

III. Barbara, married 1st, Sir Henry Cutts; 2nd, Sir 
Thomas Hudd ; 3rd, Edward Gill Esq., and 4th, Walter Covert 
of Boxley, County Kent. This daughter is mentioned in the 
will of her brother, Thomas. 

(Here let me state that the family of ** Gills" were a.s80ciated 
with Thomas Bradbury of New England in the proprietorship of 
Salisbury. 1640.) 

WILLIAM« BRADBURY, {Mathevfi, William^ RoleriJ^, 
William^ ^ RoherP^ of Wicken Bonhunt, Esq., was born 1544, 
died Nov. 30, 1622. His will was dated April 19, 1622, and 
proven May 6, 1622. He married Anne, daughter and heir of 
Richard Eden, Esq., LL. D., of Bury, St Edmnnds, County 
SnflFolk. She died and was buried at Wicken Feb. 8, 1611-12. 


I. Matiiew (7), m. Jane. dan. of William Whitgift. 
II. Wymond (7), m. Elizabeth, of William Whitgift, by second 

III. Hknry (7), d. young, b. at Wicken Aug. 20, 1616. 

IV. Thomas (7), d. young. 
V. Thomas (7), d. young. 

VI. Bkidobt (7), m. Francis Bridgewater. 
VII. Anns (7), m. Thoma.s Kinthorpe of South, County Lincoln. 
VIII. Alice (7), bap. at Newport Pond Feb. 23, 1572-3 ; m. first. 

George Yardlcy of Weston Co. Hants; second, Thomas 


M ATllE W7 BRADBURY, ( WUliam\ Matheiifi, WiUiam\ 
lioherfi^ Willimn^^ Jiohert^^ of Wicken Bonant^ died Sept. 
22, 1610. He married Jane, dan. of William Whitgift of 

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258 Founders of Massachusetts Bay CoUmy. 

Clavering, Co. Essex, after his death she married Henry Brad- 
bury, supposed son of Henry of Littlebury. 
Children of Robert* and Jane Whitgif t were : 

I. John (8), of Wicken, m. Mary, daughter and heir of Michael 
Morstro, of Crayden, Co, Essex; he died Aug. 1., 1624. 
His widow married Charles MuUicent and died in Novem- 
ber. 1628. 
II. Francis (8). bap. Jan. 12, 1600, d. January, 1644-5; wife. 
Bridget ; son, John (9), b. Dec. 29, 1642 ; m. Ann, dan. of 
George James : had John (10), Francis. 

III. Mathew (8). 

IV. Edward (8). 

V. PllILLIPA (8). 

VI. Barbara (8). 

VII. Maroaret (8). 

VIII. Elizabktii (8). 

IX. Martha (8). 

W YM0ND7 BRADBURY, ( WiUiam^, Mathevfi, WUliam\ 
lioherfi^ WiUiairi^^ Rohert^^ 2nd son of William® Bradbury 
and Anne, dau. and heir of Richard Eden, Esq., L. L. D., of 
Bury, St Edmunds, was of the Manor Wicken Bonant, and 
afterward of Parish of Whitechapel, Co. Middlesex. He was 
bap. at Newport Pond, May 16, 157-1, — was of London Oct. 
17, 1628, and died in 1650. He married Elizabeth, dau. of 
William Whitgift, Esqr. She was niece to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, who remembered her in his will, and sister of 
Mathew's wife. She died June 26, 1612, ag. 38 y., 3 m., was 
burled at Croyden, Co. Surry. Her first husband was Richard 
Coles, of Leigh, Worcestersliire, wlio died, Nov. 1600 ; her 
second husband was Francis Gill, Escjr., a ricli merchant of 
London ; her third husband, Wymond'' Bradbury, the above. 


I. William (8), bap. Newport Pond Sept. 28, 1607, b. Sept. 3, 
1607. He was living Oct. 23. 1628. 

II. Thomas (8), bap. Wicken Bonant Feb. 28, 1610 ; supposed to 
have been in New England in 1634. Was settled at Salis- 
bury in Massachusetts in 1638. 

III. Jane (8), bap. Wicken Bonant June 2, 1603. 

IV. Anne (8), bap. Feb. 20, 1608. wjis married first to Mr. Stough- 

ten ; second, Mr. Stubbles. She was mlnir. to her father's 
estate in 1650. 

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Bradbury, 259 

Thomas Bradbury of Salisbury, Mass., baptized at Wicken 
Eonant, 1610-11, was a man possessed of great ability, educa- 
tion and all the attributes which denote a man of gentle birth, 
of integrity, honesty and christian sincerity. He came to 
America early in 1034, was first at Agamonticus, now York, 
Maine, as agent for Sir Ferdinando Gorges. He was one of 
the original proprietors of Salisbury with John Sanders, Samuel 
Dudley, Simon Bradstreet, Caleb Gushing, Henry True, John 
Gill, and others. He was made freeman in 1640. Held various 
offices of trust, such as town clerk, professor, justice of the 
peace, deputy to the General Court, county recorder and asso- 
ciate judge. He was captain of the military company and filled 
all offices with credit to himself and satisfaction to the public 
generally. He had a clear and concise style of expression and 
his hand was easy, graceful and legible. He married, in 1636, 
Mary, daughter of John Perkins, Esq., of Ipswich, and by her 
had a large family of children. She was a refined, cultivated, 
christian woman, very much respected in the whole community, 
and yet, during the terrible witchcraft craze, she had in some 
family way obtained the ill-will of some distant connections, 
who, from maliciousness, by a few disparaging remarks caused 
her to be accused of witchcraft. She was an old lady — over 
seventy years old — and the news of her arrest and committance 
roused the whole community to indignation. 

A petition was presented to the Governing Council, signed 
by lis prominent citizens testifying to her good character in 
the following language, " her life was such as becomes the 
Gospel. She was a lover of the ministry in all appearances, 
and a dilligent attendant upon God's Holy Ordinances, being 
of a courteous, and peaceble disposition, and carriage, neither 
did any of us, (some of whom have lived in the town with her 
for 50 years) ever, hear, or know, that she had any differences, 
or falling out with any of her neighbors, man, woman or child, 
but was always ready and willing, to do for them what lay in 
her power, night and day, though with hazard of her health, 
and other dangers." 

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260 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Her liusband, then an old man, testified for lier in the fol- 
lowing language : 

" We have beon married 55 years, and she has been a loving 
f litljful wife to me unto this day. She hath been wonderfully 
laborious dilligent, and industrious in her place, and employ- 
ment about the bringing up of our family, which have been 
eleven children of our own and four grand children. She was 
both prudent and provident of a cheerful spirit, liberal and 
charitable. She being now very aged, and W'eak and grieved 
under affliction may not be able to speak much for herself, not 
being so full of speech, as some others might be. I hope her 
life and conversation among her neighbors, has been such as 
gives a better or mure real testimony than can be expressed by 

She was most boldly and ably defended by Robert Pike 
(husband of Sarah Saunders) then a member of the General 
High Court, and one of the ablest men in the country. He 
was alone in the defence of those accused, for no one dared to 
raise a voice in their behalf, for fear of a like accusation against 
them. He denounced in bold language both accusers, juries 
and judges, and his powerful language caused them tohesitAte. 
His plea, several petitions, and her own language and the re- 
spect which it conveyed saved her life. In her plea before the 
judges she addressed them as follows, 

" I do plead * not guilty.' I am wholly innocent of such wick- 
edness. Through tnc goodness of God that has kept me hitherto, 
I am the servant of Jesus Christ, and have given myself up to 
Him, as my Lord and Saviour, and to the diligent attendance 
uix)n Him in all His holy onlinances, in utter contempt and de- 
fiance of the Devil and all his works as horrid and detestable, and 
accordingly have endeavored to frame my life and conversation 
according to the rules of His holy word, and in that faith and 
practice, resolve, by the help and assistance of God, to continue 
to my life's end ; for the truth of what I say as to matter of prac 
tice I humbly refer myself to my brethren and neighbors that 
know me and unto the Searcher of all hearts for the truth and 
uprightness of my heart, therein human frailities and unavoidable 
infirmaties excepted, of which I heartily complain every day. 

[Court records.] Mary Bradbuuy." 

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Bradbury. 20 1 

Mary Bradbury survived her husband a few years only (he 
having died of grip and worry at their great trouble). In her 
will slie makes Henry True, her son-in-law, her administrator 
and executor, as follows : 

*' In the name of God, Amen, the 17th day of February in the 
eighth year of his Majesty's reign, King William, ye 3rd. of Eng- 
land, I, Mary Bradbury, widow, in ye town of Salisbury, in ye 
county of Essex, in ye province of Massjichusetts Bay in New 
England, being weak in body, but of sound and perfect memory, 
praise be given to God for ye sjime, and knowing ye uncertainty 
of this life on earth, and being desirous to settle things in order, 
do make this my last will and testament in manner and form fol- 
lowing, that is, to say first and principally, I commend my soul 
to God, my creator, assuredly believing that J shall receive fuU 
pardon and full remission of all my sins, and be saved by ye pre- 
cious death and merits of my blessed Saviour and liedeemer, 
Jesus Christ, and my body to ye earth from where it was taken ; 
to be buried in such decent manner as my executors hcretx)fore 
named shall be thouglit meet and convenient. A.nd now for the 
settling of my temporal estate, and upon such goods, chattels and 
debts as it hath pleased God, far above, my deserts to bestow up- 
on me. I do order give and bestow and dispose the same in man- 
ner and form as follows, that is to say : 

*' First, I will that all those debts and duties that \ owe in right 
or conscience to any manner of person or persons whatever shall 
be well and truly contented and paid or ordered to be paid within 
convenient time after my decease by my executor hereafter named. 

Item. I give and be(iueath unto my beloved daught-er, Mary 
Stanyan, of Hampton, in the province of New Hampshire, and 
my daughter, Jane Tkue, of Salisbury, in the province of Massa- 
chusetts Bay in New England, all my estate and substance of 
what kind or nature soever to be equally divided between my two 
well beloved daughters, as aforesaid, as namely, goods, chattels, 
leases, lands, debts, ready money, plate, household stuffs, apparel, 
brass, pewter, bedding and all others whatsoever, and I make 
my well beloved son-in-law, Henry True, to be my sole executor 
of this my last will and testament. In witness whereof I have 
hereunto set my hand the day and year above stated." 

Mary Bradbury, 

Elizabeth Stanyan, Wit. 
Rich. 1. li. Long. 

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262 Founders of Massachvsetts Bay Colony. 

Cliildren of Thomas Bradbury and Mary Perkios, married 
'''"'•— -J4136, were: 

% tf^V ''l^^^' Judith, b. Oct. 2, 1638, m. 9 Oct., 1665, Caleb Moody. 

rYMOND, b. Apr. 1, 1637, m. 7 May, 1661, Sarah, dau. Rob. 
and Sarah Saunders Pike. 

y *t . ^ i"*'"? .T110MA8, b. Jan. 28, 1641. 
• ^^J^ *•*-* jV «■ Mauy, b. March 11, 1643, m. 17 Dec, 1663, John Stanyan of 

•••'#/ li j^V* Hampton. 

v^* Jane, b. May 11. 1645, m. 15 Mar., 1668, Henry True, 
^'i. Jacob, b. June 17, 1647. d. at Barbados. 

VII. William, b. Sept. 15. 1649, m. 12 Mar., 1672, liebecca Mav 
erick nee Wheelwright, (dau. Rev. John.) 

Wymond Bradbury, who married Sarah, daughter of Robert 
and Sarah Saunders Pike, May 7, 1061, died Apr. 7th, 1669, on 
Island of Nivis in the West Indies. She married second, John 
Stockman who died Dec. 10, 1686. John Stockman, wtis son 
of William Stockman Esqr, of Barford Parish of Downton 
Co., of Wiltz, England. 

*^ 1605, Mr. John Stockman, father of William, died." 

"1626, William Stockman Esqr, of Downton Co., Wiltz, 
" directed that the rents of his estate called Chadwell Farm in 
White Parish should be distributed yearly among such poor 
persons as may be surcharged by children within the parish." 

Henry True, who married Jane Bradbury, was son of Henry 
True of Hertsford shire Co., England, (the home of the Brad- 
bury's) who came to New England previous to 1644. Henry 
True was the lineal ancestor to the author of this geneology. 
Descendants of Henry True and Jane Bradbury are lineal 
descendants of the Perkins, Bradbury, True lines here inscribed. 

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Robert^ of Ollersett, Co., of Derby. 

William^ of Braughing, Co., of Hartfordshire, 

RoBERi^ of Littlebury, Co., of Essex. 

William of Littlebury, Co., of Essex. 

Mathew of Wicken Bonant, Co., of Essex. 

William of Wicken Bonant, Co., of Essex. 

Wymond of the Brick House, Wicken Bonant. 

Capt. Thomas^ of Salisbury, Mass., U. S. A,^ father of 

Jane Bradbury, b. May 11, 1645, wife of 

Capt. Henry True, b. March 6, 1644,yjx^A(??* of 

Capt. William True, b. June, l^^O^ father of 

Cai>t. Winthrop True, b. Aug. 16, 1110^ father of 

Lieut. Winthrop True, b. Sept. 14, IT^O^fatfier of 

Winthrop True, b. Aug. 23, 1110, father of 

Nancy True, b. 1808, wife of 

Philip Henry Saunders, born, June 23, 1800, father of 

Sarah Sprague Saunders, born July 24, 1843, wife of 

Captain David Smith, Engineer Corps, U. S. N., fathei' of 

Helen Saunders Smith. 

Esther Byers Smith. 

Marie Lowe Smith. 

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264 tmindera of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


THOMAS^ BRADBURY, {Wymond, William, Mat/imo, 
William, Roberta William^ liohert^,) baptised 1610, was mar- 
ried 1636 to Mai7, dau. of John Perkins, Esq., of Ipswieli, 

Their Son. 

William, ni. Sept. 18, 1669, Widow Rebecca Maverick 
(nee Wheelwright). 

Their Son. 

William, b. Oct. 16, 1672; nn. Sarah Cotton, 

Their Son. 
James, b. May 9, 1701 ; m. Eh'zabeth Sanders. 

Their Son. 
Saunders Bradbury, m., Nov. 29, 1737, Sarah Colby. 

Their Son. 
James Bradbury, m., April 20, 1798, Catherine Conant. 

Their Son. 

William, b. Feb. 14, 1800; rn. Elizabeth Emerson. 

Their Daughter. 

Charlotte Emerson Bradbury, b. March 24, 1844; m. 
Chief Engineer llershel Main, U. S. Navy. 

Mrs. Charlotte Emerson Main is recording secretary of the 
society of the Daughters of the American Revolution ; has a 
national reputation as a woman of great executive power and 
influence. She is a lady of superior education, tact and ability, 
and well worthy the honorable position accorded her by this 
influential society. 

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These arms were worn bj the Perkins family, New England, 
the earliest ancestor of which, John Perkins born 1590, it is 
said at Newens in County Glouster, England, came probably 
in the "Lion" to Boston, February, 1631, with lioger Wil- 
liams, bringing also wife Judith, son John, born 1614, Thomas, 
born 1616, Jacob, 1627, Mary who married Capt. Thomas 

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266 Found^s of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Bradbury in 1638, Eliza who became the wife of William 
Sargent and Lydia bap. in Ipswich, 3 June, 1632. 

John Perkins, the above, at once took a prominent stand 
among the colonists, he went with John Winthrop, Jr., to 
Ipswich, where he was made freeman, 18 May, 1631. He 
represented this township at the General High Court 1630, — 
and many following years. He died in 1654. 

John Perkins, eldest son of the above, was admitted free- 
man, 18 May, 1637, married and had the following children, 







Samuel and Thomas. 

"John Perkins, Jr., was granted in 1634, 60 acres of land, in 
equal shares with Thomas Hardy and Francis Jordan, lying 
east and west of him. At this time he was 20 years old." 

" 1634. Granted to John Perkins junr a marsh, having Mr. 
Bartholomew on one side, and Great River on the other. Also 
house lot by the River." " Also 5040 acres lying beyond 
Chibacco River, (a wilderness.) 

1637. Granted to John Perkins, junr, 70 acres. 

1635. He married Elizabeth, and gradually became very 
prominent, being in 1675, chosen Quarter Master of the 
Military Organization of the province. Jane Bradbury, neice 
of John Perkins junr, became the wife of Henry True and 
settled in Salisbury, Mass. All descendants of Capt. Thomas 
Bradbury and Mary Perkins are lineal descendants of John 
Perkins, born in England, 1590, as also are the descendants of 
Henry True and Jane Bradbury, daughter of Capt. Thomas 
and Mary Perkins Bradbury. 

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From Zieber's Heraldry we copy a description of the coat of 
arms worn by the *' Trew " family in the time of Queen Eliza- 
beth, descendants of whom are supposed to have emigrated to 
America, with Sir Richard Salstonst^lls fleet, 1633-5. 

"TREW" av, between three bendlels, gu. two grey hounds: 
courant in bend sa. 

CREST : a demi chevalier in armor, brandishing a sword, 
p. p. r. 

From a careful search of the county and state records of 
Massachusetts I find the arrival of but two persons by the 
name of Trew or True as now written, vis : 1633, Antonio 
Trew was a passenger to St. Christophers, embarked in the 
" Alathew " of London, Richard Goodladd, master, per warrant 
from ye Earle of Carlisle. 

1636. John Trew was a passenger in the "Transport" of 
London, Edward Walker, master. Certificate from the minister 
of Graves End of his conformity to the order of discipline of 
tlie church of England. If the above John Trew was the 
ancestor of the American line of Trew's, he must have arrived 
with family of which I find no mention. The earliest ancestor 
of the Trew line, of which we have authentic record, is Henry 
Trew, whom we find settled in Salem, Mass., 164i, married to 
Israel, daughter of John Pike, a lawyer and magistrate, who 
was the father of Major Robert Pike of distinguished record. 

Aug. 16, 1644. Henry Trew purchases a house in Salem, 
Mass., the deed of which in 1859 was in possession of Mr. 
Jabez True of Salisbury, Mass. It reads as follows: "I, 
Edward Gibons, do acknowledge to have received of Henry 
Trew of Salem, forever, pounds for the house in Salem, 

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268 Founders of Massdchicsetts Bay Colony, 

which was Mr. Stautone, by this payment do I give him full 
use of the said, to him, and his forever. 

The 16th of August, 1644. 

By me, Edward Gibons. 

There seemed to be some question as to the validity of the 
deed, and in Oct. 1660, the following was filed at the coarts 
for record : 

Oct. 10, 1660. The testimony of Thomas Browning, ageci about 
43 years, and Samuel Archard, aged 52 years, sayeth, the said 
Thomas being chosen by Henry Trew, and the said Samuel being 
chosen by Major Gibbons to appraise a house, that was sometime 
Mr. John Stratton's, that time in the hands of disposing of Major 
Gibbons, to be sold to the said Henry Trew, according to the 
above mentioned apprisers in value, the said house, whii-h accord- 
ingly did apprise yt said house at pounds, together with the 

Ground adjoining thereto. 

Said house is situate in Salem, by the South River side, adjoin, 
ing to the house and land of ye foresaid Thomas Browning, fur- 
ther south lot. This was about 15 or 15 years ago. 

Taken * * * » by both the above named mentioned. 

lO-lOm-1660. Will Hathorne. 

Henry Trew was made freeman in 1676, moved to Salisbnry, 
where he died, leaving wife, Isreal, (and seven children), who 
afterwards married Joseph Fletcher, a widower. She is men- 
tioned in his will as his beloved " Isreal." Previous to Henry 
Trew's removal to Salisbury in 1649-lOm., he petitioned the 
selectmen for a grant of forty acres, which land was granted 
him at said meeting. Possibly the land was located at Salis- 
bury, where in the second generation we find the family settled 
at " Hockey Hill." 


From the records of the First church, Salem, we have the 
following children of Henry Trew and Isreal Pike ; the record 
of the first born being subscribed as follows : 

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True. 269 

1. "IIp:nry Trew, the son of Henry Trew by Isreal (Pike), 
my wife, born tlie 8tli of first month, 1644. Henry Trew." 

2. John, bap. July 18, 1645, of Henry and Isreal Trew. 

3. Mary, bap. March 14, 1647, of Henry and Isreal Trew. 

4. Lydia, bap. Feb. 4, 1649, of Henry and Isreal Trew. 

5. Joseph, bap. Feb. 8, 1652, of Henry and Isreal Trew. 

6. Benjamin, bap. Feb. 19, 1654, of Henry and Isreal Trew. 

7. Jemima, bap. April 26, 1657. of Henry and Isreal Trew. 

From tliis record of the first born, written by the parent in 
a liandwriting quite unlike any of the previous records, I find 
the name spelled " Trew," and therefore judiije it to have been 
the proper spelling of the name at that time. From an original 
paper signed by Henry True, of the second generation, I find 
the name spelled as written above, Henry True, and the fol- 
lowing generations have continued the same. In the colonial 
days there were various reasons for the changing and spelling 
of the name, the principal one being. the wish to avoid religious 
persecution, in their seeking of new homes and associations. 


Henry Tkue, born Salem, March 8, 1644, was married at 
Hampton May 16, 1668, to Jane Bradbury, daughter of Thomas 
Bradbury of Salisbury, and Jane Perkins, his wife. The Trues 
had moved to Salisbury some years previous to this, and Henry 
True, now Captain True, is supposed to have commanded the 
first company ever raised there for its defense. Salisbury, the 
home of the True and Bradbury family mentioned in this 
history, and the home of many branches of the same families 
today, was just settled in 1638, when John Sanders, Simon 
Bradstreet, Samuel Dudley, Captain Dennison, Christopher 
Balle and others were allowed to begin their plantation at 
Merrimack, as it was at first called. 

From a speech of Mr. P. A. True, a lineal descendant of this 
line, delivered at a meeting of the town Improvement Society 
at Salisbury, June 17, 1896, 1 extract the following description 

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270 Founders of MasBachusetts Bay Colony. 

of the early years of tliis town, wherein were born, reared, lived 
and died very many of the ancestors of the line of Trwe. 

*'In 1638, after receiving this grant, they immediately took 
possession of the land and began the work of laying out public 
highways, docks and landings, commons, and train fields, sites 
for meeting houses, school houses, saw mill and grist mill 
privileges, etc. 

" Their principal subsistance was fish and clams, and their 
first road was laid out on the borders of the npland and salt 
marsh. This circular road was the first road laid out, now 
called Mndnock Road, and so up past the square and down 
towards the beach and the clam flats. The land within this 
circular road, or a portion of it, was reserved for the use of the 
public, on which later stood the meeting house and courthouse, 
the stocks and whipping post, the garrison house and pound, a 
happy combination, which covered all the civil and religious 
rights of the people. Their next business, which was one of 
great importance, was the laying out and setting off to them- 
selves house lots, which was all done inside of six months and 
prior to lOSQ-Sm., when we find recorded the report of sixty 
house lots laid out, containing from one to four acres each, all 
located round this circular road, and butting on the green, so on 
up past the square. It was necessary that these house lots 
should be as near together as possible, to protect each other, 
and also to receive shelter at the garrison in case any trouble 
should occur with the Indians." 

Just imagine for a moment sixty log houses located on the 
Mudnock road, and so on up past the square, with a garrison 
house, whipping post, and stocks on the other side. 

Up to 1641, there were no mills for grinding corn, or mills 
for sawing boards, and lumber. 

In 1658 other planters had settled in the town, and to en- 
courage them, 500 acres of land were granted to new common- 
ers. Large divisions of land, were from this time forward laid 
out, and subdivded into sixty-one or more lots ; and assigned, 
one lot to each of their number, and one lot in each division 

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True. 271 

for the use of the ministry, from whence comes the parsonage 
of to-day. The thirteenth lot in the cow-common divison was 
laid out for the use of the ministry. The wood that warms 
the church to-day is cut from this lot. "The eleventh lot in 
the mill division was laid out for ye use of ye ministry, and 
contained forty -five acres." Eighteen acres were cut oflf by the 
State line in 1742, and fell into South Hampton, N. H. 

"In about the year 1700, the citizens of the town became so 
populous that separate meetings were held, the citizens under 
the name of 'The Inhabitant of the Town' and the conmoners 
under the name of 'The Proprietors or Commoners of the 
Town,' and have so continued from that time to tho present 

In the year 1677, Nov. 19, was transferred to Captain Henry 
True a deed of a commoners right from Timothy Lyndall to 
Capt. Henry True, viz : 

" To all christian people unto whom this present writting shall 
come, Timothie Lindall of ye town of Salem, in county of Essex 
Massachusetts Colony, in New England merchant, sendeth greet- 
ing, now know ye yt, 1 ye said Timothy Lendall for and in con- 
sideration of ye full and just sum of twenty and eight pounds 
sterlin to me in hand payd and secured at ye signing and sealing 
of these presents, by Henry True, in full satisfaction and for 
divers other good and lawful consideration, me there unto moving, 
have given, granted bargained sould enfoursed, alienated and 
confirmed and by these presents, do fully, clerely and absolutely, 
give grant bargain sell alienate, enfourse and confirm unto ye sd 
Henry True all yt my township, or common right belonging unto 
me, within ye township of Salisbury, which did formerly belonge 
unto Mr. Francis Dowe, as by the town records doth appear and 
sould unto me the said Lendell by Peter Dowe Esqr and son and 
heire unto ye sd Frances Dowe, together with ye four acre lott, of 
salt marsh belonging to ye cowcomon, with all other divisions of 
lands of what sort soever not yett layd oute any ways unto ye sd 
comage and shares or belonging. To have and to hold the said 
township or common right, with ye four acres of salt marsh, unto 
ye sd cowcomon granted as p records itt dott appere with at other 
grants of what sort so ever, not yett layd out unto ye sd common 
right, belonging as a fore said, unto ye sd Henry True and to ye 
sole and proper use, and behafe of him, ye sd Henry True, his 
heires, and assigned as good, firm, sure and absolute estate of in- 

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272 Founders of Masaachusetta Bay Colony. 

heritaDce, in fe simple for ever ; by these presents and I y e sd Tim 
Lenddall for my self, my beires executors,and administrators, do 
covenant, promise, and grant, to and with ye sd Henry True, bis 
beires, and assignes yt, ye sd bargained premises, is clere and fre 
and frely and clcrely exonerated of charges, and acquitted of, 
from all former grants, gnifts, bargaine sales alienations, changes, 
dowries, extants, judgements, executions and al other incombrance 
what so ever, and I ye said Tim Lindall, for myself, my beires, 
executors and administrators, do hereby and shall from time to 
time, and at all times hereafter, warantiz and maintaine the sd 
bargained and sould and by these presents given, and granted 
premises, against al and all manner of person, or persons, what so 
ever, haveing claymeing, or pretending to have any just right, 
title, or intres, unto ye sd, bargained premises, or any part or 
parcell thereof, forever by these presents, unto ye sd Henry True, 
his beires, executors, administrators, and assignes for ever. For 
witness whereof I have here unto sett my hand and scale the liflli 
day of September, one thousand, six hundred seventy-seven. It 
is also agreed upon yt, if ye lot called higly-pigly, which was 
formerly ordered to be layd out, for the use of ye above sd Dowe, 
cant be recovered by ye said True, the ye sd Lindall, is to pay or 
discount with ye sd Henry True, eight pounds upon bis bill payed 
to ye sd Lindall. 

Tim Lindall. 

This writing was acknowledged by Timothy Lindall to be bis 
act and deed this 7th of November 1677, before me, 

Simon Bkadstrekt AmnUint. 

Mary Lindall acknowledged ye above written conveyance was 
don with her free consent, and concurrence before me. 

Bautiio Grdney, Ormmimoner. 

21 NOVKMBEU, 1677. 
SignC'd, sealed and delivered in the presence of, 
John Sevkuknck. 
John Mitchell. 

Entered and recorded in ye county records of Norfolk lib. ye 3d 
l)ag 68 ye 19th day of November 1677 sd attest. 

Tno. BuADiUTRY, Recorthr.*" 

Tluis by this deed was conveyed to Capt. Henry True, the 
right of proprietorship in the town of Salisbury; and he among 
otliers of the freeholders, was most active in his duties, as ad- 
ministrator of the town affairs. 1702 a fulling mill was granted 
by the commoners, at a town meeting held in Salisbury, ye 22 
Dec, 1702. 

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True. 273 

In 1694-5 we find Capt. Thomas Bradbnry, father-in-law to 
Henry True, died, he had been a member of the General 
Court for some years previous. We have Henry Browne, 
formerly of Salem, selectman, as also John Stevens, was 
occupying the same position. Mar, 16, 1696, Capt. Henry 
True elected town clerk. 1698-1699, Capt. Henry True 
elected town clerk. 

"1702, Dec. 30. At a general meeting of the townsmen, 
commoners, Israel Morrell, 8enr., was chosen moderator of the 
present meeting. At ye same meeting, voted, that whereas it is 
ordered to lay out a tract of land, and meadow, which lays from 
Patcridges Bridge, and so upon a straight line forty rods to the 
southerly end of ye Gravely Ridge Division, acconling to the sd 
vote, it is ordered, that the men hereunder named, are appointed 
and chosen to proportion, and lay out the sd meadow and land 
forthwith. The meadow in one division and the upland in another, 
and each division to be layed into fifty-nine ecjual proportions, 
acconling to the number of the Ancient Rites. As ueere for 
quantity and quality as they can, the sd men to lay out convenient 
highways in sd land and meadow. The sd men, when they had 
laid out sd land and meadow, to give the Proprietors notice there- 
of, so yt they may mecte together, to draw Lotts for ye same. 
The men that are appointcnl and chosen to the above sd sarvis are 
namely : 

Capt. True, 

Lieut. Brown, or any three of ye sd men 

Mr. Isreal Morrell, agreeing to lay out ye same." 

Sargt. Jos. True, 

Mr. Ephriam Winsley. 

1712, Apr. 26, " at a meeting of ye Proprietors in Common of 
ye town of Salisbury, Apr. 26, 1712. Att ye same meeting. The 
propersition of Request of the subscribers to the Proprietors in 
Common now met, is that they will be pleased to grant us liberty 
for the setting up a small House for a sch(X)l house on sum part 
of their common land, not damnifying the highway, nere John 
Merrill's. Henry True, Jos. Eaton, John Mch Jr., in behalf of 
themselves and neighbors. Voted in the alBrmative. 

Isaac Mourill, yffHhrator.*' 

1715. A company is organized in Salisbury, of which 
William True, son of llenry, is appointed sergeant. 

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274: Founders of MasmchusetU Bay Colony, 

1715. William True elected selectraan. 

1716-17-18. Sergeant William True, selectman. 

1719-20. Captain Henry True, selectman. 

1720-21. Ensign William True, selectman. 

1722-23. Town voted to have three selectmen only. Lieut. 
William True, selectman ; Edward French, cornet ; Ezekial 
Morrill, sergeant ; William Smith, quartermaster. 

1723-24. Town clerk, Mr. Nathaniel Brown ; selectmen, 
John True, Rob Smith, John Morrill, Samuel Collins and Jos. 
French Jr. 

1726, March 28. Captain Henry True, being then 81 years 
old, and up to this time occupying and fulfilling very many 
positions of trust and importance in Salisbury, realizing that his 
years and his health will not permit himself to continue in active 
duties, at the head of his estate, in the management of it, to his 
own and his family's satisfaction, transfers said duties to his 
son, William, in the following language, viz : 

"Know all men by these presents, that I, Henry True of 
the town of Salisbury, in County of Essex, in ye province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, in New England, have assigned, ordained and 
in my stead and place, put and constitute my truly and beloved 
son, William True, of the same town, county and province, afore- 
said, to be my own and lawful attorney, for me and in my name, 
to sue for and retrieve of any man, any trespass that he or they 
had done, or shall doe, by pulling, cutting or carrying away of 
any broken wood or timber growing, or broken upon any land of 
mine, either within fence, or laying in common without grade, 
and to prosecute the same, from court to court, to efect and also 
for me and in my name, to defend any suit at law, of any i>erson 
that shall sue for any lands of mine, and to prosecute the same in 
law . And also I do by these presents impower my said 
attorney to demand, sue for and recover any debt due me by 
bond, bill, or any other ways, of any person or persons whatso- 
ever, and to prosecute ye s*ime, in law to effect. And agreements 
to make of transfers, of land as above said, and of debts or 
acquitance to give in my name, and to chuse an attorney or 
attorneys as he shall see good, for the prosecution of ye above 
said, and to release them at pleasure, and what so doe my said 
attorneys, shall lawfully do, in and about the premises above said, 

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True. 275 

and I do by these presents, allow of ratify and consent, as witness 
my hand, and seal, this twenty-first day of March, Anno Domini 
1725 — and in ye 12th year of his majesties reign King George 1st. 
This to continue till farther orders." 

Henry True. 

Capt. Henry True personally appeared before me, the subscriber 
hereof, and acknowledged the above said letter of atturney, to be 
his act and deed, this 28th day of March 1726. 

Wm. Bradbury, Juntiee of Peace. 

Endorsed. " Capt. Henry True's letter of attur- 
ney to his son William True." 

Though at an advanced age Capt. Henry True was still 
honored by his townsmen. 

1728-29. lie was selectman. 

1729-30. Capt. Henry True selectman and continued in 
diflFerent offices of the town until a few years before his death, 
which occurred Sept. 18, 1735, at the age of 91 years. Jane 
Bradbury True, his wife, died Jan. 24, 1729. 


Henry True, born March 8, 1644; died Sept. 18, 1735; was 
married, March 15, 1668, to Jane Bradbury, daughter of 
Thomas Bradbury, Esq., of Salisbury. 

Their Children. 

1. Mart, b. May 80, 1668 ; m. Feb. 5, 1688-9, Ephraim Eaton. 

2. William, b. June, 1670 ; d. March 18, 1733 ; m. Eleanor Ste- 

vens, 1690. 

3. Hbnry, b. Jan. 6, 1673 ; d. Nov. 1, 1722 ; m. Dec. 20, 1699, 

Abigail French. 

4. Jane, b. Dec. 5. 1676 ; m. June 16, 1702, Edward French. 

5. John, b. Feb. 23, 1678 ; m. June 16, 1702, Martha Morrill ; d. 

Nov. 19, 1754. 

6. Jemima, b. May 16, 1680 ; m. Oct. 30, 1700, Thomas Brad- 


7. Jabez, b. Feb. 19. 1682 ; d. young. 

8. Jabez, b. 1685 ; d. May 22, 1749, aged 64 ; m. Jan. 8. 1707, 

Sarah Tappan. 

9. Mary. 

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276 Founders of Mdssachusetts Bay Colony. 

We perceive by the marriages of these children of Henry 
True tliat they were closely connected in many ways with the 
lines most frequently mentioned in this book. 

William True, born June, 1670, married 1690, Eleanor 
Stevens, born Jan. 2, 1675, daughter of Benjamin Stevens and 
Hannah Barnard, married Oct. 28, 1673. 

Benjamin Stevens was the son of John Stevens, who together 
with Henry Browne first purchased lands at Salisbury of Capt. 
Thomas Smith. Hannah Barnard was the daughter of the 
Ilev. Thomas Barnard, from whom are many noted descendants. 

Henry3 True, born Jan. 6, 1673, married Dec. 20, 1699, 
Abigail French. Jane True, his sister, born Dec. 5, 1676, 
married June 16, 1702, Edward French, 

The French family was among the earliest families of Salis- 
bury. Edward French first came to Ipswich in 1636, removed 
to Salisbury 1652, and had the largest estate of any one in town 
except two. His homestead was situated in the main center of 
the town o})posite the present meeting house site, and to-day 
the s})ot is marked by a fast decaying mansion, which in its 
former days must have represented a position of ease and com- 
fort to its occupants. Edward French was youngest son of 
Joseph, the first of the same. Samuel French, son of Edward, 
married Abagail Browne June 1, 166-1. Their children were: 

1. AiJACSAiL, b. 17 July, 1666. 

2. Hannah, b. 15 March, 1669. 

3. Samuel, b. 24 March, 1672. . 

4. Hknuy, b. 1673. 

5. Edward, b. 1675-6. 

6. Nathaniel, b. 4 Dec, 1678. 

Abagail Fkenoh, born, 17 July, 1666, daughter of Samuel 
French and Al)agail Browne, married Ilenry^ True, Dec. 20, 

Edward French, son of Samuel French and Abagail Brown 
married Jane True, June 16, 1702. 

I will now return in my narrative to Salem, to the family of 
Smiths and Brownes, Frenches and Curwens before mentioned. 

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True. 277 

Win. Browne, Esq., of Salern, who died 20 Jan. 1687, ag 71, 
came in the " Love" 1635, Oct. 26, from London with Mary 
his wife, who was the daughter of Samuel Smith of Great 
Yarmouth. England, he the supposed grand-son of Sir Hugh 
Smith and Elizabeth Gorges. 

William Browne was son of Francis, (who died 1626) grand 
son of Thomas (who died 16o8) and great-grand -son of Simon 
Browne of Browne Hall in Lancastshire, England. He was 
born 1 March, 1607-8, and had born to him the following 
children, who lived to maturity, William, Benjamin Rev. 
Joseph d. s. p., Sarah, Mary. The only one of the sons to 
leave male issue was Major William Browne Jr., one of the 
council during Andros regime; he died 28 Feb., 1716, leaving 
sons, Colonel and Judge Samuel and Capt. John Browne. 

Williami Browne had eight children, the first child William*, 
born April 14, 1639, m. 29 Dec, 1664, Hannah, daughter of 
George ('urwen. Hannah, widow of William^ Browne admit- 
ted church, Salisbury, 16S9. Abagail Browne, sister to 
William-, married 1 Apr., 1664, Samuel French. Their daugh- 
ter Abagail French, married Henry True 20 Dec , 1699. John 
Curwen, sun of George Curwen and uncle to Abagail French 
True, married Margaret Winthrop, daughter of Governor John 
Winthrop June, in 1665. Of this marriage Mary Curwen, 
daughter of John Curwen and Margaret Winthrop, bap. Sept. 
16, 1676, nuirried Capt. Thomas Smith. Col. Samuel Smith, 
one of the most prominent men in Salisbury during the Revo- 
lution, descendant of this line. Thus were the family of 
Trues in the third generation, allied to the families of Frenches, 
Brownes and Curwens, also to that of Stevens, Barnard, and 
Bradbury, as also to the families of Morrill and Tappen, through 
the marriage of John True, born 23 Feb., 1678, married June 
16, 1702, to Martha Morrill, and that of Jabez True, born 
1685, married Jan. S, 17o7, to Sarah Tappen. 

Salisbury, at this date, was a purely agricultural section of 
the country, as it is the same today. The homes of the resi- 
dent families of 1700, remain with few changes, in undivided 
sections, and are severally occupied by descendants of the same. 

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278 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

It was with mingled feelings of aw^e and admiration that I 
rode over this section of New England, and beheld the silent 
pride of generation after generation ; and noted the fainilj 
name and possessions, held so sacred from father to son ; and 
realized that in this sturdy race, there was a superiority of 
judgment and action, in its clanish supremacy of individual 
rights; in tlie belief that home and happiness remain far more 
sacred in its seclusion and supremacy, than perhaps in the more 
thrifty populated sections of the country, w^here competition 
and strife, harbor pride and discontent, and the rapid uncertain 
business life of tiiis century, bring more often poverty than 
riches, age before youth ; and oftener still, death before its 

Salisbury was the home of the Bradbury's, the history of 
which has given many noted men to our country. Salisbury 
was the home of the Stevens' and Browne's, who early in its 
history occupied many offices of trust and responsibility. 

Salisbury was the home of the Cushings, members of whose 
family have reached renown from generation to generation. 

Salisbury w^as the home of Robert Pike, the greatest com- 
moner of America. 

Salisbury was the home of the Curriers, among whom we 
have Revolutionary officers, authors and the advanced men of 
that section in enterprise and business qualities. 

Salisbury was the home of the Smiths, the staunchest sup- 
porters of the Revolution in all that section. 

Salisbury was tJie home of the Trues, who occupied more 
positions of trust in the town, became more pronounced and 
indei)endent in their religious declaration, produced more men 
for the staunch support of our national independence, moi*e 
men of letters and science, and assisted in the seventeenth 
generation more in the colom'zation of other sections of the 
wilderness, than it has been my privilege to record of any other 
family. The Trues were of that staunch, sympathetic, religious 
nature, that they were not content altogether with the daily life 
of agricultural i)ursuits, l)ut were rather imbued with the belief 
that mankind needed help and comfort in its social as well as 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True. 279 

religions life, and many of the family were evangelists and 
preachers throngh the new settlements, whenever occasion 
required. Tliey had little sympathy with the Puritanical 
church and its tyranical doctrines, but preached what was then 
a new religion in the colonies, " the Baptist faith," or submer- 
sion, as it was then called. They were ardent christians of the 
new faith, and carried their belief into the wildes of every new 
settlen)ent, preaching, establishing new missions, and contrib- 
uting to their support. 

1683. A new settlement was formed at Hampshire, and 
called Salisbury, New^ Hampshire, after this town. Jabez 
True, son of Henry and Jane, became one of the original 
proprietors and established the first church. Hampton Falls, 
New Hampshire, was another settlement formed, of wliich 
Joseph True, brother of Henry, was an original settler and tax 
payer in 1709. 

Deerfield, New Hampshire, another settlement, had as one 
of its most distinguished citizens Deacon Abraham True, 
grandson of Henry and Jane True. 

William True, husband of Anne Bradbury, and grandson of 
Henry True, was father of Jonathan True who, by wife Anne 
Stevens, liad Eleanor True, married to John Sargent; whose 
son, William True Sargent, married Hannah Mitchell. Their 
son, William True Mitchell Sargent of Portland, is the well- 
known historical writer of the day. 

Hon. William C. True of Plainfield, N. H., died Sept. 28, 
1895. He was a prominent farmer; moderator of the town 
for over 30 years, candidate for State Senator, and a member 
of the Governors Conncil. 

Nathaniel Tuckerman True, A. M. Md., late of Bethel, the 
veteran teacher, scientist and historical writer, was the son of 
John'' and Mary Hatch True and grandson of Jonathan and 
Mehitable True. 

At Rochester, N. Hampshire, we had a distinguished clergy- 
man, the liev. Ezekial True, a lineal descendant of Henry 

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280 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

In Washington, D. C, Professor True, a distinguished 
scientist is also a lineal descendant of Henry True. At Bod- 
oinhaui, Maine, was settled William True, a lineal descendant 
of Capt. Henry True, whose two sons, William and Winthrop, 
graduates of Bowdoin college, would have distinguished tliem- 
selves, but for their early death by consumption. 

Mr. Prince Albert True of Salisbury, also a lineal descend- 
ant of Capt. Henry, is a hard student, and ever active and for- 
ward in the prominent advancement of pronounced ideas. His 
brother Oliver was a great student and thoroughly cultured 
man ; his death was a sad loss. 

Mr. Keuben True was one of the founders of Warren, N. H., 
as also Capt. Moses and Deacon Winthrop True w^ere among 
the first proprietors of Wentwortli, N. H. Capt. Moses of 
this town was a member of the first legislature of New Hamp- 

At Wentwortli, New Hampshire, a new settlement was 
formed by Moses and Deacon Winthrop True, lineal descend- 
ants of Capt. Henry True. These two men were the pro- 
prietors of that wild section, and were prominent men both in 
their church, and in the advancement of the prosperity of their 
town. Deacon Wintlirop True lived in that wild section of 
the country more tlian sixty years, and from a w^ilderness, was 
witness to the advancement of New Hampshire, to one of the 
proudest and most foremost states of New England fifty years 
ago. Tlie growth of tlie west has taken away many of its sons 
and daughters, but for beauty of scenery, exhilerating climate, 
and comfortal)Ie homes, New Hampshire still is considered 
one of tlie prominent states of the Union. 


William True, son of Henry True and Jane Bradbury, born 
June 1670, died March 18, 1733, and Eleanor Stevens, born 
Jan. 2, 1075, died April 29, 1768 (daughter of Benjamin 

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True.. 281 

Stevens and Hannah Barnard, married Oct. 28, 1673) were 
married, 1692. 

Their Children. 

1. Bknjamim, b. Jan. 18. 1693-4, d. Apr. 21, 1770, m. Dec. 26, 

1717, Judith Morrill. 

2. Mahy, b. Feb. 26, 1695-6, m. Israel Sheppard, Apr. 3, 1718. 

4. Capt. Wili.tam, b. Nov. 16, 1700, d. June 10, 1768, m. Nov. 

9, 1721, Anna Bradbury. 

5. Jane, b. Oct. 11, 1703. 

6. Elkanor, b. Nov. 4, 1705. 

7. Uknuy, b. Dec. 26, 1707, d. May, 1778, I. M. Sept. 19, 1727, 

Ann Allen. 

8. WiNTiiKor, b. Aug. 18, 1710, d. July 26, 1785, m. June 15, 

1732. Dorothy Currier. Resided Ilocky Hill. Salisbury. 

9. Samukl, b. Jan. 13, 1713, d. Oct. 18, 1770, m. Jan. 15, 1735-6 

Ann Currier. 

10. Judith, b. Nov. 20, 1715, d. Jan. 7, 1716. 

11. Judith, b. May 10, 1718, m. March 9, 1788, Wm. Osgood. 

Captain William Truc's home was situated in that portion 
of Salisbury called Ilocky Hill, it consisted of a large farm- 
house, and al)out one hundred acres of land. lie was attorney 
for his father's estate, and occupied many positions of trust in 
the town, principally as selectmen in charge of town aflFairs. 
Ilis family received a liberal education, were married and 
entered into different progressive settlements, with the exception 
of his son Winthrop who remained at home ; married Dorothy 
Currier, and succeeded to the estates. Dorothy Currier was 
daughter of Samuel Currier, Esquire, a man who hjid held 
many prominent otHces in the early history of Salisbury. 

Capt. Winthrop True, son of Captain William, was a promi- 
nent and much respected man. He was captain of tlie first 
militia company of Salisbury, which was composed of its fore- 
most citizens, organized in self protection, and in defence of 
civil rights, during the early troublesome times of 1750-60. 

Captain Winthrop True, at an annual town meeting held 
March 11, 1755, was chosen Town Clerk, and fulfilled the office 
so creditably that he was elected Town Clerk for the twenty 

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282 Founder's of Maasacliuaetts Bay Colony. 

years following. He was also elected as selectman in 1764, and 
for tlie five years following filled the same office. Among tlie 
men associated w^itli him in office at tliis time were, Moses 
Pike, Wm. Brown, and Caleb Cushing, who represented Salis- 
bury at the General Court in 1762. 

1765-1766-1767. There were few changes in officers, Cap- 
tain Winthrop True still continuing town clerk. 

1768. Caleb Cushing was succeeded by Nathaniel Currier 
at the General Court. 

1769-1770. Capt. Winthrop True continued town clerk, 
WilHam True, John Pike, Junr., Daniel Morrell, as selectmen, 
with Caleb Cushing as representative at the General Court. 

1772-177;^-17V4. Capt. Winthrop True, town clerk ; Ilcm. 
Samuel Smith, representative to General Court. 

1775. Captain Winthrop True, tow^n clerk; lion. Saninel 
Smith as representative, and a member of the Provincial Con- 
gress, now estabHshed. 

Captain Withrop True continued an active and influential 
member of society until his death, which occurred July 26, 
1785. Dorothy Currier True died March 11, 1764. Honor- 
able Nathaniel Currier, a brother to Dorothy True, was a 
member of the Provincial Congress 1773, 1774, 1775. lie 
became a Major in Provincial trooi)8, and was an active 
member of a commission appointed by congress to station 
troops in Co. of Essex, 1775. Ap])ended will be found a list 
of the officers and men who served in the Revolution from the 
" True family." Attached is a certificate of service in civil 
life of Captain Winthrop True. 

Salisbury, Mass., June 13, 1896. 
Office of the Town Clerk : 

I, William H. Grcenleaf, clerk of the town of Salisbury, do 
hereby certify that it appears on the records in this office, that one 
Captain Winthrop True was chosen Town Clerk, and that tlie 
following extract is a true copy of such recoi-d. 

At an annual meeting held March 11, 1755, Captain W^inthrop 
True w^as chosen Town Clerk. 

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True. 283 

And that he was elected Town Clerk for the twenty years 
following, and was elected as selectman in 1764, and for the five 
years foUowiui^. 

I, \Vm. II. Greeuleaf, clerk of the town of Halisbury, do certify 
that the above extract is a true copy of the records in this ollice. 
Attest, Wm. II. GuEENLKAF, Tawii CUrk. 

John L. Lilly, Justin' of the Pewi'. 


WiNTHKor True, son of dipt. William True and Eleanor 
Stevens, born A\\\!^, 18, 1710, died July 26, 1785, married June 
15, 1732, Dorothy Currier who died March 11, 1704. 

Theik Children. 

1. DoHoTiiY, born March 11, 1733, died stiine day. 

3. DouoTHY.born Marc!h, 1734, marrieti Deacon David Tewxbury. 

3. IsKiCAL, born July 31, 173o, resided in Maine, 

4. Moses, born Feb. 6, 1737, intention to marry Widow Sarah 

Smith True, Jan. 26, 1775. She was daughter of Honorable 
Samuel Smith and widow of his brother Winthrop True, 
who died Oct. 8, 1770. 

5. WiNTJiHop, born Sept. 14, 1744. d. Oct. 8. 1770, married Jan. 

30, 1766, Sarah Smith, born July 1, 1741, daughter of Hon- 
orable Samuel and Mary Gove. 

6. Anna, born October 27, 1743, died December 18, 1743. 

7. Anna, born March 11, 1745, married William Smith, brother 

to Sarah Smith True, and son of Honorable Samuel Smith 
of Salisbury. This family settled in Deerfield, N. II. 

8. Jacob, born April 7, 1749, married Abagail Page. 

9. Ebknezeu, born July 2, 1752, died August 22, 1799, married 

April 21, 1774, Ruth Stevens; no issue. 
10. William, born January 5, 1755, died Sept. 22, 1770, ag. 15. 

WiNTiiKop Trie Jk., born Sept. 14, 1744, was educated at 
Salisbury, and thon*^li lie died at the early a^i^e of thirty-one 
years, his life was ])as8e(l during the most trying^ and trouble- 
some time of our country's strufrij;le. He remained at the 
homestead with his father, marrying at the age of twenty-two, 
Sarah Smith, daughter of IIonoral)Ie Samuel Smith of that 
town; he died Oct. 8, 1770, leaving ids young widow with 

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284 Founders of Mdssdchusetta Bay Colony. 

four young children to mourn his loss. It was not until five 
years later, January 2n, 1775, that Widow Sarah Smith-True 
became the wife of his brother, Moses True; who for those 
many years had been friend, and brotlier, and kind protec- 
tor and adviser, and by gentleness and respectful silence, had 
won her esteem, and gratitude. Of this last marriage there 
was one child, William, born July 10, 1776. 

Moses True was one of the active business men of Salisbury, 
entering into all enterprises with interest and success, lie 
purchased of the heirs, his fathers estate at Rocky Hill, and 
occupied it until his death. His name is honorably inscribed 
by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as one who marched 
to the battle of Lexington, that memorable IDth of April, 1775. 

MAssAcnisE'rrs Akouivics. 

Apr. 19, 1776. Moses True ap[)ears on the Lexington 
Alarm Roll of Captain Steven Merrill's company. Colonel 
Caleb Cushings regiment, which marched on alarm of April 

19, 1775, from Salisbury. The soldiers belonging to tlie town 
of Salisbury, service three and one half days. (Marched Apr. 

20, 1775, instead of 19th.) 


WiNTHROP True, Junr., born Sept. 14, 1740; died Oct. S, 
1770 ; son of Winthrop True and Dorothy Currier, wiis married 
January 30, 176G, to Sarah Smith ; born July 1, 1741, 
daughter of Samuel Smith and Mary Gove. 

Their Children. 

1. DouoTiiY, b. Dec. 19, 1766 ; m. Abel Jat^kmau; settled in Cor- 

rlnth. Vt. 

2. MosKS, b. Sept. 8, 1768 ; m. Hannah Brown of Salisl)ury, 


3. WiNTHROpS, b. Aug. 27, 1770 ; ni. Sarali Cliffonl of Ramney, 

N. H., November 16, 1797. She the daughter of John and 
8arah Clifford of Ramney, born Nov. 8. 1780 ; descendants 
of the noble house of Cliffords. 

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True. 285 


Moses True, born Feb. 6, 1737; married Widow Sarah 
Smith True, Jan. 26, 1775. Moses True died Dec. 28, 1807. 
Wife, Sarah Smith True, died Feb. 28, 1809. 

Their Children. 

William, b. July 10, 1776 ; d. Sept. 8, 1821 ; m. Jan. 16, 1302, 
Susannah Lowell. She d. April 22, 1879, ag. 97-8. 

Of this generation, William, the last child of Sarah Smith 
and Moses True, retained the homestead and lands adjoining, 
which had descended from generation to generation from 
Henry True^. Today this beautiful inheritance is still care- 
fully guarded in the family, and is the property of Mr. Cyrus 
True, son of the above William. 

Moses*-^ married Hannah Brown of Salisbury. In 1791 Moses^ 
True, together with his brother, Winthrop, Junr, commenced 
the foundation of a colony at Wentworth, New Hampshire. 
This spot, one of the most beautiful in New Hampshire for 
grand, natural scenery, was at that time a dense wilderness, 
uninhabited by man, except through these courageous pioneers 
and their friends. Among the earliest settlers of this county, 
Grafton by name, we find Benjamin Lang of Salem, husband 
to Sarah Saunders, a grand-child of Philip Saunders ; also John 
Saunders, Junr., was one of the early proprietors, though he 
did not make it a residence. 

From the State Records in County Grafton, 
New Hampshire. 

Vol 17, p. 357. We find on May 2, 1792, that John Sandere, 
Junr., Merchant, Salem, Massachusetts, conveyed toTehina Curtis 
for the sum of £2700 in money, 9,000 acres of land lying in the 
township of MilLsfleld, Co. of Grafton, being the whole of the 
rights of 

Samuel Ward, Joshua Dodge, 

John Sanders, Junr., George Dodge, Esq., 

Edward Morris, Esq., Elias H. Derby, Esq. 

Jonathan Hopes, Witness, 

Ebenezer Beckford, Daniel Lang and Jasper Mwrdock. 

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2^6 Founders of Massach^isetts Bay Colony. 

Apr. 23, 1792, John Sanders, junr., conveys to John Sanders, 
merchant of Salem, Mass., one full right in the township of North- 
umberland, County Grafton, N. H. 

Oct. 1. 1793, John Sanders of Salem, Co. of Essex, is appointed 
Collector of Taxes for the proprietors of Errol, Co. Grafton, state 
of N. H. 

Apr. 25, 1794, John Sanders of Salem, Essex Co.. sells to Richanl 
Lang, one proprietors right in Co. Grafton, Township North- 
umberland, numbered 72. 

Feb. 10, 1795. John Sanders of Salem, Essex Co.. Mass., con- 
veys to Richard Lang, one full right, or original proprietors right 
for the sum of £115. 

On 21, Nov. 1789, is recorded in Grafton the following very 
interesting petition, which shows the enterprise and persever- 
ance of these speculators and proprietors in township rights 
and settlements. 

7o the ILnu>rahle, the Senate, nud tJw UotUfralpU' , the Iloum of Rtpre- 
)*entatieeii of New HampHhire, Dcr. 17S0 : 

Proprietors of Errol and Millsfield in sd state, humbly sheweth 
that in the year 1779, we employed a committee and surveyers 
with necessary attendants, and at the great expense of £180-0-0 
transported provisions by packmen through the wilderness 60 
miles nearly, without road, and laid out sd towns into 100 acre 
lots ; that by reason of the war and other difficulties, we were at 
that time induced to lay aside our purpose of compelling the set- 
tlements of said towns: that we have since renewed our intentions, 
and by our agent Major Joshua Heath, have begun to make im- 
provements by felling of trees, clearing of roads and putting up 
log houses in sd towns, by raising the sum of £50-8s. That it is 
our unanimous rcxsolution to pursue the original design of com- 
pleting the settlement of sd towns with as much speed as may be, 
provided we can be accomodated with roads &c., and be allowed 
a further time to complete the condition of our grant. Your 
l)etioners therefore pray the lands from Conway to Errol, may be 
be made liable to pay the expenses of making a good passable 
road, through the several grants, under the direction of such a 
committee, as this Honorable Court shall see tit to appoint ; and 
that further time, to fvdfiU the conditions of our charters, may be 
granted and that such other proceedings may be had for the relief 
and encouragement of your petitioners, as Honorable Court shall 
seem meet, and as in duty bound shall we pray. 
Sai.em, 9 Dec. 1789. 

Benj. Goodhue, Jonathan Ropes, Wm. West, 

Joua Peele, Wm. Shillaber, Abraham liand. 

Jacob Ashton, Edw. Norris, Sam'l Ward, 

Eben'r Beckford, Wm. Vans, Joshua Heath. 

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True, 287 

We, the proprietors of townships of Errol at Salem, 9 Dec. 1789 
voted that Major Joshua Heath be appointed to present the fore- 
going petition to the Hon. General Court of New Hampshire at 
their next sitting. 

A true copy of sd Proprietors records. 

Edw. Noruis, Prop^TH Clerk. 

New Ilampsliire had but recently been made a union state, 
and among the list of delegates at the convention in 1788, 
when the state of New Hampshire adopted the federal con- 
stitution are found the names of Mr. Moses True and Col. 
Jonathan Smith (of Salisbury) as representative of their pro- 
prietors rights. 

It is to be seen by this, that this County of Grafton, even as 
late as the advent of the Trues at Wentworth was without 
roads and scarcely habitations. It was mostly an overgrown 
forest, whose trees even up to the time of the Revolution were 
reserved for the use of the Crown. 

Sept. 21, 1764. When the charter of incorporation of New 
Hampshire was granted to Wm. Weaver by Governor Benning 
Wentworth, anjong other thing, this charter decreed, " that all 
vjhitepine tree^^ suitable for masts^ should be reserved, for tlie 
use of the Royal Navy ; and the sign of the broad arrow, or 
the large R (Rex) was put upon them by agents of the English 
Government, who were comnjissioned to travel about, for this 
purpose. This clause in the charter, was the occasion of the 
famous " pine tree riot," which occurred during the adminis- 
tration of Governor Weaver when a King's surveyor, was sent 
into the town, to carry out this unjust law. His demands were 
resented by the settlers, and in consequence of this disregard of 
his majestys will, and open defiance of his deputies ; the sheriff 
was sent to Governor Weaver, with warrants for the arrest of 
the rebellious subjects. This man met with rather rough re- 
ception ; when his slumbers at Aaron Quimby's were rudely 
interrupted, at early dawn, by a score of men with blackened 
faces, who burst into his room, disarmed him, and gave liim a 
most unmerciful whipping ; after this treatment, they dis- 
patched him back where he came from. He returned, however. 

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288 Founders of Masaachv^etts Bay Colony. 

with a company of troops, but the rioters fled to the woods and 
were not captured. Many of them were arrested later, and 
subject to a large fine, by the Hon. Justice " Theodore Atkin- 
son" Esq. ; this was ascribed as the "pine tree riot" and showed 
tlie same stubborn assistance to British agression, that marked 
the memorable tea party at Boston not two years later." 

Thus may be seen the difficulties encountered by Moses and 
Winthrop True, in their effort to form a new home for them- 
selves, and their family. 

Moses True and Hannah Brown were prosperous and blessed 
with a large family, all of them growing to maturity. Their 
children were: William, Winthrop, Rachel, Betsey, Sarah 
and Hannah, all born at Wentworth, N. H. 

Capt. Moses True was a prominent citizen, occupied many 
town offices, was member of the Legislature and died May 25, 
1831, ag. 63 ; his family sold their estate and removed from 
the town. Hannah Brown True, died June 12, 1837, ag. 68. 


Deacon Winthrop True, born Salisbury, Mass., August 27, 
1770, sou of Winthrop True Jr., and Sarah Smith, was married 
to Sarah Clifford of Rumncy, N. II., November 16, 1797. 
She, the daughter of John and Sarah Cliiford of Rumney, born 
Nov. 8, 1780. 

Their Cjiildren. 

William, born Wentworth, N. H., settled in Bodoinham, Maine, 
four children. 

WiNTiiKop, born Wentworth, N. II., died Lowell, Mass., 1830, 

Nancy, born Wentworth, N. H., about 1808, died, Danvers. 
Mass., August 7, 1857 ; married, Philip Henry Saunders, (son of 
Capt. Henry Saunders) 8alem. Mass., on December 25, 1835. She 
died, Aug. 7, 1857. 

Winthrop True^ or Deacon Winthrop True, as he was al- 
ways Cillcd, received his name in honorable reineinbrance of 
liis respected ancestor. Governor Wintlirop of Massachusetts. 

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True, 289 

He went to New Hampshire at the early age of 21 years, 
living in the town of Wentworth until his death, December 22, 
1852, at the age of 82 years. His liomestead consisting of 
house, out buildings and about 200 acres ot land is still in the 
family ; inherited by a cousin by will, and descent ; as, late in 
life he married the widow of his cousin, Currier True ; and to 
Elbridge True, son of Currier, this property has descended. It 
is situated upon a grand plateau on the top of a mountain, three 
miles above the valley and picturescpie village of Wentworth, 
comprises a grand woodland, fine cultivated fields, a sheep 
ranch, a comfortable home and housing for his cattle. Peace 
and quiet reign everywhere; and to one accustomed to the 
excitement and bustle of city life, these possessions seemed a 
sweet relief ; and the regret of the author was very sincere, 
that in her youth she could not have known and loved and 
honored the possessor. 

Of his life, I can better quote a few lines of his obituary 
written by some loving friend. 

" Winthrop True was one of those good old men, who almost 
idolized the youth ; he was a true friend to the rising generation ; 
and probably no man in the town, was held in higher esteem, by 
the young people than was the Deacon ; for such was his title, 
for many years. Well do I remember him in my youthful days, 
for his many jokes, and the thtiusand stories, of his early days in 
the forest land, which he would relate, in the winter evenings, to 
the young boys and girls, who used to assemble at his house, for 
this purpose. lie lived a kind neighbor, a devoted husband, a re- 
spected townsman, and at a greatly advanced age went down to 
the grave like a shock of corn fully ripe." Deacon Winthrop 
True died November 22, 1852, ag. 82. 

Nancy True, only daughter of Winthrop True, had the mis- 
fortune to lose her mother in early youth. She was of a sad, 
religious nature, sensitive and tender, and of scarcely strength 
to resume the cares and responsibilities of married life. She 
died Aug. 7, 1857, leaving the following children. 

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290 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


Nancy True, born Wentwortli, N. H., 1808, died Daiivers, 
Mass., Aug. 7, 1857, married Philip Henry Saunders, son of 
Captain Henry Saunders, December 25, 1835. 

Their Children. 

Eliza Ann Saundeub, b. Sept. 9, 1837, unmarried. 
WiNTHKOP True Saunders, b. Oct. 19, 1839, d. 1842. 
Sarah Sprague Saunders, b. July 24, 1843, married, Capt. David 
Smith, Corps of Eng'rs U. S. N. June 26, 1867. 


Sarah Sprague Saunders, born July 24, 1843, daughter of 
Pliih'p Henry Saunders and Nancy True, was married at St. 
Mark's Chapel, Boston, by the Rev. Geo. D. Wilkes of Salem, 
Mass., on July 25, 1867, to Captain David Smith, Corps of 
Engineers, U. S. Navy. 

Their Children. 

WiNTUROP Clifford Smith, b. June 26. 1870, d. July 7, 1870. 
Allen Lowe Smith, b. Aug 6, 1872, d. Jan. 16, 1873. 
Helen Maud Saunders Smith, b. Feb. 9, 1874. 
Esther Byers Smith, b. March 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe Smith, b. Oct. 16, ias4. 

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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Helen Saundkrs Smith. 

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True, 291 


Henry True, father of 

Cai»t. Henry True, father of 

Cai>t. William True, father of 

Gait. Winthrop True, fattier of 

WiNTHROP True, Junr., father of 

Deacon Winthrop True, father of 

Nancy True, wife of 

Philip Henry Saunders, father of 

Sarah Sprague Saunders, wife of 

Captain David Smith, U. S. N., father of 

Helen Maud Saunders Smith. 

Esther Byers Smith. 

Marie Lowe Smith. 

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292 Founders of MasaacMisetts Bay Colony. 



Apr. 1775, WILLIAM TRUE, appears on the roll of the 
Lexington Alarm, of Captain Henry Morrill's Company, 
Colonel Caleb Cusliing's Regiment, which raarched April 19th, 
1775, from Salisbury. Belonged in the town of Salisbury. 
Remarks : marched April 2()tli, 1775. 

OcroiJKR 16th, 1775, WILLIAM TRUE appears on an 
order, dated North Yarmouth, Oct. 16, 1775, for wages for 
two months on Henry Gardner ; payable to John Hayes. 
Remarks : Sea coast service. 

WILLIAM TRUE appears in a Descriptive List. Entered 
from Cumberland Co. for nine months. Age 18 years, light 
complexion. Town, New Gloucester. Captain Harris Com- 
pany. Colonel Pike's Regiment. 

May 3, 1776, WILLIAM TRUE Commisioned. Appeai-s 
as 2d Lieut, in Captain Benjamin Evan's Company, Colonel 
Jona Titcomb's Regiment. Remark : 2d Essex Co. Regiment. 
Dated Water town, April 30, 1776. 

WILLIAM TRUE appears among a list of officers of the 
Massachusetts Malitia as 2d Lieut, in the 4th Company of the 
2d Essex Company Regiment. Commissioned May 3d, 1776. 

July 3, 1775, WILLIAM TRUE, Private appears on mus- 
ter pay roll of Captain Benjamin Parker's Company until De- 
cember 31, 1775. Time 6 mos., 13 days. Remarks : Stationed 
along the sea coast in Cumberland Co. 

July 3d, 1778, Fort Arnold, WILLIAM TRUE appears on 
a list of men entered from Cumberland. 

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True. 293 

July 7, 1779, WILLIAM TRUE appears on a muster roll 
of Captain Jonathan Mitchell's Regiment. Time of Service 
2 mos., 6 days. Remarks: Service in expiration Penobscot. 

May 1, H80 to December 23, 1783, WILLIAM TRUE 
appears on a Muster Roll of Captain Isaac Parson's Company, 
Colonel Primes' Regiment. Time 7 months, 23 days. Roll 
dated North Yarmouth : Service at Eastward. 

WILLIAM TRUE appears among a list of officers of the 
Massachusetts Militia as 2nd Lieut, in the 4th Company, of the 
2nd Essex Co. regiment. 

April 19, 1775, MOSES TRUE appears on the Lexington 
Alarm Roll of Captain Steven Merrill's Company, Colonel 
Caleb Cusliing's Regiment, which marched on alarm of April 
19, 1775, from Salisbury. The soldiers belonged to the town 
of Salisbury. Length of service 3>^ days. Marched April 20, 
1775, instead of April 19. 

JACOB TRUE, Private, appears on Lexington Alarm Roll 
of Captain Moses Nowell's Regiment which marched April 
19, 1775, from Newburyport. He was from Newburyport. 
Service four days. Remarks : Vol. 13, p. 17. 

April 19, 1775, EZEKIEL TRUE, Private Lexington 
Alarm Roll of Captain Stephen Merrill's Company, Col. Caleb 
Cusliing's Regiment, marched on the alarm from Salisbury. 
Ezekiel True from Salisbury. Length of service, 3 1-2 days. 
Marched April 20, instead of April 19th. (Lexington Alarm, 
vol. 13, p. 206.) 

August 11, 1777, EZEKIEL TRUE, enlisted, November 
30, 1777, discharged. Private in Captain Jonathan Evan's 
Company, Colonel Samuel Johnson's Regiment. Time of ser- 
vice, J5 months, 27 days. Remarks : Roll sworn to in Middle- 
sex Co. (Various service, vol. 18, p. 249.) 

April 19, 1775, DUDLEY TRUE, private, Lexington 
Alarm Roll of Captain Henry Merrill's Company, Colonel 

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294 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

Caleb Cuehing's Regiment which marched on the ahirm of 
April 19, 1775, from Salisbury. From town of Salisbury. 
Length of service 4 days. (I^exington Alarms, vol. 12, p. 18(5.) 

BRADBURY TRUE, Ist Lieut, on Company's return of 
Captain Northley's Company, Colonel Phinney's Regiment. 
Town of North Yarmouth, Maine. Remarks: The date of 
return not given. Reported enlisted April 24, 1775. 

April 24, 1775, BRADBURY TRUE, 1st Lieut, of Cap- 
tain John Northley's Company, Colonel Edmund Phinney's 
liegiment. Remarks: From date of enlistment to date of 
marching to headquarters, July 7th, 1775, equivalent to 74 

OcroBKB 6, 1775, BRADBURY TRUE, as Lieutenant in 
Captain Phinney's Regiment, recommended to be commis- 
sioned by General Washington. Bradbury True, Lieut, of 
Captain Northley's Company, Colonel Phinney's Regiment. 
From April 24, 1775, the date of enlistment, to the date of 
marching to headquarters, July 6, 1775, e(|uivalent to 10 weeks 
and 3 days. 

BRADBURY TRUE appears on a receipt dated Cambrid^re, 
February 20, 1776, for pay for November and December 1775, 
signed by himself and others. 

August 1, 1775, JACOB TRUE, Private, appears on muster 
roll of Captain Qunt's Company, Colonel Little's Regiment. 
Enlisted May 2, 1775. Time of service 13 weeks. From N. 
P., age 21 years. He went to Quebec. 

October 6, 1775, JABEZ TRUE, Private, appears on com- 
pany return of Captain Jonathan Evans' company. Colonel 
James Frye's regiment, from Salisbury. Remarks: At 
Cambridge reported discharged Aug. 9, 1775. (Vol. 56, p. 8.) 

JABEZ TRUE appears among signatures to an Order for 
Bounty Coat, or its equivalent in money, due for the eight 
months' service in 1775 in Captain Jonathan Evans' Company, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True. 295 

Colonel James Frye's Regiment, at Cambridge, Nov. 13,1776. 
Payable to Captain Evans. (Vol. 57, page file 1.) 

May 17, 1775, JABEZ TRUE, Private, a return of Captain 
Jonathan Evans' Company, Colonel James Frye's Regiment, 
in camp at Cambridge. (Remarks: Mass. Muster and Pay 
Rolls, vol. 146, p. G9, Arch Collection.) 

June 28, 1775, EZEKIEL TRUE appears on a receipt for 
advanced pay given by Company at Camp Cambridge, Captain 
Jonathan Evans' Company,Col. Frye's Regiment. Vol. 35,p.l53. 

May 11, 1778, JABEZ TRUE, private, appears with rank 
of Private on Muster Roll of Captain Samuel Iluses' Company 
of the Guard Regiment, Colonel Jacob Gerrickat Winter Hill. 
Enlisted April 2. Remarks : Year not given, vol. 69, p. 69. 
Sworn to in Middlesex County. 

JABEZ TRUE, Private on Muster Roll of Capt. Stephen 
Jenkin's Company, Colonel Jacob Gerrick's Regiment. En- 
listed October 14, 1779, discharged November 22, 1779. Time 
of service 1 month, 20 days. Remarks : Suffolk and Essex 
County Militia detached to reinforce the army under General 
Washington by Resolve of October 9, 1779, 12 days travel in- 
cluded. (Vol. 20, p. 118.) 

DANIEL TRUE, Seaman, of the officers and crew of the 
Brigantine, Massachussetts. Remarks: Capt. Daniel Sonther, 
enlistment and discharge not given. (Naval Service, vol. 39,p.25.) 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private appears on a muster and pay 
roll of Captain Benjamin Parker's Company. En. July 3, 
1775, to December 31, 1775; service 6 mos., 13 days. Re- 
marks : Stationed along the seacoast in Cumberland Co. Roll 
sworn to in North Yarmouth. 

JONATHAN TRUE, appears in a list of men in the Con- 
tinental Army out of the 2nd Cumberland Co. Regiment, Col. 
Jonathan Mitchell. From North Yarmouth, Captain Hill's 
Company, Colonel Vose's Regiment. Term of enlistment 3 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

296 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

JOHN TRUE, Private, appears on a muster roll of Captain 
Jeremiah Putman's Company, Colonel Nathan Tyler's Regi- 
ment, for service at Rhode Island on the alarm. Enlisted De- 
cember 1, 1779, discharged Jan. 1, 1779. Time of service 1 
mo., 6 days. From Salisbury. 

JOHN TRUE, Private, appears on muster and pay roll of 
Captain Jeremiah Putman's Company, Colonel Nathan Tyler's 
Regiment, for service at Rhode Island, on alarm. Enlisted 
July 28, 1779, discharged December 1, 1779. Service 4 
months, 3 days. 

JOHN TRUE, appears on muster roll of Captain Daniel 
Huses' Company, Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Regiment. En- 
listed November 10, 1777, discliarged, February 3, 1778. 
Remarks: Regiment of Guards stationed at Winter Hill. Roll 
dated. In camp. Winter Hill February 9, 1778. Vol. 20, p. 25. 

JONATHAN TRUE appears in a list of men in the Con- 
tinental Army from the county of Cumberland, town of North 
Yarmouth. Eiilisted from town of North Yarmouth. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a muster roll of 
Captain Robert Davis' Company of the Massachusetts Regiment. 
Colonel Joseph Vose for Dec, 1778 ; dated Providence, Jan. 

5, 1778. 

JONATHAN TRUE appears in a return of men in the 
Continental Army from Captain Edward Russell's 2nd Com- 
pany of 2nd Cumberland Regiment, dated Dec. 9,1777. North 
Yarmouth. Time three years. Joined Captain Jeremiah Hill's 
Company, Colonel Vose's Regiment. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a pay abstract of 
Captain John Went worth's Company for travel allowance. 
Remarks: Residence, North Yarmouth. Dated Watertown, 
Aug. 20, 1776. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears a pay abstract of 
Captain John Wentworth's Company, Colonel Aaron Willard's 
Regiment, for travel from his home in North Yarmouth to 
Bermington. Remarks : Dated Boston, Jan. 6, 1777. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True. 297 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a pay abstract of 
Captain John Wentworth's Company, Colonel Aaron Willard's 
Regiment, for travel from Fort Edward to North Yarmouth, 
his home. Remarks : Dated Boston, January 15, 1777. 

JOHN TRUE, Private of Captain Samuel Huses' Company, 
Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Regiment, enlisted February 3, 1778, 
Discharged March 12th, 1778. Service 1 month, 9 days. 
Remarks : Roll dated, Winter Hill, April 27th, 1778. 

JABEZ TRUE, Private, appears on muster roll and pay 
roll of Captain Moses Nowell's Company, Colonel Titcombs 
Regiment. Enlisted May, 4, 1777. Discharged July 4, 1777. 
Service 2 months and 9 days. He was from the town of Salis- 
bury. Remarks: Arrived at Providence, May 4, 1777, and 
there remained until discharged. (Vol. 21, page 104.) 

JABEZ TRUE, Private, appears on muster roll of Captain 
Samuel Huses' Company, Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Regiment. 
Enlisted April 2, 1778. Discharged July 4, 1778. Service 3 
months and 3 days. (Vol. 20, page 13.) 

JOHN TRUE, Private, appears on muster roll of Captain 
Richard Titcomb's Company, Colonel Nathaniel Wade's Regi- 
ment. Enlisted, July 4, 1780; discharged, October 10, 1780. 
Service 3 mos., 20 days. (Vol. 23, p. 142.) 

JONATHAN TRUE, appears in a list of men in Con- 
tinental Army out of the 2nd Cumberland Company, Colonel 
Jonathan Mitchell's Regiment, April 29, 1778, belonging to 
North Yarmouth. Service in Hill's Company, Colonel Vose's 
Regiment, term 3 years. Jonathan True, Private, appears on 
a muster roll and pay roll of Captain Robert Davis' Company 
of the Massachusetts Regiment, Colonel Joseph Vose for Jan. 
1779, dated February 4th., 1779. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on Continental 
Army pay accounts of Captain Hancock's Company, Colonel 
Vose's Regiment to May 12, 1779. Credited to the town of 
North Yarmouth. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

298 Founders of Mdssdchusetts Bay Colony. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on muster and pay 
roll of Captain John Gray's Company, Colonel Jonathan 
Mitchell's Ilegiment. Enlisted July 7, 1779. Time 2 months, 
6 days. Remarks: Roll dated North Yarmouth. Service in 
expedition at Penobscot. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, api)ears on a pay roll of 
Captain Robert Davis' Company, Colonel Joseph Vose's Regi- 
ment, dated March 4, 1779, for service January 31, 1779 to 
February 28, 1779. Service 1 month. 

JONATHAN TRUE appears on an order dated at Provi- 
dence, February 13, 1779, for gratuity given by himself and 
other privateers in Captain Robert Davis' Company, payable 
to Bill Vose, paymaster to Colonel Vose's Regiment. 

JONATHAN TRUE, Private, appears on a muster and 
pay roll of Captain Davis' Company, Colonel Jos. Vose's Regi- 
ment, for November, 1778, dated December 9, 1779. Jonathan 
True appears in a statement of continental balances in Colonel 
Vose's Regiment. Time, engaged for 3 years, liemarks : 
Certified February 15, 1780. 

JOHN TRUE, Corporal, appears in muster roll of Captain 
John Robinson's Company, Colonel William Turner's Regi- 
ment, for service at Rhode Island on the Alarm. Enlisted 
August 12, 1781. Discharged December 1, 1781. Service 3 
months, 23 days. From Salisbury. Rhode Island service. 
(Vol. 3, page 115.) 

JOHN TRUE appears with rank of Corperal on a warrant 
to pay offercers and men, borne on a roll bearing date March, 
1783, of Captain Joseph Pierce's Company. Remarks : Colonel's 
name not given. Vol. 27, p. 257. 

JOHN TRUE appears on a warrent to pay officers and men 
borne on a roll bearing date Jan. 31, 1783, of Captain Jeremiah 
Putman's Company, Colonel Nathan Tyler's Regiment, Rhode 
Island service. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True, 299 

NATHANIEL TRUE appears on a list of men from Cum- 
berland for the term of nine months from the time of their 
arrival at Fishkill, as returned by Brig. Samuel Thompson, 
Brunswick, July 1, 1778. Town from New Gloucester. 

OBAD TRUE appears on a receipt dated April 24, 1782, 
for £6. Given by Daniel Pillsbury, Captain. 

NATHANIEL TRUE, appears on an order dated North 
Yarmouth, October, 16, 1775, for wages for 2 months service 
given by himself and others, on Henry Gardner payable to 
John Hayes. In Captain Benjamin Perkin's Company. Sea- 
coast service in Cumberland County. 

OBADIAH TRUE, Private, appears on a muster return of 
Captain Wheelwright's company, Colonel Benjamin Tupper's 
Regiment, January 25, 1778. Belonged to Sanford, mustered 
by Colonel Varrick. 

OBADIAH TRUE, Corporal, on a pay abstract, Colonel 
Benjamin Tupper's Regiment for service Oct., December, 1780, 
Boston, June 14, 1780. Remarks : Enlisted for during the war. 

OBADIAH TRUE, appears in a description list of men 
belonging to Sanford ; age, 22 years; stature, 5 feet, 6 inches ; 
conplextion, dark; hair bhick ; enlisted January, 1780. Time 
during war, joined Captain Thomas Francis Company, 11th 
Regiment. Rank Coporal. 

OBADIAH TRUE, Private, appears on a muster roll of 
Captain Samuel Page's Company, Light Infantry Company, 
Colonel Tupper's 15th Regiment, dated at West Point, April 
5, 1779. Enlisted March 10, 1777. Time of service, two 
years, twenty -five days. 

OBADIAH TRUE appears in a list of men in the Conti- 
nental Army from the county of York, town of Stanford. 

OBADIAH TRUE, Private, appears on a muster and pay 
roll of Captain Daniel Wheelwright's Company, Colonel 
Ebenezer Francis' Regiment. Enlisted March 10, 1777. Dis- 
charged April 26, 1777. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

300 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

SAMUEL TRUE, Private, appears on a muster roll of Cap- 
tain Samuel Iluse's Company of the Gaurd Regiment, Colonel 
Jacob Gerrish, dated Winter Hill, May 11, 1778. Enlisted 
April 2nd. 

SAMUEL TRUE, Private, appears on the Lexington Alarm 
Roll, Captain Stephen Merrill's Company, Colcmel Caleb 
Cushing's Regiment, which marched April 19, 1775, from 
Salisbury. Belonged to Salisbury. Remarks: Marched April 
20, 1775, instead of April 19, 1775. 

SAMUEL TRUE, Private, appears on the muster and pay 
roll of Captain Samuel Iluse's Company, Colonel Jacob 
Gerrish's Regiment. Enlisted April 2, 1778. Discharged 
July 4, 1778. Time, three months, three days. 

SAMUEL TRUE, appears among a list of men on board the 
Sloop, Providence, who have prize shares in the ship Alexan- 
der, captured September 20, 1777. 

THOMAS TRUE, Private, appears on the Lexington alarm 
roll of Captain Henry Morrill's Company, Colonel Caleb Cush- 
ing's Regiment which marched April 19, 1775, from Salisbury. 
Belonged to Salisbusy. Service 8 days. 

AARON TRUE, Private, under Captain Stephen Jenkins' 
Company, Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Regiment. Enlisted Oct. 
U, 1779, discharged, November 22, 1779. Remarks: 12 days 
travel included. Town not given. 

ZEBULON TRUE appears as a Private on the muster and 
pay roll of Captain , Colonel Benjamin Tupper's 10 Regi- 
ment. Enlisted April 1, 1782. Time 9 months. Remarks: 
Roll made up to January 1, 1783. 

ZEBULON TRUE appears among a list of men. Names 
on a wage account for 1778-82 of Colonel Marshall's and 
others. Regiment not indentified. 

{^Correct copy from lievohiiionary Roll, State Houses 
Jioston.OcL 22, 1896.] 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Triie. 301 


Hknky Trew and Isreal Pike, (dangbter of John Pike, a 
lawyer and niagistrdte, and sister to Major liobert Pike, whose 
wife was Sarah Sanders, daugliter of Captain John Samlers,) 
were nmrried at Salem, Mass., 1G43. 

Their Children. 

1. IlKJiRY, 1st mouth, 8tU day, 1644 ; bap. First church, Salem, 


2. John, bap. July 18. 1645. 

3. Mauy, bap. March 14. 1647. 

4. Lydia, bap. Feb. 4, 1649. 

5. JosKPii, bap. Feb. 8, 1653. 

6. HKN.IAMIN, bap. Feb. 19, 1654. 

7. Jemima, bap. xVpril 26, 1657. 


Israel Pike Trie, widow of Henry True, married, 2nd, 
Joseph Fletcher of Salisbury, a widower. In an old Fletcher 
will she is mentioned as his beloved wife, Israel. Mention is 
made of our four children, '* Henry True, Joseph True Jemima 
True and Mary Fletcher." The homestead conveyed by 
Joseph Fletcher to Ilenry^* True is now in possession of Prince 
Albert True, son of Jabez True, a lineal descendant of Henry' 
True. This homestead, a grand old house with out buildings 
and stables of the most api)roved style, has been reproduced as 
it were, from the original home ; and surrounded by its half 
hundred of acres or more, is one of the finest properties in 
Salisbury. I aui very much indebted to Mr. Prince Albert 
True for the carefully preserved records of this family. There 
is a curious legend as regard names in the True family which 
has descended to this generation. It has been said that the 
Trew's, though religious refugees, were true Royalists ; and in 
opposition to the tyranical doctrines of the reign of the 
** (leorges " they for generations refused to allow a son to be 
named *' George "in the True family; that Mr. Jabez True 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

302 Founders of MasHaehusetts Bay Colony. 

upon the accession of Prince Albert to the Kingdom of Great 
Britian as the husband of Victoria, named their son Prince 
An)ert out of respect to the crown. 

However true this legend is I know not, except that the 
Town Clerk assures me that 710 one in the town of Salisbury 
was named '' George" previous to ISOO ; though he also assures 
me that no town was more loyal to the Colonial government. I 
can also testify that no fauiily was more loyal to the Revolu- 
tionary struggle than the True's and their connections. 


CArr. Henry True, {fleiwy) born, 18 Jan., 104:4, married 
March 15, 1008, Jane Bradbury of Salisbury, (daughter of 
Capt. Thomas Bradbury and Mary Perkins) born May 11, 1045. 

Theik Childken. 

1. Mary, b. May 30, 1608, m. Feb. 5, 1688-9, Ephriam EatoD. 

2. William, b. June 1670, d. March 8, 1733, married Eleanor 

Stevens, 1692. 

3. IlKNUY. b. Jan. 6, 1673, d. Nov. 1, 1722, m. Dec. 20, 1699, 

Abagail French. 

4. Jank, b. Dec. 5, 1676, m. June 16, 1702, Edwanl French. 

5. John, b. Feb. 23, 1678, married June 16, 1702, Martha Mer- 

rill. He died Nov. 19, 1754. 

6. Jemima, b. May 16, 1680, m. Oct. 30, 1700, Thomas Bradbury. 

7. Jabkz, b. 1685, d. May 22, 1749, ag. 64, m. Jan. 8, 1707,Sarah 

Tap pan. 


Capt. William T\ivv.{Capt. Henry ^ Henry) born June 1670, 
died March S, 17'5'^, married Eleanor Stevens 1692. She, the 
daut/hter of Benjamin Stevens and llan^nah Barnard, born Jan. 
% 1075, died Apr. 29, 1768. 

TiiEiK Childkex. 

1. Ben.jamin, b. Jan. IS, 169^ d., April 21, 1770, m. Dec. 26, 
1717, Judith Morrill. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Trtie. 303 

2. Mary, b. Feb. 26, 1695, m. Isreal Sbephenl April 3, 1718. 

4. Capt. William, b. Nov. 16, 1700, d. Juiu; 10, 1768. m. Nov. 

9, 1721, Anna Bradbury. 

5. Jane, b. Oct. 11. 1703. 

6. Eleanor, b. Nov. 4, 1705. 

7. Henry, b. Dec. 26, 1707, d. May, 1778, ni. Sept. 19, 1727, 

Ann Allen. 

8. WiNTHRop, b. Au-r. 18. 1710. d. July 26, 1785, m. June 15. 

1732, Dorothy Currier ; resided Rocky Hill, Salisbury. 

9. Samuel, b. Jan. 13, 1713. d. Oct. 18, 1770, m. Jan. 15, 1735-6, 

Ann Currier. 
10. Judith, b. Nov. 20, 1715, d. Jan. 7. 1716. 


JEMIMA {Ifenry^ IIenTy\ born May 16, lOSO, married 
Oct. 30, 1700, Thomas Hradbury. 


JANE (Ilenry^ IIenry\ horn Dec. 5, 1670, married June 
10, 1702, Edw. French. 

TiiKiR Childrkn. 

1. Jemima, b. Sept. 11, 1702-3, m. Jan. 10, 1722-3, WiHiam Gill. 

2. John, b. Jan. 12, 1703-4, m. Si^pt. 4, 1730, Mary Brown. 


DEACON JABEZ TRUE, {^Gapt. Henry, Henry) born 
Oct. 1085, died. May 22, 1741), aged 04, married Jan. 8, 1707, 
Sarah Tappan. 


1. Mauy, b. Oct. 1, 1708, m. Aii^'. 10. 1727, Henry Eaton. 

2. Sauait, b. Jan. 2, 1710, m. Dec. 11, 1729, Moses Merrill. 

3. Eliza»ktii, b. May 21, 1713, m. Dr. Samuel Gyler, July 2, 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

304 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

4. Jabez, b. Sept. 1, 1714, m. Sarah Eaton, Feb. 10, 1740. 

5. Jane, b. Sept. 5, 1716, m. Jan. 11, 1736-7, Joseph Eaton, Jr. 

6. Jemima, b. June 10, 1720. m. Feb. 18, 1741, Joseph True. 

7. Abigail, b. Nov. 26, 1722, m. Bradbury. 

8. Martha, b. July 18, 1723, d. Apr. 20, 1754, m. Dec. 19, 1742, 

Abraham Eaton. 

9. Capt. Hp:nry, b. Oct. 17, 1725, d. May 22. 1782, graduate H. 

C. 1750, m. Nov. 30, 1753, Ruth Ayer b. Nov. 17, 1728, d. 
Jan. 18, 1810. 
10. Deacon Samuel, b. Dec. 16, 1725, d. Nov. 10, 1815, m. April 
11, 1754, Widow Hannah Kimball Hazeltine of Haverhill, 
Mass., who died July 21, 1768. He married second Sarah 
Miles of Newbury. She died Feb. 17, 1812. 


SERGEANT JOSEPH TRUE, {Henry, Henry), born, 
December 22, 1652, married Apr. 20, 1073, Rutli Whittier. 

TiiiciR Children. 

1. IsRKAL. b. Dec. 14, 1674. 

2. JosKPH, b. Dec., 1676. 

3. John, b. Aug. 18, 1677 ; d. Doc. 13, 1677. 

4. JosKPir, b. March 4, 1678 : iii. Oct. 6, 1707, Hester Ilibbard. 

5. liuTir, b. Oct. 5, 1688 ; d. 1720; m. Oct. 26, 1703, Capt. John 


6. Bkn.iamin, b. March 5, 1690: d. July 4, 1748; in. Jan. 14, 

171S, Mary Eaton. 


ENSIGN HENRY TRUE, {Henry, Ifenry,) born Jan. 6, 

1603; died Nov. 1, 1722; married, Dec. 20, 1699, Abigail 


TiTKiR Children. 

1. Samfkl, b. Nov. 29, 1700 : d. June 29, 1701. 

2. Samukl. b. Apr. 29, 1703. 

3. AiJHsATL, b. June 3, 1704 ; m. Nov. 24, 1722, Joseph Page, 

4. JosKPiT, b. Dec. 23, 1706; I. M. Oct. 28, 1741, Jemima True. 

5. Joshua, b. March 9, 1710. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Trtie, 305 

6. Hannah, b. Sept. 2, 1708: ni. March 9, 1726, Samuel Moody. 

7. Mauy, b. May 30, 1710 ; m. Feb. 28, 1728, Necmihiah Page(?). 

8. Sarah, b. Jan. 14, 1712 ; m. Jau. 16, 1722, Jabez Eaton (?). 


DEACON JOHN TRUE, {Johi, llmiry, IJe^iry,) born Jan. 
12, 1703-4; married, Sept. 4, 1730, Mary Brown. 

Their Children. 

1. Thomas, b. Sept. 27, 1731. 

2. Maky, b. May 13, 1734. 

3. John, b. Oct. 14, 1737. 

4. Susanna, b. Jan. 5, 1739. 

5. Abnku, b. Jan. 15, 1741. 

6. Daniel, b, Jan. 12, 1743 ; d. Doc. 29, 1744. 

7. Ruth, b. Dec. 7, 1748 ; d. Jan. 6, 1749. 

8. MiuiANf, b. Jan. 6, 1750. 

9. MosKs, b. Nov. 30, 17ril. 
10. Ephuiam, b. Dec. 21, 1750. 


EZEKIAL {Deaco7i John^ Capt, Ifevry^ IIenry\ born June 
1, 1707. I. M. April 20, 1744 to Mary Morrill. 

Their Children. 

1. Sarah, b. Sept. 29, 1746. 

2. Dkacon Jacob, b. March 16. 174^. I. M. March 20, 1773 to 

Lydia Dow of Seabrook. 

3. Deacon Ezekial, b. May 16, 1755 ; d. July 24. 1842 at Mont- 

ville, Mich ; I. M. July 3, 1780 to Mary True ; b. Marc;h 19, 
1757 ; d. Dec. 24, 1824 ; children, Hannah and Samuel ; 
b. Montvillc, Mich. 

4. Mary, b. May 16, 1765 ; m. Jan. 10, 177S, William True. 

5. Deacon Jahez, b. Mar. 9, 1758; d. Feb. 9, 1851 ; m. April 13, 

1783, Hannah Eaton; d. July 20, 1808. 

6. Deacon John, b. Mar. 11, 1762 ; m. Jan. 24. 1797 ; first, Me- 

hitable Cram ; second, widow Jeniima D(mIi;(j. 

7. Deacon William, b. April 15, 1765; I. M. to Elizabeth 


8. Paul, b. Sept. 11, 1766 ; d. Nov. 14, 1785. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

306 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


IIENKY {Capt. William ^ Capt Henry ^ Uenry\ born Dec. 
26, 1707; died May, 1778; I. M. Sept. 19, 1727, Ann Allen, 
who died Aug. 18, 1756. 

Their Children. 

1. Joseph, b. Dec. 7, 1728; I. M. Nov. 4. 1749, Abigail Page. 

2.. Mary, b. Sept. 26, 1780. 

3. Miriam, b. Aug. 16. 1733. 

4. Nkwcomb, b Jan. 8, 1735 ; d. Aug. 11, 1755. 

5. Dudley, b. Nov. 7, 1737. 

6. Rhoda, b. Feb. 2, 1742 ; I. M. Dec. 4, 1762, to Joseph Bagley. 

7. Ruth, b. ; d. Nov. 4, 1752. 


SAMUEL, {Capt. William^ Capt. Henry^ H&iiry^ born 
Jan. 13, 1713; died Oct. 18, 1770; married Jan. 15, 1735-6, 
Ann Currier. She died Nov. 16, 1742. 


1. , b. Oct. 24. 1736 ; d Nov. 3, 1736. 

2. Dudley, b. Nov. 7, 1737 ; d. Feb. 16, 1804 ; m. Dec. 10, 1763, 

Sarah Evans. 

3. Eleanor, b. Jan. 30, 1740 ; m. July 31, 1760, David Evans. 


BENJAMIN, (6Vi/>^. WilUainy Capt. Henry, /lenry,)mfLrricd 
Dec. 26, 1717, Judith Merrill. 

Their Children. 

1. Deacon Abraham, b. May 28, 1721 ; I. M. Feb. 22, 1744. to 

Sarah French; settled in Deerfield, N. H. 

2. Hannah, b. March 1, 1724. 

3. Benjamin, b. Nov. 25, 1725 ; d. Feb. 11, 1726. 

4. Mary, b. Feb. 15, 1726. 

5. Betty, b. Jan. 17, 1727. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

^ True, 307 

6. Rkuben, b. June 26, 1732, 1. M., June 10, 1758, Hannah Os- 


7. Judith, b. July 1734. 

8. William, b. Aug. 1. 1737, I. M. Dec. 1763 Miriam Clough. 

9. Daniel, b. Aug. 21, 1742. 


CAPT WILLIAM, {Capt William, Capt. Henry, Henry;) 
born Nov. 16, 1701, died June 10, 176S, (0 married Nov. 9, 
1721, Anna Bradbury, who died May 18, 1774. 

Their Children. 

1. Jonathan, b. Feb. 8, 1721 ; m. Anne , North Yarmouth, 


/2. William, b. Nov. 18. 1723. 

3. Jacob, b. Feb. 19. 1725. 

> , 4. Eleanou, b. Apr. 14, 1728. 

-5. William, b. June 20, 1730; died March 17, 1730. 

6. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 15, 1732 ; d. May 19, 1737. 

7. BuADBUKY, b. Nov. 18. 1734 ; d. June 4, 1737. 

8. Sarah, b. Sept. 8, 1736. 

9. Bradbury, b. July 29, 1738. 

10. Elizabeth, b. May 23. 1742. 

11. Elijah, b. July 14, 1744 ; I. M. Oct. 3, 1767, Sarah Clifford. 
12 Thomas, b. April 18, 1746 ; d. Sept. 27, 1785 ; I. M. May 30, 

1769, Mary Hubbard. 


RUTH, (.A?,v^7>A, Ca2>t, Henry, Henry,) horn Oct. 5, 1683; 
married Oct. 26. 1708, Capt. John Giles of Casco, Maine. 

Their Children. 

1. IsKAEL, b. Dec. 23, 1702 ; d. Aug. 25, 1712. 

2. Abadiah, b. Sept. 26, 1704. 

3. liicHARi), b. Sei)t. 20, 1706. 

4. Ruth, b. Nov. 20, 1718. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

308 Founders of Mdssachuset^ Bay Cohrny, 


BENJAMIN, {Josejfhy Capt, Henry ^ Ilenrif^ iiuirried Jan. 
4, 1715, Mary Eaton. 

Their Children. 

1. Bknjamin. d. July 1736. 

2. JosKPH. boru 1716 ; d. Oct. 27, 1745. 

3. Mary, b. Feb. 6, 1717 ; d. March 15, 1717. 

4. UuTii, b. Apr. 1, 1719 ; m. Jan. 22, 1735-6, Benja. Baker. 

5. Mauy, b. May 1, 1721. 

6. lI.vNNAii, b. June 5, 1722. 

7. Kktitkah, b. Feb. 14, 1724 ; m. Feb. 11. 1741. Euwh Marsh, 

8. Sauaii. b. Feb. 14. 1724. 

9. AiJiGAiL, b. Dec. 16, 1726. 

10. Jkmlma, b. Feb. 26, 1728 ; d. Feb. 22. 1736. 

11. Mauy. b. Feb. 13, 1729 : d. Jan. 21, 1736. 

12. Uksiaii, b. Oct. 2, 1731 ; d, Dec. 14, 1731. 

13. Anna, b. May 17, 1739 ; d. Jan. 14, 1736. 

14. Mi:iuY, b. May 16, 1735 ; d. Jan. 31, 1736. 

15. MosKs, b. Oct. 17, 1740 (V). 

16. Bkn.iamin, b. June 1, 1736; m. Dec. 2, 1752, Mehitable 

Osgood (?). 


DEACON AP,RAIIAM, {Benjaniin, Capt. William, Capt, 
Henry, Henry:) born May 28, 1721; I. M. Feb. 22, 1744, 
Sarah French. 

Their Children. 

1. Hannah, b. Dec. 2, 1746; d. Dec. 1748, Deerfieki, N. H. 

2. Sauah, b. June 24. 1748 ; m., had two sons— three daughters. 

3. EzuA, resided Deerfield, N. II., had two children, Sally and 


4. Deacon Aiirauam, b. 1755; d. 1827; resided at Chichester. 

N. II., was a prominent man. Member G. C. Hep. to 

5. Bkn.iamin, had 7 sons and 5 daughters. 

6. Danikl, had \\ sons and 5 daughters ; resided Deerfield, N. H. 

7. JosKi'ii, b. Deerfield, N. II.; resided Garland, Maine. 

8. WiNTiiROP, resided at Meredith, N. H. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True. 809 


CAPT. WINTimOP, {Capi. William,, Capt. Jlennj, 
Henry,) born Aug. 18, 1710; died July 20, 1785; married 
June 15, 1730, Dorothy Currier, born Nov. 22, 1711, daughter 
of Samuel Currier, born 1675, who married Dec. 14, 1700, 
Dorothy Foot. 

Their Children. 

1. Courier, b. June 15, 1732; d. Wentworth, N. IL, April 30, 


2. Dorothy, b. Marcli 11, 1733, died same day. 

3. Dorothy, b. Marcli, 1734 ; m. Deacon David Tewxbury. 

4. IttRBAL, b. July 31, 1735 ; resided in Maine. 

5. Moses, b. Feb. 6. 1,737, I. M., Widow Sarah Smith-True, 

January 26, 1775. She, Ww. daughter of Hon. Samuel 
Smith and widow of his brother, Winthrop True Jr., who 
died Oct. 8. 1770. 

6. Winthrop, b. Sept. 14, 1744 ; died Oct. 8. 1770 ; m. Jan. 30, 

1766, Sarah Smith, b. July 1, 1741, dau. of Hon. Samuel 
Smith and Mary Gove. 

7. Anna, b. Oct. 27, 1743 ; d. Dec. 18, 1743. 

8. Anna, b. March 11, 1745; married William Smith, brother of 

Sarah Smith True and son of Hon Samut^l Smith of Salis- 
bury. This family settled in New Hampshire of whom 
lion. Hoke Smith, a member of President Cleveland's 
Cabinet is a lineal descendant. William Smith, husband of 
Anna True, died July 2, 1816, ag, 69, and is buried at Salis- 
bury, Mass. 

9. Jacob, b. Apr. 7, 1749 ; m. Abagail Paige. 

10. Erknezkr, b. July 2, 1752 ; d. Aug. 22, 1799; m. Apr. 21, 

1774, Ruth Stevens, no issue. 

11. William, b. Jan. 5, 1755 ; d. Sept. 22. 1770, ag. 15. 


DEACON MOSES,(6V//?/5. Wintnrop, Capt. Henry, Henry,) 

born Feb. 6, 1737, married Widow Sarah Smith True, Jan. 26, 

1775, (I. M.) 


William, b. July 10, 1776; d. Sept. 8, 1H21. 1. M. Jan. 16, 
1802 Susannah Lowell. She died Apr. 22, 1879, ag. 97. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

310 Founder a of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


WINTIIROP JUN'R, {Capt Winthrop, Capt. WiUiarn, 
Capt Iltnry^ Ilenry^ born Sept. 14, 1744; married Jan. 30, 
17ot) Sarah Smith born July 1, 1741, daughter of Hon. Samuel 
Smith and Mary Gove. 

Their Cihldren. 

1. DoKOTHY, b. Oct. 1767 : m. Abel Jackman. 

2. MosKs, b. Sept. 8, 1768, married Hannah Brown. 

3. WiNTifUor, b. Aug. 27. 1770; died Nov. 22, 1852, married 

Sarah ClilTord of Uumney, N. H., Nov. 16, 1797. She. the 
daughter of John and Sarah Clifford, born Nov. 8, 1780. 


SARAH, {Rev. Utiiry, Deacon Jahez^ Capt. Henry ^ Henry) 
born June 3, 1767; died Feb. 21, 1841; married Feb. 23, 
1797, John Howard, born June 20, 1766; died July 27, 1848. 

Their Children. 

1. UuTH Ayku, b. Mar. 22. 179S. Resided Ilamst^jad. 1^59. 

2. Maky. b. Dec. 20. 1799; d. Maixh 1, 1819. 

3. Hannah TurK, b. Sept. 14, 1801. 

4. Uev. ,Iaijez. b. Aug. 22, 1804 ; m. Elizabeth Oilman of Meri- 

deth, N. H. ; d. Nov. 22, 1755. 

5. Sahaii. b. March 8, 1808 ; d. Sept. 3. 1810. 

6. IIkniuktta, 1). March 21, 1806; d. Get. 20. 1853. 

7. Annk Makia. b. May 11, 1810. 


REV. HENRY, {Uev. Henry ^ Deacon J ahez, CapL Henry. 
Henry:) born May 20, 1770; died April 17, 1857, was repre- 
sentative in 1706. A professor in 1806 at Marion, Me., 
married, Aii«jr. 2, 1810, Mary Barret, born June 5, 1784; died 
Feb. 18, 1856, at Marion, Me. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True. 311 

Their Children. 

1. Doctor IIknry, b.. Aug. 10, 1812 ; m. Nov. 12, 1841, Elizabeth 


2. Mary Barrett, b. Aug. 28, 1819 : m. May 16, 1843, Elijah 


3. Amos, b. July 22, 1826 ; d Aug, 6, 1826. 


SAMUEL, {Deacon Samuel^ Deacon Jal)ez^ Capt Henrys 
Ilenry^) born Apr. 2, 1750; died June 13, 1847; married, 
March 2, 17S3, Anne Fike, born Jan. 9, 1762. 

Their Children. 

1. Lydia, b. Aug. 20, 1784. 

2. Moses, b. April 22, 1787; m. Jan. 5, 1813, Ruth Greeley, b. 

Nov. 3. 1792. 

3. Hannah, b. Feb. 20, 1791 : d. July 6, 1812 ; m. Feb. 20, 1811 

Capt. Caleb Pike. 

4. Anne, b. Nov. 16, 1795; m. January, 1825. John Collins. 

5. Samuel, b. March 16, 1798. 


DEACON JABEZ {EzeHal, Deacon John, Capt lleni-ij, 
Henry), born March 9, 1758; died Feb. 9, 1851 (0; married 
April 13, 1783, Ilannali Eaton. 

Their Children. 

1. Esther, b. Jan. 28, 1784 ; m. Nov. 10, 1813, 'Joshua Davis, b. 

Feb. 18, 1785. Resides West Brewster, Minnesota. 

2. Sarah, b. March 12, 1785; m. Pattie Flanders; d. Dee. 12, 

1853, Warren, N. II. 

3. Paul, b. Sept. 25. 1786, unmarried. Resided Salisbury, N. H. 

4. Oliver, b. Dee. 6, 1787 at Hampton, N. H : m. June 29, 1823 

at West Brookfield, N. Y., Sarah Mason, b. March 4, 1803, 
Salisbury. Reside<l Peoria, III., in 1859. 

5. Joseph, b. April 15, 1789; m. Polly Jones; resi<led in Chicago, 

6. Hannah, b. July 31,1790; m. Moses Thompson, Newport, N II. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


THOMAS. iCnpt. Wif/mm, Capf. WWmm. O^id. Ihnry 
Henry,) \f*»nt Apr. IS 1747: inarrie<l May 2<\ 17t^l*. Mary 



1. F^,KTTV, b. Orrr-. r,, 1 761^-70. 

2. Wflmam, b. July 13, 1772. 

3. jArois. b. May 13, 1774. 


I>ri)LEY, iSarnnel^ C^rjpf. ^^^^l^anl^Capt. Henry ^ Henry ^ 
horn Nov. 7, 17:^>7; died Feb. 22, iso-t; marrie<l, Dec. 10, 
17^»'', Sarali Evans. 

Their Children. 

1. SAMrKL, b. July 26, 1764 ; (1. Aug. 30, 1765. 

2. Saml'kl. b. Feb. 22, 1771 ; m. Aug. 3, 1807, Mary Edwards, 

HcMlied July 13, 1S23. 

3. Ki.KANou, b. Nov. 15, 1767 ; d. Dect. 26, 1782. 

4. David, b. Manb 9, 1770; m. Sarah Osgood, U. Cornell, Me. 

5. Nannik, b. Aug. 14, 1772; d. July 15, 1854. 

6. jANKor Joanna, b. Oct. 2. 1774; m. Oct. 6, 1796, Benja. 


7. Moi.LY, b. Srpt. 11, 1776 ; m. Joseph Merrill. 

H. JiDiTH, b. Jan. 30, 1779; m. Nov. 1809, Wm Bartlett. 


DEACON and DOCrfOR JOHN, {Exehial, Deacon John ^ 
(■apt, Hrnnj, Henry,) born March 11, 17G2 ; died March 8, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

'yI2 Fo'fi'J.rrii *»f yi'JJfJ^I*hu**itf* B'*y L'^''.»y. \ 


T. A\y,\j,. h, Ajr:i I. 171*1 . ii-^i X-t 12. l'?14 . noii-ti P ^^ 

rr. r.c. X. H 
* J\:*E. b. Jr*-p*. 21». 1T!« . d. Ji^r. 24. 1^*1. 

U, A.".i»'%n„ b >*:[■' 6. 171*^. Ki. t.:/a Ad^ni*. Sa'S'^'^ry. X. H. 
U». A:v\. b. A;^. 6. 17(^7; r^>:»^J Rires. ^^ kvTi'.r O 'in^y. 

M:' h . l*»r>4. 
n. JoH.^ b J^Iy 7. I7ir7 : d J i'.y '^K 1*^5^. m Rannnh W^'-^zi 
of liiv*,-., Mkb. 

Tviie, 313 

1843; married, Jan. 24, 1787, Meliitable Cram; 2nd, Widow 
Jemima Dodge, 1817. 

Their Children. 

1. Paul, b. March 23, 1788 ; married Dec. 20. 1814, Nancy Cram. 

b. May 80, 1791. 

2. Levi, b. Nov. 21, 1790 ; married Marcli 2, 1805, Betsey Blake, 

b. 1796. 
8. Hannah, b. Feb. 6, 1793 ; m. March 6, 1818, Capt. Nicliolas 

4. Oliver, b. Nov. 4, 1796 ^ m, May, 1822, Polly Brown. 

5. Sally, b. Oct. 18, 1799 ; m. 1817, Joseph Taske. 


DEACON WILLI AM,(^-^*2aZ, Deacon John, Cajyt Henry, 
Henry,) born Apr. 15, 1765 ; married Elizabeth Tucker. 

Their Children. 

1. Ebenezer. 

2. Reverend Willam. 


REUBEN, {lien;)mnin,Capt. WiUiam, Capt. Ileni^j, Wenry,) 
married 1752, Hannah Osgood. 

Their Children. 

1. Benjamin, b. Apr. 11, 1759. 

2. Reuben, b. Oct. 25, 1761. 

3. David, b. May 25, 1763. 


WILLIAM, {lienj., Capt. William, Capt. Henry,. Henry ^ 
born Aug. 1, 1737. I. M. Dec. 1763, Miriam Clongh. 

Their Children. 

1. Ahel. b. Nov. 10, 1764 ; m. Dec. 1. 1786, Abigail Brown. 

2. Betsey, b. Feb. 7, 1767. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

314 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

3. Jonathan, b. Nov. 19, 1768. 

4. Samuel, b. Apr. 15, 1771. 

5. Daniel, b. Sept. 17, 1773. 


DEACON JACOB {Ezehial, Deacon John, Capt, Ueni-if, 
l(enry\ born March 20, 1748. I. M. March 20, 1773, Lydia 
Dow of Seabrook. 

Their Ciiildrkn. 

1. Daniel, resided Lyons, N. Y. 

2. Ezekial. 

3. Jacob, Salisbury, N. H. 

4. Doctor John. 

5. Lydia. 


DEACON EZEKIAL {EzeMal, Beacmi John, Capt, Henry, 
Henry), born May 16, 1775; died July 24, 1842, at Montville, 
Maine; married Mary True; born March 19, 1757; died 
December 24, 1824, at Montville, Maine. 

Their Children. 

1. Hannah, b. Sept. 14, 1781 ; in. first, O. KnowUon ; second, 

J. Fogg. 

2. Polly, b. Jan. 12, 1784 ; d. Jan. 2, 1849 ; m. T. Dyer. 

3. Nabijy, b. Jan. 27, 1780; m. Edward Knowlton. 

4. Betty, b Oct. 20, 1788; d. iMarch 27, 1851 ; m. S. Pres(!ot.t. 

5. Deacon Moseb, b. May 19, 1791 ; resided Mt. Vernon, Ohio ; 

m. Feb, 6. 1814, Lois Knowles ; d. 1858. 
0. Paul, b. May 14, 1791 ; d. Oct. 29, 1811 ; m. Sallie Knowles. 

7. Uevkuend John, b. Aug. 25, 1793 ; m. Fanny Taylor. 

8. EzEKiAL, b. Sept. 27, 1795. 

9. PATTiE.b. July 16, 1800, at Pittsfield, N. H.; d. October, 1805. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True, 315 


JACOB, {VapL Willuim^ CapL William^ Capt. Ilenry^ 
Iltnry^ married Anne 1748. 

Their Children. 

1. Abel, b. Aug. 29, 1751 ; d. Oct. 80. 1758. 

2. Anne, b. Aug. 24, 1749 ; d. Oct. 28, 1753. 
8. Jacob, b. Nov. 27, 1752. 

4. Abel. b. Apr. 8, 1756. 

5. Nannie, b. March U, 1758. 

6. Lucy, b. Jan. 15, 1760. 

7. Charlotte, b Oct. 26, 1761. 

8. Eunice, b. Oct. 21, 1763. 


DEA. SAMUEL, {l)ea, Jazeb^ Capt. Henry ^ Henry ^ bom 
Dec. 16, 1725; died Nov. 10, 1815; married, Apr. 11, 1754, 
Widow Hannah Kimball Ilazeltine, Ilaverliill, Mass., born 
May 21, 1721) ; died July 21, 1768. 

Their Children. 

1. Sakaii, b. Jan. 27, 1755 : m. Moses Pike. 

2. Mary, b.March 19. 1757; d. Dec. 24, 1824; m. Ezekial True. 

3. Samuel, b. Apr. 2, 1759 ; d. June 18, 1847 ; m. March 2, 1783. 

4. Anna Pike. 

5. M.vutiia, b. June 11, 1761 ; m. Jan. 13, 1784, Wiuslow Page. 

6. Jabez, b. Jan. 23, 1764; d. May 2, 1835; m. Nov. 9, 1786, 

Huth Brown, b. Aug. 17, 1763; d. Oct. 27, 1843. Resided 
on the old site of Henry True. Formerly about 100 acres, 
now 60 acres. 

7. Elizabeth, b. March 20, 1766 ; m. March 8, 1790, Nathan 


8. Ruth, b. July 18, 1768 ; m. Feb. 20, 1791, Nathaniel Oilman 

of Oilman, N. II. 


REVEREND JAIJEZ, {Deacon Samuel, Deacon Jahez, 
CapL Henry, Henry,) born Jan. 23, 1764 ; died May 2. 1825 ; 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

316 Founders of MaasachxuietU Bay Colony. 

married, Nov. 9, 1780, Riitli Brown, born Aug. 17, 1763; died, 
Oct. 27, 1843. Slie was daughter of R. Q. Sales. 

Their Children. 

1. John, b. March 27, 1788 ; d. Apr. 1, 1788. 

2. Samukl, (4) b. Aug. 9, 1789 ; m. Oct. 4, 1813, Joaona Stevens. 

b. Feb. 17,1792. 

3. Lois, b. July 20. 1791 ; d. July 16, 1793. 

4. Dk. John, born Apr. 4, 1793 ; m. Oct. 1817, Joanna Baker, 

b. Nov. 2. 1794. 

5. Jabez, b. Sept. 28, 1795 ; d. Nov. 16, 1798. 

6. Lois, b. Feb. 6, 1800 ; d. July 20, 1803. 

7. Dr. Jabez, b. Oct. 19, 1802 ; m. Dec. 1826, Anna Felts, born 

Jan. 17, 1804. Resided at homestead Capt. True. 

8. Loia, b. July 30. 1803. 

9. AuuAiiAM, b. Sei)t. 17. 1808 ; m. Mary Bosker. 

10. Hanjiaii, b. July 9, 1809, m. Jan. 15, 1838, Newell Loi^ke. 


DEACON ABRAHAM, {Deacon Abraham^ lienjaiuin, 
Capt. Henry, Henry,) born 1775; died 1827. Resided 
Chichester, N. H., married and had tlie following children. 

1. Natiianib:Ts b. 1780 at Deerfield, N. H.; resided Chichester. 

N. IL, in 1855. Was married and had two sous and four 

2. Hannah, b. 1782 ; d. 1845 ; liad four sons and three daughters. 

3. Joseph, b. Aug. 1, 1785; resided Chichester, N. H., and 

Salem. Mass. 

4. Deacon Abr.mi.\m, b. 1788; resided Salem, Mass., since 1819; 

was Naval Officer for four years. 

5. Nancy, b. 1791 ; resided Pittsfleld, N. H. 

6. John, b. 1793 ; d. 1797. 

7. Sally, b. 1796 ; d. 1815. 

8. Ben.iamin, b. 1798 ; d. 1827 ; resided New York. 

9. John, b. 1804 ; resided Pittsfleld, N. II. 


DOCTOR JOHN {lieverend Jahez, Deacon Samuel^ Dea- 
con Jah'z, Caj)t. Henry, Henry), born April 4, 1793 ; married 
Oct. 7, 1817, Joanna Baker; born Nov. 2, 1794. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

TriLc. 317 

Their Children. 

1. George Washington, b. Oct. 7, 1818 ; m. Dec. 7, 1842. Eliza 

Morrill ; b. June 1, 1823 (he the first member of this family 
bearing the name of George). 

2. Mary Pike, b. Aug. 22, 1822 ; d. Oct. 4, 1844. 


MR. JABEZ {Rev. Jabez^ Deacon Samuel^ Deacon Jdbez^ 
Capt Ifenry^ IIenry\ born Oct. 19, 1802; tnarried Dec. 3, 
1826, Anna Fitts. 

Their Children. 

1. Cauoline Elizabetu, b. Apr. 18, 1831 ; m. Apr. 22, 1855, 

Azor O. Weston. 

2. Oliver Augustus, b. Dec. 9, 1834. 

3. Prince Albert, b. June 17, 1839. 

4. Hallette Louise Maria, b. July 5, 1845. 


SAMUEL, {Rev, Jabez. Deacon Sarniiel, Jahez, Capt. 
Ifenry^ Henry,) born Ang. 9, 1789; married, Oct. 4, 1818, 
Joanna Stevens. 

Their Children. 

1. Benjamin, b. March 28, 1815 ; m. Dec. 4, 1844, Eliza Shaw, 

b. July 26, 1815. 

2. IsA, b. Oct. 29, 1817 ; m. July 12, 1847, lihoda Cook, b. Aug. 

30. 1826. 


WINTHROP TRUE, Junr., {Capt Winthrop, Capt, 
William, Capt Henry, Henry ^ born Sept. 14, 1740 ; died 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

318 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

Oct. 8, 1770; married, Jan. 30, 1766, Sarah Smith, born Sept. 
14, 1741 ; daugliter of Hon. Samuel Smith and Mary Gove. 

Their Children. 

Dorothy, b. Dec. 19, 1766; m. Abel Jackman, Jan. 30. 1791. 

Resided at Corinth, Vt. 
M08E8, b. Sept. 8, 1768 ; m. Hannah Brown. Settled in Went- 

worth, N. H. 
WiNTHKorS, b. Aug. 27, 1770; m. Sarah Clifford of Rumney, N. 

H., Nov. 16, 1797. He died Nov. 22, 1852. 


SAMUEL {Dudley^ Samuel^ Capt William^ Capt. Henry ^ 
IIenry\ born Feb. 2, 1766 ; died June 22, 1847 ; married Aug. 
3, 1807, Mary Edwards ; died July 13, 1823. 

Their Children. 

1. Dudley, b. June 29, 1808 ; m. July 24, 1851, Mary Bates. 

2. Mary, b. Dec. 21, 1809 : d. Oct. 18, 1810. 

3. Samuel, b. Sept. 11, 1812; m, Feb. 13, 1831, Mary Adams; 

b. Oct. 13, 1807. 

4. Judith, b. July 13, 1815 ; m. Jona Collins. 

5. Maky, b. Jan. 25, 1817 ; m. Arron Morrill. 


DAVID {Dudley^ Samuel, William, Capt. Henry , IIenry\ 
born March 9, 1770 ; married Sarah Osgood ; resided Cornish, 

Their Children. 

1. Samukl, b. Jan. 27, 1792. 

2. DAvm. 

3. Eleanor, b. Oct. 6, 1793. 

4. Nancy, b. Dec. 8. 1800. 

5. Sarah, b. Oct. 5, 1796. 

6. Mary, b. Dec. 17, 1798. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True. 319 


DEACON MOSES {Deacon Ezekial^ Jacobs Deacon John^ 
Capt. Henry ^ IIenry\ born May 19, 1775 ; resided Monticello, 
Michigan. Married Feb. 6, 1814, Lois Knowles. 

Theik Children. 

1. John Knowles, b. May 2, 1815 ; d, Aug. 9, 1847 at Mt. Ver- 

non, Ohio ; m. May 81, 1841, Mary Jane Towle of Meri- 
dith, N. H. 

2. Eliza, b. Aug. 27, 1817 ; ra. Chester B Sumner ; resided Ap- 

pleton. M. 

3. Ira, b. Dec. 19. 1820 ; m. Elizabeth H. Shaw. 

4. George, b. Sept. 16, 1823 ; m. Louisa Raymond, Mt. Ver- 

non, Ohio. 

5. Caroline, b. Dec. 5, 1828 ; d. Oct. 3, 1847, Mt. Vemon,Ohio. 

6. Amelia, b. March 25, 1835. 


LEVI, {Deacon John^ Ezekial^ John^ CapL Henry ^ Henry) 
born Nov. 21, 1790; married March 2, 1815, Betsey Blake, 
born 1796 at Concord, Ilk 

Their Children. 

1. Ebenezek, b. March 1816 ; died 1832. 

2. John, b. 1821 ; m. 1844, Harriet Vent. 

3. Lyman, b. 1823 ; m. 1847, Clara Barton. 

4. Laura, b. 1832. 


OLIVER, {Deacon John^ Ezehial^ John^ Capt, Heni^^ 
Henry ^ born Nov. 4, 1796 ; married May, 1822 Polly Brown. 

Their Children. 

1. Mehitable, b. 1823. 

2. Cyrus, b. 1824 ; d. Dec. 25, 1853 ; m. 1847, Julia Green ; had 

cliild David born Aug. 1, 1848. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

320 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 

3. Charles, b. Oct. 1826; m. Jan. 27, 1854, Abigail Felton ; 

child. Ellen, b. Sept. 4, 1854. 

4. James, b. March 27, 1830 ; d. Feb. 8. 1855. 
Charles S, 


HENRY, {Dr, Henry, Rev, Henry, Bev, Henry, Dea. 
Jabez, Capt Henry, Henry,) born Jan. 26, 1843. 


HANNAH, {Samuel, Deacon Samuel, Deacon Jahez, Capt. 
Henry, Henry,) born Feb. 20, 1791 ; m. Feb. 20, 1811, Capt. 
Caleb Fike. 

Their Children. 

1. Hannanh, b. May 3, 1813 : d. Dec. 1818. 

2. Isaac, b. Apr. 24, 1815 : m. July 2, 1837, Joana Ilaynes, b. 

June 29, 1817. 

3. Moses, b. Dec. 30, 1817 ; d. May 17, 1838. 

4. Ruth, b. June 10, 1829; m. Sept. 24, 1836, Robert Dow. 

6. John Adams, b. Nov. 26, 1821 ; m. Nov. 26, 1841, Charlotte 
Dow, b. 1822. 

6. Lydia, b. ; m. Oct. 29, 1850, Jona W. Morrell. 

7. Mark, b. Feb. 2, 1834 ; m. Alvina Morrell, b. Dec. 27. 1857. 

8. Hannah, b. May 31, 1835 ; d. 1853. 


REV. JOHN, {Deacon Ezekial, Ezekial, Deacon John, 
Ca2)t Heni'y, Henry^ born Aug. 28, 1793; married, Fanny 

Their Children. 

1. Elizabeth. 

2. Gi:()U(iE. 

3. Ellen Francis. 

4. John. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Trtte, 321 


ESTHER, {Deacon Jahez^ Ezekial^ Deacon John^ Capt. 

Henry, Ilenry), born Jan. 28, 1784; married, Nov. 10, 1813, 

Joshua Davis. 

Their Children. 

1. Mary, b. Jan. 12, 1815 ; married and had three children. 

2. Dorothy, b. June 4, 1818. 


OLIVER, {Deacon Jabez, Ezekial, Doc, John, Capt Henrys 
Ileninf) born Dec. 1787, at Hampton, N. H. ; married Sarah 
Marvin. Resided at Bloomfield, N. Y. 

Their Children. 

1. Louise Maria, b. June 22, 1824 ; d. 1846. 

2. Oliver Jabez, b. June 12, 1827, Marion, N. Y. 

3. Lydia, b. July 23, 1829. at Byron, N. Y.; ra. Dec. 30. 1852, 

John Ingalls ; resides Rock Island, 111., 1854. 

4. Mary Lucinda, b. Sept. 16, 1828 ; d. Jan. 4, 1844. 

5. Laura, b. Aug. 24, 1843. 


PAUL, {Doctor John, Ezekial, Deacon Joha^Capt. Henry, 
Henry,) born Mareli 23, 1788 ; married, Dec. 20, 1814, Nancy 

Their Children. 

1. Emily, b. June 25, 1818 ; m. 1841, James Muchmore. 

2. Elbkidcje, b. Sept. 20, 1820 ; married Abigail Watson. 

3. Porter, b. Aug. 7, 1824 ; m. Nov. 11, 1849, Widow Adams. 


CURRIER, (Son of Capt. Winthrop and Dorothy Currier) 
{CapL William, CapL Henry, Henry ^ born Jnne 15, 1732 ; 
married Widow Sarah Marshall, lived Hampton Falls, also 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

322 F(mnders of Ma^sachwsettJi Bay Colony. 

Danvere, Mass., being lessee of the farm of Samnel Endieott. 
Currier* True was born at Salisbury 1769, and died at Went- 
worth, N. H., Apr. 30, 1S21, ag. 52. His widow Sarah True 
married as 2d wife Winthrop^ True, son of Winthrop True, 
junr., and Sarah Smith. Sarah, widow of Currier and Win- 
throp True (cousins), died at Wentwortli, X. H., July 15, 
1872, ag. 85. 

Children of Currier True and Sarah. 

1. Elbridge. b. 1814 ; d. Oct. 23. 1896 ; married Abigail. 

2. Sarah, b. 1818 ; m. William Thisell ; d. leaving two children, 

Martha and Charles, reside Alexandra, N. H. 


ELBRIDGE, {Currier, Capt. Winthrop, CapL William, 
Capt. Henry, Henry ^ born at N. H., about 1814; mar- 
ried Abigail 1840. He died October 23, 1896. 

John Wesley True, b. 1841 ; d. June 13, 1874, ag. 33. 


NANCY, {Deacon Winthrop, Winthrop Junr, Capt. Win- 
throj), Capt. WiUiam, Capt. Henry, Henry ^ born at Went- 
wortli, N. II., 1808 ; married Dee. 25, 1885, Philip Henry 
Saunders, son of Capt. Henry Saunders of Salenn, Mass. She 
died Aug. 7, 1857. He died Feb. 8, 1886. 

Their Children. 

1. Eliza Ann Saunders, b. Sept. 9, 1837, resides Washington, 

D. C, unmarried. 

2. WiNTimop True Saunders, b. Oct. 19; 1839, d, 1842. 

3. Sarah Spraoue Saunders, b. July 24, 1843; na. Capt. David 

Smith, Corps of Engineers, U. S. Navy, June 26, 1867: re- 
sides Wtishington, D. C. 

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True, 323 


WILLIAM, [Moses^ Capt. Winthrop, Capt WiUiam^Capt, 
Henry, Henry;) born July 10, 1776; died Sept. 8, 1821. I. M. 
Jan. 16, 1802, Susanna Ix)well, born Dec. 6, 1781; died April 
22, 1879, ag. 97 yr., 4ino. 

Their Children. 

1. WiNTiiROP, b. Dec. 26, 1802 ; d. Aug. 30, 1835 ; m. Feb. 24, 

1824, Sarah Sanborn. 

2. DoKOTHY, b. July 26, 1804; m. Sept. 15, 1825, George W. 


3. Ehenezer, b. March 5, 1807; m.. 1st., Fanny Howell. 2d, 

Martha Stevens, resides Portland, Maine. 

4. Sarah, b. Jan. 2, 1809. 

5. Moses, b. March 10, 1811 ; m. Dec. 25, 1834, Elizabeth Hook. 

6. Anna, b. May 14, 1814. 

7. Cyrus, b. Dec. 1817; m. Jan. 27, 1850, Nancy Barnard, b. 

Aug. 81, 1825. 


WINTHROP { William, Moses, Capt Whithrop, CapL 
Williarn, Capt. Henry, Henry), born Dec. 26, 1802; died 
Aug. 30, 1835 ; married Feb. 28, 1824, Sarah Sanborn. 

Their Children. 

1. Elmira, b. Nov. 14, 1825 ; m. Nov. 26, 1846, Edwin Gorden. 

2. Harriett, b. Dec. 6, 1827 ; m. Oct. 1, 1845, Olden Morse. 
8. John, b. March 4, 1830. 

4. William Douglass, b. Oct. 81, 1832 ; m. Abby Blaisdell. 
6. Sarah, b. Aug. 29, 1835. 


PRINCE ALBERT {Jabe-, Ilev, Jah'z, Deacon Samuel, 
Deacon Jahez, Capt. Henry, Uenry\ born Jnne 17, 1839 ; 

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32-1: Founders of Miissachiisetts Bay Colony. 

married Sarah Emily Morrill; born Nov. 19, lS4rO; daughter 
of Capt. John Morrill and Sally Marston, of Salisbury, Mass. 

Theik Children. 

1. Ralph Pkeston, b. Oct. 2, 1875. 

2. Fu)KKNCE Marston, b. Oct. 27, 1877. 

3. Helkn Wkiwteu, b. July 20, 1879. 

4. Edward Parker, b. Nov. 7. 1882. 


DUDLEY, (Samuel, Dudley, Samuel, Lieut Williavt, 
Capt. Henry, Wenry^ born June 29, 1808; married, July 24, 
1851, Mary Bates. 

Their Children. 

1. Amos, b. Mar. 15, 1852. 

2. Mary, b. Oct. 1. 1855. 

3. Ellen, b. Oct. 1. 1855 ; d. S<*pt. 23, 1856. 

4. Henry, b. 1857. 


SAMUEL, {Sam\iel, Dudley, Samuel, Capt, Willia?^, Cajyt. 
Iltnry, Henry,) horn Sept. 1, 1812; married, Feb. 13, 183S, 
Mary Adams, born Oct. 13, 1S07. 

Their Children. 

1. Alice, b. July 21, 1889. 

2. EzEKiAL, b. Oct. 20, 1840. 

3. Daughter. 

4. I)Avm, b. Aug. 15, 1844. 
6. Samuel, b. Oct. 13, 1846. 

6. Mary, b. Aug. 24, 1848 ; d. Sept. 9, 1848. 


JOHN, {Dearon Nofies, Deacon Ezekial, Jacob, John, Capt. 
Henry ^ Henry,) born May 2, 1815 ; married. May 12, 1841, 
Mary J. Towle. 

Their Children. 

1. Mary Ellen, b. March 15, 1843. 

2. Edward Lanc;, b. June 29, 1846. 

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True. 325 


GEORGE, {Moses, Ezehial, Jacob, John, CapL Henry, 
Henry), born Sept. 16, 1823 ; married Louise Raymond. 

1. Genevieve. 


SO^^]^\\, {Deacon Abraham, Deacon Ahrahavi, Benjamin, 
Capt. Willia^n, CapL Henry, Henry^ born Aug. 1, 1785; 
resided at Chichester, N. H. Served three years in war. 


1. Joseph, b. Oct. 4, 1809, Salem, Mass.; resided Peoria, 111., 1855. 

2. Debokaii, b. Dec. 30, 1811, Salem, Mass.; resided Waubegan, 

111 ; had six children. 

3. Sally, b. Aug. 14, 1814, Chichester, N. H.; resided Salem 

in 1855. 

4. Mary, b. July 12, 1816 ; died Dec. 1, 1854. 

5. Eliza, b. Aug. 23, 1821 ; d. Dec. 29, 1822. 


BENJAMIN, {Samuel, Rev, Jabez, Deacon Samuel, Deacon 
Jabez, Capt. Henry, Henry,) born March 28, 1815; married, 
Dec. 4, 1844, Elizabeth Sliaw, born Jnly 26, 1815. 

Their Children. 

1. CiiAKLEs Kinsley. 

2. luETTA Adklaide, b. Sept. 4, 1850. 

3. Cklia Au(u;sta, b. Jan. 11, 1853. 

4. BuoTUEii, b. Feb. 22, 1857. 

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32*J Founders of Ma4s>(achu^eUs Bay Colony. 


IRA, (Sam^t^l,, Rev. Jahez. Deamn Samuel^ Deacon Jahez^ 
Cnjd, Henry. Henry) born Oct. 29, 1S17 ; married July 12, 
ls47, Rhoda Cook, lK)rn Ang. 30, 1>2(;. 


1. William Stevens, b. Lawrence, Mass. 


(;E0RGE WASHINGTON, {Doctor John. Rtv. JaUz. 
Dt'icon Satnuel^ Deacon Jahez^ Capt. Henry ^ Henry.) born 
Oct. 7, 181S : married Dec. 7, 1S44, Eliza Morrill. 

Their Children. 

1. Allston Mason, b. Feb. 27, 1845. 

2. Israel Morkell, b. Jan. 19. 1847. 

3. Mary Edwards, b. Feb. 6, 1849. 


JACOB, {AloseSy Samuel^ Deacon Samuel ^ Deacon Jabez^ 
Vapt. Henry ^ Henry\ born April 24, 1815 ; married July 2, 
l>t»37, Irene Haynes, born June 29, 1817. 

Their Children. 

1. Moses, b. July 4. 1838 ; d. Aug 25, 1838. 

2. CosTELi^o. b. Sept. 9, 1840 ; d. Nov. 21, 1840. 

3. Henry, b. Jan. 29, 1842. 

4. Ellen Francis, b. Jan. 31, 1843. 

5. Alfred, b. March 22, 1845. 

fi. J vcoij, b. April 4, 1846, at Salisbury, Mass. 

7. Caroline, b June 30, 1848, at Salisbury, Mass. 

8., b. Nov. 25, 1849. 

9. Anna Pike, b. June 16, 1852. 

10. Samiel, b. June 18, 1855. 

11. Charles Summer, b. Jan. 31, 1857, at Amesbury, Mass. 

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Trite. 327 


JOHN ADAMS, (J//;*^^, Samuel^ Samuel^ Deacon Jahez^ 
Capt. Henry ^ Henry ^ born Nov. 26, 1821 ; married Nov. 20, 
1841, Charlotte Dow, born July 15, 1822. 

Their Children. 

1. Ann, b. May 15, 1844. 

2. Ruth, b. Jan. 9, 1846. 

3. Andrew, b. Oct. 19, 1850. 


SAMUEL, ( William J Benjamin^ Capt. WiUiam^ Capt. 
llenry^ nenry),hon\ Apr. 15, 1771; married and settled in 
Maine. Was a resident of Poland, Mechanics Falls, and 
Cherrylield, Maine. 


1. William, b. 1803 ; d. 1876, ag. 73 yrs; son Geor^'c H. True, 

Wentworth, N. II. 

2. John A. 

3. Samuel. 

4. Henry. 

5. Clarissa. 


GEORGE II. TRUE, (William, Samuel, William., Ben/a- 
onin, Capt William, Capt Henry, Henry), born, Maine, Dec. 
1854; married Ida M. Kneeland of North Conway, N. II. 

Their Child. 

1. ARTiirR W. True, b. Feb. 17, 1886. 

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328 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


WILLIAM, {Samuel^ William^ Benjamin^ CapL William^ 

CapL Henry^ IIenry\ born 1803 ; married , Poland, Maine ; 

died 1876. 


1. George II. True, b. Dec. 1854. 


yfl\AAA^^{Winthropy Winthrop^ CapL Winthrop^ Capt, 

WiUiam^ Cwpt. Henry ^ Henry y) married Phebe , settled 

in Bowdoinham, Maine. 

Their Children. 

WiLLTAM ; Bowdoin College ; (1. before 25 years of age. 
WiNTHROP ; Bowdoin College ; d. before 24 years of age. 

Sarah : m. Hall ; settled in Woolwich, Maine. 

Catherine ; d. young. 


DOROTHY, {William, Moses, CapL Winthrop, CapL 
William J CapL Henry, Heiiry), born July 26, 1804; died 
Aug. 5, 1884 ; married Sept. 25, 1825, George W. Baker, born 
June 20, 1799 ; died Sept. 23, 1878. Mr. George W. Baker 
was seventh in descent from Mr. John Baker, who came from 
Norwich, Eng., 1637 in the Rose of Yarmouth, with wife 
Elizabeth, three children and four servents, settling at Ipswich, 
1038. Descendant also of Rev. Wm. Perkins, who was asso- 
ciated with John Winthrop, jr., and eleven others in the settle- 
ment of Ipswich, Mass., 1033 ; and of Major Pike, commander- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

True. 329 

in-chief of the Eastern Mass. forces in King Philip's war, and 
was also one of the grantees of Salisbury, Mass. 

Children of George W. Baker and Dorothy True were : 

1. Sarah Janet, b. Dec, 22, 1827. 

2. Frederick Warren, b. Aug. 5, 1829 : m. 1853 Susan E. 

Leslie of Lowell, Mass. Their only son, Frank Leslie Baker, 
is Society Editor of the New York Herald. 

3. Adelaide, b. June 12, 1836; m. 1867 John L. Cheney of 

Lowell, Mass., supt. of the Merrimac cotton miils. Their 
eldest son, Edward Cheney, is a giwiuate of Harvanl Col. 
lege class 1882. 

4. Antoinette Josephine, b. Dec. 20, 1838 ; na. 1864 Edwin R. 

Huntington of Monticello, Washington State. Mr. Hunt- 
ington is a Ruling Elder of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Castle Rock, Washington, and has been Auditor, Justice 
of the Peace and Judge of Probate of Cowlitz County, 

5. Walter La Forest, b Feb. 12, 1846; m. 1874 Etta Hobbsof 

Haverhill, Mass., who died in 1879. This family is a lineal 
descendant of Hon. Samuel Smith through the marriage of 
his daughter, Sarah Smith, to Capt. Moses True. 1776. 


CYRUS, ( William^ Caj>t Moaes^ Capt, Wmthroj)^ Capt 
William^ Capt Henry ^ Heni'y^ born Dec. 13, 1817 ; married 
Jan 27, 1850, Nancy M. Barnard. 

Their Children. 

1. Susan, b. Nov. 2, ia50. 

2. WiLTJAM, b. Nov. 17, 1852. 

3. Sarah, b. Jan. 24, 1859. 

4. Ebkn, b. Ayril 1, 1865. 

Lineal descendants of the Hon. Samuel Smith line, also of 
the Bradbury and Perkins lines herein mentioned. 

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330 Fminders of MassachusetU Bay Colony. 


WILLIAM, {CyruSy WUliam, Capt Moses^ Capt. Winthrop^ 
Cnpt, William^ Capt Henry ^ Henry ^ born Nov 17, 1852; 
married, Oct. 12, 1882, Ada A. Mitchell. 

Their Children. 

1. Carl, b. Aug. 2, 1883. 

2. Arthur, b. Nov. 10, 1884. 

3. Leonard, b. Oct. 19, 1886. 

4. Robert, b. Sept. 18, 1896. 


HENRY GALEN TRUE, {John, Uenry^) married 

first, McWilliams; second, Jenette Laferty; born Keokak, 


Their Children. 

1. Helen, b. 1878. 

2. Clara, b. 1881. 

3. Jenette, b. 1886. 

Third marriage to Linnie Webber; cliild, Marion Galen,born 
July, 1S95. This family resides at Eddy ville, Iowa. 

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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


First Granted to Sir Henry Smith 1681. 

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CREST : out of a mural coronet ar, an Ostrich's 
head of the last. — [Zieber.] • 

" These Anns appertained to the name of Smith being first 
granted to Sir Henry Smitli of England, Anno, 1631." 

Tliis is the inscription written under a well preserved, illumi- 
nated in color, Coat of Arms now existing, and at present in 
possession of descendants of Benjamin Smith of Beverly, Mass. 
This Coat of Arms has been in the family many generations, 
and from the history of the family, ancestors of whom have 
retained portions of the original property ; also from research, 
documents, court records, wills, and histories, now existing, I 
feel assured that the pedigree I submit can claim descent from 
the first Sir Rev. Henry Smith, who came to the colony of 
Massachusetts with Governor Winthrop, and was a very 
influential man in the colonization of Connecticut and 

Sir Hugh Smith of Ashton Somerset, England. 

Elizabeth Gorges of Langford, Wiltshire, England, daughter 
of Sir Edmund Gorges and Katherine, his wife, who was the 
daughter of Sir Robert Osborn. (Hoare.) 

1. Helen, m. Gibbons. 

2. Margaret, m., 1st, P'lemming; 2nd, Sir Francis Pur- 
jian ; 3rd, Sir John Ward. 

3. Mary was maid of honor to Queen Elizabeth. 

4. John came to New England to Salem, Mass., 1633-6. 

5. Bridget m. Sir Robert Dilington. 

6. Henrv came to New England was minister in charge of 
fleet with Whithrop, admitted freeman 9 Oct. 1630, at Wells, 

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332 Founders of Maasachusetts Bay Colony. 

Maine, 1031, was commissioned by Gov. Wintlirop to govern 
the first settlement of Connecticut; was at Hartford 1638, after- 
ward removed to Hadley ; was a member of General High 
Court at Boston 1651, representing Springfield and adjoining 
districts. May 13, 1651, Kecords General and High Court 
Boston. " In as much as there is a present necessity that some 
care be taken respecting the Ciise of Springfield, they being at 
present destitue of any magistrate or others to put issue to such 
causes or diflferences as shall or may arise amongst tliem, upon 
their request it is ordered by this court and the authority 
thereof, that Mr. Henry Smith for this year ensuing or till the 
eunite shall take farther orders, shall hereby have full power 
and authority to govern the inhabitants of Springfield and to 
hear and determine all cases and offenses both civil and crim- 
inal that reach not life limb or banishment according to tlie 
laws herein established by this court." 

John Smith, brother to Rev. Henry, son of Sir Hugh came 
to the colony about the same time, as " Assistant General to 
the Colony." In 1637, 2mo., lOd., he received a grant of 150 
acres of land at Salem, Mass., "beyond the old planters farms." 
lie for a time was engaged in the eastern portion of the state. 

1649, May 2. He wrote the General and High Court, in re. 
lation to the representtition of the town of Glocester. In the 
court records of this date we find : "It is ordered at the request 
of the freemen of Glocester, that Thomas Smith in the room 
of Mr. Stevens, shall be one of three men to end all controver- 
sies." This in answer to a letter from Mr, John Smith who 
writes himself "General Assistant to the Colony, 1649, May 2." 

Although Mr. John Smith, General Ass't to the Colony 
received this grant of 150 acres in 1637, we do not find him 
uniting with the Puritan church of Salem until August 1674, 
when Mr. John Smith, wife Abigail, with children Bridget, 
Samuel, Benjamin, and Sarah Smith are united with the 1st 

Bridget Smith, daughter of John Smith and Abigail, — possi- 
bly named for her Aunt Bridget, the wife of Sir Robert Dil- 

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Sviith. 333 

ington, — became the wife of William Sanders, son of Capt. 
John Sanders and Hannah Fickman, and settled in Boston 
{see page 70.) 

It is presumed that Hugh Smith, afterward Sir Hugh, and 
wife Elizabeth Gorges were for a short time, members of Win- 
throp's Colony. 

1654, May 14, G. & H. Court. ''In answer to the petitions 
of ye widow Elethorp, Hugh Smith, and Jno Packard, the 
Court on a hearing of the case, and other considerations, do 
grant the probate of the will of Thomas Ellethorpe unto the 
persons names in the will, provided they gave security unto 
this Court that in reference to the power mentioned in said 
will, that the eldest son shall have — pounds and the three 
youngest children, &c., &c. 

"1G55 Grace Porter requests permission to sell her house and 
lands at Salisbury, objection being made by Daniel Smith, &c- 
&c." I mention this record, as later on I find the Smiths and 
Porters have intermarried in several instances, llhoda Smith, 
daughter of Col. Jonathan, son of Col. Samuel, married Col. 
Porter of Salisbury, and had son Winthrop True Porter. 

Ilev. Henry Smith had one son, who came to the colony with 
him, viz: Samuel who arrived with wife Sarah, and two chil- 
dren, Thomas and Mary, the wife of William Browne. ( See 
Wiiithrop'ii diary,) 

1638-2-23, General High Court was granted to Samuel Smith 
two hundred acres, being 50 more added to his former grant and 
the former grant annulled." 

Samuel Smith rapidly improved this grant, with houses, 
barns, cattle, and commenced cultivation of flax, to a large de- 
gree. Tlie grant was situated in the now beautiful location 
called lieverly farms, and his neighbors were the Lothrops, 
Thorndikes, Johnsons, Woodburys, and John Winthrop, junr., 
afterward governor of Connecticut. He comnjunded much re- 
spect, and probably would have been an influential man to the 
colony, had he lived, he died however 1041-2. His will pro- 

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334 Founders of MdHsachuHttU Bay Colony. 

bated at Salem Court House, 10 in., 1642, is written in a l)old 
upright hand, of the old school, and is one of the oldest wills 
on record. It reads as follows : 


•'This 5th October, 1642. 

This, my last will and testament of Samewell Smith of Enon. 
being in perfect memory. 

First, I will and bequeath unto my wife, Sarah Smith, my farm 
in Enon with all the houses upon it. as alsoe all the fruits upon it 
as cover it, and the like, for her owne proper use for the term of 
her life, upon consideration that she shall discharge me of that 
promise upon maridge, which is unto my sonne, William Browne, 
fiftie pounds ; as allsoe that she shall give unto his two children, 
William and John Browne, €20 be twenty, which shall be paid by 
my exequeters hereafter, or named in my will ; further, is to give 
unto Sarah, my wife, all my cattle nowe upon the farme, young 
and ould, as meat, best house-beds and swine in full consideration 
of that hundred pounds that I stand bound unto her by a bond of 
obligation in her of a former jointure, payable after my dissease* 
which shall be performed by my executors ; as allsoe further my 
will in that my farme, with all the medowe and upland belonging 
thear unto, Thomas Smith, my son, shall have it to himself and 
his heirs forever, upon this consideration, that he shall pay unto 
his sister Mary, if then living, fifty pounds in three years after 
the entered of it ; that is, to pay fifteen pounds and a mare a year, 
and for the performance thereof, he is to lay in notes certified unto 
the exequators if the Lord take her away be death, this i>ayment 
is to be mede unto the children of the aforesiiid William Browne 
and Thomas Smith, that then shall be living equally divided 
among them ; then further, my will is that if my son Thomas 
shall die without issue, that my land and houses upon it shall come 
to my daughter Mary and her heirs forever, and after her to Wil- 
liam Browne and his heirs forever ; all with debts and legations 
and other payfonnances are to be pay formed by my tw^o execu- 
quetors, which I have appointed, which is my loving wife and my 
trustful son, William Browne ; my will further is that if Sarah, 
my wife, shall marry, that then the first gift of my farme shall 
sUind voyd, and my will is, that she shall then resign it up unto 
my mother's execuciuetors, hand with a full account of all those 
gocxls, and what former belonged to the manadeggine of the 
farme, and profitt do except that hundred pounds which is her 
deed, which is to be payd her in cattle by the judgement of men, 
and all their household stulTe within doors, what soever it be, I 
give to my wife ; and my will is that my execquetors, William 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Smith, 335 

Browne and my son, Thomas Smith, to joine with him to let the 
farme or improve it to the best advantage for the good of my 
daughter Mary, and to be appointed with and provided for by my 
execquetor, William Browne, in that particular * * ♦ form, 
with his consideration that if my wife marry, that then the farme 
is to be let as above until Mary be gathered for eternity. 

Item. A portion of a hundred and fifty pounds to be paid unto 
the execquetor, William Browne, and he is to pay that hundred 
and fifty pounds at her day of raarridge ♦ * * and if her 
mother loaned ♦ ♦ • then the execquetor, William Browne, 
to allow that my sonne be acquitted of that fifty pounds he stands 
mortgaged for, and all the part of a hundred pounds, to come out 
of my farme, to be paid to my sonne Browne, and his wife Mary, 
and after her descease, it is to be equally divided between my 
daughter Mary, and all the grand -children shall have their living, 
and further, my will is, that my sonne Thomas Smith shall in 
this my last will be faithful to me, and shall be thereafter my 
execquetor of this my last will. Witness this, me * * * ♦ 

(Seal torn off.) 

W. Petting ALL, 

William Dun yen. 
(This was found by sufficient testimony in court to be legal.) 

Attest — A true inventory of all the goods, chattels, etc., of 
Samuel Smith, late of Enon, disseased bearing date the 18th of 
the 9th month. 1642, brewed- and pressed by us whose names are 

Dwelling house, out buildings. 

Farm containing 234 akers, 
whereof 33 akers bought up, 
also 297 akers in common. 

24 akers in Dover and £ S. P. 

other personals mentioned brought over 397 09 02. 

Samuel Smith, Will Prob. 

Ralph Flaocj. 
4m. 43. 

This manuscript is copied from the original paper and as 
near the original as it was possible to decipher, some of the 
words being almost extinct with age. 

This estate was considered one of the largest in the colony in 
1642. The location then as now, is one of the most valuable 
in New England, adjacent to the beautiful beach, commanding 
a magnificent view of the ocean, and the ground running 
inland under the highest state of cultivation. This property 

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336 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

remained in the family and its immediate descendants until 
within ten years, when it was sold to Colonel Loring of Boston, 
by Mr. Benj. Smith, a lineal descendant. 

Thomas Smith, mentioned in his father's will, went with 
Governor John Winthrop, Junr., to Connecticut at its coloniza- 
tion. He rapidly came into prominence and was commissioned 
Captain of Militia. His duties as quartermaster obliged him to 
pass much time at court, and he continued to retain his family 
interest in the Farms at Beverly, so-called. He was supposed 
to have married Elizabeth Endicott, who died 18 Sept. 1676, 
ag. 65 ; added to his estates in KiSO, by purchase of land at 
Ipswich and Newbury. Mary, sister of Thomas Smith, was 
wife of William Browne, the latter becoming one of the 
wealthiest and most influential men in Salem. William Browne 
was administrator to the estate of Samuel Smith. In 1685 
William Browne died, and a deed recorded Mar. 31, 16S8 
mentions Thomas Smith and Waitstill Winthrop (husband of 
iVTary Browne, a niece to Thomas Smith) as beneficeries under 

the will. 

1688. " Wait Winthrop and Mary Browne his wife acknow- 
ledge by deed to have received of William Browne and Benjamin 
Browne executors of the father William Browne of Salem, the full 
and first sum of seven and twenty hundred pounds in current 
money of New England and one large silver tankard, one large 
silver breaker, 6 silver spoons, in right of the said Mary (Browne\ 
Winthrop in full of her portion in the estate of her said late 
fathers William Brown Esqr deceased. Also the sum of three 
hundred pounds in current money of New England in behalf and 
to the use of her children. 
Witness, John, William and Ann Winturop. 
Witnesses, 12 March, 1686, 

Peteii Seiujeant Wait Winthrop. 

Asa Addington, Mary Winthrop. 

Boston, Feb. 1687-8. 

March 31, 1688. Know all men by these presents, what we John 
Iligginson Senior, Nicliolas Noyes, Thomas Smith, William Red- 
ford and Mary Haitt each of us severally and for ourselves we 
hereby acknowledge to have had and received of William Browne 
Es(ir and Mr. Benjamin Browne executors of the late will and 
tcstameiit of their father William Browne late of Salem in New 
i^ingland deceased the several and respective sums of money as 
follows, etc., etc. 

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SrnitL 337 

Waitstell Winthrop was Major General of tlie colony and 
died Sept. 7, 1717. 

Capt. Thomas Smith and wife, Elizabetli, resided for a time 
at Newbury, where he had purchased land. 

Richard Smith, supposed son of Tliomas, was born about 
the year 1645. 

Thomas, son of Capt. Thomas, was born at Newl)ury, July 
6, 1654. 

Richard Smith was married at Newbury, 17 October, 16r>0, 
to Sarah Chandler. His will, dated 14 August, 1712, gives to 
his son, William, four acres of land of homestead where he 
lives next to Joseph True's with dwelling house, barn, etc., also 
lot of Marsh, given him by Major Robert Pike, etc. To son, 
Robert, he gives the rest of the homestead, etc. To James a 
lot of land, etc. To daughter, Mary, wife of Robert Moulton, 
twenty shillings. To daughter, Joanna, wife of Philip 
Flanders, four pounds. To beloved wife, Elizabeth, household 
furniture, government bonds, stocks, etc., etc. Sons, William, 
Robert, and James, to provide a comfortable support. William, 
and Robert are appointed executors. (Elizabeth was 2nd wife.) 

In 1674, Henry True builds a house for Richard Smith. 
The witnesses to the contract were Thomas and Jabez Brad- 

Thomas, son of Capt. Thomas Smith, was married May 9^ 
1691, to Mary Curwen bap. Sept. 16, 1676. She was the 
daughter of the Magistrate John Ciirwen of Salem, Mass., and 
Margaret Winthrop, daughter of John Winthrop Junr, Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut. Alargaret Winthrop wife of John Cur- 
win, and mother of Mary Curwin Smith survived her husband. 
She invested in lands in Salisbury, and a transfer of land is re- 
corded in her name. It may be possibly, through this transfer 
that her grand nephew Robert Smith settled in the township, 
or perha])5 through the connection of his kinsmen, Abigail 
Brown, who was the wife of Edward French of Salisbury, the 
owner of one of the largest estates in that section. 

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338 Founders of Massachusettn Bay Colony, 

1710, July 31. Robert Smith conveys to John Stevens, William 
Bradbury and Benjamin Eastman of Salisbury a tract of land 
consisting of etc., etc. 

1712, Sept. 30. Robert Smith conveys to Henry French of 
Salisbury land etc. 

1713, Aug. 14, Robert Smith, son of Richard and Elizabeth, 
entered his intention of marriage with iSarah Gill of Salisbury. 

1715, Sept. 28. Robert Smith conveys to Joseph True of Salis- 
bury certain rights and lands etc. 

Robert Smith died December 18, 1738, aet. 60, and is 
buried at Salisbury, Mass. 

Robert Smith and Sarah Gill intention to marry, Aug. 14, 1713. 

Their Childrex. 


Samuel, b June 28, 1714. 








Robert, b. Sept. 3, 1722. 






Sarah, b. Oct. 12, 1728. 

The will of Robert Smith, proved 10 Feb. 1738-9, gives to 
daughter, Ann, £100. The remainder is given to wife, Sarah, 
sons, William, Samuel, Abraham, Richard, and Jacob. Wife 
Sarah and son Richard are made executors. The inventory of 
the estate amounted to £5077 4 1, which was a very large 
estate for those early times. 


SAMUEL, (Rohert^ Richard^ Thomas^ Samuel^ born, Salis- 
bury, Mass., June 28, 1714; married Mary Gove, May 23, 
173*4. He died Oct. 25, 1778, ag. 64. She died 1786, ag. 67. 

Their Children. 

1. Isaac, b. 1736. 

2. Enoch, b. 1740 ; d. Oct. 1. 1817. 

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S7nitL 339 

3. Sarah, b. July 1, 1741 ; d. Feb. 1809 ; m. first, Winthrop ; 

second, Moses True (brothers.) 

4. Abigail, b. Aug. 3, 1743 ; d. Oct. 15, 1829 ; married Judge 

March of Newburyport. 

5. Kuoda, b. Oct. 9, 1745 ; d. Apr. 19. 1749. 

6. William, b Nov. 7, 1747 ; d. July 2, 1816 ; m. Anna True. 

7. Hannah, b. Noy. 3, 1749 ; d. Apr. 22, 1753. 

8. Rhoda, b. March 11, 1752 ; d. Apr. 1784. 

9. Reuben, b. April 24, 1754; d. Aug. 1763. 

10. Jonathan, b. Dec. 18, 1756 ; d. June 17, 1824 ; m. Dolly Gove. 

11. Molly, b. Aug. 16, 1771 ; d. June 1793. 

Colonel Samuel Smith, the husband of Mary Gove, married 
May 23, 1734, became very active in the prosperity of his 
townsiiip, as well as largely interested in the proprietorships of 
the new Province of Hampshire. 

1736, Dec. 29. lie was one of the original proprietorships 
of Walpole and was allotted Plot 29. 

1747, Oct. 20. Samuel Smith and others petition tlie legis- 
lature for a grant at Suncook. lie rapidly rose to power and 
influence as a member of the General Court of which he was a 
deputy for many years. In the troublesome time of 1772, 
1773, 1774, he represented Salisbury at the great and general 
court, and in 1775 Col. Samuel Smith was elected a delegate 
to the Provincial Congress at Cambridge. This was a great 
honor and he worthily fulfilled his mission (see Shillaber line, 
p. 232). The first church of Salisbury was built on the land 
of Col. Samuel Smith, as also the magazine for storing powder 
for the defence of the town from the attacks of the Indians. 

William Smith, son of Colonel Samuel Smith, also became a 
Colonel in the Revolutionary Army. He married Anne True 
of Salisbury and removed to Deerfield, New Hampshire in 
1773. Their son, Willianj True Smith lived and died at 
Deerfield, New Hampshire. Hildreth Hosea Smith, son of 
William True Smith was a graduate of Bowdoin college, Maine, 
1841, moved to North Carolina 1852, and took charge of the 
German Iteform College at Newton, where his son. Honorable 
Hoke Smith, a member of President Cleveland's cabinet was 

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340 Founders of Massachxtsetts Bay Colony. 

Colonel Jonathan Smitli, son of Colonel Samuel Smith of 
Salisbury, became prominent in hie town, and was also larorely 
interested in the colonization of the new province. He was 
collector of taxes for the township for twenty-nine years, was 
an officer of the Revolution, as also a delegate to the conven- 
tion, which adopted the federal constitution in 17SS. 

Sarah Smith, sister to Colonel Jonathan, and daughter of 
Colonel Samuel Smith and Mary Gove, born July 18, 1741, 
was married January 30, 1766, to Captain Winthrop True, son 
of (/apt. Winthrop True, and great-grand-son of Captain 
Henry True and Jane Hradbury, the daughter of Captain 
Thomas Bradbury, Esq., before mentioned. 

Captain Winthrop True, husband to Sarah Smith, died 
October 8, 1770, leaving three children, Winthrop^, Moses and 

Mrs. Sarah True married, secondly, a brother of her husband, 
Moses True, by whom she had one son, William True, born 
July 10, 1776. 

Colonel Samuel Smith's home at Salisbury, was in the 
vicinity of Powder Hill, so-called, and many are the stories 
told today of his great hospitality, his wonderful popularity 
and keen insight into the future of those troublesome times. 
It is remarkable that this large farm is still owned by a 
descendant, though the home and out buildings are fast going 
to ruin and decay. 

Colonel Samuel Smith died October 25, 1778, ag. 64 yrs. 
Mary, wife of Samuel Smith, died Feb. 18, 1786, ag, 68 yrs. 
William Smitli died, Deerlield. N. H., July 2, 1816, ag. 69 yrs. 
Jonathan Smith, Esq., died June 17, 1824, ag. 68 yrs. 
Dolly, wife of Jonathan Smith, Esq., died June 4, 1848, ag. 91 yrs. 
Sarah Smith, widow of Winthrop, also Moses True, died Feb. 28, 
1809, aged 68 yrs. 

Winthrop^ True, son of Captain Winthrop True and Sarah 
Smith, born August 23, 1770, and Sarah Clifford, daughter of 
John and Sarah Clifford, born liumney, N. H., November 5, 
1780; were married at Rumney, N. II., Nov. 16. 1797. 

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Sinith, 341 

Their child, Nancy True, born, Wentworth, N. II., 1806; 
died, Danvers, Mass., August 7, 1857 ; was married at Danvers, 
Mass., December 25, 1885, to Philip Henry Saunders, born 
Salem, Mass., June 21, 1800; son of Captain Henry Saunders 
and Sallie Shillaber, married, Salem, Mass., 1797. Sarah 
Sprague Saunders, daughter of Philip Henry Saunders and 
Nancy True, born, Salem, Mass., July 2i, 1843 ; was married, 
June 26, 1867, to Captain David Smith, corps of engineers, U. 
S. Navy, by whom she had three children living, vis: Helen 
Saunders Smith, Esther Byers Smith and Marie I^owe Smith. 

Salisbury, Mass., June 13, 1S96. 

Office of the Town Clerk : 

I, Wm. H. (Treenleaf, clerk of the town of Salisbury, do 
hereby certify that it appears on the records in this office, that 
one Samuel Smith was chosen Representative and that the 
following extract is a true copy of such record. 

" At a meeting of the freeholders and Inhabitants of the town of 
Salisbury, May the 1772, Samuel Smith is chosen to Represent 
this town in the Great and General Court of this Province this 
year. He was elected in 1773 and 1774. In 1775 was elected a 
Delegate to the Provincial congress at Cambridge." 

I, Wm. H. Greenleaf, clerk of the town of Salisbury, do 
certify that the above extract is a true copy of the records in 
this office. 

Attest, Wm. H. Gkeknleaf, Tow/i Clerk. 

John L. Cillky, Justice of Peace. 

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342 Founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 


Sir Hugh Smith. 

Sir Rev. Henry Smith. 

Samuel Smith. 

Cai*t. Thomas Smith. 

Richard Smith. 

Robert Smith. 

Colonel Samuel Smith. 

Sarah Smith. 

Capt. Winthrop True. 

Nancy True. 

Philip Henry Saunders. 

Sarah Sprague Saunders. 

Caitain David Smith, U. S. Navy. 

Helen, Esther, and Marie Smith. 

lf)63. Baptised at First Church Salem, Eunice Smith, wife 
of Benjamin Porter, now living ai Fairfield, Connecticut. 

Benjamin Porter died and Eunice Smith Porter became the 
wife of Guiles Smith of Fairfield, who died leaving her a 
widow, though not mother of his children Samuel, Eleaser 
John, Elean, Elizabeth and Joanna Smith mentioned in his 
will. The family of Porters and Smiths inter-married again in 
ninth generation and Winthrop True Porter, a descendant, 
married his second cousin, Joanna Smith, daughter of Benjamin, 
and granddaughter of Isaac Smith of the Revolutionary 

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Smith: 343 

August 17, 1777. During the Revolutionary was, Winthrop 
Smith was a member of Capt. Parson's Co., Colonel Sinter's 

Jonathan Smith of Salisburj', son of Colonel Samuel, of the 
Provincial Congress, served during the revolution and rapidly 
rose to promotion. 

Apr. 26, 1775. A letter from John Hancock, recommend- 
ing to the notice of the committee issuing commissions, John 
Smith, and Mr. John Avery, two excellent good soldiers and 
gentlemen, who will advance the reputation of the Province 
in that department of command, where they may be placed. 
He adds : "I most strongly recommend them, and earnestly 
pray they may be noticed. Do notice Smith and Avery they 
will be useful. I set out to-morrow. 

To the Committee of Safety. John Hancook." 

May 8, 1775. "Major Smith with others appointed a com- 
mittee to confer with the Committee of Safety with respect to 
settling the appointment of field officers." 

ISAAC SMITH, {Col. Samuel, Robert, Richard, Thomas, 
Samuel, Sir Henry,) born 1736-8, and Snsanna were married 

^'^^^' Their Children. 

Isaac, b. June 8, 1761. 
Susanna, b. June 20, 1769. 
Nabby, b. July 29, 1786. 
Mary, b. Nov. 10, 1787. 
Susanna, b. Oct. 8, 1789. 
Lydia, b. Nov. 1, 1791. 
EzBKiAL, b. Jan. 11, 1794. 
Lydia. b. Sept. 21, 1796. 
Sarah, b. Oct. 29. 1799. 
Benjamin, b. Oct. 27, 1801. 

Isaac Smith, born Jan. 8, 1761, enlisted in the Reg. of 
Joseph Cilley and became a member of Capt. Weete's Co. He 
was at Valley Forge, Jan. 10, 1778, and died Feb. 28, 1843, 
aged 82 years. I find also in a list of expenses during the 

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344 Founders of Massachusetts Boa/ Colony, 

Revolution that Capt. Isaac Smith was accorded £1089 in pay- 
ment for service for 54 men of his company. He married and 
retired to the farms at Beverly, where he died, and at the 
cemetery in tliat town a tomb stone marking his grave mentions 
him modestly as "a Soldier of the Revolution. " No better 
tribute could be paid to his life's services than that simple 
inscription, "a Soldier of the Revolution." 


BENJAMIN E., {Be7ijamin, Isaac, Col. Samuel, Iiol/e?'t, 
Richard, Thomas, Samuel, Sir Henry,) married Emily R. 
Vickery November, 1852; they had four children, of whom 
tliere is but one living. 

1. Susan F., who married Benjamin O. Larcom January, 1873. 

2. Emily F., unmarried. 

3. Maktiia E. 

4. Eleanor W., m. Norris T. Hall Jnne, 1891. 


SUSAN F., {Benjamin, Benjamin, Isaac, Col, Sarmu'l, 
liohert, Richard, Thomas, Samuel, Sir Henry,) married 
Benjamin O. Larcom, January, 1873. 

Their Children. 

1. GKOHfiE F. 

2. Nancy E. 


BENJAMIN, {Isaac, Col. Samuel, Robert, Richard, 
llwmas, Samuel Sir Henry,) born Beverly, Oct. 27, 1801 ; 
married Charlotte Wilkins, Nov. 1825, of whom seven children 
were born. 

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Smith. 345 

MAIiY, {Benjamin^ Isaac^ Col. Samicel^ Ttobert^ liicliard^ 
Thomas^ Samud^ Sir Henry^) married William A. Creesy in 

Their Children. 

1. William A.2, who married Lydia A. Williamson. 

2. Mary J. Creeby, unmarried. 


JOANNA, Benjamin^ haac^Gol. Samuel^ Robert^ Richard^ 
Thomas^ Sarriuel^ Sir Henry ^ married Winthrop True Porter, 
eon of Col. Porter, of Salisbury, and Rhoda Sinitli, daughter 
of Samuel Smith, Esq., 

Their Children. 

1. Mary Adalade, who married Henry S. Woodbury ; issue, 

Carrie Elsie Woodbur^'. 

2. Abbie Francis, unmarried. « 

3. Isaac Edwin, m. Minnie Sanborn May, 1894. 

4. Charles Winthrop, m. Ella Green December, 1892. 

5. Benjamin Franklin, m. Sarah Macentosh November, 1896. 

6. George Edwin, died 1857. 


COL. WILLIAM, {Col. Samuel^ Robert^ Richard^ Thomas^ 
Samuel^ Sir Henry^) born Nov. 7, 1747 ; died July 2, 1816; 
married Ann True, daughter of Capt. Winthrop and Dorothy 
Currier True, born 1745 ; died May 4, 1800. 

Col. William Smith was a lieutenant in Washington's army, 
and was subsequently colonel of militia and a member of the 
Governor's staff of New Hampshire. His only child, William 
True Smith was for 63 years a member of the Deerfield Con- 
gregational church and for the greater part of that period. 

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Founders of Masaachusetts Bay Colmiy, 

William True Smith, born October, 1727 ; died September 
9, 1859; married Nov. 7, 1781, Phoebe, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Plieobe (Lovejoy) Ambrose of Pembroke, N. H. 

Thp:ir Children. 

1. Jonathan Ambrose, b. Dec. 7, 1801; for more than 50 years a 

successful physician in Alna, Me. 

2. Anna True, b. Dec. 5, 1803. 

8. Phoebe Ambrose, b. Nov. 3, 1805. 

4. William True, b. July 15. 1807. 

5. Timothy Opham, b. Aug. 12. 1809. 

6. Martha Ambiiose. b. Apr. 24, 1811. 

7. David Adams, b. Aug. 18, 1814. 

8. Elizabeth Jane, b. Sept. 22, 1816. 

9. HosKA IIiLDRKTH, b. Feb. 17, 1820 ; father of Hon. Hoke 


10. Abbie Baker, b. July 23, 1822. 

11. John Z Adams, b. Oct. 3, 1825. 


SARAH, {CoL Samuel^ Robert^ Richard^ Thomas^ Samxiel^ 

Sir Henri/,) born Sept. 14, 1740 ; married, let, Capt. Winthrop 

True Jan. 30, 1706; married, 2nd, Capt. Moses True Jan. 

26, 1775. 

Their Children. 

Dorothy, b. Dec. 19, 1766 ; m. Abel Jackman Jan. 30, 1791. 

Moses, b. Sept. 8, 1768 ; m. Hannah Brown. 

Winthrop, b. Aug. 27, 1770 ; m. Sarah Clifford, of Rumney, N. 

II., Nov. 16, 1797. 
William, b. July 10, 1776 ; m. Susanna Lowell 1802. 

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John Gill, at Salisbury 1636-40, also Wells, Maine. Richard 
Gill 26 yrs. Barque Pren rose, Cap t. Douglas, 27 July, 1635. 
Supposed to be sons of a wealthy London merchant, Thomas 
Gyll, whose daughter Isabel was third wife of Thomas 
Saunders of Amersham Berks Co., England. 

Children of John Gill and Phebe Buswell, dau. of Isaac 
Buswell, born at Salisbury, Mass., where John Gill was one of 
the original proprietors with Jolm Saunders and others. 

Their Children. 

1. Elizabeth, b. 8: 11m, 1645. 

2. Phebe, b. 6: 11 m. 1649. 

3. Samuel, b. 5: 11m, 1651. 

4. 8A11AH, b. 27: 4m, 1654. 

5. Moses, b. 26: 10m, 1656. 

6. Benjamin. 

7. I8AAC, b. 24: 2m, 1665. 


SAMUEL GILL, {John,) born, 6; 11m., 1651; married 
Sarah Worth, Nov. 5, 1678, she the dau. of Lionel and Susanna 
(Whipple) Worth. Child. 

Sakah, born 8ept. 26, 1684. 


SARAH, {Saiauel, John) intention to marriage Aug. 14, 
1713, to Robert Smitli, son of Capt Richard Smith. 

Their Child. 

Samuel Smith, b. 1714, June 28. A member of the Provincial 

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348 Founders of MasHochusetts Bay Colony. 


HON. SAMUEL SMITH, born June 28, 1714, (liohert, 
Richard^ Tliomas^ Sarmiel^ Rev. Henry ^ Sir Iluyk^ married 
Mary Gove May 23, 1734. 


1. Isaac, b. 1736. 

2. Enoch, b. 1740; d. Oct. 1, 1817. 

3. Sarah, b. July 1, 1741 : m. first, Capt. Wiutbrop True : 

second, Moses True. 

4. Abigail, b. Aug. 3, 1743. 

5. UiioDA. 6. William. 7. Uannaii. 8. Rdoda. 9. Reuben. 
10. Jonathan, an officer of Revolution ; children, Enoch, John, 

Samuel, Abigail, Mary, Rhoda, who married Col. Porter; 
had son, Winthrop True Porter. Col. Jonathan Smith died 
June 4, 1848, ag. 91 years. 
11. Molly, b. Aug. 16, 1771 ; d. June, 1793. 

John, an ofticer of Revolution. 
Isaac, an officer of Revolution. 

Descendants of Sarah Smith, born July 1, 1741, and Winthrop 
and Moses True recorded in the True line. 


DANIEL SAUNDERS JUN'R, {Capt. Daniel, PhiUjh 
CapL John, Capt John, John, Capt, John^ born March 4, 
1772; married Oct. 11, 1794, Sarah Phippen Gill, daughter of 
John and Priscilla Phippen Gill, Salem, Mass. 

John Gill, a trusted officer of Revolution, (see record Prov. 

The Crest of the " Worth" Coat of Arms is described as 
follows : j 

x\UGENT, an eagle imperiel sable, membered or. 
CREST, a Lion Rampant p. p. r. 

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In tlie hundred of Ainesbury, we find Lewis 4tli, son of 
Rogerus de Clifford, who died 13 Richard II (1389.) His son 
William married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir Arnold 
Savage Knight. He died, 1537, leaving Lewis, who died M. 
P., married to Ann Molins. 

Second sou, John, married to Florentina, daughter of St. 
Leger, Esq., whose son Thomas was first in Boscombe. This 
Thomas married Thomasine, daughter of John Thorpe, and 
sister of William Thorpe. We find that William, son of this 
Thomas, did homage to Henry VIII for the m mor of Tejnton, 
alias Burdon, and the fishing of the river Teign in Devonshire, 
and for his property in Glocester and Wiltshire. This William 
by his wife, fillizabeth Vamp, left -only son, Henry, who made 
his will July 17, 1577, and by his lady Elizabetli, daughter of 
William Coraut of Turnber, Ej^^qr., had ifesue Anthony^ who 
married Ann, 3rd daughter of Sir Peter Courtney Knt. This 
Antlwny made will 19 Apr. 22 year of Elizabeth's Reign. 
The following epitaph existed in Exeter Cathedral, 12 Afey, 
1673, when the pedigree of Clifford was approved by Edw. 
Walker, Esq., Garter, Edward Bysshe and William Norray 
Knt. The epitaph is as follows: 

"Here lies Anthony Clifford of Boscombe, in Wiltshire Co., 
Esq., descendant of the honorable house of the Lord Clifford, 
Earl of Cumberland, who dyed a good christian, 12 Sept. Anno 
Domino, 1580. 

Ills Children. 

1. IIenuy, bap. 2 Mar., 1566. 

2. Simon, bap. 4 Sept., 1569. 

3. Thomas, bap. 1 June, 1572. 

4. John, bap. 6 Oct., 1579. 

6. Joan, bap. 16 Aug., 1570. 

7. Magdamnk, bap. 25 July, 1575. 

8. SiiiLSTON, bap. 18 June, 1576. 

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350 Fourulern of Massdchtisetts Bay Colony. 

There seems to have been another son not mentioned in this 
list, for we find in the Downton records the following : 

" 1592. William, son of Anthony Clifford, died. (Hoare.) 

Thus we find tliis family of CliflFord's residing at Boscombe, 
Parish of Downton, at the time that John Sanders was a resi- 
dent of '• Weeke " of the same parish. 

John Clifford, son of Anthony and Ann, bap. 6 Oct. 1579, 
may have been the John (/lifford wl)o was so active a member 
of the Hampton Colony, together with John Sanders of 
Weeke, and many others from Wiltshire, who together with 
Kev. Stephen Batcheller from Newton Toney, made the first 
settlements at wliat is now called Hampton, N. II. Hampton 
was on the coast and but a short distance from Salisbury, also 
colonized by John Sanders and others. 

ALEXANDER CLIFFORD, {George, Richard, Lewis 
William, Sir Lewis,) married Jane Sanders, and by her had 
an only daughter. 

. Henry, uncle to Alexander, and brother of George, married 
Ann, sister of Walter Devereux, earl of Essex. Descendants 
of this line were prominent in the settlement of Marblehead 
and Salem, Mass. We also have the record in the New World 
of "George Clifford, with wife Elizabeth and son John, who 
arrived from Arnold Village and Parish, Nottingham Co., 
England, in 1044, at Boston, Mass. 

John Clifford settled at Hampton, N. H., 1640-43. His 
first wife was Sarah. He married, 2nd, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Richardson Sept. 28, 1658, who died Dec. 1st, 1667. He 
married, 3rd, Mrs. Bridget Iliggins Feb. 6, 1672. John 
Clifford died Oct. 17, 1694, ag. 80 yrs. The children of John 
Clifford, ba])tised at Hampton, N. II., were: 

1. John, b. 1()45 ; bap. May 10, 1646 ; m. Sarah Godey. 

2. IsKKAi.. b. 1647-H : m. Auii Smith. 

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Cliff m'd. 351 

8. Haknah, b. Apr. 15. 1649; in. Nov. 20, 1677, Luke Maloon, 
of Dover, N. H. 

4. Elizabeth, b. Apr. 4, 1650 ; d. young. 

5. Mehitable, d. young. 

6. Elizabeth, bap. Aug. 31, 1659. 

7. EsTHEH, bap. Feb. 28. 1662. 

8. Isaac, bap. Feb. 14, 1664 : d. May 21, 1694. 

9. Mary, bap. Feb. 8, 1666; d. Oct. 30, 1669. 


ISRAEL, (John^ Jolin^ born April 15, 1647 ; inarricd, Nov. 
20, 1677, Ann Smith, and settled in Hampton, N. H. 

Their Children. 

1. Ann, bap. 22 Feb.. 1682 ; m. 21 Dec. 1702, John Gatnage. 

2. Mehitable, bap. 9 July, 1686. 

3. Samuel, bap. 28 Mar., 1689 ; m. Sarah Dow. 

4. Sarah, bap. 10 May. 1691 ; d. young. 

5. John. bap. 1693-4. 

6. IfiAAC, bap. 24 May, 1696. 


ISAAC, {Isreal^ John^ John,) bap. 24 May, 1696, went to 
Kittery, Maine, thence to Chester, N. H., where he married 
Sarah Healy, thence removing to Rumney, N. H. Eight 
children were born to them, among whom was Nathaniel who 
married Rnth Garland of Candia, N. II. John CiifFord, son 
of Natliauiel and Ruth was born at Rumney, N. H., and there 
married Sarah Hall. 


JOHN, {Nathaniel^ Isaac, Is^^eal^ John, John^) born Rum- 
ney, N. II., had child, Sarah Clifford born Nov. S. 1780, who 

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352 Founders of Miusachvsetts Bay Colo7iy. 

was married Nov. 16, 1797, to Winthrop True, (son of Capt. 
Winthrop True of Salisbury, Mass.,) who settled in Went- 
worth, N. II. 

Their Children. 

1. Wit J J AM, who in. Phebe and settled in Bowdoinham, Maine. 

2. Nancy, b. 1806, who m. Dec. 25, 1835, Philip Henry Saunders. 

son of Capt. Henry Saunders, of Salem, Mass. 

3. Winthrop, who d. at Lowell, Mass., 1833. 


NANCY CLIFFORD TRUE, {John, Nathaniel, Issac, 
IsroAil, John, John,) ]Jori\ 1806; married Dec. 25, 18^5, Philip 
Henry Sanders, Salem, Mass. 

Their Children. 

Eliza, b. Sept. 9, 1837. 
WiNTiiROP, Oct. 19, 1839 ; d. 1842. 

Sauaii, July 24, 1843 ; m. June 26, 1867, Capt. David Smith, 
Engineer Corps, U. S. N. 


SARAH, {Aancy, John, Nathaniel, InaaCs Isreal, John, 
John), born July 24, 1843; married June 26, 1867, David 
Smith, Engineer Corps, U. S. N. 

Their Children. 

WiNTiiuop Clifford, b. June 26, 1870 ; d. July 7, 1870. 
Allp:n Lowe, b. Aug. 6, 1872 ; d. Jan. 16, 1873. 
Helkn Saunders, b. Feb. 9, 1874. 
Esther Bykrs, b. March 25, 1882. 
Marie Lowe, b. Oct. 16, 1884. 

The Cliflfords of New Hampshire did good service during 
the Revohitionary War. Many of them were commissioned 
officers, and their records are prominently mentioned in both 
Belknap's and Batcheller's history of New Hampshire. 

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RicFiARD Currier*, born 1616, was one of the first settlers 
of Salisbury, Mass. 


Thomas^ Currier, born 1646; married Mary, daughter of 
Wm. Osgood, who also was one of the first settlers of Salisbury, 


Samuel^ Currier, born 1675; married Dec. 14, 1702, 
Dorothy Foot. 


Dorothy^* Currier, born Nov. 22, 1711 ; married, Jan. 15, 
1752, Capt. Winthrop True. 

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John Stevens of Salisbury, and wife Catherine, had the 
following children : 




Eliza, who d. soon. 








Benjamin, b. 2 Feb 


Catherine, his wife, died 1682. He died the following 

Benjamin Stevens, son of John and Catherine, born 2 Feb. 
1650; married, 25 Oct 1673, Hannah, daughter of Thomas 
and Eleanor Bainard. Their children were Eleanor and Cather- 
ine, twins; baptised, 1st Church Salem, 2 Jan. 1675, also other 

Eleanor, daughter of Benjamin and Hannah, married William 
True, sou of Henry True of Salisbury, Mass., from whom 
descended the True line herein inscribed. 

In closing the records of some of the founders of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, the author does not wish it to be 
inferred, that they were all from this section, who were par- 
ticipants in this struggle for Home, Country and Independence 
— far from it, — every city, town and hamlet, has its record of 
honored dead ; every spot has its hallowed memories, and 
every heart its sorrows to relate of the ancestor gone before. 
This record is the history of one family, and its connections, 

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Note. 355 

and it but takes ns to that section of New England, bordering 
the seacoast, and the source of the rivers Merrimack, Saco and 
Wells. It is the record of the Saunders family and their 
married and inter-married connections. This family is now 
scattered ; very few are living in this section ; but the records 
are indellible, and are now gathered together to be numbered 
with other prized archives of the past. 

Note. — The picture of the old First Church, as given here, 
would convey to anyone not familiar with its history, the impres- 
sion that it was rather a modern looking building, with its clap- 
boards of recent date. There has, however, been added an 
external structure of suitable strength to which the ancient frame 
is bolted ; this frame is seen projecting on the outside of the 
plastering within the building. The First Church, 1634, was com- 
posed of the rafters and posts used in this building, and the frame 
of the galery shows its original use ; the roof of the original 
Church was supposed to have been thatched. Here in this build- 
ing the congregation worshipped until 1639, when an agreement 
was made with John Pickering to build an addition twenty -five 
feet long and of the same breadth as the present building. This 
house continued (as appears by the records) to accommodate the 
people until 1670, when a second house was built, the old meeting- 
house being reserved for a school-house and town house. This 
town house continued in the town's use until May 19, 1760. It is 
supposed to have been disposed of to Thorndike Proctor about 
1764, who was at that time a conspicuous man in town, being 
selectman, moderator of town meetings and grand juryman. It is 
supposed he removed it to his own land, back of what is now 
known as Boston Street, and here it has been undisturbed for 100 
years. A committee appointed by the Essex Institute, after re- 
s<jarch into the history of this structure, declare it to have been 
composed of the original frame work of " The First Church.'* 
(Records published by Essex Institute.) 

Note. — On page 110, line 33, the date should read February 22, 
1783 instead of 1788. 

Note. — On Page 346, the first line should read : William 
True Smith, born November, 1747 : died September 9, 1829, in- 
stead of October, 1727. and September 9, 1859. 

Note. — The impress of the Crest upon the will of Christophor 
Saunders, yHfOU, Boston Profmte Office) is the most distinct Im- 
press 1 have seen; a counterpart of the Crest submitted here, as 
that of Thomas and John, of Berks and Wiltshire. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Lydia. ^45. 
Marv, 11«. 
Steplien, 116. 

Joseph, 116. 193, «J4. 
Samuel, 216. 

Pauline, l.")0. 

Eliza. 312. 
John, an. 
Jonas, H6. 

Mary, 112, 141, 305), 818, 324. 
Widow. 821. 

Josiah, 86. 

AHa, 336. 

Ann, 281, 303, 306. 
Willluni, 79. 
Mr., 179. 

Nathaniel, 346. 
Pliebe, 346. 


John, ISO. 
John. Jr.. ISO. 
Jeane, 248. 
Jo>ei»li, 18(). 
Thomas, is), 193. 
William, IK). 

John, .')7, 227. 

Samuel, 2<X 

Anthony. Esq., 4.'). 
Kdwln, 16. 40. 
Hannah. 174. 
Heftt-r. 16. T). 
Samuel, 45. '.»'.), !«>. 

Thomas Sir, 18. 17, 21. 
Walter. 131. 

Jaeob, 'im. 


Dtilly. 153. 
Jo.sephus, 1.^3. 

Abiifail, 307. 


Jud«e, 288. 

John, 282, »43. 


Ruth. 304. 


(ieorjfe. 174. 
Mary Ella, 174. 


Heal. 88. 
Jacob, 231. 
Michael, 86. 86, 90. 


Joseph, 80(), 


Mr., 179. 
Christopher, 46. 


Adelaide, 829. 
Antonette, VU, 329, 
Elizabeth. 328. 
Frank. 329. 
Frederick, 329. 
<le(»ri;e, 134,823,328. 
John. 328. 
Joanna, 816. 
Samuel. Jr., 134. 
Sarah. 829, 
Walter, 329. 

William, ("apt., son, 230. 

< •hn"^toph»*r. 47.269, 
Kobrrt. Kev., 47. 


Abbv. 122. 148. 
Jami's, 122. 148. 


John, 79. 


Hannah. 27(1. 2S*>. :^02. 
Xan.-y. 8-^8. 82!». 
Thonnis, is:{, ^76. 
Sajnu«-], 8:1, 


Clara. 819. 
Dr.. .V>. 97. 
In^raham, Col., 127. 

Mr., 2(56. 

William. 180, 812. 


Man', 810 . ^ 


John, 100. 
John. Junr., 180. 


£<lmund, 172, 177, 

Mary, 318, 324. 


Capt., 33:1 

Ella, 25U. 

Rev. Stephen, 48. 49, 188. 


Jonas, 98. 


Mr., W). 

Edmund. 161, 167. 
Martha, 161, 


Jona, K"). 


Mr.. 49. 
Ebenezer, 285, 286. 

Abl)ie, 2,i0. 
Theodore, 2.'i0. 

Dr. Rev., i:«. 

Richard .V). 


John, 169. 


Abbey. :«3. 


John, W>. 

Bet.sey, 313, 819. 


John, Mr., 219. 


Mary, 316. 


James, 108. 109, 110. 


Joseph, 1(K), \m. 
William, 77. 

David, 215, 216. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Reverend, 20. 
Governor, 2fl. 


Alice, 254, 257. 

Ann, 254, 257. 2.5H, 281, 303. 307. 

Barbara, 257. 25H. 

Elizabeth. 254. 255, 258. 

Francis, 254, 258. 

Charlotte E.,264. 

George. 256. 

Edward. 254. 258. 

Edmund. 2M. 

Henr>', 257. 

Jaco!>, 262, 

James, 264. 

Jane. 251, 254. 258. 362, 266, 260, 

302, 340. 
Joan, 251. 
John. 2.54, 255. 257. 
Judith, 282. 
Katherlne, 254. 

Mary. 184. 255, 260, 261, 262. 302. 
Martha, 258. 
MarjBraret, 255. 258. 
Mathew, 2.">«. 2.57. 
Lawrence. 254. 
Nichols. 251. 
Ottewell, 254. 
Phillipa, 256. 258. 
Kobert. 251, 252, 254, 256. 
Rojfer, 251. 
Saunders, 264. 
Thomas Capt., 251, 25.S. 2.'>8, 259, 

«56. 269. 272, :^U2. 337, 340 
Thomas (2», 262, 275. 3i«. 30;J. 
Thomas Sir, 251, 2.V). 257. 
William 251. 252. 254, 255. 256, 

257. 2,')S. 262. 2<J4. 275. 338. 
WynuHKi. 254, 257. 278. 262. 

Richard, 171. 

Simon Rev.. 46. 47, 141, 259, 369, 


Mr., 24. 


Governor. 245. 

David, 83. ^^, ?^. h1>. IX), 91, 92. 96. 

Charl^-s K*v., 83, 84, 86, 87. 89. 
90. 91. 1«. 

Lord Georire de. 15. 
IJovcnior. 152. 
Rebecca. 152. 

John Mr.. 219. 

AbJL'ail, 27»'.. 277, 3! 3. 
Benj.iimin. ( apt. f«i, 88, 90, 277. 

Cornelius 74. 

Fran<'ls, 273 27»». 

Hannah. 277. 2*^4, 2S5. 310, 31'^. 

Henry, 273. 276. 

James. 116. 250, 

John, Capt. 277. 230. 

Joseph, Rev., 277. 

Mary, 82, 277, 303, 805. 

Nattaniel, 274. 

Polly, 813. 

Ruth, 316. 

Sarah. 277. 

Samuel. 67, 277. 

Simon, 277. 

Thomas, Esq.. 277. 

WUliam. Major, 60. «iJ, Ki 85. 

96. 21 1 . 221 , 222, 223, 277, 833, 


Thoma.«!, 268. 

Robert. 5.5. 
Widow, 55. 
Joshua, 109. 


Jona. 187. 
Zodoclv, 193. 


Zach, 86. 


Abiirail, 143. 


Cieorge. 184. 


Abiffail S.. 146. 
Atriies. 147. 
Eilwurd W.. 146. 
Elizabeth S.. 146. 
Florence. 147. 
Henry, 122. 152. 
Marv Palmer. 15.3. 
Rel)ecca B., 146. 
Sarali. 122. 1.52. 
Susanna S.. 146. 147. 
Susie. 147. 

Wiilard Peele. J46. 147. 
Willard AutruNlus, 147. 


Isaac. 317. 
IMiebe. 347. 
Mary, 154. 

Samuel. 8<K 

Priscilla, 2U0. 

Joseph Hon.. 173, 175. 


Abraham. ^5, 8»^. I 

John. ^5. h7. 

Alice. 247. 
Caleb. 247. 
Jaine^i. 247. 
Lucv, 247. 
Sarah, 247. 

Jonn Duke, 14. 


Joseph, 183. 

Mr., 25. 

Mary, 153. 
Mr.. 48. 
Joseph, 153. 

Martha, 180. 184. 

Lord, 84. 


John. 841. 
Joseph Col., 843. 

Sarah, 337. 

John E.<qr., 16. 

Samuel. 12, \ 5. 
John. 214. 

Mr.. 81. 
Daniel 99. 
Samuel, 86, 183. 

Edward, 329. 
John L. 839. 

WMUiam Sir. 18. 

Elizal>eth, 14. 
William. 14. 

Amos, 118, 
Benja.. »12. 
Eliza, 118. 
John Es<|.. 214, 217. 
Thomas. 180, 

Daniel. 101. 234. 
(iovemor, 72. 

Daniel. 38. 
John Capt., 39, 8 J, H4, 85. 86, 87. 

89. 92, 95. 
Mary. 38, 39. 
Mr., 25, 39. 
Thomas, 1^8. 

Alice. 142. 
Mary, 108. 
Lucv. 108, 142. 
William Sewell, 141. 
Mary Saunders. \ 2. 
Nathaniel. 231. 

Anthony, 131, 349. 
Ann. 351, 
Alexander, 850. 
Elizabeth. 349. 850. 851. 
Esther. 351. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



George. 850. 

Henry, »49, 350. 

llannnh, 351. 

Isaac, 851. 

Israel, aw, 351. 

John. 87, 49, 1**, 284, 2S8, 810, 

John, 849, 350, 351. 
Joan. ^9. 
Lewis, 849. 
Mary, 851. 
Naffianlel, 351. 
Mehitable, 851. 
Mafrdallne. 849. 
Ro^rus. 849. 
Samuel. 351. 
Siraon, 349. 
Sarah, 1:J6. 128. 284, S88. 807, 

810. 818. 840, 350, 851. 
Thomas, 849. 
William. 181, 849. 
Shilston. ,^9. 

Joseph, 192. 
Miriam, 807, 318. 

Alice, 12. 
James sir, 12. 

Mrs. 92. 
Peter Capt., 219. 


Ales. Alice. 16. 84. 41, 42, 182. 

Alexander, 5«5, 57, 59. 

Anne. 52. 

Barnaby, 52. 181. 

Bethiah, 69. 

John, 52, 131. 

Nicholas. 52. 

Richanl, 4«, 258. 

RobtTt. 42, 40, 52. 

William, 52. 

Philip, 131. 

Jona. 811. 818. 
Samuel, 274 . 

Joseph, 2:^1. 

Icabod, 191. 

Catherine, 2<U. 
Roger, 79, 107. 

Jonathan, IKJ. 2IH. 
J(»natlmn Jr., IHU. 
William, IMO. 
William Jr.. IW). 

Sarah, 2^4. 

Edward. ItJii. 
Alice. IGO. 

Thomas E»<|.. 252. 

Giles. 184. 


William, 349. 

Frank, 144. 

Sarah, 264. 

John, 65. 

Humphrey, 65. 69. 

Ann, 849. 
Peter Sir, 349. 

Mehitable. 305. 818. 
Nancy, 318, 321. 

Bishop, 20. 

Ann, 139. 
Anne, 139. 
Benjamin, 189. 

Mr. 234. 

Stephen Mr.. 219. 

ClifTord, 85. 87, 91, 96. 
John. 85. 87. 
Mary, 175. 

William A., 845. 
William A., (2), 345. 
Mary J., 845. 

Henry, 117, 286. 
Mary, 250. 
Rho<ia, 317, 326. 
Samuel, 280. 

Caleb, 259, 282. 

Caleb Col., 284, 292, 293, 294, 

Mr. 25. 

Loiaa, 122. 
Tel>ina, 286. 

Ann, 28K 303, »)6. 
Dorothv. 281. 30;J, 309, 353. 
Mary. .s:)3. 
Nut ban! el. 218, 282. 
Ri<'hanl. S-Vl. 
ThouiHS. ."i').}. 
SainiU'l. 281. ;«9. 353. 
Brothers, 179. 


George Cai>t., 77, 101, 277. 

Mr.. itiO. 

Hannah, 277. 

Jobn. 277. ;«7. 

.Marv. 277. :«7. 

Pbilip, 86. 


Benja.. Jr., 198, 230. 
Thorndike, 191. 

Justain, Esci., 219. 
Samuel, Rev.. 49. 

John. 85, 86. 87. 90, 91, 94. 

John, 182. 

■ Col., 127, 230. 
' Dorothy, 821. 
I Elphas, 155. 
I (Jovernor. 245. 
i Hannah, 155. 
I Joshua. 311. 821. 
Mary. 821. 

Robert Capt.. 296, 297, 298. 
Sarah, 122, 155. 


Augustus, 246. 
' AufTUSta. 246. 
. Abby, 246. 
I Abigail. 245. 
, Asa. 244. 
I Betsey, 247, 249, 250. 

Bathslieba, 244. *45, 247. 

Can)line, 245 
I David, :M4. 245. 246. 

David, Rev., 116.241,245. 

David, Lieut., 249. 

Elizabetli, 240, 243, 244, 245. 

Eben, 245. 246. 

Eben L., 250, 
I Ebenezer, 244. 
, Eunice, 246, 

Experience, 244. 

Ezra. 244. 

(ieor^fc P., 248. 

Geork'e, 246. 249. 

Hcnrv. 244. 

John Capt.. 244. 

Jemima, "i^. 

Jessie, 244. 
1 Jo.-<eph, 248, 244. 
' Joseph. 24:1 244. 

Jovseph, Jr., 244. 

Lillian. 249. 

Lucv, 'IVS. 

Lydia. 245. 
' Levi, 244. 

Maria, 24,5. 
I Maricn. 250. 
I Margaret. 249. 250. 
! Mary. 243. 246. 249, 250. 
1 Martha. 246. 
1 Molly. 244. 

Robert, 243. 245. 

Robert M.. 249. 

Robert Hon., 245. 

Samuel, 243. 244. 247, 249, 250. 

Sarah, 243, 245, 246, 247. 

Tliorntlikc, 245. 247, 250. 

Thorndike ( W), 247. 

Stephen. 88, 9(i. 

Stephen. Jr.. 85. 

William, 240. 


Georpe, fC, 67. 

James, 66. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




PVank Lieut., 248, 253. 
Edward, 1M8, 253. 
Harry. ai8. 
Maria. 248. 
Robert 248. 251, 255. 
George, 58, 
Mary, .58, 14«. 147. 

('apt , 2C0. 
Daniel Major Gen., 46, 47. 

Ann, 350. 
Walter. 350. 

Ellas, 285. 
Ro^er, 21.'). 
Richard, Jr.. Hon., 218. 

Mr., 227. 

Widow, 55, 1,59. 

Philemon, 49. 

Bridget, 331. 
Robert Sir., 831. 

Georj^e, 2K5. 
Jacob Capt.. 218. 
Jemima, 23«i, 305, 313. 
Joshua, 2K5. 

John, 51. 
Richard, 51. 

William, 85. 

William Mr., 219. 

Joseph, 74. 

Emanuel. 172, 177. 

AndrcNve. i;^». 

Charlotte. 3-,U 
Fiaii(i.«<. 271. 
Lvdia. 3(C.. 314. 
Sarah. .^A. 
I'eter, Esq., 271. 

Mr., 40. 

Robert ('apt., 17, 18. 
James Rev., 9K, 99. 

Antlnmy. 14. 15, 16, 17, 34, 131. 
Anne. 14. 
Charles sir., 16. 
Elizabeth, 14. 
tYederick, 15. 

Mary, 14. 

Robert, 15. 

Slintfsliv, 15. 

Thcmnis, 14, 17, 84. 

William, 14, 17. 


(»ov., 47, 183 

Samuel, 47, 48, 259, 269. 
, Roger, 47. 

Eliza, 200. 

Mary, 200. 

, Mr. William, 835. 

T., 814. 


Alice, 40. 41. 

Benjamin, 338. 

Thomas, 40, 41, 130. 


George, 130. 


Rebecca, 184. 

Abraham, 304. 
Ephriam. 275. 302. 
Henry. 218. 273, 808. 
Joseph. 304. 
Jabez, 805. 
Hannah. 805, 811. 
Marj% 304. 
Sarah. 304. 

3Ir., 227. 

Anna, 258. 
John sir. 15. 
Richard, 25K 

Ada, 150. 

Mary, 312. 318. 

Andrew, 182. 

(apt., 2:^4. 

Thoma-s. 3"W. 
Widow, :i-«. 

Elizabeth. 78, 13(5, KU. 
Eleaser, \\\'\. 
Esther. 1««. 
(ireslion, 1«)3. 
Hannah. 104. 
Henry, 4I>. 7S. 1(W. 
Hein-y Capt., 7S. 
Jean, MA. 
John, 164. 

Mary, 7K, 136, 163, 11^, 201, 
Robert, Hif 
Richard. 98, 99. 
Sarah, UV4. 
Stephen. 102. 

Thomas ('apt., 7M, 90, 100, 



Elizabeth. 284. 
Timothy, 236 


J. Clifford, 209, 210. 

Ann, 175. 

Elizabeth, 175. 836. 
Governor, 44. 172. 
Hannah. 172. 173, 185. 
John, 42, 175. 
Mary, 173, 175. 
Samuel, 172, 173. 175, 422. 
William C. 173, 175. 
William, Jr., 173. 
William P., 175. 

John, 82. 83. 
Philip. 78. 82, 83, 85. 8(5, H8, 183J. 

212. 184. 
William, 37, 48. 49, 72. 78. 


Samuel (apt., 228. 
William. 06, 162. 
3Iary, 196. 


Prince, a negro man, 2S1, 

Abijah. 102. 
Elizabeth. 76, 78. 
Samuel, 99. 

Lsaac, 183. 
Mary, 1S4. 

Benj. Capt.. 292, 
David, 306. 
Sarah. :»6, 312. 
Jonathan. C^apt. 293, 2JU, 2a"j. 


William, Lord. 13. 

J(>hn, 37. 

Joseph, 180, 182. 

William, 83. 

Benj. 218. 

Elizabeth, 1M3. 
Thomas, 243. 

Nathaniel' 231. 

Michael Capt., 218. 
Nathaniel. 218. 

Bishop, 20. 

Abigail, 184. 
l-Yancls, 188. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




John, 180. 

FELT - S. 
John, 198. 
Joshua. 281. 
Anna, 810. 

Abigail, 820. 
Hannah, 172. 175. 
Mary. 172, 175. 
Malachi, 192. 
Nathan, 192. 
Nathaniel. 172. 175. 
Timothy, 192. 
Ellsha, 192. 
Eben, 192. 

Marsraret, 122, 153. 

Lord, 13, 14. 15. 59. 181. 
Edmund, 57. 5S, 59, 60. 

Jabez. 188. 


Anna, 817. 


Thomas Jr.. 182. 
William, 182. 
Thomas, 182. 

Emma, 248. 

Nathaniel, 108, 109. 


Rev. 245. 
Maria, 245. 


Pattle. 811. 
Philip, 887. 


Mary, 301. 
Joseph. 2«58, 301. 
Israel. 2G8. 


Hannah. 63. 05. 
Samuel, 228. 
Sarah, 201, 207. 
William. 230. 

FOtiti. FLAtiO. 

J.. 314. 
Ralph, 235. 

Carrie, 249, 250. 


Ann. ItU. 
Caleb. 193. 227. 
Caroline. 248. 
Frank K.,248. 
Isaac. 180. 
Joseph C.. 248. 
Lydia, 212. 
Le<lan. 92. 
Roberts.. 2:8. 
William H.. 248. . 
Heinald. 180. 


Dorothy, 809, 853, 


John, 164. 


Abby, 144. 
Carrrle, 144. 
Francis. 144. 
Judge, 122. 

WMlliam Robert, 144. . 
Robert E., 144. 

Thomas Capt,. 299. 
Ebenezer Col., 299. 


AbigaU, 275, 276, 277, 302, 804, 

Edward. 134, 274, 275, 276, 808, 

308. 387. 
Hannah. 276. 
Henry. 276, 838. 
Jemima. 303. 
Joseph. 274. 276. 
Nathaniel, 276. 
Mary, 134. 
Sarah. 306. 308. 
Samuel, 276, 277. 

Caleb. 247. 
Eunice, 247. 
John Jr., 74, 117,247. 
Lucv, JM7. 
Sarah, 247. 
Samuel, 281. 
William. 247. 

Colonel James, 294, 296. 
Peter. 103, 162.221. 
James E8(|., 219. 
Sallv, 247. 
Wilfiam, 236. 


John, 54, 


Archelous Capt., 219. 
Ephriam, 219. 
Major. 233. 
Maria, 38. 

(iovemor, 191, 224, 226, 228. 

William, 85. 86, 87. 

Eleanor, 250. 
Isaac. 230. 
Henry. 2iW. 
John, 45. 09, 77, 189. 
Jonathan 117. 
Mar\'. 77. 
I»ri'<(illa, 45. 
Richard. 4."). 
Thomas, 60, 71, 77,79. 
Capt. 78. 


John. 49. 
Nathaniel, 116. 


Ann, 351. 

Emma, 149. 

Bartho, 62, 2?2. 

Eldridife, Mr.. 219, 222, 228. 


Mr., 94. 


Benj. 58, 61, W. 90. 91, 94, 96, 96. 
Jacob. Col. 295, 297, 300. 
Joseph, Hon. 183, 219. 
Robert, 88. 
Samuel, Escj.. 219. 


Abraham, 307. 
Benjamin 116. 
John, Capt., 304. 
Israel. 307. 
Richard, 307, 
Ruth, 307. 


Edward. 267, 268. 


James, Major, 83. 
Edward. 267, 268. 


Robert, 60. 
John, 8J). 


Samuel, 180. 


Elizabeth, 810. 
Nathaniel, 316. 
Nicholas. 813. 


Barbara. 257. 

Benjamin. *47. 

Edward. Esq.. 257. 

Elizabeth, :i47. 

Francis, Ksqr., 258. 

Isabel, :M7. 

].««aac. 347. 

John, 188. 141, 211, 227, 282, 259, 

303, 247. 
Moses, 141, 847. 
Phebe, 347. 
Pri.soilla, 138, ^48. 
Richard, 847. 
Samuel, 847. 
Sarah, 141. 338. 347. 
Sarah Phinpin, 112, 188, 139, a48. 
Thomas, *47. 
William 141, 808. 

Sarah 350. 


Debora, 65. 
Sarah, 184. 

Mrs. 54. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Beniamln. 210. 286. 
Benjamin. Capt., 214. 
Hannah, 174. 
William, Dea., 45, 77, 180. 
Mart la, 174. 

Richard, Capt., 267. 
Capt., 288. 

Capt.. 232 
Samuel, Mr., 219. 


Ehenezer, 280. 
Ezekial, 213. 


Mrs., 54. 


Elizabeth, 831. :«3. 
Edmund, Sir. 281. 
Ferdinando, .«^ir. 21, 24, 26, 28, 

41, 48. 25:3, 259, 
(ieor^e, 48. 
John. 85. 
Robert, 31. 
Thomas, 131. 

William, Capt., 251. 
Franci.s, 266. 


Edwin, 323. 


Desire. 104. 137, 13K. 

Doiiv. -m^. 

Mary. 28^3. 309, 318, ;338, :iJ5, 34<1. 


Beiij. 85. 


.lohn, Mr., 219. 


Harriet, 150. 


Ella, 345. 
Ju.seph, 183. 
Julia. 319. 
Thomas, KM). 


.Jonathan, Capt. 219. 
William H., 28.3. 311. 


Joseph, ('apt.. 42.44, 134. 
Priscilla, 42, 44, 45, 54. 134. 
Mary, 44. 
Jcseph, 77. 

John. Capt. 298. 
Benj. 92. 
Tliomas, 79. 
William, 217. 

Mary, 243. 


Addie, 250. 
Ruth, 311. 

.Samuel. Dr. 808. 

Jeremiah, 190. 191. 

Samuel, 280. 
Thomas, 230. 

Joseph Capt., 219. 
Thomas, 56. 
Mr., 167. 

Emma, 148. 
Norris T., 344. 
O. B.. 248. 
Samuel, 212. 
Lydia, 248. 
Sarah, 851. 


Tobias, 49. 


(lovernor John, 232. 
John Capt., 226, 297, 348. 


Benjamin, 59. 
Elizabeth. 161. 
Joseph Capt., 44, 59, 161. 
Mr.. 51. 
Thomas, 9,1, 266. 

Deacon. 2^^J. 
Irena. 32(5. 
Joseph Mr., 219. 

John, 292. 

Jacob, 85. 

Emma. 150. 
John. 29i^. 
Joana. 320. 


Mary, 336. 


Cal(>l). 230. 
Jonathan, 280 

Henry, 51. 

Benj.. 99. 
Elizabeth. 104. 
Jamt's. 59. 
Jolni. 57. 
Jo»<'ph. 104. 
Major. 55. 
HiUli. 99. 
Wardliam. 99. 
William: ."iS, 90, 91, 94, 96, 
134. 208. 

Hannah, 304, 316. 

99, ; 


Sarah, 351. 


General. 187. 
Joshua. 28(j. 
Major Joshua. 287. 

Mr., 81. 

Henry, Sir. 12. 
J<»hn, 90. 
Mar}', 12. 

Abby, Mrs.. 146. 

Henry Sr., 182. 

Daniel, Capt.. 29t5. 
Samuel, Capt., 295, 297. 
James, so. 

Rob, Lieut., 61. 

Hester. 304. 

E.»cthel, 154. 
Geor;re. 154. 
John. 2:W. 
Walter, 153. 

Bridjret, 350. 

John. Sen.. 65, 101, 103, 336 
Henry, 1(.>C. 107. 

A. D., Rev.. S. 
Bethiah, 67. 5S. .')9. 
John. 56. 57. 169. 
Philip. «k). 67. 
Zebulou Jr.. 60. 


Edward, 85. 
Ira, KS. 

Joseph. 83. 84. 88. 
Mr., Si. 

Joseph, 89. 

Dorcas, 184. 
Thomas. 211. 

Josiah, 144. 
Kittie. 144, 
Phebe. 144. 


Abigail. 184. 

Elinor, 146. 
Miranda, 144. 


Elizabeth, 323. 
Humphrey, 134. 
Mary, i:M. 
William, Gov., lai. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Bishop, 20. 


Mary, 57, 58, 59. 60. 


Clara, 249. 
John. 66. 


Joshua, Mr., 219. 

Samuel, Dr., 218, 222, 223, 


Edward, 162. 

Mr., 96. 

Mr. 230. 


Elizabeth. 1*4. 

Fanny, 828. 

Austin, 2.'X). 


Abbie, 2,V). 
Anna, 810. 
Betsey, 2.j0. 
Carrie, 2,")0. 
Elizabeth. 250. 
Eben, 247. 
(ieorjre P.. 2r)0. 
Haniiali. :ilO. 
Helen, 2:>(). 
Jabez. 310. 
John. 247, 310. 
Henrietta. 810. 
James, 280. 
Mary. 810. 
Maria. 2.')<». 
Mariani. 247. 
Robert, 39. 
Ruth A.. 810. 
Sarah, 810. 

Joseph, Mr., 217. 

William. 1S8. 
Mary. 807, 812. 

William. 9S. 
Eunice, 98. 
Lewis, 9K. 


Countess. 18. 
Edwin, Judtfe, i:«, 829. 
John. 1K». 
Kev. Dr., 1S9. 


Samuel, ('apt., 2J)7, 300. 


Israel. CftT>t., 2-,'9. 
Robert. 212. 215. 
Sarah, 212,217. 


Enhrlam, a5. 86, 90, 91, 94, 95. 
John. 108, 109. 821. 
Bethia, 87. 

Jonathan, 109. 

Benjamin, 96. 

Abel, 284, 810. 818. 

Nathaniel, 174. 
Ellen L., 174. 

Daniel, 193. 
Martha, 200, 207. 
George. 180. 184. 
Richard, 200. 
Joan, 200. 
Henrj', 2:)0. 
Elizabeth, 175. 

William, 79. 

Judge, 179. 

Stephen, Capt.. 295. 
Goodman, 59. 

A. T., 25<\ 
Al)ner. 140. 
Ann, 140. 
Charles H.. 140. 
Emerv \\'aUer, 140. 
Emerv. (apt.. 189, 140. 
Emery Walter Jr., 140. 
I-"raneis. 189. 

Emery. Saunders, Capt., Iw. 
Horace, 189. 
Isaac, 140. 
Isaa<", Capt., 14t>. 
John, Gen.. 140. 
Francis, Mr., 166. 
Marj^ery, 140. 
Samuel, Capt., rW. 
Samuel, Col., 2i)8. 
Mr., 284. 

Julia. 156. 
Melinda. 150, 
Polly, 811, 

Eliza. 126. 147, 188. 
Esther. 108. 
Richard, 1!»8. 

Miss, 142. 

Capt.. ,58. 
Anne. 52. 


Flllzabeth. 147. 
John, 14«», 147. 
Susanna, 147. 
I Mieliael, 158. 


Walter Dr., 122, 157. 

Mr., 48. ^_^ 

Eliza, 65. 

Capt., 73. 

Daniel. 214. 
Zacariah, 117. 


Clara, 153. 
Charle-s. 144. 
Frank. 148. 
Frederick. 143. 
Fanny, 144. 
James. 143. 
Katie, 144. 
Stella. 144. 

Blsliop, 86. 
Bethia, (52. 
Bettina. 62. 
Elizal>eth, 33. 
John, 38,55. 
Robert, 62. 

Ada. 327. _ 


Ezekial, 48. 58, 85. 
Ann. 48. 53. 
Enos. Mr., 219. 
Waller, 79. 


John, 819. 
Lois, 814. 819. 
Sallie, 314. 

Edwani, 314. 

"••""• ,,ACV. 

John. 140, 281 . 
Tlunnas. 100, 101. 


Josiuia, 89. 
Joshua. Capt , 39. 
Susanna, 8'J. 

Jona, 85. 

Benj . 2S5. 
Daniel. 2S5. 
Richard, 110, 2SI). 

Benjamin ()., 344. 
(;eor},'c F., 344. 
Nancy K.. 844. 
Susan, 844. 

Blsliop, 20. 


Alice, 146. 

Marv, 146. 

I Rebecca. 146. 

I Samuel, 146. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Rowland, 181. I 

Samuel, 211. 

Thomas, 131. ' 

Charles, 250. 

Elizabeth, 1G2. 
Mary, 162. 


John. 100. 107, 1(W 
Robert, 106, 107. 

Abraham, 163. 
Jeremiah, 219. 222, 228. 
John, Esq.. 219. 

Richard. 189. ; 

Esther, 168. , 

Hannah. 174. | 


Stephen, 286. ' 

Col., 238. _ I 


Richard, 96. 

John, 283. 


Abijcall, 77, 161. , 

James, 68. 69. 

Timotliy, 64, 69, 271, 272. | 

Benj,, Esq., 226. 

Thomas, K5. 

Col., 294. 
Moses, Capt., 219. 232. 

Newell. 816. 

Thomas, 180. 

John. 243. 
Miss. 243. 


Richard, 261. 


Thomas, (apt., 169, 170, 171. 

Alice. 248. 
Elizabeth. 245. 248. 
Dr. S. A.. 248. 
Lydia. 248. 

Col., 336. 
Mary, 248. 

Caleb, Major. 114, 117, 192, 217, 

229. 2J«. 236. 
Mary, 151. 

John. Esq., 169, 171, 219. 
Thomas, Sen., 180. 


Susanna, 285, 309. 323, 846. 

Harriet, 155. 

Samuel, 85, 86. 

Samuel, 39, 69. 

John, Rev. 79. 


Sarah. 345. 


Charlotte. 264. 
Henshel. 264. 

Luke, 351. 

Jacob. 88, 84. 85, 86, 88, 90, 92, 98. 
Richard, Capt., 218. 


Daniel, Mr. 219. 
John, Capt., 219. 
Paul, 69. 

Edward, Sir, 9. 
Edward, 9, 32, 38, 211, 
Ezekial. 117. 
John 33. 
Judge, 339. 
Marianna, 9. 
Rev. Dr.. 20. 


Benj. 180. 
Cohmel. 800. 
Sarah, 821. 
Thomas, Capt., 211. 

Hannah, 60. 
Manasock, 58. 
Sally, 324. 

' Jonn258. 

Sarah, 321. 


' Samuel, 85. 85. 
William, 230. 

Andrew, Capt. 219. 
Abigail, 209. 
Johathan, 208, 209. 
MurL'aret. 201, 208, 20$). 
Sarah, 311. 
Susanna, 110, 137. 
Thomas, 189, 20!J. 
Mercy, 110. 

Cotton, 181. 
Mr., 179. 


Samuel, Capt.. 22, 
Tri.steen Mathew. 131. 


Thomas, 76. 

Rebecca, 262. 

Henry, 153, ISM. 
Henry, Jr.. 153, IM. 
Edward, 250. 

William, Rev. W. 

Elizabeth, 141. 

Thomas 86. 


Henry, Capt., 293. 
Judith, 806. 
John. 278. 
Josephi 812., 808. 
Martha, 302. 
Stephen, 298, 
Stephen, Capt. 284, 800. 
Winthrop, 218. 

Silas, Dr. 219. 

Nathaniel, Mr., 219. 
James. Capt., 280. 
Sarah, 804. 

George Lt., 127. 

Maria, 248. 

James, 280. 


Ada, 880. 
Edward. 284. 
Hannah, 279. 
John, 272. 
Jona, Capt.. 298. 
Jona, Col., 29V 298. 
Elizabeth, 41, 130, 

Timothy, 281. 


Lord, 166. 

Ann, 849. 

Richard, 96. 

Caleb, 262. 
Mr., 179, 184, 
Samuel, 805. 


Aaron. 818. 
Daniel. 282, 
Eliza, 326. 
Ezekial, 274. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Henry, Capt., 292, 800. 
Israel. 273. 
Isaac, 273. 

John, Capt., 274, 824. 
Jona, 320. 
Judith. 281, 808. 
Mary. 805. 
Martha, 275, 277. 
Sarah, 824. 

Henry. Lt., 127. 
Robert. 887. 

Alden. 823. 
Martha, 149. 

Edward. 285. 

John, Sir, 19. 

Benj., Capt.. 84, 89, 90. 
Capt. 86. 88, 92. 
Joan, 199. 

Col., 282. 

Elizabeth, 155. 

Jasper. 285. 

Isaac, 280. 

James. 321. 

Ebenezer. 281. 
Robert, 230. 
Jedeklah 280. 

Mr., 88. 

Adam, 104. 

Jeremiah. 57, 58, 60, 98, 219. 
Francis, 59. 
John. 161. 

Cieor^e, Capt.. 74, 127. 
Anna, 82. 
John, Esq., 32. 

Jonas. 85. 
Jno., 88. 

Joseph. 117. 
Mo.*«es, Capt., 293. 

Richard, 248. 

HuflTh. 77. 
Prlscilla, 77. 

Nicholas. 886. 
Daniel, 217, 218. 


Edward, 56, 286, 287, 
Richard, 79. 


David, 100, 187. 
David, Capt., 294. 

Rebecca, 184. 
Georjfe, 94. 

John, 161. 

James, 100, 235. 

William, 106, 206, 237. 
Arthur, 84. 

Azor, Esq., 219. 
Joshua. 219. 
Timothy. 100, 101, 103. 
Sarah, 162. 


George, 235. 
Hanry, Capt., 285. 
Joseph, 116. 
Sylvester, 117,236. 
Mary. 1»7. 

Hannah, 307, 813. 
Nathaniel, 68. 
Sarah, 812, 818. 
Samuel Mr . 219. 
William, 281, 353. 


Betsey. 115. 
Francis, 115. 

Jno., 388. 


AbiKail, 283, 306. 
Cornelius, rs. 
Joseph, 804. 
Mathew. 49. 
Neemlhiah, 305. 
Samuel, Capt.. 228, 299. 
Winslow, 316. 


Henry, 86. 
Lilian. 145. 
Murial. 145. 
Thomas. 145. 
Willie, 49. 

Richard. 83, 84, 85. 86, 88, 90, 96. 
Sally, 146. 

Peter. 79. 

Isiah, 160. 
James, UO. 
Samuel, 85, 86. 
Harriet, 150. 


Mr., 178. 


Benj., Capt., 292. 295. 
Jane. 36. 
Jonas, 230. 
Mathew, 36. 
Thomas. 36. 
Mary, 184. 


Col. Solomen, 219. 
Isaac. Capt., 293, 848. 

Hannah. 171. 
James. 171. 
John, 218. 
Mary, 171. 

Leslie, 152. 
William A., 152, 128. 
William E., 123, 152. 


Charles, Col., 127. 

George, 246. 
John, 182. 
Miss, 175. 

John, 74. 
Richard, 74. 

Thomas, 170. 

Asa, Capt.. 219. 
Thomas, 219. 


Abigaial, 201, 207, 209. 
George. 201, 207. 210. 
Jonathan, 201, 207, 208, 209. 
Jonathan Jr., 105, 201, 207, 208, 

209, 2 JO, 228, 286. 
Margaret. 209. 
Robert, 208. 
Sarah. 103, 105, 114, 201, 207, 

Willard, 209. 
William, 191, 


Thomas Sr., 182. 

William, 250. 


Samuel, 217. 
Hannah 217. 


Benjamin, 86. 88. 
Joseph Jr.. 60. 
Joshua, 250. 
William, 211. 

George, Rev., 47. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Abraham. 286. 

Benjamin. Jr., 101. 299. 

Isaac, IHO, 286. 

John, 2:)3, 265. 266. 

John. Jr..2()5. 

Jacob. 2^J5. 2(i6. 

Judith. 265. 

Luke. 266. 

Mary, 253. 259, 262. 265, 302. 

Nathaniel. 180, 286. 

Samuel, 266. 

Thomas. 1S2. 265. 

William, Rev.. «2H. 

Etimund. Col., 294. 

John, 57. 60, 109, 222. 
Lieut.. 58. 

Thomas, (^ol., 208. 280. 
Timothy, 214, 216, 22H. 
Timothy. Jr.. Capt.. 818, 226. 


Ada. 144. 
Benjamin, 230. 
Joseph, Capt., 298. 
Solomon, 281. 
William, Capt.. 253. 
(Jeorsre, Rev., 82, 88. 
Abljrall, 78, 161, 162. 
Benjamin. 59. 60. 77. 98, 99, 101, 

103,159.160. 161, 162,286. 
Benjamin, Jr., 101, 161, 162, 190, 

Caleb. 161. 

Catlierine Saunders, 162. 
Clark, 162. 
Dudley Leavett, 162. 
Elizabeth, 161. 
Hannali. 55, 56. 60, 63, 134, 185, 

159. 160. 333. 
John, 56. 161. 
Josepli, 161. 
Joshua, 161. 
Judith, 162. 
Love. 162. 
Martha. 161. 
Marv, UXI, 102. 
Nathanit'l, 55. 56, 57, 58, 60, 66, 

69, i:i4, 159, H30, 161. 
Nathaniel. Jr., 159, 160, 161. 
Nicholas, 161. 
Parina, 161. 
Rachel, 161. 
Sanuiel, 16'. 
Sarah. 77, 161. 
Susanna, 161. 
Tabetha, 5,%, 56, 134, 161. 
Thomas. 162. 
Wlllam, 161, 162. 

Anne. 811, 316. 
Caleb. Cart., 311, 320. 
Doroihv. 183. 
Elizabeth. l:«. 
Hannah. 8-,M. 
Isaac, 3J«>. 
Isreal. 320. 

James. 134. 

John. 88, 1», 134, 267, 282, 801. 

Joseph, 78. 
Lydia, 820. 
Mark, 320. 
Mary. 132. 133. 
Moses. 1:3:3. 134, 320. 
Richard, Mrs.. 161. 
Robert, Major. 37. 38, 42, 51, 

132. 138, 260, 262, 267, 278, 

292, 301, 328. 337. 
Ruth, 820. 
Sarah, 132, 134, 262. 301. 


Caleb, 2! 8. 
Daniel, Capt.. 299. 

Fitch, 117. 
Ward, 117. 


Benjamin. 77. 
Eleaser. 117. 
Joshua, 117. 

Martha, 246. 

Abbie. 345. 
Azaei, 280. 
Benjamin F., 345. 
Benjamin. 342. 
Colonel, 338, 345. 
Charles W., :345. 
Elizabeth. 2^15. 
George. 345. 
Grace, 883. 
Isaac. 345. 
James. 235. 
Joanna, 345. 
Mar>' A., 345. 
Mather. 211. 
Nathaniel, 45. 
Tyler. Dr.. 218. 
William. 191. 
Winthrop True, 383, 342, 845. 


Mary, 184. 


John, 98. 


Thomas, Governor. Iv^S. 

William, 281. 

Daniel, 122. 

Icabod, Col., 101, 187. . 

John, 85. 

Betsey, 115. 
tYancis, 115. 

Carol vn, 145. 
RobtTl, 144, 145. 
Walter, 14:>. 


Harriet. 142. 

Asa, Capt., 229. 

Col., 293. 


Abraham, Lieut., 50. 

Benj.. Jr., 214, 216. 
William. 109. 


Aaron, 197. 

Abel, 197. 

Abigail, 185, 186, 195. 

Anna, 196. 

Aupustu-s, 197. 

Benjamin, 174, 185, 192, 19.-i. 19i». 

Billy. 19rt. 

Caroline, 197. 

Daniel. 196. 

Elizabeth. 119, 1^2, 173, 178, 179, 

IHO, 181, 18.5. 186, 187, 194,195. 

Ebenezer, 185, 187, 192. 193, 234. 
Edward. 197, 
George, Hon., 131, 177. 
Hannah. 174, 186, 196. 
Henry, 197. 
Isreal, 197. 
James, 177. 
Jonathan, 185. 
John, Jr., 177, 178. 179, ISO. 181, 

184. 185. 192. 193. 194. 19.K 
John. 169. 171. 172, 178. 177, 178, 

192. 193, 195, 196. 197. 
Johns(m. 196, 234. 
Joseph, 180. 185. 195, 196. 
Luciuda, 196 
Lydia. IW, 197. • 
Martha. 172. 177, 18.^ 195. 
Mary, 172. 174. 177, 185, 193, 194. 

19,5, 196, 197. 
Natlian, 1R5. 192, 
Priscilla, 15)6. 
Prudence, l96. 
Robert, 117. 174. 
Sarah, m'). 212,214. 
Samuel. 18.5. 195. 
Stephen. 194. 
Svlvester, 196. 
Tliorndike, 172, 173, 18.3, 185,196. 

214. 216. 234. 
Thonidike. Jr., 124. 173. 185. 186. 

187. 189. 190. 191, 192, 1U5, 234. 
Thorndike (3>. 188. H«. 195. 
William, 179. 183, 186, 193. 195. 


Amos, 238. 
Samuel, 236. 

Francis. Sir. 331. 

Ann. 179. 

Etimund. Capt., 229. 
Elizabeth. 175. 
Henrv. 2:30. 
John! Capt., 56, 429. 
Marv, 196. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Nathan. 231. 

Perley, 230. 

Thomas. 178. 

Jeremiah, Capt., 296, 298. 


Caroline, 156. 
Edward, 156. 
Joseph, J 22, 156. 
William. 156. 

Aaron, 287. 


Earl, 17. 


Ahraham, 103. 286. 


Frank, 153. 154. 
Mercy, 153. 154. 


Abed (Nejrro), 230. 

Love, 161. 

Lolsa, 319. 325. 
John, 230. 

Ruth, 19e. 

William. 60. 386. 

Isaac, Mr., 219. 

Edward. 50. 

Elizabeth. 230. 
George, 231. 

Richard 14. 


Moses. 280. 
Elizabeth, Mrs., 3.50. 


Richard, 38. 


John, 281. 

Rev., 20. 
John, 183. 


Mr., 24. 32. 
John, Capt., 298. 


Mr., 98. 


Abifcrail, 98. 

David, l>9. 

Jonathan, 226, 285, 286. 

John. 146. 

Nath!.nlfl, 78. 102, 111, 212. 

Sarah, 99. 


Ann, 46. 
Benjamin. 188. 
Hannah. 46. 
Henry, 46. 
Hester, 45. 46. 
Francis. Sir, 12, 45. 
John, 46, 
Mary, 12, 45. 
Edward, 85. 

Edward. Capt., 296. 
Jason, 280. 
Peter, Mr., 219. 
Seth, 2.'JI. 
Daniel A., (iov., laS. 

Benja., 86. 

Edmund. Sir. 24. 

Eunice, ^6. 

Robert, 167. 

A slave, 56, 61. 

Minnie, 345. 
Sarah, 323. 


George, 250. 
John, Mr.. 219, 279. 
Mary, 76. 136. 
Marian. 247, 250. 
Peter, 3:36. 
William True. 279. 
William, T. S.. 279. 

Arnold, Sir, 349. 

Samuel, 182. 

Hannah, 135. 

Abby. 143, 144. 
Abigail, 63, 64, 121, 135. 
Ada, 145. 
Adelaide. 143. 
Alice. - Ale.s. 12. ai, 40. 41, 130, 

Addie. 143. 
' Anna, 53, 149. 
Aml)rose, 154. 
I Amanda, 143. 
i Arline, Elizabeth, 150. 
I Arthur, 12, 36, 87, 40, 153. 
Augusta Brooks, 152. 
BLUJamin, 61, 63, 64, 65, 135. 
Bert. 145. 
Bishop, 36. 

Bri(l;ret. 68, 69, 70, 136. 
Catherine. 12, 143, 144, 162. 
Carrie Agnes, 150. 
Caroline. 122, 145, 155, 156. 
{ harlotte A.. 148, 145. 
Charh'S. 9. 40. 58, 81, 126, 127, 
128, 144, 147, 150. 

Charles A.. 151. 

Charles W., 142. 156. 

Charles Horatio, 141. 

Christopher, 87, 38, 89, 40. 

Clara. 148. 

Daniel, Capt . 36, .89. 40, 97, 103, 

104. 105. 108. im>. 110. 111.112, 

114, 129, 137.201,209.210. 
Daniel. Jr.. 112. 137, KiS, 189, 

141, 202. 
David, 9. 21, 40, i:W, 138, 185, 1.58. 
Desire. 110. 137. 
Dorothv. 41. 130, 132. 
Eben S'., 121, 122, 148, 145, 149, 

Eben. 150. 

Eben Shlllaber. 152, 155. 
Edward. 9. 3fl. 40, 58, 122, 123, 

^-^\ ••?'■ V* \51. 
h,,,s,M.,. .;... L.... 152. 
^;ilwin. >ir. J:i. M, 22, 24, 25, 26, 

V^, 35. a6, 4i» 53. 
KltzjiSn^tii. 81, a<^ 37, 40,41,42, 

r.l. M8. tU, \\^\ 102, 104, 180, 

mi. Wk la:. 

?:ily-Hb£th. S-. l^t, 122< 146, 150. 
Ellen, 14, **.4L!80, 188. 
KlHnnr.4l. 130. 1)3. 

Y.W'fA. V}S\ y^ Tij, 148, 163, 322, 

Edna. 150. 

Ella Rebecca, 152. 

Eva, 149. 

Florence, 145, 155. 

Frank, 14.3, 149, 150. 

Fanny. 144. 

Frederick. 143. 

Francis, 122. 

Galge, 156. 

(Jeorge 18,22, 26, 37.39,40,81,154. 

(Jeorgla, 144. 

Henrv, 12, 18, 17, 21. aS. 37, 40, 

4§, 50, 53. 55.74.81, 104,110. 

123, 187. 145, 149. 
Henrv Francis (2), 150, 151. 
Henry Francis. Capt., 126, 127, 

147, 148, 149. 
Henrv. Capt., 112, 114. 115, 116, 

lis. 119. 12.), 121.123. 129, 137, 

173, 186, 195, 202, 236. 2:i8. 
Hannah B., 153, 154. 
Hannah, 55, 56, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 

69. 71, 135, 136, KM). 
Henry Hobart, 143. 
Henry Tucker. 141. 
Harry. 145. 
Helen 149. 
Isabel 13. 14, 34. 
Jacob. 186. 

James, 62, 63. 71, 72, 76, 77. 
James, Jr., 75. 
James. 108, 186. 143, 144, 145. 
Jane, 86, 40. 850. 
John. Capt.. 0, 14,16.17,26,27, 

28, 29, 82, 34, 35, 37, 38, 89, 

40, 41. 42, 45, 46, 4«. 49, 50, 

51, 53. 54. 56. 74, 129, 130. 

181. 182, 133, IW, 141. 
John (2), 84, 35. 86, 40. 41, 42. 43, 

44, 45,,129,130,131. 

John (8). Capt., 44. 54,55,56. 57, 

.58, 59. (X). 61, 62. a5. 66, 69, 

71. 97,9^,129,134,185.159,160. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




John (4). Capt., 62. 68. 64, 71,78, 
78, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 97, 99, 
129. 135. 212, 333. 
John (5). 78. 74, 75, 76, 7t, 78, 

102. 186, 285. 
John. 1()4, 110, 111. 
John, 188, 187. 
John Charles. 149. 
Jonathan Peele, Capt., 118, 118, 

187, 141, 202, 209. 
Joseph Henry, 142. 
Joseph, 180, 182, 105. 
Julia B., 152. 
Kate, 144, 145. 

Lawrence. 17, 18, 19, 20,21,22. 
Lottie Belle, 144. 
Lucy. 149. 
Lydia, 138. 
Mabel. 145. 

Margaret. 28, 28, 40, 153. 
Martha. 1 12. 
Martha T., 151. 
Martin. 38, 40. 
Marj* Adams. I4l, 142. 
Mary Elizabeth, 142. 
Mary E.. 155. 
Mar\', 76. 97. 98, 100. 101. 102, 

103, 104, 185, 139, 154. 
Mercv. 158. 154. 
Moses. 34. 180, 132. 
Nathaniel, 62, 63, 64. 73, 77, 135. 
Nellie Ellen, 123. 
Nona, 146. 
Oliver, I4l. 
Oliver, Jr., 142. 

Philip, 76. 77, 78. 83, 84. 85, 86, 
87. 89. 90. 91, 94, 95, 96.97,98, 
99, 100. 101. 102, 104. 110. 123, 
129, 136, 164.201,209, 212. 
Philip, Jr., 86, 100, 104, 186, 137. 
Philip Henry, 38, 119, 121, 123, 
124. 125, 126, 128, 129,147, 
163, 173, 185, 196, 288, 290, 
322, 341. 
Preserved, 188. 
Rachel. 38, 76, 136. 
Ralph, 36. 
Return. 71, 74. 78. 
Richard, Sir.. 9. 15,10,41.45,181. 
Richard. 9. 35. 130. 131, 133. 
Robert, Sir.* 9. 

Robert, 9, 39, 40, 49,74.76.7r,136. 
Roberts., 121,122,149, 150. 154. 
Roswell. 155. 

Sally, 116.117,118,119,121,151,240. 
Samuel, 10. 12. 21. 22, 2(i. 37, 40, 

53.74,81, 102,104, 187. 
Samuel L.. 150. 

Sarah, JM, 87,40,41, 42, 61, 76. 104, 
111, 112, 114,1542, 130, 182, 138, 
136, 137, 139, 151, 153,156, 209. 
Sarah Alice. 142. 
Sarah Francis, 155, 157. 
Sarah Spra*rue. 126. 128, 129, 

148. 173, 195,290, .332, 532. 
Sarah Willard, 152. 
Stella, 144. 
Susanna, 104, 137. 
Su.san Adams, 141. 
Sybill, 12, 37. 81. 
Thomas, 13. 14, 17, 84, 53. 64, 76, 

78, 104. 136, 137, 139, 141. 
Thomas W.. 142. 

Thorndike P., 181, 128. 143, 

Thorndlke, Jr., 128, 143. 

Tobias, 39, 40. 

Vira. 145. 

Warren Morse, 160. 

William. 9, 14, 83, 37. 89. 40, 41, 
49, 58, 61, 62. 63,64, 65. 66, 67 
69, 70, 130. 133. 185, 186, 383. 

William. 49, 133,211. 

William S., 121, 122, l.\5. 
; William H,. 155. 

William, Dr., 155. 

William. 185, 145, 146, 154. 165. 

William Edward. 149. 
i Winthrop, 126. 148, 828, 852. 


, Curtis, 116. 

I Elizabeth, 100. 

Caroline, 162. 

Mary, 162. 

Zacariah, 162. 


Col., 345. 

John, 872. 


Henr>'. 200, 
Jane, 200. 
Mary 200. 
Samuel, 258. 

Eliza. 817, 325. 
Elizabeth, 319, 825. 


I John. Capt., 73. 
Nicholas, Capt. 50. 


Damarius. 71, 77. 
Hannah. 77. 
Mary. 71. 77. 
Patience. 77. 
Philip, Dr., 76. 
I»riscilla. 77. 

Return, 63, 71, 76, 77, 186. 
Samuel 71, 76, 77. 


Frederick. 15. 
John, 15. 

Robert 14, 15. j 

Thomas, 15. ! 

Israel, 281, 303. ' 


Blanch, 211,212. 
Benjamin, 186, 212, 217. 
Eben. 239, 240, 242. 
Ebenezer, 116, 117, 118, 186,217, \ 

238. 239. 
Elizabeth. 117, 186, 216,217.238. 
John, 78.83,86.88,95,211,212,236. , 
Jonathan, 212. 
Joseph. 212, 235. 
Hannah, 216. 
Lvdia, 216, 217. ! 

Robert, Capt., 114, 116, 117, lift. 

121. 173, 186. 190, 191. 198, 

198. IW, 196, 216, 217, SS9, 

288, 235, 236, 287. 
Samuel, Capt.. 216. 817. 
Sarah, 121. 216, 217. 
Sally, 114, 116. 181, ftW, 178, 186, 

195, 238, 841. 
Walter. 211. 
William, Capt., 85, 88. 90, 92, 

193, 211, 218, 814, 216. 217. 

228. 231, 283. 236. 286. 


Joseph de, 142. 


Hannah, 172. 
Samuel, Rev., 17*2, 175. 
Shelton 193. 
Mary. 175. 

James, 250. 
Carrie, 250. 


Abicrail. 63. 70. 8&e, 339, M». 

Addie Baker, 846. 

Ann - Anna, 338, 845. 346, 850. 

Abraham. 838. 

Benjamin £ , 344. 

Benjamin. 75. 881. 332, 348, S44. 

Allan. 129. 161, 196, 890. 

Bridget. 63, 70. 831, 832. 

Charles. Esq., 252. 

Daniel, 383. 

David. 129, 151, 178, 195. 290, 
822. 841, 862. 

David A., 846. 

Dolly, 840. 

Eleanor W., .344. 

Elean. a42. 

Eleaser. 342. 

Elizabeth. 842. 

Enoch, 888. *18. 

Emily F., 344. 

Eunice. 342. 

Ezekial. *48. 

Elizabeth J.. 846. 

Ebenezer, 282. 

Esther, 129, 151. 173. 195, 290, 
341, 862. 

Grace, 180. 

Henry. Sir, Rev.. 70, 33!. 338. 

Giles. 342. 

Hannah, 339. 348. 
, Hosea Hildreth, 889. 346. 
I Hu^h, Sir, 881. 3.%, 833. 
; Hezediah 282. 

Isaac. 232, 388. 348. ai8, 844, 348. 
' James, 337. 

Joanna, 337, 342, 845. 

John. 68, 70. 77, 151, 2®, 831. 
382. 342. 846. 

Hoke. Hon., 309. a39. 

Jonathan, 282, 346. 
; Jonathan,Col..287,889,S40,34S. 

Joseph. 882, 852. 

Jacob, 838. 

Helen. 70, 129. 151, 178, 195, 290. 

331. 341, 8.52. 
Lydia, 348. 

Mary, 70, 277. 881, aSS, 386, 887, 
340, a43. 344. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Marie, 129, 151, 178, 1»6, 290, 

341, 852. 
Molly. 389, 348. 
Margaret, 70, 381. 
Martha E., 844, 346. 
Nabby. 343. 
Phebe, 346. 
Phlnias, 232. 
Parsons, 282. 
Reuben, 389. 348. 
Ranford. 232. 
Rhoda, 888. 889, 345, 348. 
Robert, 274, 387, .888. 847. 
Richard. 88, 282, 387, 388, 347. 
Susan F., 344. 
Susanna. 348. 
Sarah, 288, 818, 382, 888, 888, 

389. 340. 843. 348. 
Samuel, 282, 338, 385, 842. 
Samuel. Capt., 219, 228, 288. 
Samuel, Col. and Hon.. 218, 286, 

22r, 231, 232, 282, 283, 809, 

818. 3&3, a38, 889, 840, 841, 

843, 347. 
Thomas, 332, 888, 336, 387. 
Thomas, Capt., 276, 27?, 887. 
Timothy, 346. 
William True, 845. 
William, 211. 274. 887. 888. 839. 
William, Col., 288, 809, 889, 340, 

845, 348. 
Winthrop. 129, 151, 195, 290, 348 
William Charles, 262. 


Daniel, Capt., 295. 

Frances. 166. 
Francis. 16^5. 

Georife, 2:30. 
Hannah. 77. 
John, 68. 218. 
Joseph. 55. 
Samuel, 68. 

Mr.. 46. 
H. G., 166. 

John, 7i. 

Nathaniel, 248. 

Stephen, 39. 

Daniel. 219. 

Thomas, 66, 

Joseph. 117. 
Wait, 117. 

Mr., 268. 

Capt.. 29. 


Elizabeth, 861. 
John, 262. 
Mary, 261. 


Joseph, 85. 


Ann, 279. 

Benjamin, 276, 280, 802, 854. 

Catherine, 854. 

Eleanor, 275, 276, 280, 802, 854. 

Eliza. 854. 

Hannah. 280. 864. 

John, 278, 276, 864. 

Mr., 832. 

Mary. 854. 

Martha, 328. 

Nathaniel, 854. 

Joanna, 316, 817. 

Ruth, 288. 

Jane, 246. 
Mathew, 289. 

Mr., 117. 


William, 180. 


John, 262. 

Aley, 85. 

Benja., 92. 


Samuel, 86. 87, 88. 


John, 268. 

Harry, 260. 
Lucy, 250. 
Nancy, 260. 
William, 246. 
William, Jr., 250. 

Chester, 819. 

General, 208. 

BenJ., Capt., 219. 

Robert S., 247. 
Thomas, 188. 
Samuel. Capt., 247. 
Zacariah, 188. 

Gilbert, 192. 

Fanny, 814, 820. 
Rev., 20. 


Sarah, 275, 277, 802, 808. 

Joseph, 818. 


Selina, 146, 147. 

David, Dea., 283, 309. 
Hannah, 71. 
Henry, 117. 


Daniel, 280. 
Moses, 811. 
Samuel, Brig., 299. 
William, .80. 


Annie, 168. 

Arthur, 158. 

Margaret, 158, 

Wallis, 153. 

, John, 349. 
I Thomasina, 849. 
I William. 849. 


I Charles, 822. 

Martha. 322. 

William, 822. 


Nathaniel, 109. 


Miss, 175. 


Alice, 167, 168, 171. 

Anna, 168, 169, 171. 

Elizabeth, 171, 172, 173, 177, 178, 

Francis, 166. 

George Uuincy, 166. 

George, 166. 

Herbert, 166, 167, 168, 173. 

Isreal, Capt., 174. 

James, 166. 

Janet, 165, 166. 

John. 166, 187, 168, 169, 170, 171, 
172, 178. 174, 178. 

Martha. 167, 168, 171. 

Mary, 168, 170, 171. 

Nicholas, 166, 178, 174. 

Osmond. Capt., 174. 

Paul, 166, 168, 169, 170. 171. 

Richard. 166. 

Sarah. 171. 

William, 166. 178. 


Daniel, Capt, 219. 
John, 281. 


Jona, Col., 292. 
Richard, Capt. 297. 


Joseph. 117. 


Dr., 162. 
Mary, 162. 
Sarah, 302. 
Smith, 58. 

Mary, 319. 324. 

Daniel, 280. 

John, 82, 88, 87. 
Susanna, 82, 83. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Elisabeth, 13. 


Benj., Capt.. 77, 
Edward, 213. 
Henry, 116,836. 
James, 101. 
John, 212, 218, 214. 
William. Capt.. 79, 212, 214. 

Major, 127. 

Aaron, 800. 
Abel, 813. 314. 

Abigail F., 277, 304. 312, 322. 
Abner, 305. 
Abraham, Dea., 279, 306, 308, 

Albert, 269, 280. 301,317. 
Albert Prince, 301, 317, 328. 
Alfred. 326. 
Alice, 324. 
Alston. 326. 
Alva. 312. 
Amelia, 319. 
Amos. 311. 324. 
Andrew, 327. 
Ann, 327. 
Anna, '^SS, 309, 811, 828, 826, 

Anne, 816. 
Antonio, 267. 
Arthur, 827, 380. 
Beniamin, 269. 281. 801, 802, 

804, 806, 8(J8, 318, 316, 317, 

Betsey, 288. 806, 812, 818, 814. 
Bradburj', 294, 807. 
Carl, 330. 

Caroline, 817, 819, 826. 
Catherine, 828. 

Charles. 320. 822, 325. 326. 
Charlotte, 316. 
Clara, 830. 
C'larissa, 327. 

Costello, 826. l 

Currier. 28i). :«9, 321, 322. I 

Cyrus. 285, 819. ?£&\. 329. 
Daniel. 295, 305, 307, »W. "^14. 
David. 812. 318. 318, 319. 324. 
Deborah. 325. 
Dorothv, 282. 28:^. 284. 309, 810, i 

318, 32:^, 328, 329. 310. 1 

Dudley. 293. 306, 312. 318, 324. 
Eben, 329. 

Ebenezer. 283, 809, 313, 319, 828. 
Edward, 824. 
ElbridKe, 289, 821. 322. 
Eleanor. 279, 281, 303, 306, 807. 

312, 318. 
Elijah. 307. 

Eliza. 319, 325. I 

Elizabeth, 303, 805, 307, 316, S20. 
Ellen, 32«J. 324, 326. 
Elmira, 328. i 

Emily, 821. 

Emma, 326. ' 

Epbiiam, 805. 
Esther, 311.321. 
Eunice. 310. 
Ezekial. 279, 293. 295, ,305. 814, 

816, ;iM. 

Ezra. 808. 

Florence. 324. 

Frederick, Prof., 280. 

Genevieve. 825. 

George, 817, 319, 320, 826, 826. 

George H., 827, 828. 


Hannah. 288, 305. 806, 308, 811. ' 

818, 814, 816, i20. 
Harriet, 823. 
Heien, 824, 830. 
Henry, 88. 128, 259. 261. 262, 266, 

268, 209, 271, 272, 273, 274, 

275, 279, 801, 340. 
Henr>'. 2d. Capt.. 269, 275, 286, 

Henry Galen. 330. 
Henry, 276. 277. 281, 302, 303, 

304, 306, 810, 811, 320, 824, 

326, 327. 
Ira, 817. 319, 826. 
Iretta, 825. 

Isreal, 269. 288. 301. 804, 809. 826. , 
Jabez, Dea., 267, 275, 277, 279, 

294, 205. 297, 801, 302, 3a3, 

304. 805, 810, 811, 312, 816, 

Jacob, 283. 298, 294. 805, 807, 

309, 312. 814, 816. 826. 
James, 320. i 

Jane. 275, 279, 280, 281, 802, 808, 

804. 812. 
Jemima, 269. 275, 801, 302, 808, 

Jenette, 880. 
John W., 822. 
John. 269, 274, 277. 279, 296, 297. . 

298, 801, 302. 304, 805, 812, 

816, 819, 820, 823, 324. 
John, Dea., 275, 305, 812. 
John, Dr.. 812, 314. 316. 
John, Rev., 314, 820. 
John A., 327. 
Jonathan. 279, 295, 296, 297. 298, 

807, 814. 
Joseph, 269, 278, 279, 801. 304, 

306, 308, 311, 816, 826, 837. 
Joshua, 304. 

Judith. 281, 803. 807, 312, 818. 
Laura. 319. 821. 
Leonard, 330. 
Levi. 313, 319. 
Lois, 816. 
Loise, ;i21. 
Lucv. 814. 

Lvdia, 269. 801. 311, 8l4. 821. 
Lyman. 319. 
Marion CJalen, 830. 
Martha. 304, 316, 322. 
Mary B., 310. 
Mary. 209. 27S. 281. 301, 802, 303, 

305, 306. 314. 316, 317,318, 
321. 324. 325, 326. 

Mary H.. 279. , 

Mehilable. 279. 319. 

Miriam, %)5, 306. 

Mollv, 312. 

Moses. Capt.. 280, 283. 284. 285. 

293. :30y, 310. 318. 839. 340. 
Moses (i>. 284, 287, 305, 311, 814, 

319, 328. 
Moses. 820. ' 

Nabhv, 314. 
Nanrv. 3*^, 128. 128. 129, 148. 

288.289,810, 318. 322. 341. 352. I 

Nannie, 312. 814. 

Nathaniel, 279, 299, 816. 

Newcomb, 306. 

Obad, 299. 

Obadiah. 299. 

Oliver. 280. 311. 813. 317, 319. 

Paul, 805. 811, 314, 331. 

Polly. 314 

Porter, 321. 

Prince A.. 2B9. 280. 301. 

Pattie, 314. 

Rachel. 288. 

Reuben. 280. ;»7, 818. 

Rhoda. 3iX) 

Ruth. 304. :»5, 800. 807. 816, ,^27. 

Ralph. 324. 

Robert. 380. 

Sally, 313. 316. 325. 

Samuel. 281, 300. ;«3, 804. «5, 

»)0, .311, 812. 314, 316. 317, 

318, 324. 32t5. 327. 
Sarah. 283. 285. 28S, 803, 305, 807, 

30S. 309. 810, 311, 316. 318. 

321. :«3. 829. 
Susan. 829. 
Su.sanna, -305. 
Thomas, 300. 305, 807, 312 
Williani, (apt.. 273. 274, 275. 

276. 281), 302, 803. 807. 
William, 27?», 280, 281. 285, 288, 
802, 805, 807, 309, 812. 313. 

322, 828, a26, 328, 329, 340. 

William C, 279. 292, 327. 
Winthrop. Capt., 281, ««, 283, 

293, 803. 309. 840. 
Wintlirop (2), 280. 28.8. 288, ,%9, 

810. 317. 318, 339, 340. 
Winthrop i3>. Dea., 126. 128, 280, 

284, 285. 28S, 310. ,340. 
Winthrop (4i, 288, 808, 328. 838. 
Zebulon, 300. 


Capt. Samuel, 233. 
Edward, 117, 216. 
Elizabeth, 805, 313. 
John. Capt.. 190, 191. 
Jonathan. 191. 
Marv, 186. 
Sarah, 116, 217. 


Benj., Col., 300. 

Robert, 181. 
William, CoL, 298. 

Nathan, Col., 296, 288. 

Eleaser, 78. 

Charles, 80. 

Martin, a5. 

y.4N KLEl K. 
Ernest. 144. 


William. 280. 


Col., 299. 

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Jacob, Capt., 235. 
Samuel, 285. 
Thorndike, 5215. 

Mr., &4. 

Peter, 88. 


Harriet, 819. 


Billiard, 60, 1«0, 170, 171. 
Mr., 167. 


Brothers, 49. 
Margaret. 15. 
Thomas, 180. 
John, Hon., 131. 

Emily, 844. 

John, 25. 

Peter, 85, 


Bill, Paymaster, 298. 

Joseph, Col., 295, 296, 297, 298. 


John, 73. 


Nathaniel, 116. 

Dennis, 231. 

Edward, Capt., 267, 349. 

Richard, Major, 163. 
Nathaniel. Col., 297. 


Anna, 37. 

Christopher, 36, 37. 
Elizabeth. 36. 
(reorjre, 87. 
Henrv, 3ti, 37. 38, 42. 
John, Sir., 86. 
Mary. 87. 
Kojfor, 37. 
Sinuin, 37. 
John, 88. 


Helen, 247. 

Mary, 104, 178. 


Mary. 250. 
William, 250. 

General, 105, 125, 294. 

Ebenezer, 161. 
John, sir, 12,3:^1. 
Samuel, 208, 285, 286. 
William, 174. 


Samuel. 184. 

Lydla, 196. 


Abigail, 321. 
Hannah, 312. 
Nathaniel, 116. 

Edward, 39. 
Samuel, 211. 
William, 287. 

Daniel, 85. 
Jonathan, 80. 

Capt., 843. 


Jonathan, Mr., 219. 


Sally, 197. 


Ann M., 250. 


Gov., 287. 
John, Capt , 296. 
WUllam, 37, 72, 78. 

Joseph, 78. 

William, 286. 

Azor, 817. 

Hugh, Capt., 85. 36, 42. 
Thomas, Capt., 24, 25, 27, 

Candace, 156. 
Elizabeth, 164. 
John A., 156. 
James, 180. 
Olive, 156. 
Samuel, Esq., 219. 
Philip, Capt., Ill, 284. 

Arch Bishop. 268. 
Elizabeth, 258. 
Jane, 258. 
Robert. 258. 
William, 258. 

Samuel, Mr., 219. 

Elizabeth, 63, 64. 
Green, 74. 
John (4.. 72. 
Ruth, 304. 
Thomas. 46, 72, 75. 

Ben J., 89. 

Ann, 58. 
Capt.: 299. 
Daniel, (^apt.,29(». 
John. Kev., 48, 54, 202. 
Rebecca, 262. 



Rev. Dr., 198. 


Alice, 14. 


George. Rev., 129, 290, 
Sarah, 184. 

Charlotte, 344. 


Abagall, 186. 288. 
Jonathan, Capt. 280. 
Nathan, 316. 
Robert 192. 


Lydla, 845. 


John, 55. 85. 
Josiah, 68. 
Mascott. 48, 88, 109. 
Robert, 85. 
Roger, 265. 

Ezekial, 117. 

Tqomaa, 281. 
Jason, 280. 

Ephrlam, 273. 
Samuel, 46. 

Mr., 81, 82. 


Aaron, Col. 296. 

Catherine, 199, 200. 

Elizabeth, 199. 
I Edward, 199. 
! George, li)9. 
I Jacob, 207. 

John. 180, 184, 199. 

Jacob. 201. 

Joseph, 85, 86, 90. 

Josiah. 201. 

Mary, 199. 

Margery. 199. 200. 

Martha, 201, 203, 204. 

Mr., 179. 

Richard. 199, 200. 

Simon. (Jen,, 199, 200, 202, 203, 
2(>4, 205. 

Simon (2), Dea.. 56,57, 200, 201, 

Simon (8). 201. 

Sarah, 207. 
; Thomas. 199. 
' William, \m. 


Ann, 47, 886. 

Governor, 86, 47, 140, 1T2, 177. 

288. 331, 832. 
John, *«. 
John, Jr., 186, 266, 277, 328, 886, 

Mary, 47, 336. 
Margaret, 277, 837. 
I Waitstill, :336. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




Mr., 93. 


Jno., 180, 188. 

Daniel, Esq., 219. 

Lionell, 847. 
Sarah, 847. 
Susanna Whipple, 847. 

Joseph, 89, 219. 


William, Rev. 184. 

Charles, 190. 


Andrew, Capt., 89, 90, 219. 
Carrie E., 845. 
Henry S., 845. 
Humphrey, 79. 
John. 79. 
William, 167. 


Edward, 76. 


Governor. 78. 
Francis Sir, 22, 40. 
James, Sir 28. 
Mar«raret, 28. 


Jabez, 280. 
Nathaniel, 280. 

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b8906200 1524a 


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